北京地区成人高等教育本科学生 英语统一考试试题 (一)
20
  04.11
Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage 1 Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage: (
  76) The agriculture revolution (
  3)in the nineteenth century involved two things: the 19 世纪的农业革命包括两个方面: 发明节省劳力的机器和发展科技农业 invention 世纪的农业革命包括两个方面 两个方面 of labor-saving machinery and the development of scientific agriculture. Labor-saving machinery naturally appeared first where labor was scarce. "In Europe, (
  1)said Thomas Jefferson, "(
  2)the object is to make the most of their land, labor being sufficient; here it is to make the most of our labor, land being abundant". It was in America, therefore, that the great advances in nineteenth-century agricultural machinery first came. At the opening of the century, with the exception of a crude (粗糙的) plow, (
  4)farmers could have carried practically all of the existing agricultural tools on their backs. (
  77) By 18
  60,most of the machinery in use today had been designed in an early form. 到 1860 年 , 现 在 使 用 的 大多 数 机 械 都已 设计 出 雏 形 . The most important of the early inventions was the iron plow. As early as 1890 Charles Newbolt of New Jersey had been working on the idea of a cast-iron plow and spent his entire fortune in introducing his invention. The farmers, however, would home none of (
  5)it, claiming that the iron poisoned the soil and made the weeds grow. Nevertheless, many people devoted their attention to the plow, until in 1869, James Oliver of South Bend, Indiana, turned out the first chilled-steel plow.
  1. The word "here" (Para. 1, Line
  6) refers to. A. Europe B. America
1
C. New Jersey
D. Indiana

  2. Which of the following statement is NOT true? A. The need for labor helped the invention of machinery in America. B. The farmer rejected Charles Newbolt's plow for fear of ruin of their fields. C. Both Europe and America had great need for farm machinery. D. It was in Indiana that the first chilled-steel plow was produced.
  3. The passage is mainly about. A. the agriculture revolution B. the invention of labor-saving machinery C. the development of scientific agriculture D. the farming machinery in America
  4. At the opening of the nineteenth-century, farmers in America. A. preferred light tools B. were extremely self-reliant (自给的) C. had many tools D. had very few tools
  5. It is implied but not stated in the passage that . A. there was a shortage of workers on American farms B. the most important of the early invention was the iron plow C. after 1869, many people devoted their attention to the plow D. Charles Newbolt had made a fortune by his cast-iron plow Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage: By adopting a few simple techniques, parents who read to their children can greatly (
  7) increase their children's language development. It is surprising but true. (
  78) How parents talk to their children makes a big difference in the children's language development. If a parent encourages the child to actively respond to what the parent is reading, the child's language skills increase. (
  6)父母如何与孩子交谈在孩子语言技能 父母如何与孩子交谈在孩子语言技能 发展方面起很大作用.如果父母鼓励孩子积极应对他们所读的东西 发展方面起很大作用 如果父母鼓励孩子积极应对他们所读的东西, 孩子的语言技 如果父母鼓励孩子积极应对他们所读的东西 能就会提高. 能就会提高
2
A study was done with 30 three-year-old children and their parents. Half of the children participated in the experimental study; the other half acted as the control group. In the experimental group, the parents were given a two-hour training (
  9) session in which they were taught to ask (
  8) open-ended questions rather than yes-or-no questions. For example, the parent should ask, "What is the doggie doing?" rather than "Is the doggie running away?" (
  79) The parents in the experimental group were also instructed in how to help children find answers, how to suggest alternative possibilities and how to praise correct answers. 实验组的家长们也接受以下培训 怎样帮助孩子去找到答案 实验组的家长们也接受以下培训: 怎样帮助孩子去找到答案; 如何暗示选择的可能性(可选性 回答正确后 怎么表扬、鼓励等. 如何暗示选择的可能性 可选性);回答正确后 怎么表扬、鼓励等 可选性 回答正确后,怎么表扬 At the beginning of the study, the children did not differ in measures of language development, but at the end of one month, the children in the experimental group showed
  5.5 months ahead of the control group on a test of verbal expression and vocabulary. Nine months later, the children in the experimental group still showed an advance of 6 months over the children in the control group.
  6. Which of the following can be inferred from the passage? A. Children who talk a lot are more intelligent. B. Parents who listen to their children can teach them more. C. Active children should read more and be given more attention. D. Verbal ability can easily be developed with proper methods.
  7. What does "it" in line 2 can most probably be replaced by? A. Parents increasing children's language development B. Reading techniques being simple C. Parents reading to children D. Children's intelligence development
  8. According to the author, which of the following questions is the best type to ask children about? A. Do you see the elephant? C. What animals do you like? A. the training that parents received B. the age of the children C. tile books that were read
3
B. Is the elephant in the cage? D. Shall we go to the zoo?

