根据《大纲》中对听力教学的要求的规定, 听力测试题型按命题目的分为两类,情景反应和 理解能力。 情景反应主要指听对话或听录音中提出的一 个问题及说出的一句话,考生在听懂对话或句子 的基础上判断语言情景,根据语言交际的功能作 出恰当的反应。 理解能力的测试包括单句理解和短文理解两 方面。单句理解重点考查同义句、近义句、看图 听句子等。短文理解通常是考查一个完整的小故 事、一件事或一则幽默笑话。考查对短文的理解, 重点是对短文中的人物、时间、地点和情节进行 设题。
一、解题方法与技巧
提前审题,
  1. 提前审题,快速浏览 做题前,要求看清题目要求;然后快速浏览 试题内容。它可以帮助我们预知要听的重点,准 确观察出选项之间的不同之处,以便听时给以足 够的重视。 这一题型常围绕以下问题进行考查:(
  1) 谁 (Who); (
  2) 做什么 (What…do);(
  3) 地点 (Where);(
  4) 时 间 (When);(
  5) 身体、天气、学习情况等怎么样 (How);(
  6) 年龄 (How old);(
  7) 数额 (How much); (
  8) 职业 (What) (
  9) 数量 (How many);(
  10) 颜色 (What colour);(
  11) 时态运用等 (如It’s rainy./It was rainy.)。
关键词语,
  2. 关键词语,快速记录 在听的过程中,很多关键信息、关键词语稍 纵即逝,等到答题时又难以回忆,如年、月、日、 时刻、电话号码、人名、地名等。只有边听边及 时做好这些关键词语的记录,才能为我们答题提 供好的帮助。 生词、难点,
  3. 生词、难点,果断放弃 听力测试是有严格时间限制的,如遇到实在 听不懂的生词、难点,要果断放弃,应集中精力, 紧跟磁带速度,继续做后面的题,切不可犹豫不 决,一误再误。
仔细检查,
  4. 仔细检查,理顺关系 听力结束后,不要急于做题。要利用头脑中 还保留的短暂记忆和笔录的内容,对那些不太肯 定的答案进行语法上的推敲。如听短文填词中有 这样一句话: The boy the cap to his mother. 听到的音是 [past],很多同学可能会填上past,没有考虑句子 的意思及语法。past只能作介词或副词,而这里 应该填谓语动词passed,该题是用了past和passed 的同音现象进行迷惑。
二、真题解析

  1. 听句子,选择恰当的答语。
(
  1) A. Good morning, Miss Black. B. Nice to meet you, too. C. Fine, thanks. And you? [录音原稿]Good morning, class. [解析]Good morning. 的答语还用Good morning. 故选A。 (
  2) A. Thanks for asking me. B. Certainly. Here you are. C. Yes, I’m all right. [录音原稿]Excuse me. May I use your dictionary? [解析]当你愿意把东西借给别人时应说: Certainly. Here you are. 故选B。
(
  3) A. I’m sure. B. The same to you. C. You’re welcome. [录音原稿]Thanks for helping me. [解析]You’re welcome. 是对别人表示谢意的应答 语,故选C。 (
  4) A. It’s Thursday. B. It’s 9 o’clock. C. It’s June 10th. [录音原稿]What time is it, please? [解析]What time is it? 是询问时间,故应选B。 (
  5) A. I think so. Why? B. I like it very much. C. He isn’t in.
[录音原稿]Mike, are you free this afternoon? [解析]材料中的……,are you free this afternoon? 是用来询问对方是否有空的,故应选A。
  2. 听句子,选择与你所听的句子意思最接近的选 项。(20
  04. 扬州) (
  1) A. Joy like English best. B. Joy does well in English. C. Joy studies English hard. [录音原稿]Joy is good at English. [解析]be good at 意为“在……方面做得好、擅 长”,与do well in同义,故选B。 (
  2) A. This month is July. B. Next month is August. C. This month is August.
[录音原稿] Next month will be September. [解析] 我们只要听懂了Next month will be September. 就知道这个月是八月了,故选C。 (
  3) A. The teacher asked Bill to be quiet. B. The teacher asked Bill to speak loud. C. Bill asked the teacher to be quiet. [录音原稿] “Don’t make any noise, Bill.” the teacher said. [解析]材料中的Don’t make any noise 意为“别吵 闹”, 也就是要Bill保持安静,故选A。 (
  4) A. I’m free every day. B. I’m free on Sunday. C. I’m not free on Sunday. [录音原稿] I’m free every day except Sunday.
[解析] except Sunday 意为“除了星期天”,听清 了 材料就知道“星期天没空”故选C。 (
  5) A. Tom jumps higher than Peter. B. Peter jumps higher than Tom. C. Peter does not jump so high as Tom. [录音原稿] Tom does not jump as high as Peter. [解析] not as…as意为“不如、与……不一样”。 从Tom does not jump as high as Peter. 可知 道“Peter跳得比Tom高”,故选B。
  3. 听句子,选图画。选出与所听到的句子内容相 符的图画。
A B C D (
  1) (
  2) (
  3) (
  4) [录音原稿] (
  1) Something is wrong with my bike. I have to mend it now. (
  2) I often help mum clean the room.
(
  3) You look very beautiful in this white dress. (
  4) We mustn’t spit anywhere. It’s very bad. [解析] (
  1) 当我们听到句中的关键词bike时就可确定应选 图B,因为四幅画中只有它才有一辆自行车。 (
  2) 我们只要听清了句中的关键词组clean the room就不难确定选图D了。 (
  3) 只要我们清楚图C的意思是一个女孩子在试穿 衣服,并且听清了You look very beautiful in this white dress. 就可判断此句与图C意思一致。 (
  4) 当我们听到We mustn’t spit anywhere. It’s very bad. 就会明白图A与此句表达的意思相符。

