In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your answer sheet.? SECTION A TALK
Questions 1 to 5 refer to the talk in this section. At the end of the talk you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the talk.
  1. The speaker thinks that . A. car causes pollution only in some cities B. 60% of the cities are affected by car pollution C. 90% of the city residents suffer from car pollution D. car is the main contributing factor in polluting air
  2. Which of the following is not mentioned as a cause of car pollution? A. Car tyres. C. Car horns. B. Car engines.
  3. D. Car brakes.
Which of the following is not cited as a means to reduce the number of cars? A. To pass laws to control the use of cars. B. To improve public transport systems. C. To increase car tax and car price. D. To construct effective subway systems.

One of the mechanical solutions to car pollution is . A. to change the mechanical structure of fuel
www.tingroom.com在线英语听力室 B. to improve on the exhaust pipe C. to experiment with new engines D. to monitor the amount of chemicals According to the speaker. a sensible way to solve car pollution is that we should A. focus on one method only B. explore some other alternatives C. improve one of the four methods D. integrate all of the four methods SECTION B INTERVIEW

Questions 6 to 10 are based on an interview with an architect. At the end of the interview you will be given 13 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now listen to the interview.
  6. The interviewee's first job was with _ . A. a newspaper B. the government
C a construction firm D. a private company

  7. The interviewee is not self-employed mainly because . A. his wife likes him to work for a firm B. he prefers working for the government C. self-employed work is very demanding D. self-employed work is sometimes insecure
  8. To study architecture in a university one must . A. be interested in arts C. get good exam results B. study pure science first D. be good at drawing

  9. On the subject of drawing, the interviewee says that . A. B. C. D. technically speaking artists draw very well an artist's drawing differs little from an architect's precision is a vital skill for the architect architects must be natural artists

  10. The interviewee says that the job of an architect is . A. more theoretical than practical
www.tingroom.com在线英语听力室 B. to produce sturdy, well-designed buildings C. more practical than theoretical D. to produce attractive, interesting buildings SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
Questions 11 to 12 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 30 seconds to answer the two questions. Now listen to the news.
  11. The man was convicted for . A. dishonesty B. manslaughter
C. murder D. having a gun

  12. Which of the following is TRUE? A. Mark Eastwood had a license for a revolver. B. Mark Eastwood loved to go to noisy parties. C. Mark Eastwood smashed the windows of a house. D. Mark Eastwood had a record. Questions 13 to 15 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 45 seconds to answer the three questions. Now listen to the news.
  13. How many missing American servicemen have been positively confirmed dead in Vietnam so far? A.
  67. C.
  84. B. 2
  80. D.1, 6
  48. 14 According to the search operation commander, missing Americans is slowed down because A. B. C. D. the weather conditions are unfavorable the necessary documents are unavailable the sites are inaccessible some local people are greedy the recovery of the

  15. According to the news, Vietnam may be willing to help American mainly because of.
www.tingroom.com在线英语听力室 A. its changed policy towards America B. recent international pressure C. its desire to have the US trade embargo lifted D. the impending visit by a senior US military officer SECTION D NOTE-TAKING AND GAP-FILLING
In this section you will hear a mini-lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening to the lecture, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a 15-minute gap-filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE after the mini-lecture. Use the blank paper for note-taking. Fill in each of the gaps with one word. You may refer to your notes. Make sure the word you fill in is both grammatically and semantically acceptable.
Proofread the given passage on ANSWER SHEET TWO as instructed.
SECTION A READING COMPREHENSION [30 min]? ? In this section there are four reading passages followed by a total of fifteen multiple choice questions. Read the passages and then mark your answers on your Coloured Answer Sheet. TEXT A STAYING HEALTHY ON HOLIDAY Do people who choose to go on exotic, far-flung holidays deserve free healthy advice before they travel? And even if they pay, who ensures that they get good, up-to-date information? Who, for that matter, should collect that information in the first place? For a variety of reasons, travel medicine in Britain is a responsibility nobody wants. As a result, many travelers go abroad ill prepared to avoid serious disease. Why is travel medicine so unloved? Partly there's an identity problem. Because it takes an interest in anything that impinges on the health of travelers, this
www.tingroom.com在线英语听力室 emerging medical specialism invariably cuts across the traditional disciplines. It delves into everything from seasickness, jet lag and the hazards of camels to malaria and plague. But travel medicine has a more serious obstacle to overcome. Travel clinics are meant to tell people how to avoid ending up dead or in a tropical diseases hospital when they come home. But it is notoriously difficult to get anybody pay out money for keeping people healthy. Travel medicine has also been colonized by commercial interests - - the vast majority of travel clinics in Britain are run by airlines or travel companies. And while travel concerns are happy to sell profitable injections, they may be less keen to spread bad news about travelers' diarrhea in Turkey, or to take the time to spell out preventive measures travelers could take. “The NHS finds it difficult to define travelers' health," says Ron Behrens, the only NHS consultant in travel and tropical medicine and director of the travel clinic of the Hospital for Tropical Diseases in London. "Should it come within the NHS or should it be paid for? It's a grey area, and opinion is split. No one seems to have any responsibility for defining its role," he says. To compound its low status in the medical hierarchy, travel medicine has to rely on statistics that are patchy at best. In most cases we just don't know how many Britons contract diseases when abroad. And even if a disease is linked to travel there is rarely any information about where those afflicted went, what they ate, how they behaved, or which vaccinations they had. This shortage of hard facts and figures makes it difficult to give detailed advice to people, information that might even save their lives. A recent leader in the British Medical Journal argued: "Travel medicine will emerge as a credible discipline only if the risks encountered by travelers and the relative benefits of public health interventions are well defined in terms of their relative occurrence, distribution and control. " Exactly how much money is wasted by poor travel advice? The real figure is anybody's guess, but it could easily run into millions. Behrens gives one example. Britain spends more than ?1 million each year just on cholera vaccines that often don't work and so give people a false sense of security: "Information on the prevention and treatment of all forms of diarrhea would be a better priority", he says.
  16. Travel medicine in Britain is __ . A. not something anyone wants to run B. the responsibility of the government C. administered by private doctors D. handled adequately by travel agents

