中考完形填空
专题训练
??坝头中 学

  1. 事实先决
NMET完形填空选项常从不同层次设置 形成梯次,无 完形填空选项常从不同层次设置, 形成梯次, 完形填空选项常从不同层次设置 对错之分, 只有程度不同。 对错之分, 只有程度不同。事实先决的作用是按程度 将事实排队,选出第一事实加以确认。 将事实排队,选出第一事实加以确认。 例1: And there on a well-made bed sat Amy, my A , dressed neatly. new A. roommate B. classmate C. neighbor D. companion 题解: 选项A`roommate‘指`同住宿舍一室的人’。 作者并非在教室等处首次遇到Amy, 故排除掉选项B `classmate'; 也并非在宿舍楼道等处首次遇到Amy, 故排 除掉 选项C`neighbor', 至于选项D`companion(伙伴), 在 逻辑顺序上, 应先有 classmate, 后有companion。
例2: Finally I turned the key in the lock and C the door open, with Dad still complaining(抱怨) about a hurting knee or something. A. knocked B. forced C. pushed D. tried 一般动作逻辑是: turn the key → open the door push the door open → force the door open
例3: I knew then that Amy and I would be B and my first year of college would be a success. A. sisters B. friends C. students D. fellows 题解: 选项A`sisters‘指法律承认的姐妹关系; 选项 C`students’指经过学校录取成为学生, 不合文意。 选项D`fellows'指`同伴', `Amy and I would be friends' 中的`be', 相当于`become', 若与`fellows'连用, 显然不合乎逻辑。

  2. 事实后决
所谓 事实后决 是指在选项中出现悬而难决的情形, 答案选项有可能是不曾知晓的表达, 考生面对类似情 形可用`事实后决`的方法解题, 即过滤掉明显不合文 意的选项, 最后决定答案项。`事实后决’与`排除法’ 接近。请看: But , would there be a chair in Room D 316? A. in fact B. by chance C. once more D. then again 题解: (
  1) but then again 这一表达并未出现在考纲词 汇表或中学教科书中。考生面对类似情形可用`排除 法’解题, 即过滤掉明显不合文意的选项。就此题来 说, 选项A =actually, 意为 `事实上; 选项B意为`偶 然’; 选项C 意为`再次, 分别代入, 会发现与文意相 去甚远, 故排除。
(
  2) `but then again‘ 为一表达法, 意思是 `although something is true, something else is also true which makes the first thing seem less important.’ 例: I don‘t spend much, but then again I don’t go out much. He’s clumsy(笨手笨脚的), but then again, he's always willing to help. →`but then again'相当于中文的`可是话又 说回来'。

  3. 反比否定
反比否定是指从选项相反意思的假设入手去印证该 选项正确与否。 Finally I turned the key in the lock and C the door open, with Dad still complaining(抱怨) about a hurting knee or something. A. knocked B. forced C. pushed D. tried 选项A、B含`把门用力弄开', 意指门原本被牢牢关 闭, 不易打开。在上下文无 特别交待的情形下, `knock/force'意指平时门都要在`强力'的作用下才能打 开, 一般的`open/push'是打不开的, 这当然有悖事理。 若选用`try the door open', 则意指平时门都要像首次 打开如地宫之门那样才能打开。

