1993 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I: Structure and Vocabulary In each sentence, decide which of the four choices given will most suitably complete the sentence if inserted at the place marked. Put your choices in the ANSWER SHEET. (15 points)
  1. The board deemed it urgent that these files right away. [A] had to be printed [B] should have been printed [C] must be printed [D] should be printed The local health organization is reported twenty-five years ago when Dr. Audon became its first president. [A] to be set up [B] being set up [C] to have been set up [D] having been set up The school board listened quietly as John read the demands that his followers for. [A] be demonstrating [B] demonstrate [C] had been demonstrating [D] have demonstrated Ted had told me that he always escapes as he has got a very fast sport car. [A] to fine [B] to be fined [C] being fined [D] having been fined More than one third of the Chinese in the United States live in California, in San Francisco. [A] previously [B] predominantly [C] practically [D] permanently Prof. Lee’s book will show you can be used in other contexts. [A] that you have observed [B] that how you have observed [C] how that you have observed [D] how what you have observed






All fights because of the snowstorm, we decided to take the train. [A] were canceled [B] had been canceled [C] having canceled [D] having been canceled The new secretary has written a remarkably report only in a few pages but with all the details. [A] concise [B] clear [C] precise [D] elaborate With prices so much, it’s hard for the company to plan a budget. [A] fluctuating [B] waving [C] swinging [D] vibrating



  10. Expert say walking is one of the best ways for a person to healthy. [A] preserve [B] stay [C] maintain [D] reserve
  11. Expected noises are usually more than unexpected ones of the like magnitude. [A] manageable [B] controllable [C] tolerable [D] perceivable
  12. It isn’t so much whether he works hard; the question is whether he works . [A] above all [B] in all [C] at all [D] after all
  13. There is an incorrect assumption among scientists and medical people that everyone agrees what constitutes a benefit to an individual. [A] on [B] with [C] to [D] in
  14. All the information we have collected in relation to that case very
little. [A] makes up for [B] adds up to [C] comes up with [D] puts up with
  15. A really powerful speaker can the feelings of the audience to the fever of excitement. [A] work out [B] work over [C] work at [D] work up
  16. Before the students set off, they spent much time setting a limit the expenses of the trip. [A] to [B] about [C] in [D] for
  17. According to the psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud, wisdom comes from the of maturity. [A] fulfillment [B] achievement [C] establishment [D] accomplishment
  18. From the tears in Nedra’s eyes we can deduce that something sad . [A] must have occurred [B] would have occurred [C] might be occurring [D] should occur
  19. You can arrive in Beijing earlier for the meeting you don’t mind taking the night train. [A] provided [B] unless [C] though [D] until
  20. Hardly a month goes by without of another survey revealing new depths of scientific illiteracy among U.S. citizens. [A] words [B] a word [C] the word [D] word

