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1994 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Part A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets. (5 points)
  1. By the time you arrive in London, we in Europe for two weeks. [A] shall stay [B] have stayed [C] will have stayed [D] have been staying
  2. I appreciated the opportunity to study abroad two years ago. [A] having been given [B] having given [C] to have been given [D] to have given
  3. Living in the central Australian desert has its problems, obtaining water is not the least. [A] of which [B] for what [C] as [D] whose
  4. The heart is intelligent than the stomach, for they are both controlled by the brain. [A] not so [B] not much [C] much more [D] no more
  5. the fact that his initial experiments had failed, Prof. White persisted Structure and Vocabulary
大家版词典级 23 年考研英语真题及答案
in his research. [A] Because of [B] As to [C] In spite of [D] In view of
  6. Jean Wagner's most enduring contribution to the study of Afro-American poetry is his insistence that it in a religious, as well as worldly, frame of reference. [A] is to be analyzed [B] has been analyzed [C] be analyzed [D] should have been analyzed
  7. The millions of calculations involved, had they been done by hand, all practical value by the time they were finished. [A] could lose [B] would have lost [C] might lose [D] ought to have lost
  8. No bread eaten by man is so sweet as earned by his own labour. [A] one [B] that [C] such [D] what
  9. It isn't cold enough for there a frost tonight, so I can leave Jim's car out quite safely. [A] would be [B] being [C] was [D] to be
  10. Scientists generally agree that the Earth's climate will warm up over the next 50 to 100 years it has warmed in the 20,000 years since the Ice Age. [A] as long as [B] as much as [C] as soon as
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[D] as well as Part B Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect and mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets. (5 points)
  11. Similar elements in the prehistoric remains from both areas suggest that A B Indians and their neighbours had maintained distant but real connections ever C D before 1500 B. C.
  12. It soon became obviously that instead of being trained to sing she would be A B C trained as the astronomer's assistant. D
  13. He also conceived that the solar system and the universe would come into A B existence by a natural process and would disappear one day. C D
  14. The moon has a mass that is nearly one hundred times less than the earth; A B in consequence,the force of gravity at the moon's surface is only one-sixth of C D that at the earth's surface.
  15. "The Bunsen burner is so named because it is thought to be invented by A B C Robert Bunsen, who was German by birth. D
  16. Much although I have traveled, I have never seen anyone to equal her in A B thoroughness, whatever the job. C D
  17. The weeds and tall grass in that yard makes the house look as if it A B C
大家版词典级 23 年考研英语真题及答案
had been vacant for quite some time. D
  18. If only the nature of the aging process is better understood, the possibility A B of discovering a medicine that can block the fundamental process of aging C seems very remote. D
  19. When I consider how talented he is as a painter, I cannot help but believing A B C that the public will appreciate his gift. D
  20. Allen has stated that he has always had a great interest and admiration for A B C D the work of the British economist Keynes. Part C Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points)
  21. Please do not be by his bad manners since he is merely trying to attract attention. [A] disregarded [B] distorted [C] irritated [D] intervened
  22. Craig assured his boss that he would all his energies in doing this new job. [A] call forth [B] call at [C] call on [D] call off
  23. Too much to X-rays can cause skin burns, cancer or other damage to
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the body. [A] disclosure [B] exhibition [C] contact [D] exposure
  24. When confronted with such questions, my mind goes , and I can hardly remember my own date of birth. [A] dim [B] blank [C] faint [D] vain
  25. It is well known that knowledge is that condition for expansion of mind. [A] incompatible [B] incredible [C] indefinite [D] indispensable
  26. More than two hundred years ago the United States from the British Empire and become an independent country. [A] got off [B] pulled down [C] broke away [D] dropped off
  27. Care should be taken to decrease the length of time that one is loud continuous noise. [A] subjected to [B] filled with [C] associated with [D] attached to
  28. Some of the most important concepts in physics their success to these mathematical systems. [A] oblige [B] owe [C] contribute
大家版词典级 23 年考研英语真题及答案
[D] attribute
  29. As your instructor advised, you ought to spend your time on something researching into. [A] precious [B] worth [C] worthy [D] valuable
  30. As a defense against air-pollution damage, many plants and animals a substance to absorb harmful chemicals. [A] relieve [B] release [C] dismiss [D] discard
  31. Without the friction between their feet and the ground, people would be able to walk. [A] in no time [B] by all means [C] in no way [D] on any account
  32. While typing, Helen has a habit of stopping to give her long and flowing hair a smooth. [A] occasionally [B] simultaneously [C] eventually [D] promptly
  33. One reason for the successes of Asian immigrants in the U.S. is that they have taken great to educate their children. [A] efforts [B] pains [C] attempts [D] endeavours