  4. 听对话和对话后的问题,选择正确答案。 (20
  03. 北京) (
  1) A. By bike. B. By bus. C. On foot. [录音原稿] Woman: Jim, how do you usually go to school? Man: By bus. It’s far from my home. Question: How does Jim usually go to school? [解析] 由所提供的选项我们可确定和交通工具 有关,我们一听到答语中的By bus. 及所提问 题就可确定选B。 (
  2) A. Milk. B. Water. C. Tea.
[录音原稿] Man: Which would you like to drink tea or milk? Woman: Some milk, please. Question: What does the girl want? [解析] 根据所提供的选项我们知道问题与事物有 关,答句中的Some milk, please.为我们选 择正确答案指名了方向。 (
  3) A. To do the housework. B. To clean their classroom. C. To visit the Science Museum. [录音原稿] Man: What are you going to do tomorrow?
Woman: We’re going to visit the Science Museum. Will you come with us? Man: Yes, I’d love to. Question: What are they going to do tomorrow? [解析] 由三个选项可确定问题与问干什么有关, 材料中的visit the Science Museum告诉我们 应选C。 (
  4) A. He’s lost his way. B. He’s got a cold. C. He can’t find his ruler. [录音原稿] Woman: What’s wrong with you? Man: I’m not feeling well, doctor. Woman: Mm… You’ve got a cold. Question: What’s wrong with the man?
[解析] 由所提供的选项的内容可猜测问题与问他 出了什么事有关,材料中的got a cold说明 他患感冒了,故选B。 (
  5) A. 60 yuan. B. 70 yuan. C. 80 yuan. [录音原稿] Man: Can I help you, madam? Woman: Yes, I want a T-shirt. How much is that blue one? Man: Eighty yuan. Question: How much is the blue T-shirt? [解析] 所提供三个选项的内容告诉我们这个问题 与问多少钱有关,句中的Eighty yuan.为我 们揭开了谜底,故选C。

  5. 从A、B、C三个答案中,选出一个与你所听到 的一段对话内容相符合的问题答案。 (
  1) Q: Where do you think these two people are? A. At home. B. Outside. C. In a baby shop. (
  2) Q: What is the man worried about? A. Having meals outside. B. The woman’s parents’ smoking. C. Their small house. (
  3) Q: Who will tell the parents to smoke outside? A. Nobody will. B. The man will. C. The woman will. (
  4) Q: How long will the parents stay?
A. For a week. B. For about two days. C. For a few weeks. (
  5) Q: Which of the following is right? A. The man doesn’t smoke himself. B. The man and the woman will have a baby. C. The woman has made a joke. [录音原稿] W: That was my mother on the phone. She and my father will be here on Saturday. M: Yeah! W: What’s the matter? Don’t you like them? M: Sure, I do. It’s their smoking. I really don’t want them to smoke in the house.
W: They’re just here for the weekend. It’s not a big problem, is it? M: Second-hand smoking. It’s a big problem around here, and the smell will stay for a week. W: I know what you mean. But what can we do? M: We can ask them to smoke outside. W: I guess you are right. OK. You can tell them when they get here. M: Me? Are you joking? They are your parents. You tell them. [解析] (
  1) 由That was my mother on the phone. 以及他们 谈论的内容我们可以确定他们在家里。
(
  2) 对话中的I really don’t want them to smoke in the house. 告诉了我们他所担心的事情。 (
  3) 根据对话的最后一句话Me? Are you joking? They are your parents. You tell them. 可确定由女方告诉她父母到外面去吸烟。 (
  4) 由They’re just here for the weekend。可知他们 将呆上两天左右的时间。weekend 就是指 weekend Saturday和Sunday。 (
  5) 根据男方说的话I really don’t want them to smoke in the house. 以及It’s a big problem around here, and the smell will stay for a week. 可确定他不吸烟,故A符合对话内容。

