Beauty has always been regarded as something praiseworthy. Almost everyone thinks attractive people are happier and healthier, have better marriages and have more respectable occupations. Personal consultants give them better advice for finding jobs. Even judges are softer on attractive defendants (被告). But in the executive circle, beauty can become a liability. While attractiveness is a positive factor for a man on his way up the executive ladder, it is harmful to a woman. Handsome male executives were perceived as having more integrity than plainer men; effort and ability were thought to account for their success. Attractive female executives were considered to have less integrity than unattractive ones; their success was attributed not to ability but to factors such as luck. All unattractive women executives were thought to have more integrity and to be more capable than the attractive female executives. Interestingly, though, the rise of the unattractive overnight successes was attributed more to personal relationships and less to ability than was that of attractive overnight successes. Why are attractive women not thought to be able? An attractive woman is perceived to be more feminine (女性的) and an attractive man more masculine (男性的) than the less attractive ones. Thus, an attractive woman has an advantage in traditionally female jobs, but an attractive woman in a traditionally masculine position appears to lack the “masculine” qualities required. This is true even in politics. “When the only clue is how he or she looks, people treat men and women differently,” says Ann Bowman, who recently published a study on the effects of attractiveness on political candidates. She asked 125 undergraduates to rank two groups of photographs, one of men and one of women, in order of attractiveness. The students were told the photographs were of candidates for political offices. They were asked to rank them again, in the order they would vote for them. The results showed that attractive males utterly defeated unattractive men, but the women who had been ranked most attractive invariably received the fewest votes.
  26. The word “liability” (Para.
  1. Line
  4) most probably means “”. A) misfortune B) instability C) disadvantage D) burden
  27. In traditionally female jobs, attractiveness . A) reinforces the feminine qualities required B) makes women look more honest and capable C) is of primary importance to women D) often enables women to succeed quickly
  28. Bowman’s experiment reveals that when it comes to politics, attractiveness . A) turns out to be an obstacle B) affects men and women alike C) has as little effect on men as on women D) is more of an obstacle than a benefit to women
  29. It can be inferred from the passage that people’s views on beauty are often . A) practical B) prejudiced C) old-fashioned D) radical
  30. The author writes this passage to . A) discuss the negative aspects of being attractive
B) give advice to job-seekers who are attractive C) demand equal rights for women D) emphasize the importance of appearance
  26. C
  27. A
  28. D
  29. B
  30. A

  2(大连海事大学研究生考试阅读题之一) 2005 Text 2
Do you remember all those years when scientists argued that smoking would kill us but the doubters know insisted that we didn't know for sure? That the evidence was inconclusive, the science uncertain? That the antismoking lobby was out to destroy our way of life and the government should stay out of the way? Lots of Americans bought that nonsense, and over three decades, some 10 million smokers million went to early graves.
There are upsetting parallels today, as scientists in one wave after another try to awaken us to the growing threat of global warming. The latest was a panel from the National Academy of Sciences, House, enlisted by the White House, to tell us that the Earth's atmosphere is definitely warming and that manthe problem is largely man-made. The clear message is that we should get moving to protect ourselves. The president of the National Academy, Bruce Alberts, added this key point in the preface to the panel's report “Science never has all the answers .But science does provide us with the best available .But our guide to the future, and it is critical that our nation and the world base important policies on provide the best judgments that science can provide concerning the future consequences of present actions.”
Just as on smoking, voices now come from many quarters insisting that the science about global warming This is incomplete, that it's Ok to keep pouring fumes into the air until we know for sure. This is a dangerous game: by the 100 percent of the evidence is in, it may be too late. With the risks obvious and growing, a prudent people would take out an insurance policy now.
Fortunately, the White House is starting to pay attention. But it's obvious that a majority of the president's advisers still don't take global warming seriously. Instead of a plan of action, they researchcontinue to press for more research-a classic case of “paralysis by analysis”.
To serve as responsible stewards of the planet, we must press forward on deeper atmospheric and oceanic research But research alone is inadequate. If the Administration won't take the legislative initiative, Congress should help to begin fashioning conservation measures .A bill by Democratic Senator Robert Byrd of West Virginia, which would offer financial incentives for private industry Byrd is a promising start Many see that the country is getting ready to build lots of new power plants is to meet our energy needs. If we are ever going to protect the atmosphere, it is crucial that those new plants be environmentally sound.

