小组成员:陈宝妮 林乔 皮亚娟 赖喜珠
洪东燕 曾淑铭 潘晓容 朱玲 郭丽瑶 陈永兰 罗文英
At the top of a three-story brick building, Sue and Johnsy had their studio. “Johnsy” was familiar for Joanna. One was from Maine; the other from California. They had met at a cafe on Eighth Street and found their tastes in art, chicory salad and bishop sleeves so much in tune that the joint studio resulted.
That was in May. In November a cold, unseen stranger, whom the doctors called Pneumonia, stalked about the district, touching one here and there with his icy fingers. Johnsy was among his
She lay, scarcely moving on her bed, looking through the small window at the blank side of the next brick house. One morning the busy doctor invited Sue into the hallway with a bushy, gray eyebrow. “She has one chance in ten,” he said. “And that chance is for her to want to live. Your little lady has made up her mind that she’s not going to get well. Has she anything on her mind?
“She -- she wanted to paint the Bay of Naples some day,” said Sue. “Paint? -- bosh! Has she anything on her mind worth thinking about twice -- a man, for instance?” “A man?” said Sue. “Is a man worth -- but, no, doctor; there is nothing of the kind.” “Well,” said the doctor. “I will do all that science can accomplish. But whenever my patient begins to count the carriages in her funeral procession I
subtract 50 per cent from the curative power of
medicines.” After the doctor had gone Sue went into the workroom and cried. Then she marched into Johnsy’s room with her drawing board, whistling a merry tune.
Johnsy lay, scarcely making a movement under the bedclothes, with her face toward the window. She was looking out and counting -- counting backward. “Twelve,” she said, and a little later “eleven”; and then “ten,” and “nine”; and then “eight” and “seven,” almost together. Sue looked out of the window. What was there to count? There was only a bare, dreary yard to be seen, and the blank side of the brick house twenty feet away. An old, old ivy vine climbed half way up the brick wall. The cold breath of autumn had blown away its leaves, leaving it almost bare
“Six,” said Johnsy, in almost a whisper. “They’re falling faster now. Three days ago there were almost a hundred. It made my headache to count them. But now it’s easy. There goes another one. There are only five left now.” “Five what, dear? ” “Leaves. On the ivy vine. When the last one falls I must go, too. I’ve known that for three days. Didn’t the doctor tell you?” “Oh, I never heard of such nonsense. What have old ivy leaves to do with your getting well? Don’t be so silly. Why, the doctor told me this morning that your chances for getting well real soon were ten to one! Try to take some soup now, and let Sudie go and buy port wine for her sick child.”
“Oh, I never heard of such nonsense. What have old ivy leaves to do with your getting well? Don’t be so silly. Why, the doctor told me this morning that your chances for getting well real soon were ten to one! Try to take some soup now, and let Sudie go and buy port wine for her sick child.” “You needn’t get any more wine,”said Johnsy,keeping her eyes fixed out the window. “There goes another.No,I don’t want any soup. That leaves just four. I want to see the last one fall before it gets dark. Then I’ll go, too. I’m tired of waiting. I’m tired of thinking. I want to turn loose my hold on everything, and go sailing down, down, just like one of those poor, tired leaves.” “Try to sleep,” said Sue. “I must call Behrman up to be my model for the old miner. I’ll not be gone a minute. ”
Paraphrase the sentence
“Johnsy” was a pet name for Joanna.
a pet name: 昵称;昵称(表示亲昵的) : 昵称;昵称(表示亲昵的)
in tune: harmonious(ly) (often followed by with)和谐的(地)
eg:When the two are in tune this brings a positive world. 当两者和谐一致,也就会带来积极向上的世界 For the hearts that never played in tune 一段没有开花结果的爱情 他的想法与我的一样。 他的想法与我的一样。 His ideas were in tune with mine. Collocation:
out of tune with … 与…… 不和谐 change one’s tune 改变看法、 改变看法、做法等 适合时代潮流
be in tune with the times be in tune with
协调; 与...协调;适合 协调
joint: adj. held or done by two or more persons together
共同的, 关节, 共同的,共有的 n.关节,接合处 关节 eg:The goal can only be achieved through their joint efforts.
