潮河镇学校 何焱兵
The Skills of reading comprehension
阅读理解题目的设置方式: 一.阅读理解题目的设置方式: 阅读理解题目的设置方式
1 查找事实,细节型 查找事实,
  1.He / she should have an interest in making pizza. More importantly, he/ she should have work experience in a restaurant. B The ad tells us that A.The assistant must be a man. B.The assistant must have once worked in a restaurant. C. Pucci pizza has branches all over China.

  2. In the past, there were forests all around Lake Ponkapog, so rainwater was clean. In the past, Lake Ponkapog was D surrounded(环绕 环绕)by. 环绕 A.fish B. rain B.C. birds D. forests
阅读理解题目的设置方式: 一.阅读理解题目的设置方式: 阅读理解题目的设置方式

  2. 逻辑推理型
  1) 根据常识判断 )
One day we invited some friends to dinner. When it was about six o'clock, my wife found that we had little bread. So she asked our fiveyear-old daughter, Kathy, to buy some. One day, Kathy's parents invited some friends to. C A.have breakfast B. have lunch C. have supper D. have a party.
阅读理解题目的设置方式: 一.阅读理解题目的设置方式: 阅读理解题目的设置方式
  2. 逻辑推理型
  2) 根据计算判断
If everyone sets their air conditioning 空 调at 26℃,Beijing will save 400 million kilowatt-hours千瓦时 of electricity in one summer. That's one-third of all the usage of the city in the season,"said a TV advertisement. A Beijing will use million kilowatt-hours electricity in one summer. A. 1200 B. 800 C. 400
阅读理解题目的设置方式: 一.阅读理解题目的设置方式: 阅读理解题目的设置方式
  3. 归纳主旨句 常用提问方式: 常用提问方式: According to(根据 the passage, we 根据) 根据 know that The title (标题 of the passage can 标题) 标题 be. The writer tells us. From the story we can see/ learn / say The main idea of this passage is. What is this passage about?
阅读理解题目的设置方式: 一.阅读理解题目的设置方式: 阅读理解题目的设置方式

  4.理解词句含义型 理解词句含义型
Now there are many houses around the lake. people often use chemicals in their gardens. They use other chemicals in side their houses for cleaning or killing insects (昆虫 昆虫). 昆虫 There are also many businessmen. Businessmen use chemicals in their machines or shops. D "Chemical" in the story means. A. 化学家 B 污染品 C 药品 D. 化学制品
The ways of guessing the new words in context:
A. 利用构词法进行猜测

  1. 根据单词的前缀与后缀进行猜词.如, 根据单词的前缀与后缀进行猜词. care(小心 →careful(小心的 小心) 小心的) 小心 小心的 →carefully (小心地 小心地); 小心地 write(写) → rewrite (改写 . 改写). 写 改写
un- ; dis-;-less : 不无 ; mis-: 错误 ; 表方向 re-: 再,重复,重新; -ern: -er ,-or, -ist : 表示人;

  2. 根据"合成词"猜测. 根据"合成词"猜测. 如school + bag → schoolbag down+stairs → downstairs
Exercises: Match the meaning with the new words.

  1. rebuild
  2.modernize
  3.man-made
  4.unsafe
  5.misunderstanding
A.不安全的 B.误解 C.重建 D.现代化 E.人造的
B.根据上下文猜测 根据上下文猜测 (
  1)根据关联词猜词 根据关联词猜词
表示因果关系的:because, as, since, 表示因果关系的 for, so, as a result… 表示同义关系的:and, like, just as… 表示同义关系的 表示反义关系的: 表示反义关系的 but, however, though, although, yet, instead (of)等等.