  26. An argument made by supporters of smoking was that [A]. there was no scientific evidence of the correlation between smoking and death. [B]. the number of early deaths of smokers in the past decades was insignificant.
[C]. people had the freedom to choose their own way of life. people [D]. antismoking people were usually talking nonsense.
  27. According to Bruce Alberts, science can serve as [A]. a protector. [B]. a judge. [C]. a critic. [D]. a guide.
  28. What does the author mean by “paralysis by analysis” (Last line, paragraph
  4) Endless [A]. Endless studies kill action. [B]. Careful investigation reveals truth. [C]. prudent planning hinders. decision[D]. Extensive research helps decision-making.
  29. According to the author, what should the Administration do about [A]. Offer aid to build cleaner power plants. [B]. Raise public awareness of conservation. [C]. Press for further scientific research. [D]. Take some legislative measures.
  30. The author associates the issue of global warming with that of smoking because suffered [A]. they both suffered from the government's negligence. [B]. a lesson from the latter is applicable to the former. [C]. the outcome of the latter aggravates the former. [D]. both of them have turned from bad to worse. 重点词汇: 重点词汇: prudent ??????????????adj. 谨 慎的。 prudent 慎的。It's prudent to take a thick coat in cold weather when you go out. 在寒冷的天气下外出时 带 上 件 厚 外 套 是 谨 慎 的 。 名 词 形 式 prudence 审慎。 记忆: ?????????????n. 审慎 。 记忆 : rude 粗鲁的,无礼的, 粗鲁的粗鲁的,无礼的,p 不-rude 粗鲁的-ent 形容词后缀 paralysis ???????????????n. 瘫 麻痹。 para-侧面。
  2。 痪, 麻痹。 para-侧面。参见 2003 年 Text
  2。 n.v.释意 释意) paraphrase ???????????? (n.v.释意) para-前缀表 在旁边、 “在旁边、 辅助”phrase , 即 para+phrase, para+phrase, para辅助” 短语;用短语表达” 用短语辅助表达”→ 即“短语;用短语表达”,故“用短语辅助表达”→ 释意。 paraparagraph( 释意。以 para-为前缀的单词还有 paragraph(文章 的段、 短评) parameter( 的段、节;短评)←para+graph 写;parameter(参 数 ) ← para+meter 计 量 ; parasite ( 寄 生 虫 ) ← 地点。 para+site 地点。 分析, analysis ????????????? n. 分析 , 分解。 记忆: -a-lysis, an- lysis, 后缀同上, 分析成一个 an,a。 an,a。 分解。 记忆: an 后缀同上, 联 想 : 反 义 词 synthesis 综合, ??????????????n. 综合, 合成 take the legislative initiative take the initiative 带 头 , 开 始 着 手 took the problem.开始 initiative in trying to solve the problem.开始 着手试图解决这个问题 initiative ?????????????? n. 主 。 动 名 词 形 式 initiate ????????????vt. 开 始 , 发 动 , 传 授 开始, v. 开始, 发起