目标的实现唯有赖于他们共同的努力。 目标的实现唯有赖于他们共同的努力。 Through joint cooperation, we will be able to achieve even greater results. 通过共同的合作,我们就能取得更大的成绩。 通过共同的合作,我们就能取得更大的成绩。 It is our hope , by joint effects, to trade with you . 我们盼望,通过我们共同的努力,与你方做成生意。 我们盼望,通过我们共同的努力,与你方做成生意。
out of joint 脱臼;出了问题, 脱臼;出了问题,处于混乱状态 Joint venture 合资企业 put sb’s nose out of joint 使某人气歪鼻子,使某人眼红 使某人气歪鼻子, joint stock company 股份公司 joint account 联合帐户; 联合帐户;共同帐户
stalk: v. (of an evil force) move through (a place) in a threatening
way; move quietly and cautiously in order to get near 可怕地蔓延或游荡( );潜行 偷偷接近,悄悄地跟踪(猎物等) 潜行, 可怕地蔓延或游荡(于);潜行,偷偷接近,悄悄地跟踪(猎物等)vi. 昂首阔步地走
  1. 悄悄接近,偷偷走近;无声地追踪 或靠近 猎物 或敌人等 : 悄悄接近,偷偷走近;无声地追踪(或靠近 猎物(或敌人等 或靠近)猎物 或敌人等): 例句: 例句 He stalked to the building. 他悄悄地靠近了那所建筑。 他悄悄地靠近了那所建筑。 The lion was stalking in the grass. 狮子在草丛中偷偷地向猎物靠近 狮子在草丛中偷偷地向猎物靠近。
  2. 大踏步地走,高视阔步地行进: 大踏步地走,高视阔步地行进: 例句: He stalked up the rostrum. 他昂首阔步走上了主席台。 他昂首阔步走上了主席台。
  3. 蔓延,猖獗,泛滥: 蔓延,猖獗,泛滥: 例句:
Rapidly,the sort of disease stalked through the whole of Europe.
很快, 很快,这种疾病就在欧洲蔓延开
  1. 悄悄接近(或追踪 猎物等): 悄悄接近 或追踪)(猎物等 : 或追踪 猎物等
He has been stalked by the fear and the condemnation of his conscience. 他一直被恐惧和良心责备所困扰。 他一直被恐惧和良心责备所困扰。
还有“蔓延、散步” 用法:stalk 还有“蔓延、散步”之义 ,尤其用来描述不好的事物 或邪恶的势力, 或邪恶的势力,如: Fear and death still stalked the city.(恐怖和死亡仍然笼罩着整座城市。) 恐怖和死亡仍然笼罩着整座城市。) 恐怖和死亡仍然笼罩着整座城市 here and there: in various places各处,到处
Eg:Don't put up posters here and there. 不要到处张贴海报。 不要到处张贴海报。
你到处可以看见小花。 你到处可以看见小花。 You can see little bloom here and there. 用法:here,there,ang 用法: everywhere表示“到处,到 处”; 而neither here nor there表示 “不切题,不相干”。
victim: n. person, animal, etc. suffering death, injury or loss
受害人;牺牲品; 受害人;牺牲品;牺牲者
Eg:If you are hanging onto resentment, you live as a victim.
如果你总是怨恨,你就以一个受害者的姿态生活。 如果你总是怨恨,你就以一个受害者的姿态生活。 我拒绝做一个牺牲品! 我拒绝做一个牺牲品! Collocation: quake victim AIDS victim
I refuse to be a victim!
