Ⅰ.Vocabulary (30 minutes, 30 points)
  (
  1) Directions: There are fifteen incomplete sentences with one word or two words missing in this section. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence。
  
  1. People should not take good constitution for granted, for human genetic code is the development of 。
  A. liable to... anomalies
  B. predestined for... discomfort
  C. predisposed to... disease
  D. indicative of... wholesomeness
  
  2. Nobody came to see me while I was out, ?
  A. did they B. didn’t they C. did she D. did me
  
  3. Aged just four, Josephine Hawkins is already at ease with her computer and the Internet, clicking her mouse on Disney sites to download images of her favorite characters。
  A. confidentially B. confidently C. appreciatively D. conscientiously
  
  4. He never hesitates to make criticisms are considered helpful to others。
  A. so …that B. so …as C. such… that D. such…as
  
  5. The policy made, the next problem was how to carry it out。
  A. having been B. being C. had been D. was
  
  6. Susan is a devoted daughter, always very to the needs of her old parents。
  A. attentive B. observant C. recurrent D. earnest
  
  7. Overall, it is going to become much easier for people to communicate the Net。
  A. by B. in C. over D. onto
  
  8. The hidden room is only through a secret back entrance。
  A. obtainable B. achievable C. attainable D. accessible
  
  9.He was so by his work that he did not notice that other employees had already left。
  A. prevailed B. predominated C. prescribed D. preoccupied
  
  10. Please yourself from smoking and spitting in public places, since the law forbids them。
  A. restrain B. hinder C. restrict D. prohibit
  
  11. When the crowd saw the prize-fighter stretched out on the canvas, shouts and cheers from it。
  A. broke up B. broke forth C. broke through D. broke upon
  
  12. When a friend hurts you, your instinct is to protect yourself but that makes it harder to up problems。
  A. tackle B. patch C. handle D. dispose
  
  13. It is bad manners to other people behind their backs。
  A. do up B. do by C. do away with D. do down
  
  14. That the case, we have to make some changes in our plan。
  A. is B. was C. being D. has been
  
  15.Einstein, who worked out his theory of relativity, lived to a old age。
  A. ripe B. mature C. perfect D. mellow
  
  16. Jean Wanger’s most enduring contribution to the study of Afro-American poetry is his insistence that it in a religious, as well as worldly, frame of reference。
  A. is to be analyzed B. has been analyzed
  C. be analyzed D. should have been analyzed

  17. Looking back at all had happened, he couldn’t help crying。
  A. which B. that C. what D. this
  
  18.The clerk in the patent office said to his boss:“Look,I am not drunk. I’m as as a judge。”
  A. sober B. somber C. steady D. clear

  19. The motion picture is only a series of still photographs which are and viewed in rapid succession to create the illusion of movement and continuity。
  A. split B. spilt C. spun D. spliced
  
  20.There was a very interesting remark in a book by an Englishman that I read recently what he thought was a reason for this American characteristic。
  A. giving B. gave C to give D given
  
  21. As a politician, she has to have the of inspiring confidence in her listeners。
  A. fluke B. knack C. frenzy D. venison
  
  22. Vanity is his Achilles' 。
  A .heel B .ankle C. arm D. leg
  
  23. Bad office planning will both the employee and the employer and affect the performance of their duties。
  A. increase B. extend C augment D. stretch
  
  24. A tree squirrel characteristically has long, plume-like tail that helps slow whenever it falls from high places。
  A. it descends B. its descent C. to descend D. it is descending
  
  25. If you the bottle and cigarettes, you’ll be much healthier。
  A. take off B. keep off C. get off D. set off
  
  26. Peter was the football with him but he had forgotten。
  A. to have brought B. to bring C. to have been brought D. to be bringing
  
  27. Cynic believe that people who compliments do so in order to be praised twice。
  A. bask in B. give out C. gloat over D. shrug off
  
  28. The individual TV viewer invariably sense that he or she is an anonymous, statistically insignificant part of a huge and diverse audience。
  A. everything except B. anything but C. no less than D. nothing more than
  
  29. when she started complaining。
  A. Not until he arrived B. No sooner had he arrived
  C. Hardly had he arrived D. Scarcely did he arrived
  
  30. Someone must have about among my papers, for my drawer is in a mess。
  A. rampaged B. rehearsed C. rummaged D. researched
  (
  2) Directions: There are ten sentences in this part with one word or phrase underlined in each sentence. From the four choices given, choose one that best explains or defines the underlined part in each sentence。(10 points)
  
  1. The findings of the two archaeologists threw light on the burial customs of the ancient Egyptians。
  A. paid attention to B. gave faith to
  C. helped to make clear of D. gained insight into
  
  2. After realizing that their daughter was incurably ill, the Reynolds family changed their minds about euthanasia
  A. penalty B. capital sentence C. degradation D. mercy killing
  
  3. A judicious parent encourages his children to make their own decisions。
  A. judicial B. illustrious C. wise D. precarious
 