  21. If you Jerry Brown until recently, you’d think the photograph on the right was strange. [A] shouldn’t contact [B] didn’t contact [C] weren’t to contact [D] hadn’t contacted
  22. Some teenagers harbor a generalized resentment against society, which them the rights and privileges of adults, although physically they are mature. [A] deprives [B] restricts [C] rejects [D] denies
  23. I must go now. , if you want that book I’ll bring it next time. [A] Incidentally [B] Accidentally [C] Occasionally [D] Subsequently
  24. There is no reason they should limit how much vitamin you take, they can limit how much water you drink. [A] much more than [B] no more than [C] no less than [D] any more than
  25. Though in San Francisco, Dave Mitchell had always preferred to record the plain facts of small-town life. [A] raised [B] grown [C] developed [D] cultivated
  26. Most electronic devices of this kind, manufactured for such purposes, are tightly packed. [A] that are [B] as are [C] which is [D] it is
  27. As for the winter, it is inconvenient to be cold, with most of furnace fuel is allowed saved for the dawn. [A] what [B] that [C] which
[D] such
  28. Achieving a high degree of proficiency in English as a foreign language is not a mysterious without scientific basic. [A] process [B] practice [C] procedure [D] program
  29. We cannot always the wind, so new windmills should be so designed that they can also be driven by water. [A] hang on [B] count on [C] hold on [D] come on
  30. The storm sweeping over this area now is sure to cause of vegetables in the coming days. [A] rarity [B] scarcity [C] invalidity [D] variety Section II: Reading Comprehension Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For each question there are four answers marked [A], [B], [C], and [D]. Read the passages carefully and choose the answer to each of the questions. Then mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets. (30 points)
Text 1
Is language, like food, a basic human need without which a child at a critical period of life can be starved and damaged? Judging from the drastic experiment of Frederick II in the thirteenth century, it may be. Hoping to discover what language a child would speak if he heard no mother tongue, he told the nurses to keep silent. All the infants died before the first year. But clearly there was more than lack of language here. What was missing was good mothering. Without good mothering, in the first year of life especially, the capacity to survive is seriously affected. Today no such severe lack exists as that ordered by Frederick. Nevertheless, some children are still backward in speaking. Most often the reason for this is that the mother is insensitive to the signals of the infant, whose brain is programmed to learn language rapidly. If these sensitive periods are neglected, the ideal time for acquiring skills passes and they might never be learned so easily again. A bird learns to sing and to fly rapidly at the right time, but the process is slow and hard once the critical stage has passed. Experts suggest that speech stages are reached in a fixed sequence and at a constant age, but there are cases where speech has started late in a child who eventually turns out to be of high IQ. At twelve weeks a baby smiles and makes vowel-like sounds; at twelve months he can speak simple words and understand simple commands; at eighteen months he has a vocabulary of three to fifty words. At
three he knows about 1,000 words which he can put into sentences, and at four his language differs from that of his parents in style rather than grammar. Recent evidence suggests that an infant is born with the capacity to speak. What is special about man’s brain, compared with that of the monkey, is the complex system which enables a child to connect the sight and feel of, say, a toy-bear with the sound pattern “toy-bear.” And even more incredible is the young brain’s ability to pick out an order in language from the mixture of sound around him, to analyze, to combine and recombine the parts of a language in new ways. But speech has to be induced, and this depends on interaction between the mother and the child, where the mother recognizes the signals in the child’s babbling (咿呀学语), grasping and smiling, and responds to them. Insensitivity of the mother to these signals dulls the interaction because the child gets discouraged and sends out only the obvious signals. Sensitivity to the child’s non-verbal signals is essential to the growth and development of language.
  31. The purpose of Frederick II’s experiment was . [A] to prove that children are born with the ability to speak [B] to discover what language a child would speak without hearing any human speech [C] to find out what role careful nursing would play in teaching a child to speak [D] to prove that a child could be damaged without learning a language
  32. The reason some children are backward in speaking is most probably that . [A] they are incapable of learning language rapidly [B] they are exposed to too much language at once [C] their mothers respond inadequately to their attempts to speak [D] their mothers are not intelligent enough to help them
  33. What is exceptionally remarkable about a child is that . [A] he is born with the capacity to speak [B] he has a brain more complex than an animal’s [C] he can produce his own sentences [D] he owes his speech ability to good nursing
  34. Which of the following can NOT be inferred from the passage? [A] The faculty of speech is inborn in man. [B] Encouragement is anything but essential to a child in language learning. [C] The child’s brain is highly selective. [D] Most children learn their language in definite stages.
  35. If a child starts to speak later than others, he will . [A] have a high IQ [B] be less intelligent [C] be insensitive to verbal signals [D] not necessarily be backward
Text 2
In general, our society is becoming one of giant enterprises directed by a bureaucratic (官僚主义的) management in which man becomes a small, well-oiled cog in the machinery. The oiling is done with higher wages, well-ventilated factories and piped music, and by psychologists and “human-relations” experts; yet all this oiling does not alter the fact that man has become powerless, that he does not wholeheartedly participate in his work and that he is bored with it. In fact, the blueand the white-collar workers have become economic puppets who dance to the tune of automated machines and bureaucratic management. The worker and employee are anxious, not only because they might find themselves out of a job; they are anxious also because they are unable to acquire any real satisfaction or interest in life. They live and die without ever having confronted the fundamental realities of human existence as emotionally and intellectually independent and productive human beings. Those higher up on the social ladder are no less anxious. Their lives are no less empty than those of their subordinates. They are even more insecure in some respects. They are in a highly competitive race. To be promoted or to fall behind is not a matter of salary but even more a matter of self-respect. When they apply for their first job, they are tested for intelligence as well as for the tight mixture of submissiveness and independence. From that moment on they are tested again and again -- by the psychologists, for whom testing is a big business, and by their superiors, who judge their behavior, sociability, capacity to get along, etc. This constant need to prove that one is as good as or better than one’s fellow-competitor creates constant anxiety and stress, the very causes of unhappiness and illness. Am I suggesting that we should return to the preindustrial mode of production or to nineteenth-century “free enterprise” capitalism? Certainly not. Problems are never solved by returning to a stage which one has already outgrown. I suggest transforming our social system from a bureaucratically managed industrialism in which maximal production and consumption are ends in themselves into a humanist industrialism in which man and full development of his potentialities -- those of love and of reason -are the aims of all social arrangements. Production and consumption should serve only as means to this end, and should be prevented from ruling man.
  36. By “a well-oiled cog in the machinery” the author intends to render the idea that man is . [A] a necessary part of the society though each individual’s function is negligible [B] working in complete harmony with the rest of the society [C] an unimportant part in comparison with the rest of the society, though functioning smoothly [D] a humble component of the society, especially when working smoothly
  37. The real cause of the anxiety of the workers and employees is that . [A] they are likely to lose their jobs [B] they have no genuine satisfaction or interest in life [C] they are faced with the fundamental realities of human existence [D] they are deprived of their individuality and independence
  38. From the passage we can infer that real happiness of life belongs to those . [A] who are at the bottom of the society
[B] who are higher up in their social status [C] who prove better than their fellow-competitors [D] who could keep far away from this competitive world
  39. To solve the present social problems the author suggests that we should . [A] resort to the production mode of our ancestors [B] offer higher wages to the workers and employees [C] enable man to fully develop his potentialities [D] take the fundamental realities for granted
  40. The author’s attitude towards industrialism might best be summarized as one of . [A] approval [B] dissatisfaction [C]