  9. The difference between the control group and the experimental group was .
D. the number of the children
  10. The best conclusion we can draw from the passage is that . A. parents should be trained to read to their children B. the more children read, the more intelligent they will become C. children's language skills increase when they are required to respond actively D. children who read actively seem six months older Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage: In the United States, (
  12) 30 percent of the adult population has a (
  11)"weight problem". To many people, the cause is obvious: they eat too much. But scientific evidence does (
  13) little to support this idea. Going back to the America of the 1910s, we find that people were thinner than today, yet they ate more food. In those days people worked harder physically,(
  14) walked more, used machines much less and didn't watch television. Several modem studies, moreover, have shown that fatter people do not eat more on the average than thinner people. In fact, some investigations, such as the 1979 study of 3, 545 London office workers, report that, on balance, fat people eat less than slimmer people. Studies show that slim people are more active than fat people. A study by a research group at Stanford University School of Medicine found the following interesting facts: The more the men ran, the more body fat they lost. The more they ran, the greater amount of food they ate.(
  80) Thus, those who ran the most ate the most, yet lost the greatest amount of body fat. 因此 那些运动量越大的人 吃的越多 同时耗费 因此. 那些运动量越大的人,吃的越多 吃的越多, 掉的体内脂肪也就越多. 掉的体内脂肪也就越多
  11. The physical problem that many adult Americans have is that. A. they are too slim C. they are too fat "weight problem". A. 30 B. 50 C. 100 D. 150 B. they work too hard D. they lose too much body fat

  12. According to the article, given 500 adult Americans, people will have a

  13. Is there any scientific evidence to support that eating too much is the cause of a "weight problem"?
4
A. Yes, there is plenty of evidence. B. Of course, there is some evidence to show this is true. C. There is hardly any scientific evidence to support this. D. We don't know because the information is not given.
  14. In comparison with the adult American population today, the Americans of the 1910s . A. ate more food and had more physical activities B. ate less food but had more activities C. ate less food and had less physical exercise D. had more weight problems
  15. Modern scientific researches have reported to us that . A. fat people eat less food and are less active B. fat people eat more food than slim people and are more active C. fat people eat more food than slim people but are less active D. thin people run less, but have greater increase in food intake Part II Vocabulary and Structure (30%) Directions: In this part there are 30 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
  16. , we decided to leave at once, as we didn't want to risk missing the bus. A. As it being pretty late C. It was being pretty late B. It being pretty late (独立主格结构 独立主格结构) 独立主格结构 D. Being pretty late

  17. was once regarded as impossible has now become a reality. A. What(引导主语从句) (引导主语从句) B. That C. Which D. As

  18. Mr. Smith, together with his wife and children, going to the party this weekend. A. am B. is(主谓一致) (主谓一致) C. are D. will
5

  19. Would you mind the computer game in your room? A. him playing C. him to play B. his playing(动名词作宾语) (动名词作宾语) D. him play

  20. By next year he in New York for five years. A. has worked C. works B. has been working D. will have worked(将来完成时) ( 来完成时)

  21. Henry is often seen English aloud every morning in the classroom. A. read C. reading B. reads D. to read(不定式作宾语) (不定式作宾语)

  22. Without heat and sunlight, plants on the earth well. A. would not grow(与现在事实相反的虚拟语气) B. will not grow (与现在事实相反的虚拟语气) C. had not grown D. would not be grown