  4. 同比排除
所谓同比排除是指从选项设置有可能存在相同性 与答案则只能具有唯一性这一矛盾入手, 排除意同或 类别同的选项。此一命题现象在NMET完形填空中 多有出现, 请看: Finally I turned the key in the lock and C the door open, with Dad still complaining(抱怨) about a hurting knee or something. A. knocked B. forced C. pushed D. tried →选项A`knocked'与选项B`forced'在干扰角度上相 同, 可一并排除。
例2: But to my C , the room wasn't empty at all! It had furniture, curtains, a TV, and even paintings on the walls. A. regret B. disappointment C. surprise D. knowledge 题解: (
  1) 选项A`regret'意指`使某人感到遗撼的是'与 选项B`disappointment'意指 `使某人感到失望的是'在 干扰角度上相同, 可一并排除。 (
  2) 作者打开房门后所看到的情形完全出乎意料, 故选用C`surprise'。
例3: Greeting me with a nod, she said in a soft voice, “Hi, you must be Cori.” Then, she B the music and looked over at Dad. A. turned on B. turned down C. played D. enjoyed 题解: (
  1) 通过下文Amy邀请作者的父亲喝冰茶 “Would you like a glass of iced tea?”可以断定 Amy是一位有礼貌的姑娘。与此相联系的动作应是 `turn down the music(把音乐的声音关小)。 (
  2) 选项A、D、C在干扰角度上相近。
例4: “And of course, you‘re Mr. Faber,” she said, C . A. questioning B. wondering C. smiling D. guessing 选项A、B、D也存在干扰角度上相近的现 象。
NMET完形填空题解
As a child, I was truly afraid of the dark and of getting lost; these fears were very real and caused me some uncomfortable moments. Maybe it was the strangethings looked A and sounded in my familiar room at night that D me so much.
  1. A. way B. time C. place D. reason 题解: i. 该句为一强调句式, 即[It is + 强调物 + that 从 句]. ii. 选项A`way‘其后所跟的从句可用或不用连接词 that将其引出。
例: I don’t like the way (that) you talk to me. Let‘s go the way (that) we went yesterday.
  2. A. wounded B. destroyed C. surprised D. frightened 根据文章开头所述的`was truly afraid of...', 以及`these fears...' 将答案定在 `frightened'。
There was never total __3, but a streetlight or passing car lights 4 clothes hung over a chair take on the 5 of a wild animal. B
  3. A. quietness B. darkness C. emptiness D. loneliness 题解: (
  3) `never total darkness‘ 为部分否定, 意为`并非 完全漆黑一片’。选项A`quietness寂静‘, 选项C `emptiness空旷’, 以及选项D`loneliness孤独‘ 因分 别真对`热闹’, `密集‘, 以及`陪伴’而言, 与文章风马 牛不相及, 故不用。
( C )
  4. A. got B. forced C. made D. caused 该题为[make + 宾语 + 过去分词]句式。 ( D )
  5. A. spirit B. height C. body D. shape `take on‘意为`呈现’, 可与选项D shape搭配使用, 表示`呈现...的形状‘。 若选用选项B或C, 则给 人真有`a wild animal'之嫌。
Out of the corner of my 6 , I saw the curtains seem to move when there was no 7 . A tiny sound in the floor would seem a hundred times louder than in the daylight. ( A )
  6. A. eye B. window C. mouth D. door 题解: (
  6) `out of the corner of my eye'意为`透过我的 : eye' ` 眼角', 把作者当时由于害怕而不感`正视'的特点生动地 表现出来。而选项C则指`从我的嘴角出来'。 此外, 选 项B、D也无法与题干中的`my'形成搭配, 故不用。 ( B )
  7. A. breath B. wind C. air D. sound 题干中的`move'是关键词, 引出选项B`wind'。
My 8 would run wild, and my heart would beat fast. I would 9 very still so that the “enemy” would not discover me. ( C )
  8. A. belief B. feeling C. imagination D. doubt 题解: 答案项`imagination‘若根据所述似乎信息支持不 足。若先做第9题, 获得 `the “enemy” would not discover me’ 这样清晰的`想象‘, 则此题可解。 ( D )
  9. A. lay B. hide C. rest D. lie 题解: `lie very still'意为`一动不动地躺着'; 而lay(放置)、 hide(躲藏)均为及物动词, 并与题意相去甚远, 故不用。
Another of my childhood fears was that I would get lost, 10 on the way home from school. (A )
  10. A. especially B. simply C. probably D. directly 题解: `especially‘用于补述其前内容的场合, 常和状语 连用。请看例句: ① It’s always difficult being in a foreign country, D if you don't speak the language. A. extremely B. naturally C. basically D. especially
② I like the country, especially in spring. ③ Noise is unpleasant, especially when you are trying to sleep. ④ I expected a more enthusiastic(热情的) welcome, especially considering it is the first time I have come here.
Every morning I got on the school bus right near my homethat was no 11 . ( B )
  11. A. discussion B. problem C. joke D. matter 题解: `no problem'为一固定表达, 意为`轻 松, 无烦恼 =no difficulty' .
After school, 12 , when all the buses were 13 up along the street, I was afraid that I‘d get on the wrong one and betaken to some 14 neighborhood. ( A )
  12. A. though B. yet C. although D. still 答案项`though'用作副词, 意为`however'。 例1: --Nice day. --Yes. Bit cold, though. 例2: The strongest argument, though, is economic(经济上的) and not political.
( C)
  13. A. called B. backed C. lined D. packed 测试表达法 `be lined up‘,意为`列成队'。 ( D)
  14. A. old B. crowded C. poor D. unfamiliar 通过本段信息`would get lost / the school bus right near my home / 以及`get on the wrong one'可以顺理成章地推断出选项 D`unfamiliar'。
On school or family trips to a park or a museum, I wouldn‘t 15 the leaders out of my sight. ( B )
  15. A. leave B. let C. order D. send 题解: i. `I wouldn't let the leaders out of my sight.' 意思是`我会紧紧地盯住负责人。' ii. 选项A leave、选项C order、选项D send 都无法与题干中`out of my sight'形成 搭配。
Perhaps one of the worst fears 16 all I had as a child was that of not being liked or 17 by others. ( C )
  16. A. above B. in C. of D. at 此题测试比较句型: [the + 最高级比较形式 + of / among + 三者或三者以 上] ( D )
  17. A. protected B. guided C. believed D. accepted 题干`that of not being liked or accepted by others'中的 `that' 指`the fear', 连词`or'连接的部分实际上应是后者 对前者所作的进一步解释。 4个选项中, 选项 D`accepted' 意为`被接纳', 在意思上最接近 `liked'。
Being popular was so important to me 18 , and the fear of not being liked was a 19 one. ( A )
  18. A. then B. there C. once D. anyway `then' =at that time ( B )
  19. A. strict B. powerful C. heavy D. right `powerful‘ 表程度, 意为`极强烈的’, 而选项A strict(严格的)、选项C heavy(沉重的), 以及选项D right (正确的)都无法与题干中的`the fear'形成搭配, 故不用。
One of the processes(过程) of growing up is being able to 20 and overcome our fears. ( C )
  20. A. realize B. remember C. recognize D. recover 译: 成长的一个过程就是能够清楚地看到我们自身 所产生的畏惧感, 并加以克服。 此题有一定难度。问题集中在对选项A `realize' 以及选项C `recognize' 之间意思差异的辨别上。 realize = understand and believe (a fact) He didn't realize he was wrong.
recognize =see clearly(清楚地看到);know and remember someone or something one has seen before I recognize that she was the best worker we have. `realize'意思是`意识到', 多指首次意识; `recognize'意思是`识别出', 多指识别出 过去见过的。
Bye-bye!
 

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