1991 年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案 Ⅰ. n sentence, ecide I each d which the choices of four given suitably will complete sentence inserted the the if at place marked. ut our hoice the P y c in ANSWER SHEET(15 point) l hey their ay the . T lost w in forest, ndmade a _ matters worse thatnight was began to fall . A.hat .t . hat which t Bi Cw D .
  2._ retum,learned Professor mith been the my I that S had at Museum and would be not back several ours. for h ' A.At On With During B. C. D.
  3.Anyone has who spentime children aware the t with is of difference the in way boys girls and respond _ tosituations. A. imilar alike same likely s B. C. D.
  4. here not uch left; o tell ou T is m time s I'll y aboutt . i_ A.n i detail .n C.n Din Bi brief i short . all
  5. n factory, uggestion I this s Often to for onths have wait m before are they fully _ . A. dmitted acknowledged absorbed considered a B. C. D.
  6. here a posibility these T isreal that animals could frightened,a be _sudden loud noise . A. eing b there should B. there C.here D.here be t was t having been
  7. y year 000 cientists B the 2 s , probablya for ancer. _cure c A.' ill e w b discovering are B. discovering C. ill ave w h discovered have D. discovered
  8. im t , ut e badly the exams smester. J isn' b h did _ in final last A. loomy dull . wkward tedious g B. Ca D.
  9. he slipped ofhe T boy out t room headed the and for swimming without pool his parents' _ A. ommand conviction consent . ompromise c B. C. Dc IO. e _ the H hadon subject. A.rather trong a s opinion rather trong B. s opinion C. atherhe r t strong opinion the D. rather trong s opinion. Il hen fell ff he the . W Jane o t bike, other hildren c _ A. ere able help w not to laughter . ould help laughing Bc not but C. ould help c not laughing could help laugh D. not to
  12. ts I i better o on t die one's than_ feet . A.iving one's l on knees live one's B. on knees C. n o one's knees to on D. live one's knees




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13 . The most important _ _ of his speech was that we should all work wholeheartedly for the people. A. element B. spot C. sense D. point
  14. This watch is__ to all the other watches on the market. A. superior B. advantageous C. super D. beneficial
  15. In a typhoon, winds _ a speed greater than 120 kilometers per hour. A. assume B. accomplish C. attain D. assemble
  16.__ the English examination I would have gone to the concert last Sunday. A. In spite of B. But for C. Because of D. As for 17 . Mary _ my letter; otherwise she would have replied before now. A. has received B. ought to have received C. couldn' t have received D. shouldn' t have received
  18. _ to speak when the audience interrupted him. A. Hardly had he begun B. No sooner had he begun C. Not until he began D. Scarcely did he begin 19 . Anna was reading a piece of science fiction, completely _ to the outside world. A. being lost B. having lost C. losing D. lost
  20. The policemen went into action _ they heard the alarm. A. promptly B. presently C. quickly D. directly 21 . The lost car of the Lees was found _ in the woods off the highway. A. vanished B. abandoned C. scattered D. rejected
  22. Dress warmly, _ _ you'll catch cold. A. on the contrary B. or rather C. or else D. in no way
  23. Our research has focused on a drug which is so _ as to be able to change brain chemistry . A. powerful B. influential C. monstrous D. vigorous 24 . Bob was completely _ by the robber' s disguise. A. taken away B. taken down C. taken to D. taken in 25 . Difficulties and hardships have _ _ the best qualities of the young geologist. A. brought out B. brought about C. brought forth D. brought up
  26. Our modem civilization must not be thought of as _ in a short period of time. A. being created B. to have been created C. having been created D. to be created
  27. Even if they are on sale, these refrigerators are equal in price to, if not more expensive than, __ at the other store. A. anyone B. the others C. that D. the ones
  28. The bank manager asked his assistant if it was possible for him to _ _ the investment plan within a week. A. work out B. put out C. make out D. set out


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  29. He knows little of mathematics, and _ of chemistry. A. even more B. still less C. no less D. still more 30 . The students expected there __ more reviewing classes before the fanil exam. A. is B. being C. have been D. to be Ⅱ. Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For ach question four answers are given. Read the passages carefully and chnose the best answer to each of the questions. Put your choice in the ANSWER SHEET. (30 poinb) l A wise man once said that the only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing. So, as a police officer, I have some urgent things to say to good people. Day after day my men and I struggle to hold back a tidal wave of crime. Something has gone terribly wrong with our once-proud American way of life. It has happened in the area of values. A key ingredient is disappearing, and I think I know what it is: accountability. Accountability isn' t hard to define. It means that every person is responsible for his or her actions and liable for their consequences. Of the many values that hold civilization together--honesty, kindness, and so on--accountability may be the most important of all. Without it, there can be no respect, no trust, no law-and, ultimately, no society. My job as a polioe officer is to impose accountability on people who refuse, or have never learned, to impose it on themselves. But as every policeman knows,external controls on people's behavior are far less effective than internal restraints such as guilt, shame and embarrassment. Fortunately there are still communities--smaller towns,usually--where schools maintain discipline and where parents hold up standards that proclaim: "In this family certain things are not tolerated--they simply are not done! " Yet more and more, especially in our larger citis and suburbs, these inner restraints are loosening. Your typical robber has none. He considers your property his property; he takes what he wants, including your life if you enrage him. The main cause of this break-down is a radical shift in attitudes. Thirty years ago,