  23. Only recently to deal with the environmental problems. A. something has done C. has something been done(倒装) (倒装) B. has something done D. something has been done

  24. The question at the meeting tomorrow is very important. A. to discuss C. to be discussed(不定式的被动式) (不定式的被动式) B. being discussed D. will be discussed

  25. Since this road is wet and slippery this morning, it last night. A. must rain C. must have rained(表示有把握的推测) (表示有把握的推测) B. was raining D. may rain

  26. The mother didn't know to blame for the broken glass as it happened while she was out. A. who(该责怪谁) (该责怪谁) B. when C. how D. what

  27. I believe that every crime, the circumstance, should be severely punished. A. in spite of(不管) (不管) C. instead of B. because of D. on account of(因为) (因为)
6

  28. The workers are busy models for the exhibition. A. to make C. being making B. with making(忙于做什么) (忙于做什么) D. making

  29. Yesterday Mr. Smith gave a vivid of his recent visit to China. A. dialogue B. idea C. tale(故事) (故事) D. account(描述) (描述)

  30. The definition leaves for disagreement. A. a small room C. great deal room B. much room(很大空间 / 余地) 余地) ( D. not so big a room

  31. By the time you arrive this evening, for two hours. A. I will study C. I had studied B. I will have been studied D. I will have been studying(将来完成进行时) (将来完成进行时)

  32. I would have joined him in a picnic, but I his company. A. will not like C. had not liked B. don't like(混合虚拟语气) (混合虚拟语气) D. might not like

  33. Let's finish our homework in a few seconds; it's time we . A. played football(虚拟语气) (虚拟语气) C. play football B. will play football D. are playing football

  34. at Harvard, he began again to write his essay. A. Busy was as he C. Busy as he was(倒装) (倒装) B. Busy as was he D. As was he busy

  35. Pierre often makes himself by gesturing with his hands. A. to understand C. to be understood B. understanding D. understood(过去分词表示被动) (过去分词表示被动)

  36. The bridge was named the hero who gave his life for the cause of the people. A. after(以……命名) 命名) ( 命名 B. for C. because of D. before
7

  37. There was a large crowd in the square against the war. A. protecting B. protesting(抗议) (抗议) C. preventing D. promoting

  38. We have to the government for a
 

相关内容

08 法学行管等专业学位英语 真题(阅读)讲解

   北京地区成人高等教育本科学生 英语统一考试试题 (一) 2004.11 Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best ...

法学行管等专业学位英语 阅读实战

   阅 读 理 解 1、解题指导 、 阅读理解题是一种综合性的技能测试, 它不仅要求考生具有较强的理解能力, 还要求考生 要有一定的阅读速度。 而通常影响阅读理解的主要有三大因素: 词汇量、 语法知识、 背景知识。 学生有时反映最大困难是词汇量太少,其直接后果是感觉时间太紧,答不完试卷。对于后两项 也是弱项的考生来说就更困难了。考生要在这一项上取得高分,除了要在词汇量、语法知识、 背景知识三个方面多下功夫外, 还必须学会掌握一些最基本的阅读技能, 了解这部分试题的基 本设计思路及解题方法和技巧。 ...

学位英语阅读

   英语阅读理解答案 第一篇:41-45:B C A dDb 第4篇 转自[英美者]-英语专业网站: http://www.enmajor.com/cn/Html/Job_hunting/K/24971858_2.html 第 2 篇 (acdddd) 第 3 篇 ( bbabdd) 1 b ddcbc 第5篇 短文大意:本文主要介绍了在动物界广泛存在的社会性行为??遗传模仿 行为。它主要指两只或两只以上动物用带有一定的模仿和合作的方式进行 同样的行为。在脊椎动物中,这一行为表现得最广泛,尤其见 ...

学位英语真题

   非常抱歉,该文档存在转换错误,不能在本机显示。建议您重新选择其它文档 ...

学位英语真题

   2010 年 5 月河北省学位英语考试真题 一、语法词汇(50 个小题,每个 0.5 分,共 25 分) 书上的原题有:(按所在单元排序) 第一单元: Most broadcasters maintain that TV has been unfairly criticized and argue that the power of the medium is C.exaggerated. Geologists use artificial earth shocks C.in their s ...

