2006 年 4 月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试 英语语法试卷 第一部分选择题(共 第一部分选择题 共 20 分) 单项选择题(本大题共 小题, 一、单项选择题 本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分) 在每小题列出的四个备选项中只有一个是符合题目要求的,请将其选出并将“答题卡 答题卡”的相应代码涂 在每小题列出的四个备选项中只有一个是符合题目要求的,请将其选出并将 答题卡 的相应代码涂 未涂、错涂或多涂均无分。 黑。未涂、错涂或多涂均无分。 the luxury that he needed
  1. A hot shower, a cup of milk; a bag of potato chips, and then a good sleep after the examination. A. are B. was C. were D. is
  2. Check out the weather at your destination you might forget to take something important with you. A. so B. or C. that D. when I might catch the first bus.
  3. I had to get up early A. so that B. in order C. because D. for
  4. John is going to marry Susan once gets consent from his parents. A. it B. he C. she D. they
  5. A: Is John trying to enter Harvard Law School? B: No, I believe he is. He hates lawyers. A. nothing B. does C. don't D. do
  6. The family asked to come to the decision that the child must be operated on as quickly as possible. A. were B. is C. are D. was
  7. There a tall man wanting to play tennis with you. A. is B. are C. stand D. appears
  8. We covered the sick old man a blanket. A. by B. for C. with D. through
  9. She had no sympathy the old lady. A. in B. for C. into D. on
  10. His fondness playing table-tennis is beyond our imagination. A. in B. of C. for D. with
  11. Before we discuss the major topic today, let's start with a. issue first. A. less B. lesser C. few D. fewer
  12. There are than the mayor of the town. A. more intelligent monkeys B. monkeys more intelligent C. intelligent monkeys more D. more monkeys intelligent
  13. I don't think he can fool her into his promises. A. believe B. believed C. to believe D. believing lies.
  14. It is very dangerous to bribe a police officer A. to tell B. telling C. tell D. told
  15. I would rather take a taxi every day than my own car. A. having bought B. have bought C. buy D. to buy
  16. There's nothing to do today, so you may as well home. A. go B. going C. to go D. gone
  17. I want you to cut the paper I do. A. the same way like B. like the way C. in the same way that D. in the same way as
  18. they found cheating at the exam, they would be expelled from the school. A. If B. Be C. Were D. Had a fierce dog no one dare to go near their house.
  19. They had A. such...as B. so...that C. such...and D. such...that
1

  20. Take an umbrella it should rain. A. so that B. in case C. because D. if 第二部分非选择题(共 第二部分非选择题 共 80 分) 多项选择题(本大题共 小题, 二、多项选择题 本大题共 8 小题,每小题 2 分,共 16 分。) Fill in the blanks with one of the items given.
  21. is given, was given, will be given, is now being sought a grant of $6,000 and a further $2,000 from elsewhere. The theatre company
  22. was completed, is completed, is equipped, was equipped The hotel, which only last year, with a solarium and Sauna.
  23. eat ,ate, enjoy, enjoyed, would enjoy Medical evidence suggests that most people better health if they less refined sugar.
  24. How, How a, What, What a; What the strange idea you have! a. b. strange your idea is!
  25. such, such a, so, so a, a so a. He's nice boy. kind people. b. They're
  26. had she, hadn't she, did she, didn't she, was she a. She had finished her homework by the time her father returned home,? b. She had her hair cut the day before yesterday, ?
  27. which, that, (), it, he That was the proposal he put forward at the meeting but it was rejected by all the other members.
  28. that, which, who, whom, ( ) Can you mention anyone we know is as talented as he? 三、填空题(本大题共 20 小题,每空 1 分,共 20 分。)请在每小题的空格中填上正确答案。错填、不填均 填空题 本大题共 小题, 请在每小题的空格中填上正确答案。错填、 请在每小题的空格中填上正确答案 无分。 无分。 A. With an appropriate coordinator or subordinator:
  29. Mr. Wang was a high school teacher for twenty years, now he is teaching at the university. B. With a pronoun:
  30. He found annoying that his neighbour kept calling him by the wrong name. C. With a helping verb:
  31. Every man and woman, old or young, required to take the inoculation. D. With a verb: to come with me to the police station.
