潮河镇学校 何焱兵
The Skills of reading comprehension
阅读理解题目的设置方式: 一.阅读理解题目的设置方式: 阅读理解题目的设置方式
1 查找事实,细节型 查找事实,
  1.He / she should have an interest in making pizza. More importantly, he/ she should have work experience in a restaurant. B The ad tells us that A.The assistant must be a man. B.The assistant must have once worked in a restaurant. C. Pucci pizza has branches all over China.

  2. In the past, there were forests all around Lake Ponkapog, so rainwater was clean. In the past, Lake Ponkapog was D surrounded(环绕 环绕)by. 环绕 A.fish B. rain B.C. birds D. forests
阅读理解题目的设置方式: 一.阅读理解题目的设置方式: 阅读理解题目的设置方式

  2. 逻辑推理型
  1) 根据常识判断 )
One day we invited some friends to dinner. When it was about six o'clock, my wife found that we had little bread. So she asked our fiveyear-old daughter, Kathy, to buy some. One day, Kathy's parents invited some friends to. C A.have breakfast B. have lunch C. have supper D. have a party.
阅读理解题目的设置方式: 一.阅读理解题目的设置方式: 阅读理解题目的设置方式
  2. 逻辑推理型
  2) 根据计算判断
If everyone sets their air conditioning 空 调at 26℃,Beijing will save 400 million kilowatt-hours千瓦时 of electricity in one summer. That's one-third of all the usage of the city in the season,"said a TV advertisement. A Beijing will use million kilowatt-hours electricity in one summer. A. 1200 B. 800 C. 400
阅读理解题目的设置方式: 一.阅读理解题目的设置方式: 阅读理解题目的设置方式
  3. 归纳主旨句 常用提问方式: 常用提问方式: According to(根据 the passage, we 根据) 根据 know that The title (标题 of the passage can 标题) 标题 be. The writer tells us. From the story we can see/ learn / say The main idea of this passage is. What is this passage about?
阅读理解题目的设置方式: 一.阅读理解题目的设置方式: 阅读理解题目的设置方式

  4.理解词句含义型 理解词句含义型
Now there are many houses around the lake. people often use chemicals in their gardens. They use other chemicals in side their houses for cleaning or killing insects (昆虫 昆虫). 昆虫 There are also many businessmen. Businessmen use chemicals in their machines or shops. D "Chemical" in the story means. A. 化学家 B 污染品 C 药品 D. 化学制品
The ways of guessing the new words in context:
A. 利用构词法进行猜测

  1. 根据单词的前缀与后缀进行猜词.如, 根据单词的前缀与后缀进行猜词. care(小心 →careful(小心的 小心) 小心的) 小心 小心的 →carefully (小心地 小心地); 小心地 write(写) → rewrite (改写 . 改写). 写 改写
un- ; dis-;-less : 不无 ; mis-: 错误 ; 表方向 re-: 再,重复,重新; -ern: -er ,-or, -ist : 表示人;

  2. 根据"合成词"猜测. 根据"合成词"猜测. 如school + bag → schoolbag down+stairs → downstairs
Exercises: Match the meaning with the new words.

  1. rebuild
A.不安全的 B.误解 C.重建 D.现代化 E.人造的
B.根据上下文猜测 根据上下文猜测 (
  1)根据关联词猜词 根据关联词猜词
表示因果关系的:because, as, since, 表示因果关系的 for, so, as a result… 表示同义关系的:and, like, just as… 表示同义关系的 表示反义关系的: 表示反义关系的 but, however, though, although, yet, instead (of)等等.

  1.I could see nothing because the light was so
(昏暗的) 昏暗的)

  2.Tom is very rude, but his brother is quite 有礼貌的) 有礼貌的 polite. (有礼貌的
  3. She is beautiful, and her daughter is as pretty as her. (漂亮的 漂亮的) 漂亮的
  2).根据定义,释义,举例或 复述猜词
常用的:be, be called, mean或破折号 或定语从句等来表示.
  1.Why does jogging -- running slowly 慢跑) 慢跑 ?become so popular. (慢跑

  2.Pork is the meat of pigs. (猪肉 猪肉) 猪肉
  3.Jane is warm-hearted, she likes to help. (热心的 热心的) 热心的

  1. China is our motherland. (祖国 祖国) 祖国
  2.Kangaroo mothers have pouches to carry their babies. (育儿袋 育儿袋) 育儿袋
  3.It's really cold outside, and my hands are both numb.
(冻僵了的 麻木的 失去知觉的 冻僵了的,麻木的 失去知觉的) 冻僵了的 麻木的,失去知觉的
Exercises: Choose the right answer.
  1. A lot of the world's natural resources like oil come from poor countries. A. 环境 B. 资源 √ C.. 汽油
  2. The old man put on his spectacles and began to read. A. 帽子 B. 雨鞋 C. 眼镜 . √
  3. My mom was a little heavy. And I was almost as plump as my mom. A. B. 苗条 C. 强壮 . √ 丰满
  4. Children have schoolbags with two straps to carry them. A. 口袋 B. 肩带 C. 纽扣 .

