2007 年 4 月高等教育自学考试全国统一命题考试 英语语法 试卷 选择题( 第一部分 选择题(共 21 分) 单项选择题( 小题, 一、单项选择题(本大题共 21 小题,每小题 1 分,共 21 分) 在每小题列出的四个备选项中只有一个是符合题目要求的,请将其选出并将“答题卡 的相应代码涂黑。 答题卡”的相应代码涂黑 在每小题列出的四个备选项中只有一个是符合题目要求的,请将其选出并将 答题卡 的相应代码涂黑。未 错涂或多涂均无分。 涂、错涂或多涂均无分。
  1.The general sent out word that no one in the bunker to bed until further orders. A.will go B.would go C.was about to go D.was to go
  2.He violin when I want to sleep. A.always plays B.play always C.is always playing D.always is playing
  3.James has just arrived, but I didn’t know he until yesterday. A.will come B.was coming C.had been coming D.comes
  4.I only called the police when I everything else. A.tried B.was trying C.had tried D.had been trying
  5.Mother wished I you what she . A.didn’t tell; said B.didn’t tell; has said C.didn’t tell; had said D.hadn’t told; said
  6.Jean Wagner’s most enduring contribution to the study of Afro-American poetry is his insistence that it in a religious, as well as worldly, frame of reference. A.is to be analyzed B.were analyzed C.be analyzed D.should have been analyzed
  7.The teacher said that Jane work harder the following semester. A.have to B.had better C.had better to D.would rather to
  8.The twins had been away for such a long time that many people in the village thought they . A.ought to have died B.should have died C.must have died D.could have died
  9.“I go out today. If I do, I in a storm. ” I said to myself when I heard the weatherman say there would be a heavy rain that day. A.had better not to; might have been caught B.had better; may be caught C.would not; might have been caught D.had better not; may be caught
  10.I hope that it is possible to achieve this objective by calling on the smokers good judgment and show concern for others rather than by regulation. A.to be using B.to have been using C.use D.to use
  11.When to tell the difference between British and American English, the linguist made a long and speech. A.asked; tired B.asked; tiring C.asking; tiring D.be asked; tired
  12.The money would have to be raised by taxation. A.far B.farther C.farthest D.further
  13.Their plane arrived San Francisco this morning. A.from B.at C.to D.on
  14.The delegation Russia will visit London this afternoon. A.in B.from C.at D.for
  15.Her mother can’t speak English French, but is good at Japanese. A.yet B.or C.neither D.while
  16.He became a successful actor his father never was. A.who B.whom C.that D.when
  17.The manager fulminated against his secretary, surprised me. A.who B.whom C.that D.which
  18.He graduated from college his parents divorced. A.which B.before C.while D.that
  19.She sat the table in the restaurant.
1
A.in B.with C.from D.at
  20.Young he was, he managed to make a living on his own. A.although B.since C.though D.thus
  21. you had been here, we wouldn’t have had so much trouble then. A.when B.if C.as D.since 非选择题( 第二部分 非选择题(共 79 分) 二、多项选择填充题(本大题共 8 小题,每小题 2 分,共 16 分) 多项选择填充题( 小题, Fill in each of the blanks with one of the items given.
  22.is, are, was, were, itself, himself, themselves The trade union believed to regard as an organization where the molested could seek advice and help.
  23.is, are, was, were, will be, are going to be, have, has, had The beautiful something that the innocent not always able to appreciate fully.
  24.preferred, prefers, is, are, was, were, will be, shall be During the holiday week, one-third of the students in our class prepared to stay on campus for study while around ten percent of them some more sleep at home.
  25.is, are, has, have, having The average British family, which smaller and richer than 50 years ago,
  3. 6 members.
  26.were, was, had, propaganda, propagandas Large amounts of money spent on .
  27.than, as, more, most, the The information that comes in, more confused the picture becomes.
  28.than, as, more, so, less I’m not going out with a man who’s twice old me.
  29.analysis, criteria, diabetes, gentry, pants, physics a. Singular only: b. Plural only: 填空题( 小题, 三、填空题(本大题共 16 小题,每小题 1 分,共 16 分) Fill in each of the blanks with an appropriate word or phrase.
  30.Nobody in the class agrees with you, ?
  31.Everyone is excited by the news, ?
  32.Let’s not take John with us on our family outing this time, ?
  33.John hardly speaks to anybody in the class, ?
  34.She’s lost almost friend she had.
  35.He lost parents when he was a child.
  36.The noise of the party stopped me getting sleep.
  37.When you were in London, did you visit Tower, too?
  38. said that he (feed) up with college instructors who tried to teach him to use the “scientific method”. He
  39.It is surprising that this innocent-looking girl (commit) such a crime.
  40.I appreciate (give) the opportunity to study abroad three years ago.
  41.I think his failure in the experiment resulted his carelessness.
  42.This car is very expensive. You have to pay half a million dollars it.
  43.With an appropriate conjunctive Last month I bought a watch. It is cheap, it goes quite well.
  44.With an appropriate relative pronoun My brother speaks English fluently, I don’t.
  45.He can not choose his own job, can I. 改错题( 小题, 四、改错题(本大题共 11 小题,每小题 1 分,共 11 分)
2
Correct one error in each of the following sentences.
  46.I think you should go for school earlier today.
  47.She said she was afraid at her father.
  48.-“Which newspaper would you like? ” -“It doesn’t matter. Every one. ”
  49.I spent the all of the summer at home.
  50.The girl often heard to sing the same song at the same time in her room.
  51.Being not helped by anybody, he is not likely to succeed.
  52.Should we always follow the advice of our olders?
  53.He stood there, his eyes closed and his hands in the pockets, looking half asleep.
  54.I met another boyfriend of Lucy yesterday.
  55.The project on that we have been working for five weeks is a great success.
  56.Which she does is often at variance with what she says. 改句( 小题, 五、改句(本大题共 13 小题,每小题 2 分,共 26 分) Rewrite the following sentences as required.
  57.Turning the following imperative into a tag question Don’t let the children eat a lot of sweets and ice creams.
  58.Using a relative pronoun I am going to the airport to meet Mr Johnson. He is a close friend of mine.
  59.Using a relative pronoun She is a lawyer. I know her.
  60.Using an adjunct Mary decided to stay in her London apartment. She was growing sick of city Life.
  61.Using the passive voice Couldn’t we ask someone to take on the job privately without anyone knowing?
  62.Using a modal verb Am I not right in supposing this is the one you want?
  63.Using a nonfinite verb form At a very early stage, Paderewski revealed that he was a master of the keyboard.
  64.Using an adjunct His child had gone to school. He could concentrate on his research work.
  65.Using extraposition To see all the high school kids standing on one foot outside school property and puffing away furtively and defiantly on their cigarettes makes a disappointing view.
  66.Using fronting He plunged into the tumultuous water in order to save the girls.
  67.Rewriting B’s answer by using a cohesive device A: Is John trying to enter Harvard Law School? B: No, I don’t think John is trying to enter Harvard Law School. He hates lawyers.
  68.Rewriting the second sentence by using a cohesive device My wife and I take a walk after supper this evening. In fact, we take a walk every evening.
  69.Rewriting the second clause by using a cohesive device The limited seats should be given to old people and the younger people are advised to stand for a while. 名词解释( 小题, 六、名词解释(本大题共 3 小题,每小题 2 分,共 6 分) Define the following terms with examples.
  70.Participles
3