  32. Either you or your friend E. With an appropriate form of the adjective given:
  33. This is (useful) book I've ever found for my research. F. With an appropriate form of the verb or verb phrase given:
  34. I don't feel like (work) in this company.
  35. It is high time he (think) about fulfilling his early promises in this reelection year.
  36. How long have you been with the company? I (work) there for two years by January.
  37. Sorry about the mess! The workmen (fit) a new boiler in the bathroom all morning.
  38. Since I broke my leg, I (depend) on my daughter to see to the shopping and housework. (settle) as soon as possible.
  39. Our only request is that this
  40. They talked as though they (be) friends for years.
  41. Without the assistance of those giant machines, no bridge (can build) on the river last year.
2

  42. I'd rather you (not interfere) with her. Leave her alone. G. With an appropriate conjunct: , he is admirable.
  43. John is smart, and well-behaved.
  44. Do it now. , it will be too late.
  45. I'm leaving tomorrow, can I use your bike this afternoon? H. With an appropriate relative pronoun: her friends had never heard.
  46. She traveled with a young man of
  47. This is not the type of modern house my own is.
  48. All the teachers are applying for the position must possess special qualifications. 改错题(本大题共 小题, 四、改错题 本大题共 8 小题,每小题 1 分,共 8 分。)
  49. She is the sole girl in my class who can play the guitar.
  50. Bill is more junior to Mike.
  51. The ancient relics ought to be taken great care.
  52. He became, as it was, a hero from a strange land.
  53. I have been waiting for you all evening. You must have phoned me!
  54. In a Chinese restaurant she works in a small town in England.
  55. Care must be taken in using this method lest overflow will occur.
  56. I have never taken anything which didn't belong to me. 改写句子题(本大题共 小题,每小题 五、改写句子题 本大题共 13 小题,每小题 2 分,共 26 分。)
  57. Using whatever cohesive device is appropriate in B's answer: A; Can I have these apples, Mum? B: You just had a big apple.
  58. Using inversion: The plane roared over and the bombs came down which killed almost all the people in the village.
  59. Using "none" as part of the subject: They haven't come back yet.
  60. Using "The President, as well as his advisors" as the subject: They are aware of the risk of the mission.
  61. Replacing the adverbial clause in italics by a prepositional phrase: She met her ex-husband while she was on her way to the supermarket yesterday.
  62. Combining the two sentences: I have never been there. This is the first time.
  63. Combining the sentences using superlative degree: John is
  1.70m tall. Bill is
  1.73m in height. Mike is 2cm taller than Bill.
  64.Combining the Sentences using coordination and/or subordination: The men will be compensated. Their houses were damaged.
  65. Turning the singular nouns or noun phrases into plural forms wherever possible with other necessary changes: She is a woman pilot.
  66. Turning the singular nouns or noun phrases into plural forms wherever possible with other necessary changes:
3
Tell the kid to bring a raincoat with him tomorrow.
  67. Using a genitive or a double genitive wherever possible: Professor Smith is one of my teacher's old friends.
  68. Using a genitive or a double genitive wherever possible: I believe the reputation of our university is as good as that of any other university.