Exercises: Guess the meaning of the new words quickly.

  1. Wealthy means having lots of money. (富裕的,有钱的)

  2. Doctors
believe that smoking is detrimental to your health. (有害的)
  3. My mother-in-law, my husband's mother, was a teacher. (婆婆)
  4. The boy had a happy family before. However, after the war, he became homeless. (无家可归的)
  5. You must stop dreaming and face reality. (现实)
二.阅读理解解题方法 阅读理解解题方法
  2.先看试题,然后带着问题再看文章.(常用方法) 三.阅读理解解题步骤 阅读理解解题步骤
  1.扫读:即快速阅读,通览全文.发现关键句(特别 要注意文章的第一段和最后一段的头一句.
  2.细读:集中精力研读课文,分清文章体裁,把握 文章中心和主要内容,进而掌握文章细节信息 (五个 五个W,who,what,when,where,why) 五个
Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very forgetful. For example, Mr.Bell sometimes goes to his office for work on Sunday morning, for he thinks it is Monday. And Mrs.Bell sometimes forget to cook supper for the family. One summer they planned to fly to New York for their holidays. They got to the airport only ten minutes before the plane took off. So time was short. But suddenly Mrs. Bell said she must tell Alice,their daughter, not to forget to lock the front door when she went to school. As Alice was then at school,they couldn't tell her about it by telephone. So they hurried to the post office. Mrs.Bell wrote a short note to Alice while Mr.Bell bought a stamp and an envelope. Soon the note was ready. They put the stamp on the envelope in a hurry and dropped it in the letter box. But suddenly Mrs.Bell began to cry. The short note was still in her hand. She had put the plane tickets in the envelope.

  1.Read the article for 2 minutes,and find the key sentence of the article. (B )(
  1). The word "forgetful " means. A.忘记 B.健忘的 C.难忘的 (A )(
  2).How did they plan to go to New York onesummer? A.by plane B.by train C.by bus (B )(
  3). Because Alice was then ay school , they had to to Alice. A. phone B.write a note C.send a E-mail (B )(
  4). What did they drop in the letter box? A. a note B. the tickets C. the money (A )(
  5). The main idea of this passage is. A. Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very forgetful. B. Mr.and Mrs.Bell planned to fly to New York. C. Mr.and Mrs.Bell are very old.
阅读技巧: 阅读技巧:
  1. 浏览问题,通读全文 浏览问题,
  2. 抓住中心句 (标题,首段,每段的首尾句,总--标题,首段,每段的首尾句, 分 总,总分) 总 分
  3. 克服以下不良习惯: 心读,一个词 克服以下不良习惯: 心读, 一个词的看, 一个词的看,只读不记
  4. 遇到生词要沉着冷静
Homework for Today
  1. Finish off the other passages on the paper.
  2. Guess the meanings of the new words in passages.



   阳光家教网 阳光家教网 www.ygjj.com 西安家教 青岛家教 郑州家教 家教 2009 年中考英语阅读理解试题汇编 一. 09 成都市 A 苏州家教 天津家教 中国最大找家教, 家教平台 中国最大找家教,做家教平台 家教 阅读下面短文, 根据短文的内容判断句子的正误.正确的涂 "A", 错误的涂 "B". I have never taken cooking classes. I learned cooking from my mother b ...


   学科网(ZXXK.COM)-精品系列资料 上学科网,下精品资料! 年高考英语阅读理解题型专项辅导(附答案详解) 地理类) 2009 年高考英语阅读理解题型专项辅导(附答案详解)(地理类) (1) Death Valley is one of the most famous deserts in the United States, covering a wide area with its alkali sand. Almost 20 percent of this area is well ...


   考英语: 考英语:阅读理解四种题型的答题技巧 。根据教育部制定的英语课程标准,初中毕业生应达到五级综合语言运用能力。阅读理解五 级的目标部分描述如下: 1、能根据上下文和构词法推断、理解生词的含义; 2、能理解段落中各句子之间的逻辑关系; 3、能找出文章中的主题,理解故事的情节,预测故事情节的发展和可能的结局; 4、能读懂常见体裁的阅读材料; 5、能根据不同的阅读目的运用简单的阅读策略获取信息; 6、能利用字典等工具进行学习; 7、除教材外,课外阅读量应累计达到 15 万词以上。 解题步骤 ...


