2005 年研究生入学考试 英语专业水平考试试题
WORD LIST stay novel away disliked But form fictional whose published In After until hide then finished there of When aboard who Begun One with destroying Rebellion classics related most against on
Most of Mark Twain’s books bubbled out 1 him like water out of a fountain. 2 of his gifts was the capacity to take a scene and fill it 3 every sparkling detail of nature and of human action, to put in every spoken word and accompanying gesture, and to slowly exaggerate the successive moments 4 the whole episode reached a climax of joyous, sidesplitting laughter. 5 he had trouble weaving his incidents into meaningful plot patterns. The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain’s masterpiece, came into __6 slowly. 7 in 1876, immediately after he had dashed off The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, he wrote 400 manuscript pages quickly and 8 stalled; in disgust he meditated 9 the work. __10 the winter of 1879-1880 he penned further sections; again the spark of enthusiasm died. __11 taking a journey down the Mississippi River in April, 1882, he quickly completed Lift on the Mississippi (18
  83) and with unabated zest 12 the novel. The trip had reawakened his boyhood memories and suggested new episodes; the two books became 13 , the weaker travel account serving as scaffolding for the great edifice. __14 The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn was 15 in 1884, it met a mixed reception. A Brooklyn lady protested 16 its presence in the children’s room of the public library; the librarian reshelved the volume in the adult area to 17 Huck’s and Tom’s “mischievous and deceitful practices which made them poor examples for youth.” Today the novel is among the world’s 18 and vies with Nathaniel Hawthorne’s The Scarlet Letter (18
  50) for the position of American’s _19 artistic work of fiction. The reader is reminded at the outset that in 1850 Huck Finn had been a playmate of Tom Sawyer in St. Petersburg, Missouri, the 20 name of Mark Twain’s native village of Hannibal. For three months Huck had lived with the lady 21 life he had saved, the Widow Douglas, “fair, smart, and forty”; her hill mansion was “the only palace in the town, and the most hospitable and much the most lavish in the matter of festivities” that the town could boast. The lad 22 had run away from elegance was again a candidate for the major role in a rags-to-riches tale. Huck wanted it otherwise. Like Tom, whose name turns up throughout the __23 . Huck wanted
adventure. For six months Huck endured starched clothes and virtual imprisonment within the mansion. When Pap returned on April 1 and took Huck 24 from the Widow, Huck came to prefer his slovenly island home. 25 against Pap’s cruelty led Huck to plan his own “murder” and to decamp about two months later. He discovered Jim 26 June 4 and started the rafting trip down the river on June
  22. On July 7 he reached the Grangerfords and stayed __27 about a month. On August 10 the Duke and Dauphin came 28 the raft; their shenanigans ended at Pikeville on September
  18. The 29 at Aunt Sally’s lasted twenty-six days, until October
  15. Then Huck decided to light out for Indian Territory and forever depart from a “civilization” that he 30 . Write on your Answer Sheet:
II. Proofreading and Error Correction
  31.

an

  32. never

  33.
exhibit
Now, do the Proofreading and Error Correction.
Scientists claim that air pollution causes a decline in the world average air temperature. In order to prove that theory, [31] ecologists have turned to historical datum in relation to [32] especially huge volcanic eruptions. They suspect that volcanoes affect weather changes that are similar to air pollution. [33] One source of informations is the effect of the eruption [34]__ of Tambora, a volcano in Sumbawa, the Dutch East Indies, in April 18
  15. The largest recorded volcano eruption, Tambora [35] threw 150 million tons of fine ash into the stratosphere. The ash from a volcano spreads around worldwide in a few days [36] or remains in the air for years. Its effect is to turn incoming [37] solar radiation into the space and thus cool the earth. For [38] example, records of weather in England shows that between [39] April and November 1815, the average temperature had fallen
  4.5° F. During the next twenty-four months, England suffered one of the coldest periods of their history. Farmers’ records [40] from April 1815 to December 1818 indicate frost throughout the spring and summer and sharp decreases at crop and [41] livestock markets. Since there was a time lag of several years between cause and effect, by the time the world agricultural commodity community had deteriorated, no one realizes the [42] cause. Ecologists today warn that we face a twofold menace. The ever-present possibility of volcanic eruptions, such as those [43] of Mt. St. Helens in Washington, added man’s pollution of [44] the atmosphere with oil, gas, coal, and other polluting
substances, may bring us increasingly colder weather.
[45]
Now, do the Gap-filling.

  46. affect, influence, effect, impact We have tried our best to a reconciliation between the two parties.
  47. attain, acquire, obtain, gain, secure, procure Chrysler, including sales of newly American Motors, delivered
  1.01 million cars, down
  17.7 percent and amounting to
  9.6 percent of the market.
  48. ensure, assure, guarantee The Labor Department issued guidelines to equal job opportunities for women on work paid for by federal funds.
  49. ability, capability, competence, capacity, aptitude Researchers using the new measuring technique found the skull to have a of only about 515 cubic centimeters (about 31 cubic inches).
  50. take part in, attend, participate in, enter for, join To the amazement of the organizing committee, so many professional singers the singing competition to be held next month.
  51. insist on, persist in, stick/adhere to, persevere in Due to the bankruptcy of the company, they failed to the original agreement.
  52. stable, secure, steady, firm, durable Political and wars in many sub-Saharan countries have also contributed to poverty. As a result of such factors, the number of people living in extreme poverty in sub-Saharan Africa grew from 217 million in 1987 to more than 300 million in 19
  98.
  53. manager, director, headmaster, proprietor, governor As one of the four of the company, he often had to attend Board meetings.
  54. permit, allow, approve, accept, consent, endorse Eligible paper, as defined in 1951, is a negotiable note, draft, or bill bearing the of the member bank, the proceeds of which have been or are to be used in producing, purchasing, carrying, or marketing goods in one or more steps of the process of production, manufacture, or distribution