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if a crime was committed , society was considered the victim. Now, in a shocking reversal, it' s the criminal who is considered victimized : by his underpriviledged upbringing, by the school that didn ' t teach him to read, by the church that failed to reach him with moral guidance, by the parents who didn' t provide a stable home. I don' t believe it. Many others in equally disadvantaged circumstances choose not to engage in criminal activities. If we free the criminal, even partly, from accountabiliy, we become a society of endless excuses where no one accepts responsibility for anything. We in America desperately need more people who believe that the person who commits a crime is the one responsible for it. 31 . What the wise man said suggests that__. A. it' s unnecessary for good people to do anything in face of evil B. it' s certain that evil will prevail if good men do nothing about it C. it's only natural for vinue to defeat evil D. it's desirable for good men to keep away from evil
  32. According to the author, if a person is found guilty of a crime,__. A. society is to be held responsible B. modern civilization is rnponsible for it C. the criminal himself should bear the blame D. the standards of living should be improved
  33. Compared with those in small towns, people in large cities have__. A. less self-discipline B. better sense of discipline C. more mutual respect . D. less effective government
  34. The writer is sorry to have noticed that __. A. people in large cities tend to excuse criminals B. people in small towns still stick to old discipline and standards C. today ' s society lacks sympathy for people in difficulty D. people in disadvantaged circumstances are engaged in criminal activities
  35. The key point of the passage is that__. A. stricter discipline should be maintained in schools and families B. more good examples should be set for people to follow C. more restrictions should be imposed on people' s behavior D. more people should accept the value of accountability 2 The period of adolescence, i. e. , the person between childhood and adulthood, may be long or short , depending on social expectations and on society' s definition as to what constitutes maturity


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and adulthood. In primitive societies adolescence is frequently a relatively short period of time , while in industrial societies with pattems of prolonged education coupled with laws against child labor, the period of adolescence is much longer and may include most of the second decade of one ' s life. Furthermore, the length of the adolescent period and the definition of adulthood status may change in a given society as social and economic conditions change. Examples of this type of change are the disappearance of the frontier in the latter part of the nineteenth century in the United States , and more universally , the industrialization of an agricultural society. In modern society,ceremonies for adolescence have lost their formal recognition and symbolic significance and there no longer is agreement as to what constitutes initiation ceremonies. Social ones have been replaced by a sequence of steps that lead to increased recognition and social status. For example, grade school graduation, high school graduation and college graduation constitute such a sequence, and while each step implies certain behavioral changes and social recognition , the significance of each depends on the socio-economic status and the educational ambition of the individual. Ceremonies for adolescence have also been replaced by legal definitions of status roles, right, privileges and responsibilitis. It is during the nine years from the twelfth birthday to the twenty-first that the protective and restrictive aspects of child-hood and minor status are removed and adult privileges and responsibilitis are granted. The twelve-year-old is no longer considered a child and has to pay full fare for train, airplane, theater and movie tickets. Basically, the individual at this age loses childhood privileges without gaining significant adult rights. At the age of sixteen the adolescent is granted cenain adult rights which increases his social status by providing him with more freedom and choices. He now can obtain a driver' s license; he can leave public schools; and he can work without the restrictions of child labor laws. At the age of eighteen the law provides adult responsibilities as well as rights; the young man can now be a soldier, but he also can marry without parental permission. At the age of twentyone the individual obtains his full legal rights as an adult. He now can wote, he can buy liquor, he can enter into financial contracts, and he is entitled to run for public office. No additional basic rights are acquired as a function of age alter majority status has been attained. None of these legal


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provisions determine at what point adulthood has been reached but they do point to the prolonged period of adolescence . 36 . The period of adolescence is much longer in industrial societies because__. A. the definition of maturity has changed B. the industrialized society is more developed C. more education is provided and laws against child labor are made D. ceremonies for adolescence have lost their formal recognition and symbolic significance
  37. Former social ceremonies that used to mark adolescence have given place to__. A. graduations from schools and colleges B.social recognition C. socio-economic status D. certain behavioral changes
  38. No one can expect to fully enjoy the adulthood privileges until he is __. A. eleven years old B. sixteen years old C. twenty-one years old D.between twelve and twenty-one years old
  39. Starting from 22,__. A. one will obtain more basic rights B. the older one becomes, the more basic rights he will have C. one won't get more basic rights than when he is 21 D. one will enjoy more rights granted bv society.
  40. Acoording to the passage, it is true that A. in the late 19th century in the United States the dividing line between adolescence and adulthood no longer existed B. no one can marry without the permission of his parents until the age of twenty-one C. one is considered to have reached adulthood when he has a driver' s license D. one is not free from the restrictions of child labor laws until he can join the army 3 Most growing plants contaln much more water than all other materials combined. C. R. Darnes has suggested that it is as proper to term the plant a water structure as to call a house composed mainly of brick a brick building. Certain it is that all essential processes of plant growth and development occur in water. The mineral elements from the soil that are usable by the plant must be
 

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