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郑州信息科技职业学院2010-201 学年度第 郑州信息科技职业学院2010-2011学年度第一学期期末考试 2010
计算机专业英语 A试题 试题
2010年12月
题 号 分 数



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Ⅰ. Vocabulary(词汇).(每题1分,共20分)
(一).Translate the following words and expressions into Chinese.(写出下列词组汉语意思)
  1.HTTP:超文本传输协议
  2.ISP :.互操作系统协议
  3.SQL :结构化查询语言
  4.WWW:万维网
  5.DBMS:.数据库管理系统
  6.BIOS:.基本输入/输出系统
  7.API :传输控制协议
  8.DVD:.数字视频光盘
  9.DMA :直接存储器存取
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  10.CPU (二).Match the following words and expressions in the left column with those similar meaning in the right column..(将左列的词汇与右列相应的汉语匹配。)
  1. output b
  2. high-level language
  3. project window e
  4. black-box
  5. multimedia
  6. WWW
  7. field i j testing h g c a. b. c. d. e. f. g. h. i. j. 视频 输出. 高级语言 应用软件 工程窗口 系统软件 黑盒测试 多媒体 万维网 字段

  8. application software d
  9. system software
  10.vidio a f
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Ⅱ. Comprehension(阅读理解) (50分)
(
(一)Tell whether the following statements are true(T) or false(F) according to the passage A and B.(根据上文的内容判断下列句子的正误)(每题2分,共10分)
Passage A: For a Web user, the home page is the first Web page that is displayed after starting a Web browser like Netscape's Navigator or Microsoft's Internet Explorer. The browser is usually preset so that the home page is the first page of the browser manufacturer. However, you can set it to open to any Web site. For example, you can specify that http://www.yahoo.com or http://www.whatis.com be your home page. You can also specify that there be no home page (a blank space will be displayed) in which case you choose the first page from your bookmark list or
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enter a Web address. For a Web site developer, a home page is the first page presented when a user selects a site on the World Wide Web. The usual address for a Web site is the home page address, although you can enter the address (Uniform Resource Locator) of any page and have that page sent to you.