  1.I could see nothing because the light was so
faint
(昏暗的) 昏暗的)

  2.Tom is very rude, but his brother is quite 有礼貌的) 有礼貌的 polite. (有礼貌的
  3. She is beautiful, and her daughter is as pretty as her. (漂亮的 漂亮的) 漂亮的
(
  2).根据定义,释义,举例或 复述猜词
常用的:be, be called, mean或破折号 或定语从句等来表示.
  1.Why does jogging -- running slowly 慢跑) 慢跑 ?become so popular. (慢跑

  2.Pork is the meat of pigs. (猪肉 猪肉) 猪肉
  3.Jane is warm-hearted, she likes to help. (热心的 热心的) 热心的
(
  3).根据生活经验及普通常识猜词

  1. China is our motherland. (祖国 祖国) 祖国
  2.Kangaroo mothers have pouches to carry their babies. (育儿袋 育儿袋) 育儿袋
  3.It's really cold outside, and my hands are both numb.
(冻僵了的 麻木的 失去知觉的 冻僵了的,麻木的 失去知觉的) 冻僵了的 麻木的,失去知觉的
Exercises: Choose the right answer.
  1. A lot of the world's natural resources like oil come from poor countries. A. 环境 B. 资源 √ C.. 汽油
  2. The old man put on his spectacles and began to read. A. 帽子 B. 雨鞋 C. 眼镜 . √
  3. My mom was a little heavy. And I was almost as plump as my mom. A. B. 苗条 C. 强壮 . √ 丰满
  4. Children have schoolbags with two straps to carry them. A. 口袋 B. 肩带 C. 纽扣 .

Exercises: Guess the meaning of the new words quickly.

  1. Wealthy means having lots of money. (富裕的,有钱的)

  2. Doctors
believe that smoking is detrimental to your health. (有害的)
  3. My mother-in-law, my husband's mother, was a teacher. (婆婆)
  4. The boy had a happy family before. However, after the war, he became homeless. (无家可归的)
  5. You must stop dreaming and face reality. (现实)
二.阅读理解解题方法 阅读理解解题方法
  1.先看文章,再看试题.
  2.先看试题,然后带着问题再看文章.(常用方法) 三.阅读理解解题步骤 阅读理解解题步骤
  1.扫读:即快速阅读,通览全文.发现关键句(特别 要注意文章的第一段和最后一段的头一句.
  2.细读:集中精力研读课文,分清文章体裁,把握 文章中心和主要内容,进而掌握文章细节信息 (五个 五个W,who,what,when,where,why) 五个
  3.查读:认真检查,尽量减少答题错误.
Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very forgetful. For example, Mr.Bell sometimes goes to his office for work on Sunday morning, for he thinks it is Monday. And Mrs.Bell sometimes forget to cook supper for the family. One summer they planned to fly to New York for their holidays. They got to the airport only ten minutes before the plane took off. So time was short. But suddenly Mrs. Bell said she must tell Alice,their daughter, not to forget to lock the front door when she went to school. As Alice was then at school,they couldn't tell her about it by telephone. So they hurried to the post office. Mrs.Bell wrote a short note to Alice while Mr.Bell bought a stamp and an envelope. Soon the note was ready. They put the stamp on the envelope in a hurry and dropped it in the letter box. But suddenly Mrs.Bell began to cry. The short note was still in her hand. She had put the plane tickets in the envelope.

  1.Read the article for 2 minutes,and find the key sentence of the article. (B )(
  1). The word "forgetful " means. A.忘记 B.健忘的 C.难忘的 (A )(
  2).How did they plan to go to New York onesummer? A.by plane B.by train C.by bus (B )(
  3). Because Alice was then ay school , they had to to Alice. A. phone B.write a note C.send a E-mail (B )(
  4). What did they drop in the letter box? A. a note B. the tickets C. the money (A )(
  5). The main idea of this passage is. A. Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very forgetful. B. Mr.and Mrs.Bell planned to fly to New York. C. Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very old.
Summary
阅读技巧: 阅读技巧:
  1. 浏览问题,通读全文 浏览问题,
  2. 抓住中心句 (标题,首段,每段的首尾句,总--标题,首段,每段的首尾句, 分 总,总分) 总 分
  3. 克服以下不良习惯: 心读,一个词 克服以下不良习惯: 心读, 一个词的看, 一个词的看,只读不记
  4. 遇到生词要沉着冷静
Homework for Today
  1. Finish off the other passages on the paper.
  2. Guess the meanings of the new words in passages.
 

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