  34. If any man here does not agree with me, he should his own plan for improving the living conditions of these people.
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[A] put on [B] put out [C] put in [D] put forward
  35. I support your decision, but I should also make it clear that I am not going to be to it. [A] connected [B] fastened [C] bound [D] stuck
  36. The English language contains a(n) of words which are comparatively seldom used in ordinary conversation. [A] altitude [B] latitude [C] multitude [D] attitude
  37. In my opinion, you can widen the of these improvements through your active participation. [A] dimension [B] volume [C] magnitude [D] scope
  38. Your improper words will give to doubts concerning your true intentions. [A] rise [B] reason [C] suspicion [D] impulse
  39. The news item about the fire is followed by a detailed report made . [A] on the spot [B] on the site [C] on the location [D] on the ground
大家版词典级 23 年考研英语真题及答案

  40. The remarkable of life on the Galapagos Islands inspired Charles Darwin to establish his theory of evolution. [A] classification [B] variety [C] density [D] diversion Section II Directions: For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points) The first and smallest unit that can be discussed in relation to language is the word. In speaking, the choice of words is 大41家 the utmost importance. Proper selection will eliminate one source of 大42家 breakdown in the communication cycle. Too often, careless use of words 大43家 a meeting of the minds of the speaker and listener. The words used by the speaker may 大44家 unfavorable reactions in the listener 大45家 interfere with his comprehension; hence, the transmission-reception system breaks down. 大46家 , inaccurate or indefinite words may make 大47家 difficult for the listener to understand the 大48家 which is being transmitted to him. The speaker who does not have specific words in his working vocabulary may be 大49家 to explain or describe in a 大50家 that can be understood by his listeners.
  41. [A] of [B] at [C] for [D] on
  42. [A] inaccessible [B] timely Cloze Test
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[C] likely [D] invalid
  43. [A] encourages [B] prevents [C] destroys [D] offers
  44. [A] pass out [B] take away [C] back up [D] stir up
  45. [A] who [B] as [C] which [D] what
  46. [A] Moreover [B] However [C] Preliminarily [D] Unexpectedly
  47. [A] that [B] it [C] so [D] this
  48. [A] speech [B] sense [C] message [D] meaning
  49. [A] obscure [B] difficult [C] impossible [D] unable
  50. [A] case
大家版词典级 23 年考研英语真题及答案
[B] means [C] method [D] way Section III Reading Comprehension Directions: Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For each question there are four answers marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each of the questions. Then mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (40 points)
Text 1
The American economic system is organized around a basically private-enterprise, market-oriented economy in which consumers largely determine what shall be produced by spending their money in the marketplace for those goods and services that they want most. Private businessmen, striving to make profits, produce these goods and services in competition with other businessmen; and the profit motive, operating under competitive pressures, largely determines how these goods and services are produced. Thus, in the American economic system it is the demand of individual consumers, coupled with the desire of businessmen to maximize profits and the desire of individuals to maximize their incomes, that together determine what shall be produced and how resources are used to produce it. An important factor in a market-oriented economy is the mechanism by which consumer demands can be expressed and responded to by producers. In the American economy, this mechanism is provided by a price system, a process in which prices rise and fall in response to relative demands of consumers and supplies offered by seller-producers. If the product is in short supply relative to the demand, the price will be bid up and some consumers will be eliminated from the market. If, on the other hand, producing more of a commodity results in reducing its cost, this will tend to increase the supply offered by seller-producers, which in turn will lower the price and permit more consumers to buy the product. Thus, price is the regulating mechanism in the American economic system. The important factor in a private-enterprise economy is that individuals are allowed to own productive resources (private property), and they are permitted to hire labor, gain control over natural resources, and produce goods and services for sale at a profit. In the American economy, the concept of private property embraces not only the ownership of productive resources but also certain rights, including the right to determine the price of a product or to make a free contract with another private individual.
  51. In Line 8, Paragraph 1, "the desire of individuals to maximize their incomes"
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means . [A] Americans are never satisfied with their incomes [B] Americans tend to overstate their incomes [C] Americans want to have their incomes increased [D] Americans want to increase the purchasing power of their incomes
  52. The first two sentences in the second paragraph tell us that . [A] producers can satisfy the consumers by mechanized production [B] consumers can express their demands through producers [C] producers decide the prices of products [D] supply and demand regulate prices
  53. According to the passage, a private-enterprise economy is characterized by . [A] private property and rights concerned [B] manpower and natural resources control [C] ownership of productive resources [D] free contracts and prices
  54. The passage is mainly about . [A] how American goods are produced [B] how American consumers buy their goods [C] how American economic system works [D] how American businessmen make their profits
Text 2
One hundred and thirteen million Americans have at least one bank-issued credit card. They give their owners automatic credit in stores, restaurants, and hotels, at home, across the country, and even abroad, and they make many banking services available as well. More and more of these credit cards can be read automatically, making it possible to withdraw or deposit money in scattered locations, whether or not the local branch bank is open. For many of us the "cashless society" is n



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