  4. John boasted that he could finish the job all by himself in no time。
  A. very rapidly B. in time C. on time D. at any moment
  
  5. Just as work and educational opportunities for women were limited in the 1800’s, their legal rights were also circumscribed。
  A. reserved B. preserved C. perverted D. restricted
  Ⅱ. Identify errors in the following sentences and correct them. (20 points)
  (
  1) Mrs. Jackson saw the helicopter raise into the sky。
  (
  2)Nobody besides little John thinks that a trip by bus is exciting。
  (
  3)The Great Wall is the famous tourist site in world。
  (
  4)A severe illness when she was just nineteen months old deprived the well-know writer Joseph Kate both her sight and her hearing。
  (
  5)I regret having left my daughter at home; I should bring her with me。
  (
  6) Football and baseball, which played in the United States today, are basically modifications of games that originated in England。
  (
  7)Much though he needed money for a new car, he decided not to borrow it from the bank。
  (
  8)David Singer, my friend’s father, while raised and educated in New York, lived and lectured in Africa most of his life。
  (
  9) I forgot doing it。
  (
  10) This is marvelous, isn’t it?
  Ⅲ. Cloze Test (20 points)
Fill in each bland with one suitable word from the four choices
  Digital photography is still new enough that most of us have yet to form an opinion about it, __1 develop a point of view. But this hasn't stopped many film and computer fans from agreeing__2 the early conventional wisdom about digital cameras-they're neat__3for your PC, but they're not suitable for everyday picture taking。
  The fans are wrong. More than anything else, digital cameras are radically__4__what photography means and what it can be. The venerable medium of photography __5 we know is beginning to seem out of _6__with the way we live. In our computer and camcorder_7,saving pictures as digital__8__ and watching them on TV is no less practical-and in many ways more__9__ than fumbling with rolls of film that must be sent off to be__
  10。
  Paper is also terribly_11__. Pictures that are incorrectly framed, 12 , or lighted are nonetheless committed to film and ultimately processed into prints。
  The digital medium changes the 13 . Still images that are 14 digitally can immediately be shown on a computer 15 , a TV screen, or a small liquid crystal display (LCD)built rights into the camera. And since the points of light that__16__an image are saved as a series of digital bits in electronic memory,_17 being permanently etched onto film, they can be erased, retouched, and transmitted_ 18 。
  What's it like to_19with one of these digital cameras? It's a little like a first date?exciting, confusing and fraught with_20 。
  
  1. A.rather than B. more than C. much less D. so as to
  
  2. A. on B with C.to D. by
  
  3. A. attachments B. auxiliaries C. attributes D. counterparts
  
  4. A. reexplaining B. rearranging C. reexposing D. redefining
  
  5. A. though B. if C. as D. unless
  
  6. A rate B. pace C. step D. speed
  
  7. A.environment B. civilization C. community D. culture

  8. A files B. documents C.programs D.softwarws
  
  9. A. appealing B. facilitating C.enlightening D. encouraging
  
  10. A converted B. developed C. exposed D. evolved
  
  11. A. unforgiving B. unperceiving
  C. unconsidering D. unsympathizing
  
  12. A. aimed B. targeted C. focused D. pointed
  
  13. A. regulations B. rules C. disciplines D. principles
  
  14. A gripped B. seized C. grasped D. captured
  
  15. A. demonstrator B. exhibitor C. monitor D. transmitter
  
  16. A. constitute B. illumine C. penetrate D. dissolve
  
  17. A. in case B. rather than C. as well as D. as though
  
  18. A. on digit B. on cable C. as well as D. as though
  
  19. A. fire B. maneuver C. operate D. shoot
  
  20. A. chances B. probabilities C. opportunities D. possibilities
  Ⅳ. Read the following four passages and answer the questions after each passage. (20%, 2 points for each question)
  Passage One
  Intelligence tests have been involved in the promotion of eugenics, the idea that you could control the human race by selective breeding. Francis Galtonone of the pioneers of intelligence tests-was also a founding member of the Eugenics Society in the UK. The belief that intelligence is biologically determined in the make-up of the brain, and therefore to some extent genetically determined, is widely accepted. But a number of researchers over the years have used this idea to advocate social change. Using intelligence as one of their factors, Hernstein and Murray’s controversial book, The Bell Curve(19
  94) argued that differences in IQ scored between racial groups reflect innate biological differences。
  The Bell Curve is a graph that plots the range of IQ scores of an average population. However, it can be interpreted in many ways, and when the intelligence of the whole human race is in question, the stakes are high. Critics argue that the way intelligence is measured contains a high level of random variation and therefore it’s impossible to generalize it all into one graph. However, belief in the Bell Curve and in the genetic, rather than social, basis for intelligence has unfortunately led to the propagation of many racist ideas. Evidence to suggest social factors are important in ‘ intelligence’ is strong. The US military tested recruits to assign rank and found that black applicants scored lower than whites. However, analysis of the recruits were found to be due to educational differences; black recruits scored very low until the 1950s, when an increase in score corresponded to improved ed
 

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