legislative ?????????????????? adj. 立 法的, 立法机关。 法的, 立法机关的 n. 立法机关。参见 1999 Passage 立法; 法规) 4 。 legislation ????? ( 立法 ; 法规 ) 看作 leg+is+lat(e)+ion, leg+is+lat(e)+ion, 词根 法律” 参 allegation leg “法律” ( 宣称, ),is 迟的, 宣称,2003 年 Text
  2),is 是,late 迟的,-ion 名 词后缀, 法律是迟的”→旧法律难以适应新事物→ ”→旧法律难以适应新事物 词后缀,“法律是迟的”→旧法律难以适应新事物→ 所以要不断“立法”→“立法”之产物即“法规” ”→“立法 所以要不断“立法”→“立法”之产物即“法规”。 难句解析: 难句解析: National ①The latest was a panel from the National Academy of Sciences, enlisted by the White House, to tell us that the Earth's atmosphere is definitely warming and that the problem is manlargely man-made. panel, 主干部分是 The latest was a panel,表语 panel 后接有两个定语成分: 后接有两个定语成分: from 的介词短语和含 enlisted 的过去分词, 白宫召集的、 的过去分词,即“白宫召集的、来自国家科学院的专 家团” 其中第二个定语成分中又包含一个不定式结 家团” 其中第二个定语成分中又包含一个不定式结 , 表目的, 为了告诉我们……而召集的( ……而召集的 构,表目的,即“为了告诉我们……而召集的(专家 团)。 ” 翻译: 翻译:最近的行动是由白宫召集了一批来自国家科学 院的专家团,他们告诉我们, 院的专家团,他们告诉我们,地球气候毫无疑问正在 变暖,而这个问题主要是人为造成的。 变暖,而这个问题主要是人为造成的。 ②But science does provide us with the best available guide to the future, and it is critical that our nation and the world base important the policies on the best judgments that science can provide concerning the future consequences of actions.” present actions.” 连接的两个并列从句, 该句子的主干是由 and 连接的两个并列从句,前一分 science… with…guide; 句的主干是 science…provide us with…guide;后 critical, 一分句的主干是 it is critical,其中 it 为形式主 引导的主语从句。 语,真正的主语是 that 引导的主语从句。从句的主 base… on… 干是 our nation and the world base…policies on… judgments, 后接有两个定语结构, judgments,judgments 后接有两个定语结构,一是 引导的定语从句, 分词结构。 that 引导的定语从句,一是 concerning 分词结构。 翻译: 翻译:但是科学确实为我们的未来提供了最好的指 导,关键是我们的国家和整个的世界在做重要决策 时,应该以科学能够提供的关于人类现在的行为对未 来影响最好的判断作为依据。 来影响最好的判断作为依据。 ③Just as on smoking, voices now come from many quarters insisting that the science about global incomplete, warming is incomplete, that it's Ok to keep sure。 pouring fumes into the air until we know for sure。 该句子的主干是 voices now come from many quarters; 结构做比较状语,意为“ quarters;句首 Just as 结构做比较状语,意为“正 一样” 如…一样” insisting 引导的分词结构做定语修饰 ; voice, 主语 voice, 分词结构中含有两个并列的由 that 引导 的宾语从句, 的宾语从句,第二个宾语从句的真实主语是不定式结 keep… 构 to keep… 翻译:就象吸烟问题一样, 翻译:就象吸烟问题一样,来自不同领域的声音坚持 认为有关全球变暖的科学资料还不完整。 认为有关全球变暖的科学资料还不完整。 试题解析: 试题解析: 第二篇文章是一篇一般的时事性文章, 第二篇文章是一篇一般的时事性文章,这也是一篇类 考完了以后很多考生说这篇文章讲抽烟, 比,考完了以后很多考生说这篇文章讲抽烟,其实不 是的,作者讲抽烟是想说明现在的温室效应, 是的,作者讲抽烟是想说明现在的温室效应,也是一 种类比,许多人抽烟没有人去管, 种类比,许多人抽烟没有人去管,因为缺乏足够的证 咱们各国