  17. The main interest of travel companies dealing with travel medicine is to. A. prevent people from falling ill B. make money out of it C. give advice on specific countries D. get the government to pay for it
  18. In Behren's opinion the question of who should run travel medicine . A. is for the government to decide B. should be left to specialist hospitals C. can be left to travel companies D. has no clear and simple answer
  19. People will only think better of travel medicine if . A. it is given more resources by the government B. more accurate information on its value is available C. the government takes over responsibility from the NHS D. travelers pay more attention to the advice they get TEXTB THE HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF SOCIAL PSYCHOIXJGY While the roots of social psychology lie in the intellectual soil of the whole western tradition, its present flowering is recognized to be characteristically an American phenomenon. One reason for the striking upsurge of social psychology in the United States lies in the pragmatic tradition of this country. National emergencies and conditions of social disruption provide special incentive to invent new techniques, and to strike out boldly for solutions to practical social problems. Social psychology began to flourish soon after the First World War. This event, followed by the great depression of the 1930s, by the rise of Hitler, the genocide of Jews, race riots, the Second World War and the atomic threat, stimulated all branches of social science. A special challenge fell to social psychology. The question was asked: How is it possible to preserve the values of freedom and individual rights under condition of mounting social strain and regimentation? Can science help provide an answer? This challenging question led to a burst of creative effort that added much to our understanding of the phenomena of leadership, public opinion, rumor, propaganda, prejudice, attitude change, morale, communication, decision-making, race relations, and conflicts of war.
www.tingroom.com在线英语听力室 Reviewing the decade that followed World War II , Cartwright [1961] speaks of the "excitement and optimism" of American social psychologists, and notes "the tremendous increase in the total number of people calling themselves social psychologists." Most of these, we may add, show little awareness of the history of their field. Practical and humanitarian motives have always played an important part in the development of social psychology, not only in American but in other lands as well. Yet there have been discordant and dissenting voices. In the opinion of Herbert Spencer in England, of Ludwig Gumplowicz in Austria, and of William Graham Sumner in the United States, it is both futile and dangerous for man to attempt to steer or to speed social change. Social evolution, they argued, requires time and obeys laws beyond the control of man. The only practical service of social science is to warn man not to interfere with the course of nature (or society). But these authors are in minority. Most social psychologists share with Comte an optimistic view of man's chances to better his way of life. Has he not already improved his health via biological sciences? Why should he not better his social relationship via social science? For the past century this optimistic outlook has persisted in the face of slender accomplishment to date. Human relations seem stubbornly set. Wars have not been abolished, labor troubles have not abated, and racial tensions are still with us. Give us time and give us money for research, the optimists say.
  20. Social psychology developed in the USA _ . A. B. C. D. because its roots are intellectually western in origin as a direct response to the great depression to meet the threat of Adolf Hitler and his policy of mass genocide because of its pragmatic traditions for dealing with social problem

  21. According to the author, social psychology should help him to . A. preserve individual rights B. become healthier C. be aware of history D. improve material welfare
  22. Who believed that man can influence social change for the good of society?
A. Cartwright.
B. Spencer.
www.tingroom.com在线英语听力室 C. Sumner. TEXTC GOD AND MY FATHER I thought of God as a strangely emotional being. He was powerful; he was forgiving yet obdurate, full of warmth and affection. Both his wrath and affection were fitful, they came and they went, and I couldn't count on either to continue: although they both always did. In short God was much such a being as my father himself. What was the relation between them, 1 wondered ? these two puzzling deities? My father's ideas of religion seemed straightforward and simple. He had noticed when he was a boy that there were buildings called churches; he had accepted them as a natural part of the surroundings in which he had been born. He would never have invented such things himself. Nevertheless they were here. As he grew up he regarded them as unquestioningly as he did banks. They were substantial old structures; they were respectable, decent, and venerable. They were



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