2002
Directions:Translate the following passage into Chinese and put your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. Since 19
  81,farmers in Holland have been encouraged to adopt“green”farming techniques that were thought to benefit plant and bird life.Farmers who have voluntarily adopted these measures are compensated by the European Union.The goal of the program is to work against the negative effects of modem fanning,such as declines in species diversity and the disturbance of local nesting grounds. The “ green ” methods of farming cost the European Union about
  1.7 billion Euros annually.This is about 4 percent of the budget for“Common Agricultural Policy,”and the compensation is expected to rise to 10 percent within the next few years. Various forms of“green farming”employed around the world have proved successful, and all new methods thought to be environmentally sensitive should be subject to sound scientific evaluation to determine whether they are actually meeting the intended goals. Part V Writing(30 minutes,15 points) , Directions:You are to write in no less than 120 words about the title“What I Consider Important in Life” .Your composition should be based on the Chinese outline given below.
  1.人生有不同的目标:富有、名气、地位、幸福的家庭等…
  2.其中我认为重要的是…;理由是…
  3.结论…
2003
Paper Two
Part V Translation (30 minutes, 15 points) Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and put your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. The generation gap is so great in Hong Kong that the teenagers there rarely turn to their parents or teachers for advice on anything. Whether it be sex, AIDS, school worries or family problems, adults are not considered up to the job. Until now, no one has asked Hong Kong youth, “What do you think?” Some understanding of the emotions of Hong Kong’s youth, however, has come from the work of Dr. Jeffrey Day-at the University of Hong Kong. His survey of young people does not focus, for example, on how many drugs they take-but tries to answer the question why. Dr. Day hopes the results, which he plans to explain in full next week, will reveal what troubles-as well as pleases-today’s high-school students. Conclusions will be passed on not only to government departments but back to the schools which took part. Part VI Writing (30 minutes, 15 points)
Directions: You are to write in no less than 120 words about the title “Lifelong Learning”. You should base your composition on the Chinese outline given below:
  1. 终身学习对每个人的重要性。
  2. 终身学习的方式有多种…
  3. 你认为你应该采取哪种方式, 为什么?
2004
Paper Two
Part V Translation (3 0 minutes,l 5 points) Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and put your translation on the ANSWER SHEET One of the really nice features about e-mails is that they allow us to send files as attachments to other users. This is a very good thing. I’m working with a colleague and want to send him an If image file or a word file, can do so very quickly and easily, I without having to fax it to him. This saves on long distance bills and printing costs.It also,however,presents a problem,because attachments can take a long time to download.For those of us who pay by the hour for Internet service, unwanted attachments can be quite costly and time-consuming. once had someone send I me fifteen large image files,and it tied up my computer for 20 minutes just to download one of them.So,in short,if you’re going to send an attachment,get permission first. Part VI Writing (30 minutes,15 points) , Directions:You are to write in no less than 120 words on the title of “College Students Should (Not)Be Permitted to Live Off Campus” .You are to take a position, either for or against the matter, and give your reasons.You should base your composition on the following Chinese outline. 近年来大学生在校外租房居住的现象越来越多,这个问题已引起社会各界的关注。人 们对这一现象的看法不一,各持己见。
  1.你对这个问题的观点是…
  2.理由是……
  3.结论…… 2006 Part V Translation (30 minutes, 10 points) Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and put your translation on the ANSWER SHEET. Each year in the United States more people are killed or injured in accidents--at home, at work or school, at play, or while traveling-than were killed or injured in the Vietnam war. In the early 1990s. about half of these accidental deaths were the result of motor-vehicle accidents. Other major causes of accidental deaths were falls, fires,
and poisoning. On a worldwide basis, accidents involving motor vehicles are the primary cause of accidental deaths, followed by accidents in industry and in the home. Efforts to lessen or to eliminate the hazardous conditions that cause accidents are known as safely measures. Safety is a growing concern around the world, and safety skills are being taken more seriously today than ever before. People have come to realize that safety skills can be learned, and most safety experts agree that it is possible to predict, and take steps to prevent, the majority of accidents. Few accidents simply "happen". Most are caused by ignorance, carelessness, neglect, or lack of skill.
Writing (30 minutes, 15 points) Directions: You are to write in no less than 120 words about the topic "On the Significance of the Qing-Zang Railroad". Your composition should be based on the Chinese clues given below.