   2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 在同学们的千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》终于与同学们见 面了,万学 "海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比,对 2011 年考研英语(一)的 考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考试大纲》与去年相比没有任何变化。总体来说, 研究生入学英语考试的主要测评目标仍分为语言知识和语言技能,2011 年的新大纲也保持了这一持续 ...


   《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试大纲》 (以下简称《2011 大纲》 月 3 日终 )9 于与同学们见面了,与 2010 年考研英语大纲相对比,结论是一句话:没有任何实质变化。 大纲》内容没有实质变化体现在两个方面: 《2011 大纲》内容没有实质变化体现在两个方面: 一是仍然延续去年的考试形式, 英语试题分英语一和英语二两类试题, 分别针对不同的 考生群体, 主要目的是区分学术型硕士与专业型硕士的报考类别。 关于英语一和英语二的题 型区别请大家参看我的博客文章:徐绽解析 20 ...


   2009 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语作文 Dear Editors, I, as your faithful reader, am writing this letter to suggest that plastic bags should be restricted in our daily life. However, to my surprise and sadness, I have found that disposable plastic bags are still w ...


   2011 年考研英语 1 2011 年考研英语 2008 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1 (10 points) 1. The idea that some groups of people ...


   第一部分英译汉一、考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   一、 考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   1.英译汉的考试内容   2005年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题作出了调整,笔试中取消了听力部分,“英译汉”成为试题的第三部分“阅读理解”中的C节。本节共五小题,每小题2分,共计10分。它要求考生阅读一篇400词左右的文章,并将其中五个划线部分的句子翻译成汉语,要求汉语译文准确、完整、通顺。英译汉属于主观题,要求考生将答案写在答题纸2 上。   英译汉作为阅读理 ...


   全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲(非英语专业) ...