北京 学位英语真题卷 答案

   2006 年 11 月北京成人学位英语真题 卷及答案 月北京成人学位英语真题(A)卷及答案 Part I Reading Comprehension(30%) Comprehension(30%) Passage 1 Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage: One study shows that Americans prefer to answer with a brief “Yes”, “No”, “Sure”, or t ...

考研英语历年真题阅读理解精读笔记

   大家网[www.TopSage.com] 大家网 考研英语历年真题阅读理解精读笔记(一 考研英语历年真题阅读理解精读笔记 一) 众所周知,考研是人生的一次重新洗牌和重大机遇,而在考研的四门课程中,英语成了许多 考生前进征途上的一只凶猛拦路虎和十分困难的羁?赜胝习? 详细分析历年考研英语试卷,又可以发现主要矛盾在于阅读(占 60%的分数),故可谓:得阅 读者得天下。阅读的 60 分细分为 Part A、Part B 和 Part C,其中 Part A 为四篇阅读理解,占 40 分,是阅读理解 ...

2009年4月北京学位英语真题及答案

   Part I Reading Comprehension (30%)   Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best ...

大学英语四级真题阅读完型词汇作文部分

       本文由jianghui198819贡献     doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     2003 年 12 月大学英语四级真题阅读完型词汇作文部分 大学英语四级六级考试  Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) , Directions: There are 4 pas sages in this part. Each passage is followed by some ques ...

剑桥商务英语中级考试历年真题阅读精讲

   教育联展网 剑桥商务英语中级考试历年真题阅读精进 注:这里讲解的题目是人邮版第四辑真题 TEST 1 阅读部分的 Part one. Questions 1-7 Look at the statements below and the article about the development of future business leaders on the opposite page. Which section of the article (A, B, C or D) does ea ...

热门内容

高中英语时态

   English Basic Tenses (时态 时态) 时态 一般过去时 ( The Simple Past Tense ) 过去进行时(The Past Continuous Tense) 过去进行时 过去完成时 (The Past Perfect Tense) 一般现在时 ( The Simple Present tense ) 现在进行时(The Present Continuous Tense) 现在进行时 现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense) 现在完成 ...

着迷英语

   Book 1 BILL: Good morning, sir. 先生早. MAN: Good morning. 早. PAUL Hello, Bill. How are you today? 喂, 比尔, 今天好吗? BILL: Fine, thanks. Beautiful day! 很好, 谢谢您. 今天天气真好! PAUL Good for business. 是个做生意的好日子. BILL: Sure is. 说的是. PAUL See you later. 回头见. BILL: O ...

考研英语的高分方法

   难怪他考研英语93分!同志们,做个有心人! 来源: 黄海龙的日志 一.考研阅读的基本解题思路:(四步走) 第一,扫描提干,划关键项。 第二, 通读全文,抓住中心。 1. 通读全文,抓两个重点: ①首段(中心句、核心概念常在第一段,常在首段出题); ②其他各段的段首和段尾句。(其他部分略读,有重点的读) 2. 抓住中心,用一分半时间思考3个问题: ①文章叙述的主要内容是什么? ②文章中有无提到核心概念? ③作者的大致态度是什么? 第三,仔细审题,返回原文。(仔细看题干,把每道题和原文的某处建 ...

大学英语B2011年作文分类(1)原始版

       本文由强大的欣欣贡献     doc文档可能在WAP端浏览体验不佳。建议您优先选择TXT,或下载源文件到本机 查看。     作文分类 分类( 大学英语 B 作文分类(1)原始版     一、 学习类 (10 个例子) 个例子)     1) Why I Like Learning English Why I like learning English? Firstly,  English is very useful. English is the most widely used ...

初三英语综合练习(四)

   练习 I. 根据句意补全单词(6%) 1. London is the c of England. 2. If you have anything to tell me, you can g me a call. 3. If you can’t find the manager, you’d better l a message. . 4. Thomas Edison was a great American i 5. Even before he was ten, he b interes ...