  55. income, wages, dividend, salary, earnings, pension Now that he has retired, he lived partly on his and partly on the interest on his post office savings account.
  56. complain, grieve, reclaim, grumble The peasants’ many resulting from ill-treatment by their landlords led finally to rebellion.
  57. renew, renovate, refresh, recreate He had been completely exhausted but felt considerably after a meal and a good rest.
  58. view, scene, scenery, sight, nature Switzerland is well-known for its impressive mountainous .
  59. nevertheless, accordingly, however, yet, eventually He has impressed his employer considerably and he is soon to be promoted.
  60. gap, pause, space, interruption, interval During the , the audience strolled and chatted in the foyer. IV. Reading Comprehension (60 points, 2 points for each) ) Text A Tommy Albelin, a Devils defenseman, was the team’s most effective performer the night the Stanley Cup champions played their best game of the young season. Playing left wing instead of defense against the Detroit Red Wings last Thursday night, Albelin scored the second goal of the game and made the pass that set up the fourth one. Albelin played so well in the 4-2 victory that Coach Jacques Lemaire said, “Tommy, you lost your job.” “I was kind of surprised,” Albelin said today. “When he saw the look on my face, he said very quickly ‘as a defenseman’ and I knew then he was joking.” Lemaire had Albelin right back on defense in the next game, last Saturday’s 4-1 triumph over the Ottawa Senators. Albelin responded just as well, making the pass for the winning goal. With Brian Rolston leaving today’s practice because of a foot problem and ready to join Bobby Holik and Bob Carpenter as injured Devils, look for Albelin to return to left wing when New Jersey plays the Vancouver Canucks Wednesday night at the Meadowlands. This season, the 31-year-old Albelin has played left wing three times and defenseman four. In addition, because Albelin is so adept at skating and
puck-handling, Lemaire has been using him for penalty killing and the power play. “It’s a big advantage to have a player like him,” Lemaire said after today’s practice. “When you don’t have the necessary player to play against a player, you can use Abbey because he adjusts very well. He listens to all the things I tell the defensemen and all the things I tell the forwards. “ Lemaire’s decision to shuttle Albelin is not prompted by a desire to find the best position for him. Rather, it is testimony to Albelin’s versatility. Albelin was used as a left wing for the first time by Herb Brooks, the man whom Lemaire replaced after Brooks resigned three summers ago, but he played only a handful of games in that position. The Devils changed coaches frequently in Albelin’s early years with the team. As a result, Albelin contemplated returning home to Sweden several times. But he said today he was glad he never did. Albelin came to the Devils from Quebec in 1988 and has been a solid player. Year after year, despite coaching changes, injuries and the presence of marquee names like Scott Stevens, Slava Fetisov, Stephane Richer and Claude Lemeiux, Albelin’s dedication and consummate professionalism have made him an integral part of the team. “My philosophy has always been to play where the team needs me,” Albelin said. “I don’t question the decisions by the coaches. As long as I’m out there on the ice, I don’t care what position I play.” Albelin has performed effectively at wing and on defense despite the different responsibilities. Judging by the way Albelin described them, it is clear he prefers to play defense. “There are a lot of adjustments you have to make as a forward,” Albelin said, “You have to be a little more creative, do more things with the puck. Improvise somewhat, but to a point. As a defenseman, you can get by most of the time by giving the puck to your forwards and support the play.” Albelin said today that the uncertainty over whether he will play defense or offense on any given night was not much of a concern in terms of preparing himself. “I don’t mind as long as I know before the warm-ups,” he said.
  61. Tommy Albelin is defenseman. A. Red Wings B. Canucks C. Devils D. Brooks
  62. Albelin has played defenseman this season. A. three times B. four times C. two times D. five times
  63. Coach Lemaire shuttles Albelin because he .
A. is versatile B. is a solid player C. is very dedicated D. is docile
  64. The Devils changed coaches frequently . A. in the late 1980s B. in Albelin’s years with the team C. as many of them resigned D. during Albelin’s stay in the team
  65. Albelin prefers to play . A. forward B. left wing C. defense D. offense
  66. Among the following titles, is suitable for the article. A. The Defenseman Albelin in Red Wings B. The Best Player in Devils C. The Versatile Albelin in Canucks D. Versatile Albelin Brings Devil Victories Text B The effect of any writing on the public mind is mathematically measurable by its depth of thought. How much water does it draw? If it awaken you to think, if it lift you from your feet with the great voice of eloquence, then the effect is to be wide, slow, permanent, over the minds of men; if the pages instruct you not, they will die like flies in the hour. The way to speak and write what shall not go out of fashion is, to speak and write sincerely. The argument which has not power to reach my own practice, I may well doubt, will fail to reach yours. But take Sidney’s maxim: ? “Look in thy heart, and write.” He that writes to himself writes to an eternal public. That statement only is fit to be made public, which you have come at in attempting to satisfy your own curiosity. The writer who takes his subject from his ear, and not from his heart, should know that he has lost as much as he seems to have gained, and when the empty book has gathered all its praise, and half the people say, “What poetry! What genius!” it still needs fuel to make fire. That only profits which is profitable. Life alone can impart life; and though we should burst, we can only be valued as we make ourselves valuable. There is no luck in literary reputation. They who make up the final verdict upon every book are not the partial and noisy readers of the hour when it appears; but a court as of angels, a public not to be bribed, not to be entreated, and not to be overawed, decides
 

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