青藏铁路于今年 7 月 1 日通车。请简单地谈谈青藏铁路建成和通车的重大意义, 如经济、文化、旅游等方面。 注:西藏:Tibet;西藏的、西藏人、藏语:Tibetan
Part VI
2007
Part V Translation (30 minutes,10 points) Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and put your translation on the ANS WER SHEET. Getting a proper amount of rest is absolutely essential for building your energy reso urces. If you frequently work far into the night or have a poor sleep, it stands to reason that you may start to feel a little run down. Though everybody is different, most people need at least seven to eight hours of sleep per night in order to function at their best. If you have been lacking energy, try going to bed earlier at night. If you can wake up feeling well-rested, it will be an indication that you are starting to get an appropriate amount of sleep at night. If you sleep more than eight hours every night but still don't f eel energetic, you may actually be getting too much sleep. Once in while, you are bound to have nights where you don't get an adequate amou nt of sleep. When your schedule permits you can also consider taking a short sleep durin g the day, for sometimes taking a nap is the perfect way to recharge your batteries. Part Ⅵ Writing (30 minutes,15 points) Directions: You are to write in no less than 120 words on the topic” Entering College: Hel p the Needy Youngsters to Achieve Their Dreams'. Your composition should be based on th e Chinese clues given below. 中央电视台“圆梦行动”的公益节目旨在动员社会力量捐助贫困学子圆大学之梦。你的 作文可以:
  1)对贫困学于是否应受到捐助发表你的看法;或者
  2)举一个贫困学子需要帮助的例子。
Part IV Translation(35 minutes,15 points)
第一句: Since 19
  81, farmers in Holland have been encouraged to adopt green” “ farming techniques that were thought to benefit plant and bird life. 译文:自 1981 年以来,荷兰农民受鼓励一直采用那些认为是有利于植物和鸟类的“绿色”耕种技术。 注:
  1. 本句句子结构较复杂,考生应该在认真分析句子结构的基础上进行翻译。主语是“farmers” ,谓语部分使用的被动形式 而且时态为现在完成时?“have been encouraged” 。后面的不定式 to 引导的都是主语补足语。其中“that”引导的是一个定语从 句修饰先行词“techniques” 。
  2. 在翻译本句时,切不可采用一字一句翻译。而是要根据中文的行文规范调整语序。而且要注意到中文和英文各自得 语言特点。英文中多使用被动语态,而中文中多使用主动形式。所以本句中两处被动形式应该适当改变。 第二句:The goal of the program is to work against the negative effects of modem farming, … 译文:该项目的目的是消除现代农业所带来的负面影响,…… 注:
  1. 本句中不定式短语做表语。
  2.介词“against”在这儿不要直译为“反对” ,而是根据句子意思译为“消除” 。 第三句:Various forms of “green farming”employed around the world have proved successful, and all new methods thought to be environmentally sensitive should be subject to sound scientific evaluation to determine whether they are actually meeting the intended goals. 译文:世界各地采用的各种形式的“绿色耕种”已证明是成功的。所有被认为对环境有影响的新方法都应该接受科学评估,以 确定它们是否真正达到了预期日标。 注:
  1. “and”连接的两个并列句。前一个句子中注意有一个过去分词短语“employed around the world”做后置定语。后一个句 子同样也有一个过去分词短语“thought to be environmentally sensitive”做后置定语。注意翻译时,应把这两个后置定语翻译到主 语的前面。 ,在这儿应该转译为“接受” 。
  2.be subject to 本意为“受支配, 从属于, 可以……的, 常遭受……”
2003 年试题参考答案及解析
Part V Translation
在香港,代沟的问题很严重,十几岁的孩子很少向父母或老师征询意见。不管是性、艾滋病、学校中遇到的麻烦,还是家 庭问题,他们都认为大人们是帮不上任何忙的。 迄今为止,没人问过香港的年轻人: “你在想什么?”然而,香港大学的杰弗里?戴博士所做的研究使我们对香港年轻人的 情感有了一些了解。他对年轻人的调查,重点不是问他们服用多少种毒品之类的问题,而是试图找到其中缘由。 戴博士计划在下周全面解释研究的结果。他希望研究能揭示当今高中学生的喜和忧。研究结论不仅将送呈政府部门,也将 通报参加这项调查的学校。
Part VI Writing In today’s society, life-long learning has become very important for everyone. This is because one needs to renew his knowledge continuously in order to meet the needs of his work and fast development of the society. There are several ways for one to take a life-long learning. One way is to take a part-time education program. It means that one is learning part time while he is working. The program could be at undergraduate level or graduate level. The second way is to study by oneself. You can learn whatever you need for your work on your own. You can learn from books, from TV programs or from Internet or radio. In my opinion, life-long learning is necessary for us. We should choose one of the ways mentioned above, which depends on your own personal preference and interest. I prefer the first one because this kind of learning is systematic and formal. With the help of the teachers, it is easier to learn and quicker to get what you need for your work.
Part V Translation 第一句:The generation gap is so great in Hong Kong that the teenagers there rarely turn to their parents or teachers for advice on anything.
译文:在香港,代沟的问题很严重,以至于十几岁的孩子很少向父母或老师征询 意见。 注:
  1.本句中包含一个 so…that…句型,意为“如此……以至于……” 。
  2.generation gap 代沟;turn to 求助于。 第二句:Whether it be sex, AIDS, school worries or family problems, adults are not considered up to the job. 译文:不管是性、艾滋病、学校中遇到的麻烦,还是家庭问题,他们认为大人们 都帮不上忙。 注:
  1.whether 引导的状语从句,表示“无论,不管” 。
  2.注意要将主句 adults are not considered up to the job 中的被动变主动。
  3.注意不要将 the job 直译为这项工作。 第三句:Until now, no one has asked Hong Kong youth, “What do you think?” 译文:迄今为止,没人问过香港的年轻人: “你在想什么?” 注:until now 迄今为止 第四句:Some understanding of the emotions of Hong Kong’s youth, however, has come from the work of Dr. Jeffrey Day-at the University of Hong Kong. 译文:然而,香港大学的杰弗里?戴博士所做的研究使我们对香港年轻人的情感 有了一些了解。 注:
  1.前先要理解 come from 含义:来自于……。
  2.注意本句语序的调整。为符合汉语表达习惯,必须将原句的主语和宾语 调换位置。
  3.however 是插入语,翻译时应提到句子最前面。 第五句:His survey of young people does not focus, for example, on how many drugs they take?but tries to answer the question why. 译文:他对年轻人的调查,重点不是问他们服用多少种毒品之类的问题,而是试 图找到其中缘由。 注:
  1.注意 not…but…结构,意为“不是……而是……” 。
  2.注意
 

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