地震灾民 艾滋病受害者;艾滋病病人 艾滋病受害者;
fall a victim to 成为 的牺牲品 成为…的牺牲品
In November a cold, unseen stranger, whom the doctors called Pneumonia, stalked about the district, touching one here and there with his icy fingers. Johnsy was among his victims. 译文:到十一月份,一个冰冷无形的、 译文:到十一月份,一个冰冷无形的、被医生称之为肺炎的不速之客在这 个街道横行,用他冰凉的手指东摸摸西碰碰。 个街道横行,用他冰凉的手指东摸摸西碰碰。
解析:本句的主干部分为 解析:本句的主干部分为:a……stranger……stalked.主语 主语 stranger后跟 后跟whom引导的非限制性定语从句,其中 引导的非限制性定语从句, 后跟 引导的非限制性定语从句 Pneumonia字首大写,仿佛人名一般,不仅切合了全句的拟 字首大写, 字首大写 仿佛人名一般, 人手法,也暗示当时人们对“ 所知甚少, 人手法,也暗示当时人们对“他”所知甚少,在普通人看来 就是一个陌生人。现在分词结构touching表示伴随状 “他”就是一个陌生人。现在分词结构 表示伴随状 句中cold,stalk,icy等词的运用相互呼应,衬托悲剧色彩; 等词的运用相互呼应, 态。句中 等词的运用相互呼应 衬托悲剧色彩; about,here and there直说明了当时情形的严重,不经意的 直说明了当时情形的严重, 直说明了当时情形的严重 便会成为stranger的牺牲品。 的牺牲品。 便会成为 的牺牲品
I will do all that science can accomplish. But whenever my patient begins to count the carriages in her funeral procession I subtract 50 per cent from the curative power of medicines. 译文: 只要是科学能做到的,我会尽一切努力的。可是, 译文:“只要是科学能做到的,我会尽一切努力的。可是,但凡病人 开始计算她出殡的行列里有几辆马车的时候, 开始计算她出殡的行列里有几辆马车的时候,我就要把医药的疗效减 去一半。 去一半。”
解析:本句的主干部分为: I subtract 50 per cent 。Whenever
引导的状语从句中, begins to count the carriages in her funeral procession 意 思是病人开始想象身后事。
subtract: vt. take (a number, quantity) away from a larger number or
quantity 减去;扣除 减去; Eg:Subtract 8 from 10 your have
  2. 10减8等于 。 等于
  2。 减 等于 The boy is quick at adding and subtracting. 这个小男孩做加减法是个快手。 这个小男孩做加减法是个快手。
subtraction n.减法 减法 Collocation: subtract sth. from /out of从……减去或扣除某物 从 减去或扣除某物 merry: adj. happy; cheerful; bright and gay愉快的,欢乐的 愉快的, 愉快的
?We had a merry time at the party. ?人越多越快乐 人越少吃得越香。 人越多越快乐, 人越少吃得越香。 人越多越快乐 The more the merrier, the fewer the better fare. Collocation:
as merry as a cricket/lark make merry
尽情欢乐; 尽情欢乐;欢宴作乐
make merry over/of/about 嘲弄;挖苦 嘲弄; Eg:He is making merry over the boy who has no shoes.
scarcely: adv. not quite; almost not 几乎不,几乎没有,决不;刚刚,才
To my surprise,the guide turned out to know scarcely a word of English. 让我吃惊的是,那个向导居然几乎 几乎一点英语都不懂 几乎 This can scarerly be true. He is scarerly ten years old. 这决不 决不可能是真的。 决不 他才十岁。 才
CF: scarcely, barely & hardly
这三个词都是副词,都有“几乎不、刚好”之意。 这三个词都是副词,都有“几乎不、刚好”之意。 scarcely 含有“不太够”的意思,强调不能令人满意。例如: 含有“不太够”的意思,强调不能令人满意。例如: There were scarcely a hundred people present. 出席的人数还不足一百。 出席的人数还不足一百。 He is so uneducated that he can scarcely write his name. 他太没文化了,连自己的名字都不会写。 他太没文化了,连自己的名字都不会写。
CF: scarcely, barely & hardly 这三个词都是副词,都有“几乎不、刚好”之意。 这三个词都是副词,都有“几乎不、刚好”之意。 barely 含有“仅仅够、一点不多”的意思,强调没有多余。例如: 含有“仅仅够、一点不多”的意思,强调没有多余。例如:
He eats barely enough.他刚刚吃饱。 他刚刚吃饱。 他刚刚吃饱
hardly 表示接近最低限度,差不多没有多余,而且强调困难。例如: 表示接近最低限度,差不多没有多余,而且强调困难。例如:
We could hardly endure the winter here.我们简直忍受不了这里冬天的寒冷。 我们简直忍受不了这里冬天的寒冷

  1) adv. with the back or end first 倒着
Eg:The helicopter can travel forward, backward, or sideways.
  2) adj. late in development Eg:Some backward parts of the country do not have any electricity.
这个国家的一些落后地区还没有电力。 这个国家的一些落后地区还没有电力。
backward and forward
来来回回; 来来回回;反复地 竭尽全力



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