  1.Home pages for a Web user or a Web site developer have the same meanings.( F)
  2.The home page displayed on a Web browser is usually preset by the browser manufacturer.( T )
  3.The home page for a Web user can be reset to any Web site you prefer.( T)
  4.You have to enter or select Web addresses every time with a blank space on your Web browser. (T )
  5.Web addresses usually lead to relative home pages.( T)
(二)choose the best answer according to the passage B and C.(根据上文的内容选择正确的 答案。)(每题3分,共30分) Passage B Now work or lack of work is becoming a major social problem in the world. It is part of our daily routine as it takes up one half of our waking life. If we don't have work or unsatisfactory work, then our lives are likely to be miserable and empty. It is in this respect that certain industrialized countries now have a particular problem. Out of a working population of about 25 million, at least 3 million are unemployed. This represents just under
  10%of the workforce. It is a terrible waste. Related to the problems mentioned above is the difficulty of finding a good job worthy of one's qualifications. Only a small minority of people ever make it to university. Therefore only a very small percentage of people have the opportunity to qualify for the top jobs or for truly professional careers. Yet increasingly, more and more graduates fail to find work. For many of us who have always enjoyed having a satisfying job, it is hard to imagine the misery of those who are permanently out of work. Long term unemployment is similar to a disease. The unemployed find it difficult to find accommodation or to pay for accommodation, and without an address, it is difficult to claim benefits. The problems of unpleasant work or no work are likely to get worse before they get better. It will be something that the next century in particular must take very seriously.
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  1. Work is part of our daily routine because it takes upD. A. one half of our live B. one third of our life C. one half of our working hours D. one half of our waking life
  2. In certain industrialized countries, out of a working population of about 25 million, A. at least 3 million are unemployed B. more than 3 million are unemployed C. one third of 25 million are unemployed D. one fourth of 25 million are unemployed
  3. According to the passage, it is _ A. easy for graduates to find work B. difficult for more and more graduates to find work C. easy for graduates to find top jobs D. difficult for graduates to become the governors
  4. Paragraph 2 talks about a related problem __ C A. that few people manage to get to university B. that graduates often don’t find jobs easily C. of finding a good job that matches qualifications D. that many people manage to get to university
  5. Paragraph 3 concludes the passage by A. re-stating the importance of having a job. B. talking about problems of proper accommodation. C. looking forward to the next century. D. looking for a good job someday. Passage C On Oct. 12, 1989, some Chinese scientists were working at the computers to look for the information they needed. Suddenly they saw a lot of very bright spots crossing and the computers were working much slower. To find out what was happening they stopped their work to check some parts of the computers. To their horror, they found out that most of their stored information was got rid of by computer viruses (病毒) ! Obviously all these computers had been infected by computer viruses. It is said that the computer viruses were made by a group of young men fond of A . . B . A .
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playing tricks. They all had excellent education. They created the viruses just to show their intelligence (才智). These kinds of computer viruses are named Jerusalem viruses. These viruses can stay in computers for a long time. When the time comes, they will attack the computers by lowering the functions, damaging their normal programs or even getting rid of all the information. We now come to know that Jerusalem viruses often attack computers on Fridays and that they are spreading to a lot of computer's. Among the countries that suffered computer viruses last year are Britain, Australia, Switzerland and the U. S. But till now, how to get rid of the terrible viruses remains a problem.
  6. The group of young men created the viruses to A. test their good ability B. damage all the computers C. plays a trick on operators of the computers D. tell the world that they were intelligent
  7. According to the passage, computer viruses seem to A. exist in any computers B. have been in nature for years C. be difficult to get rid of at present D. be able to be got rid of in the near future
  8. The most serious damage caused by the viruses is that B . C . D .
A. the computers affected by the viruses can no longer be used B. all the information stored in the computers is gone C. the normal programs are damaged D. the computers functions are lowered
  9. Jerusalem viruses often attack computers on A. Saturdays B. Sundays C. Fridays D. Mondays
  10. According to the passage which of the following is true? A. Scientists are trying to find a way to get rid of the viruses. B. The Jerusalem viruses are a great harm to human health. C. Last year four countries found their computers were infected by viruses. A . C .
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D. The viruses will come to a new computer after staying in the old one for some time. (三)Fill in the blanks with suitable words or expressions from the list given below, and change the form where necessary. (从下面方框中选择合适的词或表达,以其适当的形式填空。) (每空2分, 共10分)
Passage D:
requirements disciplined
maintain coding
modify
Software Engineering, which means the application of engineering to software, is a method to develop, operate and _maintain software. a systematic, disciplined That is, the development of software is on
, quantitive basis. Before starting the development of
software, you have to systematically approach the problem. You have to understand the requirements coding (what the software is supposed to do), carry out the design, do the __
, carry out a rigorous testing and if the software is as per the requirements,
release the software to the customer. Subsequently, if the customer wants some changes-refinements or enhancements then the software has to be modified . Ⅲ.Translation.翻译(30分)
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Translate the following sentences into Chinese.(将下列句子翻译成汉语。)(每题6分,共30 分)

  1.As most companies, and in particular those in the financial sector, retain confidential information on electronic medias, they are justifiably prevent data falling into the wrong hands.
计算机专业英语 第 6 页 共8页
.由于大部分公司,尤其是那些财政部门,把机密信息通常放在电子媒体上,因而他们更要 阻止数据落入不适当的途径。
  2.Television images, for example, can be processed by computer programs once they have been converted to digital signals, while those in conventional analog signals cannot. .例如,电视图像在被转换成数字信号后,就可以被计算机程序处理,而常规的模拟信号则 不行。
  3.Operating system software may also contain security monitoring features, such as recording who has logged on and off the system, what programs they have run, and unauthorized attempts to access the system.
  4.At a national level, for example, computers located in different parts of the country use public communication services to exchange electronic messages (mail) and to transfer fi1es of information from one computer to another. 例如,在全国范围内,位于全国不同部分的计算机使用公共通信服务来交换电子信息(邮件) ,并将信息文件从一台计算机传送到另一台计算机。
  5. The timing of the attack can be linked to a number of situations, including: a certain time or date; the presence of a particular user ID; the use or presence of a particular file; the security privilege level of the user; and the number of times of a file is used.
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