   [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [0] [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] C 46 46 [0][0.5][1][1.5][2] [0][0.5][1][1.5][2] 47 [0][0.5][1][1.5][2] [0][0.5][1][1.5][2] [0][0.5][1][1.5][2] 48 [0] [1] [2] [3 ...


   2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 51. Directions: You are supposed to write for the Postgraduates’ Associ ation a notice to recruit volunteers for an international c onference on globalization. The notice should include the basic qualificationsof applicants and ...


   全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语 (二)考试大纲 www.examedu.cn www.beiwai.org 2010年英语(二)适用专业 年英语( 年英语 公共管理硕士 工商管理硕士 会计硕士 艺术硕士 体育硕士 工程硕士 兽医硕士 风景园林硕士 农业推广硕士 社会工作硕士 www.examedu.cn 北京外国语大学外研培训中心 考试题型+数量 分值 考试题型 数量+分值 数量 考试 题型 I 英语知识 运用 II 阅读理解 分值 10 50 60分 分 15 25 40分 分 100分 ...


   2001 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I: Structure and Vocabulary Part A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER ...



   转眼又要到 2011 年职称英语考试报名的时候了,去年自己报名、备考时的情形又 呈现在我的脑海中,而且那么的清晰。趁着心头的这种感觉,将自己复习备考的一点 心得写出来,与大家分享,希望能对参加明年考试的朋友们有一些帮助。 我英语基础较差,而且放下已经十年多了,报名时自己一点信心都有,就报着试 试看的态度去的,去年报考理工 B,本来不抱太大希望,分数出来时,我都不敢相信自 己,竟然考了 65 分!我居然通过考试了,当时激动的心情真是难以言表。 大概总结一下,自己去年能考出那样的成绩,主要有以下 ...


   六年级英语复习计划 执教者:唐李嫔 执教者: 一、 指导思想 认真贯彻教育理念,抓紧时间,严格要求学生掌握好英语, 会学,会用为期末考试做好准备,为今后的学习打下好的基础。 二、复习内容 湘少版 3?6 年级书本 1,26 个英文字母 2,句型 3,单词 4,语法知识 共有以下方面; 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 有关天气 有关数字(生日 日常口语交际 动物,水果,食物 节日 语法知识(过去式 现在进行时 形容词和副词的比较级 物体数量 号码 月份 星期等) 与最高级 三、具体措施 1 ...


   第二版新视野大学英语读写教程第三册uni1答案 Unit 1 III 1 beneath 2 disguised 3 whistles 4 restrain 5 grasp 6 longing 7 praying 8 faithful 9 pledge 10 drain IV 1 tell …on you 2 track down 3 work it out 4 picking on me 5 reckoned with 6 call on 7 on his own 8 get through ...


   1.新课程标准中关于写的要求 1.新课程标准中关于写的要求 新的课程标准中关于五级水平(即初中毕业要求达到的水平)的 要求是: A.能根据写作要求,收集、准备素材; B.能独立起草短文、短信等,并在教师的指导下进行修改; C.能使用常见的连接词表示顺序和逻辑关系; D.能简单描述人物或事件; E.能根据所给的图示或表格写出简单的段落或操作说明。 2. 中考引入书面表达的意义 书面表达是一项能充分考查学生语言 综合能力的题型。 " 配合课程标准,使教师和学生对写 的能力的培养引起足够的重视,可 ...


   高考英语五大阅读考点 第一点: 第一点:开头结尾常考 在高中阶段, 我们常见的文章体裁有三种, 分别是记叙文、 说明文、 议论文。 记叙文开头交待文章的时间、地点、人物关系,结尾往往总结出文章的主旨抑或 有几句含金量很高的句子,可以作为推断题细节题滋生的天然土壤。说明文开头 总写,每段第一句话总写该段段意,最后一段下结论,总结全文。议论文开头引 出话题抑或提出论点, 最后一段总结论点。 从中同学们可以看出, 无论是记叙文、 说明文、议论文,文章中最重要最帅气的段落,往往是开头结尾,所以对于开 ...