  69. Using a genitive or a double genitive wherever possible: I found some of your old hats. 六、名词解释. 名词解释
  70. determiners
  71. the major function of prepositions 七、简答题
  72. Why unit nouns are especially useful when they are used to modify a mass noun?
  73. Give at least two grammatical functions of the -ing participle.
  74. Explain the conditions in which we need or do not need to use and between premodifying adjectives. 2006 年 4 月高教自考英语语法试卷参考答案 月高教自考英语语法试卷参考答案 一、单项选择题: (本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分)
  1.C
  2.B
  3.A
  4.B
  5.C
  6.A
  7.A
  8.C
  9.B
  10.C
  11.B
  12.B
  13.D
  14.A
  15.C
  16.A
  17.D
  18.C
  19.D
  20.B 二、多项选择题: (本大题共 8 小题,每小题 2 分,共 16 分,多选、少选、错选均无分)
  21. was given, is now being sought
  22. was completed, is equipped
  23. would enjoy, ate
  24. What a, How
  25. such a, such
  26. hadn’t she, didn’t she
  27. which/that, it
  28. that, who 三、填空题: (本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分)
  29. and
  30.it
  31. is
  32. is
  33. the most useful
  34. working
  35. thought
  36. will have worked
  37. have been fitting
  38. have been depending
  39. (should) be settled
  40. had been
  41. could have been built
  42. didn’t interfere
  43. In a word/In short
  44. Otherwise
  45. By the way/Incidentally
  46. whom
  47. which (用 that 应看作错误)
  48. who/that 四、改错题: (本大题共 8 小题,每小题 1 分,共 8 分)
  49. 改:She is the only girl in my class who can play the guitar.
  50. 改:Bill is junior to Mike.
  51. 改:The ancient relics ought to be taken great care of.
  52. 改:He became, as it were, a hero from a strange land.
  53. 改:I have been waiting for you all evening. You could have phoned me!
  54. 改:She works in a Chinese restaurant in a small town in England.
4

  55. 改:Care must be taken in using this method lest overflow should occur.
  56. 改:I have never taken anything that didn’t belong to me. 五、改写句子题: (本大题共 13 小题,每小题 2 分,共 26 分)
  57. B: You just had a big one.
  58. …down came the bombs which…
  59. None of them has come back yet.
  60. The president, as well as his advisors, is aware of the risk of the mission
  61. She met her ex-husband on her way to the supermarket yesterday.
  62. This is the first time I have been there.
  63. Mike is the tallest of (among) the three.
  64. The men whose houses were damaged will be compensated.
  65. They are women pilots.
  66. Tell the kids to bring raincoats with them tomorrow.
  67. Professor Smith is an old friend of my teacher’s.
  68. I believe our university’s reputation is as good as any other university’s.
  69. I found some old hats of yours. 六、名词解释题: (本大题共 2 小题,每小题 2 分,共 4 分)
  70. Determiners refer to words which are used in the premodification of a noun phrase and which typically precede any adjectives that premodify the head word, eg, the, many, his (评分细则:
  1. 定义与举例都正确给 2 分.
  2. 定义或举例错一项扣 1 分; 两项都错不给分.
  3. 定义与举例正确, 但有语言问题, 不严重并不影响意思表达的可不扣分; 较严重的可酌 情扣
  0.5 分或 1 分)
  71. The major function of preposition is to connect nouns, verbs and adjectives to other parts of the sentence. (评分细则:
  1. 定义与举例都正确给 2 分.
  2. 定义或举例错一项扣 1 分; 两项都错不给分.
  3. 定义与举例正确, 但有语言问题, 不严重并不影响意思表达的可不扣分; 较严重的可酌 情扣
  0.5 分或 1 分) 七、简答题: (本大题共 3 小题,每小题 2 分,共 6 分)
  72. Unit nouns are especially useful when they are used to modify a mass noun because we can indicate the plural notion of a mass noun. For example, in two pieces of paper the unit noun piece is used to indicate that there are more than one piece of paper. (评分细则:
  1. 定义与举例都正确给 2 分.
  2. 定义或举例错一项扣 1 分; 两项都错不给分.
  3. 定义与举例正确, 但有语言问题, 不严重并不影响意思表达的可不扣分; 较严重的可酌 情扣
  0.5 分或 1 分)
  73. the subject is a clause; the modifier of a noun; the object to a verb; or the adverbial of a clause. (每答出其中一项得 1 分, 共 2 分)
  74. With gradable adjectives in the attributive position, which denote qualities, we often use commas between them, without using and, e.g. a small, clean, cozy room. But when we put several non-gradable classifying adjectives in front of a noun, we have to decide whether the adjectives relate to the same system of classification or to different systems. We use and to link those that relate to the same system, e.g. the country’s social, economic and political crisis. If not, we do not use and or punctuation because adjectives of different classifying systems usually form a hierarchical modification, e.g. a pink Indian cotton dress.
5
 

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