  71.What is “fronting”?
  72.Define “ellipsis” 简答题( 小题, 七、简答题(本大题共 2 小题,每小题 2 分,共 4 分) Answer the following questions.
  73.List at least 4 means of expressing future time.
  74.What’s the difference between a simple verb phrase and a complex verb phrase? 2007 年 4 月高教自考英语语法试卷参考答案 月高教自考英语语法试卷参考答案 一、单项选择题: (本大题共 21 小题,每小题 1 分,共 21 分)
  1.D
  2.C
  3.B
  4.C
  5.D
  6.C
  7.B
  8.C
  9.D
  10.D
  11.B
  12.D
  13.B
  14.B
  15.B
  16.C
  17.D
  18.B
  19.D
  20.C
  21.B 二、多项选择题: (本大题共 8 小题,每小题 2 分,共 16 分,多选、少选、错选均无分)
  22. was , itself
  23. is, are
  24.were, preferred
  25. is, has
  26. were; propaganda
  27. more; the
  28.as, as
  29.a . physics, diabetes, analysis b. pants, gentry, criteria 三、填空题: (本大题共 20 小题,每小题 1 分,共 20 分)
  30.do they
  31. aren’t they/ isn’t he
  32. shall we
  33. does he
  34. every
  35.both/ his
  36. any/ some
  37. the
  38.was fed
  39. should have committed
  40. having been given
  41.from
  42. for
  43. but/ yet
  44. which
  45. neither/ nor 四、改错题: (本大题共 8 小题,每小题 1 分,共 8 分)
  46. go to
  47. was afraid of
  48. Any/ Eitherone
  49. 改: the whole of the summer// all summer
  50. 改: was often heard
  51. 改: Not being helped
  52. 改: our elders
  53. 改: his hands
  54. 改: Lucy’s
  55. 改: on which
  56. 改: What she 五、改写句子题: (本大题共 13 小题,每小题 2 分,共 26 分)
  57. Don’t let the children eat a lot of sweets and ice creams, will you?
  58. I am going to the airport to meet Mr Johnson who is a close friend of mine.
  59. She is a lawyer who/that/whom I know
  60. Mary decided to stay in her London apartment though she was growing sick of city Life.
  61. Couldn’t anyone be asked to take on the job privately without anyone knowing?
  62. Will this be the one you want?
  63. At a very early stage, Paderewski revealed himself to be a master of the keyboard.
  64. As his child had gone to school, he could concentrate on his research work.
  65. It makes a disappointing view to see all the high school kids standing on one foot outside school property and puffing away furtively and defiantly on their cigarettes
  66. Into the tumultuous water, he plunged in order to save the girls.
  67. A: Is John trying to enter Harvard Law School? B: No, I don’t think he is trying to enter Harvard Law School, for he hates lawyers.
4

  68. My wife and I take a walk after supper this evening. In fact, we do it every evening.
  69. The limited seats should be given to old people and the younger ones are advised to stand for a while. 六、名词解释题: (本大题共 2 小题,每小题 2 分,共 4 分)
  70. Participles belong to non-finite verb. There are 2 kinds of them: -ing Participles and ?ed Participles.
  71. Fronting: remove an item from its unmarked postsubject position to the marked presubject position. As fronting moves an item into initial position which shouldn’t be there , and it disturbs the expected information flow and brings about unusualness./ It shift an item from the final position to the front. And it achieves the effect of parallelism and contrast.
  72. Ellipsis : a kind of coherent devices leaves out the redundant/wordy part and do not provide a substitute. 七、简答题: (本大题共 3 小题,每小题 2 分,共 6 分)
  73. future expressions:
  1. will/ shall:
  2. Be going to
  3. be doing: plan
  4. simple present:
  5. will be doing:
  6. be about to do:
  7. be to do:
  74. The simple verb phrase: a verb phrase goes without* auxiliaries (main verb & modifier + main verb) Eg: He likes music. Or : I often visited the park. The complex verb phrase: a verb phrase goes with* auxiliaries. Eg: I have finished the book. Or: We will go there.
5
 

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