   1.考拉的阅读经历 很早的时候就开始读英文的东西了,初中的时候妈妈就跑到新华书店买了整个一套书虫,大家都知道那 套书吧,绿色的磨砂皮的,很薄,基本是外国大部分名著的精简版,词语都很简单。这里要再次感谢妈 妈对我的要求从来都是有求必应,全世界最好的妈妈!所以阅读英文原著的兴趣是从初中培养起来的。 最初开始读的时候,被满篇不认识的生词打击的够呛,现在我翻开这些书,看到自己标的密密麻麻的生 词,都觉得很感动……那个时候劲头那么足呢?!那个时候发现竟然连“excited“这种词都不认识,哈哈~ 初中的 ...


   Unit1 在美国人们庆祝母亲节与父亲节,然而父母亲所受到的礼物却是不尽相同的,这篇文章研究这个问题的 原因。 我们必须正视这么一个事实,丝绸领带伤害了感情。 (人们在表达感情是受到某种约束) 尽管上个周末父亲节使这个五月充满了 150 万张纪念卡和多得使线路堵塞的长途电话,但是父亲们都明 白,父亲节也是收到对方付费电话和收到引以为傲最新款领带最多的一天。 虽然老爸们不介意父亲节母亲节的差异,但是这却反映了父母亲在子女成长中的所扮演的各自不同角色。 Scott Coltrane 说道,父亲节 ...


   年 月 期 外 国 语 言 文 学研 究 第 卷 第 大学英语 口 语考试 中的 焦虑研 究 韩 文 芳 李养 龙 北 京航 空 航 天 大 学 , 北京 , 摘 要 学 生在 英 语 口 语 考试 中 的 焦 虑 包 含 对 考 试 的 焦 虑 和 对 交 际 的 恐 惧 等 因 素 让 学 , , 生 正 确 了 解 自己 面 临 的 焦虑 状 态 及 时做 出 适 当 的 调 整 是 非 常必 要 的 。 在 此 研 究 中 作 者设 和 , 计 了 英语 “ 口 语 考试 焦虑 量表 ...


   各学院、系、有关单位: 2007?2008 学年秋冬学期开始,学校实行研究生英语课程教学改革。教学 改革本着因材施教、个性化学习和分层次教学相结合的原则,使研究生英语教学 形成“基于网络的运行机制、自学为主的学习模式、根据差异的教学安排、重在 运用的教学内容”等特点。为配合、规范研究生英语教学改革,特制定本规定, 自发布之日起执行。 一、关于研究生学位英语免修 研究生学位英语采用免修免考制, 免修申请条件为在免修确认前二年内通过 以下考试(满足一项):①大学英语六级及以上等级[大学英语六级免 ...


   研究生复试英语口语考试 (背诵版) 第一篇: professors: It is my great pleasure to be here. My name is **** , graduated from ****Department of **** University.During my four-year study in the university as an under-graduate student, I have built up a solid foundation of ...




   恒星英语学习网 http://www.hxen.com Part I Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Due Attention Should Be Given To Spelling. You should write at least 120 words fo ...


   恒星英语学习网 Part I Writing (30 minutes) 注意: 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Due Attention Should Be Given To Spelling. You should write at least 120 words following the outl ...


   2010 年 12 月大学英语四级真题及答案(作文范文) How Should Parents Help Children to be Independent Nowadays, there is a growing concern over such a phenomenon, that is, some parents take care of almost everything concerned with their children, including study, work a ...


   音频听力下载 下载) 历年英语四级考试真题及答案 (音频听力下载) http://item.taobao.com/item.htm?id=9116604238 Part I Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Due Attention Should Be Given ...



   2011 宜昌中考英语备考必记必知 27 个 单词 accept 及物动词 vt. 1.接受,领受;答应,同意 He has accepted our invitation. 他已经接受了我们的邀请。 2.承认,认可[(+as)][O2][+that] The astronaut accepts danger as being part of the job. 宇航员承认他们的工作中包含着危险。 3.相信[+that] He wouldn't accept that smoking was ...


   2010 学年度上学期月考试卷 五年级 姓名 班级 听力部分 (30 分) 一.听音,选择你听到的单词或词组 (5 分) ( ( ( ( ( )1. A. look )2. A.sweep )3. A.in the closet )4. A. flat )5. A.trash bin B.book B. sweet B.behind the closet B .frog B.end table C. book C. sleep C .near the C.floor C. bedroom c ...


   Beginning l In this paper, we focus on the need for l This paper proceeds as follow. l The structure of the paper is as follows. l In this paper, we shall first briefly introduce fuzzy sets and related concepts l To begin with we will provide a bri ...

初中英语语法 介词用法口诀大全3

    关于、基础、靠、著论   例: This afternoon we are going to listen to a report on the international situation.   今天下午我们要听关于国际形势的报告。   Professor Shen will give us a talk on traveling in America.   申教授将给我们做关于美国之行的报告。   You are wrong on all these issues. 在这些问题上你的看 ...


   A long time ago, there was a queen. She had a pretty daughter named Snow White. Soon after the child was born, the queen died. The king married another queen. The stepmother didn’t like her very didn’ much.She made Snow White do the housework all d ...