  6. 根据短文的意思,从每题所给的A、B、C三个 选项中选取出一个正确答案。 (
  1) Roy often after school. A. does his homework B. watches TV C. goes out to play (
  2) Roy is this year. A. eleven B. nine C. seven (
  3)Roy’s parents began to feel at about seven. A. happy B. surprised C. worried (
  4) Roy’s parents went to for help at last. A. their neighbours B. the police C. the teacher
(
  5) Roy when his parents went to look for him. A. was watching TV upstairs at home B. was making a birthday cake in the kitchen D. was playing in the garden [录音原稿] Roy is a school boy. He often goes out to play after school. But he never gets home late for supper. It was his eleventh birthday last Friday. But his parents didn’t see him at supper time. They waited and waited, but Roy didn’t come. At about seven o’clock, they felt very worried. They had to go out to look for their son here and there, but they couldn’t find him. At last they went to the police station for help. To their great surprise, when they came back home, they saw Roy sitting at the supper table and enjoying the birthday cake, “Why didn’t you come upstairs to watch TV with me, Day?” asked Roy when he saw his father.
[解析] (
  1) 在录音中我们听到 “He often goes out to play after school.” 这就是说,罗伊放学后常到外面 玩。因此,A、B都不是正确选项。 (
  2) 从录音中的 “It was his eleventh birthday last Friday.” 我们能够得知,罗伊现在十一岁了。 故应选A。 (
  3) 录音中的 “At about seven o’clock, they felt very worried.” 告诉我们,他的父母不见他回家, 感到非常焦急。由此可见,A、B都不能选。 (
  4) 由录音中的 “At last they went to the police station for help.” 我们可以看出,他的父母找 不到他,就去警察署寻求帮助。这说明,B是 正确选项。
(
  5) 我们从罗伊在见到爸爸以后说的 “Why didn’t you come upstairs to watch TV with me, Day?” 可 以看出,他的父母在寻找他的时候,他一个人在 楼上看电视。因此B、C都不是正确选项。
  7. 听一段对话。根据其内容和以下所给的表格的要求, 在横线上填上有关Linda的信息,每空一词。(20
  03. 吉林) (
  1) Age next Friday (
  2) Birthday 27th (
  3) Hobbies and listening to popular music (
  4) Best friend (
  5) New present A
[录音原稿] M: Tina, do you know it’s Linda’s birthday next week? W: No, I don’t. Jim, you’re her best friend. Do you know what day her birthday is? M: Yeah, of course, it’s on Friday. It’s the 27th of June. W: How old will she be? M: She will be twelve. I want to give her a present, but I don’t know what to get her. Can you help me decide? W: What does she like doing?
M: She likes reading. W: Why don’t you get her a book? M: She already has a lot of books. I want to get her something different. W: What else does she like doing? M: She likes listening to popular music. W: How about getting her a CD? M: That’s too expensive. I can’t afford to get her a CD. W: Then I know what you should get as a new present. A magazine about popular music. She’ll be pleased about her favorite things. M: That’s a great idea! Thanks, Tina.
[解析]
  1. twelve/12 由She will be twelve. 可知Linda下周 五就十二岁了。
  2. June 材料中It’s the 27th of June. 告诉我们她的 生日具体是哪一天。
  3. reading/books 根据She likes reading. 和She already has a lot of books. 以及She likes listening to popular music. 我们就可确定她的爱好是看书 或听流行音乐。
  4. Jim Tina 说的话Jim, you’re her best friend. 告诉 了我们Linda最好的朋友是Jim。
  5. magazine 由A magazine about popular music. 可 知Jim 在Linda生日那天要送一本有关流行音乐 的杂志给她。
 

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