   学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说: 难死了 难死了”。 学英语简单吗?肯定会有许多学生说:“难死了 。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个: 不得法 不得法。 为什么有好多学生对英语的学习都感到头疼呢?答案只有一个:“不得法。” 英 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利? 语与汉语一样都是一种语言,为什么你说汉语会如此流利?那是因为你置身于 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来会非常流利。 一个汉语环境中,如果你在伦敦呆上半年,保准说起英语来 ...


   Passage 13 Henry was an office worker in a big city. He worked very hard and enjoyed traveling in his holidays. He usually went to the seaside, but one year he saw an advertisement in a newspaper. "Enjoy country life. Spend a few weeks at West ...


   Section III 科学小品篇 1 Passage 23 Researchers (研究者) have announced (宣布) the result of two studies on the health effects of the drug aspirin (阿斯匹林). One study shows aspirin can sharply reduce the chance that a healthy, older man will suffer from a hear ...


   Section III 科学小品篇 2 Passage 26 Now satellites are helping to forecast(预报)the weather. They are in space, and they can reach any part of the world. The satellites take pictures of the atmosphere (大 气), because this is where the weather forms (形成). T ...


   3eud 教育网 http://www.3edu.net 百万教学资源,完全免费,无须注册,天天更新! Section III 科学小品篇 3 Passage 28 What do Napoleon, Clinton and Wang Nan have in common? They are all left-handed. Today, about 15% of the number of people is left-handed. But why are people left-han ...


   3eud 教育网 http://www.3edu.net 百万教学资源,完全免费,无须注册,天天更新! Section II 趣味幽默篇 2 Passage 16 An English traveler found himself in Norway with only enough money to buy the ticket for his journey back home. As he knew that it would take him only two days to get ...


   3eud 教育网 http://www.3edu.net 百万教学资源,完全免费,无须注册,天天更新! Section III 科学小品篇 2 Passage 26 Now satellites are helping to forecast(预报)the weather. They are in space, and they can reach any part of the world. The satellites take pictures of the atmosphere (大 ...



   土木工程专业英语 Civil Engineering Specialty English 安徽理工大学?土木建筑学院 安徽理工大学 土木建筑学院 陈海明 2011-3-30 1/137 要 求 " 每周看一篇英文文章 , 最好能和将来的学位论文 每周看一篇英文文章, 紧密相关,一共 篇 紧密相关,一共10篇; " 掌握一定数量的专业词汇; 掌握一定数量的专业词汇; " 最后提交一份翻译作业 ( 包括中 、 英文 ) 作为最 最后提交一份翻译作业(包括中、英文) 后的考核材料; 后的考核材料 ...

英语专业高级英语第一册第九课Mark Twain--mirror of America译文

   马克 "吐温 马克 吐温??美国的一面镜子 吐温 美国的一面镜子 (节选 节选) 节选 诺埃尔 "格罗夫 诺埃尔 格罗夫 在大多数美国人的心目中,马克 "吐温是位伟大作家,他描写了哈克 "费恩永恒的童年时代 中充满诗情画意的旅程和汤姆 "索亚在漫长的夏日里自由自在历险探奇的故事。的确,这位美国 最受人喜爱的作家的探索精神、爱国热情、浪漫气质及幽默笔调都达到了登峰造极的程度。但我 发现还有另一个不同的马克 "吐温??一个由于深受人生悲剧的打击而变得愤世嫉俗、尖酸刻薄 的马克 "吐温,一个为人类 ...


   请你根据以下提示,结合生活中的一个事例,用英语写一篇短文,谈谈微笑的作用。 The best example of university understood body language may be the smile. A smile can help us get through diffiult situaitons and find friends in a world of strange. A smile can open doors and tear down walls. ...

八年级英语上册第七单元课件Section A

   八年级人教新目标上册 Unit 7 How do you make a banana milk shake? Section A What’s your favorite drink? water fruit juice green tea Cola Sprite wine beer coffee milk shake How do you make a banana milk shake? shake【美】【口】 【 】【口 奶昔(由牛奶和冰淇淋 奶昔 由牛奶和冰淇淋 等搅制而成的混合饮料 ...


   1.连水都不愿喝一口,更别提留下来吃饭了(much less) She wouldn’t take a drink , much less would she stay for dinner. 2.他认为我在对他说谎,但实际上我讲的是实话。(whereas) He thought I was lying , whereas I was telling the truth. 3. 这个星期你每天都迟到,对此你怎么解释?(account for) How do you account ...