www.tingroom.com 在线英语听力室
TEST FOR ENGLISH MAJORS (19
  97) -GRADE EIGHTPAPER ONE
TIME LIMIT: 95 MIN
PART I LISTENING COMPREHENSION [40 MIN.]
In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your answer sheet.? SECTION A TALK
Questions 1 to 5 refer to the talk in this section. At the end of the talk you will be given 75 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the talk.
  1. In the Black Forest, the acid rain is said to attack all EXCEPT A) firs C) leaves B) metals D) soil ? The percentage of firs dying in the Black Forest is A) 41% C) 26% B) 43% D) 76%? Germany is tackling part of the problem by introducing A) new car designing schemes B) new car production lines? C) a new type of smoke stacks D) new car safety standards?
  4. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT? ? A) Germany is likely to succeed in persuading her neighbours to reduce acid rain. B) The disastrous effects of acid rain are not confined to one area.? C) German tourists are allowed to drive across their neighbours’ borders.? D) Germany’s neighbours are in favour of the use of lead-free petrol.? On the issue of future solution of acid rain, the speaker’s tone is that of A) warning B) pessimism .? .?

  2.

  3.
.?

  5.
.
www.tingroom.com 在线英语听力室 C) indifference SECTION B INTERVIEW D) optimism?
Questions 6 to 10 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 75 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the interview. What subject is Mr. Pitt good at A) Art. B) French.
  7.

  6.
?? C) German. D) Chemistry.?
What does Mr. Pitt NOT do in his spare time? ? A) Doing a bit of acting and photography.? B) Going to concerts frequently.? C) Playing traditional jazz and folk music.? D) Travelling in Europe by hitch-hiking.?

  8.
When asked what a manager’s role is Mr. Pitt sounds A) confident C) resolute B) hesitant D) doubtful
.?

  9.
What does Mr. Pitt say he would like to be? ? A) An export salesman working overseas.? B) An accountant working in the company.? C) A production manager in a branch.? D) A policy maker in the company.?

  10. Which of the following statements about the management trainee scheme is TRUE? A) Trainees are required to sign contracts initially.? B) Trainees’ performance is evaluated when necessary.? C) Trainees’ starting salary is 870 pounds.? D) Trainees cannot quit the management scheme ? SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST
www.tingroom.com 在线英语听力室 Question 11 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
  11. Which of the following statements is TRUE? ? A) Five gunmen were flown to Iran in a helicopter.? B) Most of the ransom was retrieved in the end.? C) The children were held for five days.? D) The authorities have passed sentence on the gunmen.? Question 12 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
  12. According to the news, American troops in Panama A were attacked at refugee camps B were angry at delays in departure ? C attacked Cuban refugee camps last week D will be increased to 2,000 ? Question 13 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
  13. Which of the following statements is CORRECT? U.S. lawmakers .? A) challenged the accord for freezing Pyongyang’s nuclear programme ? B) required the inspection of Pyongyang’ s nuclear site for at least five years C) were worried that North Korea may take advantage of the concessions ? D) blamed the U. S. negotiator for making no compromises with North Korea Questions 14 and 15 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 30 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
  14. According to the news, the Italian Parliament was asked to act by A) the U.N. B) the Red Cross ?
.?
.?
C) the Defense Minister D) the Swedish Government ?
www.tingroom.com 在线英语听力室
  15. On the issue of limited use of landmines, the Italian Parliament is A) noncommittal B) resolute C) unsupportive D) wavering ? .?
SECTION D NOTE-TAKING AND GAP-FILLING In this section you will hear a mini lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening to the lecture, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a 15 minute gap filling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE after the mini lecture. Use the blank sheet for note taking.
PART II PROOFREADING & ERROR CORRECTION [15 MIN]
Proofread the given passage on ANSWER SHEET TWO as instructed.
PART III READING COMPREHENSION [40 MIN]
SECTION A READING COMPREHENSION [30 min]? ? In this section there are four reading passages followed by a total of fifteen multiple choice questions. Read the passages and then mark your answers on your Coloured Answer Sheet. TEXT A A magazine’s design is more than decoration, more than simple packaging. It expresses the magazine’s very character. The Atlantic Monthly has long attempted to provide a design environment in which two disparate traditions literary and journalistic?can co-exist in pleasurable dignity. The redesign that we introduce with this issue?the work of our art director, Judy Garlan represents, we think, a notable enhancement of that environment.? Garlan explains some of what was in her mind as she began to create the new design: “I saw this as an opportunity to bring the look closer to matching the elegance and power of the writing which the magazine is known for. The overall design has to be able to encompass a great diversity of styles and subjects urgent pieces of reporting, serious essays, lighter pieces, lifestyle-oriented pieces, short stories, poetry.
www.tingroom.com 在线英语听力室 We don’t want lighter pieces to seem too heavy, and we don’t want heavier pieces to seem too petty. We also use a broad range of art and photography, and the design has to work well with that, too. At the same time, the magazine needs to have a consistent feel, needs to underscore the sense that everything in it is part of one Atlantic World. The primary typefaces Garlan chose for this task are Times Roman, for a more readable body type, and Bauer Bodoni, for a more stylish and flexible display type(article titles, large initials, and so on). Other aspects of the new design are structural. The articles in the front of the magazine, which once flowed into one another, now stand on their own, to gain prominence. The Travel column, now featured in every issue, has been moved from the back to the front. As noted in this space last month, the word “Monthly” rejoins “The Atlantic” on the cover, after a decade long absence.? Judy Garlan came to the Atlantic in 1981 after having served as the art director of several other magazines. During her tenure here The Atlantic has won more than 300 awards for visual excellence, from the Society of illustrators, the American Institute of Graphic Arts, the Art Directors Club, Communication Arts, and elsewhere. Garlan was in various ways assisted in the redesign by the entire art-department staff: Robin Gilmore, Barnes, Betsy Urrico, Gillian Kahn, and Is a Manning.? The artist Nicholas Gaetano contributed as well: he redrew our colophon (the figure of Neptune that appears on the contents page) and created the symbols that will appear regularly on this page (a rendition of our building), on the Puzzler page, above the opening of letters, and on the masthead. Gaetano, whose work manages to combine stylish clarity and breezy strength, is the cover artist for this issue.?
  16. Part of the new design is to be concerned with the following EXCEPT A) variation in the typefaces ? B) reorganization of articles in the front ? C) creation of the travel column ? D) reinstatement of its former name ?
  17. According to the passage, the new design work involves A) other artists as well ? B) other writers as well ?
  18. This article aims to .? .? .
C) only the cover artist ? D) only the art director ?
A) emphasize the importance of a magazine’s design ? B) introduce the magazine’s art director ? C) persuade the reader to subscribe to the magazine ?
www.tingroom.com 在线英语听力室 D) inform the reader of its new design and features ? TEXT B ? WHY SHOULD anyone buy the latest volume in the ever-expanding Dictionary of National Biography? I do not mean that it is bad, as the reviewers will agree. But it will cost you 65 pounds. And have you got the rest of volumes? You need the basic 22 plus the largely decennial supplements to bring the total to
  31. Of course, it will be answered, public and academic libraries will want the new volume. After all, it adds 1,068 lives of people who escaped the net of the original compilers. Yet in 10 year’s time a revised version of the whole caboodle, called the New Dictionary of National Biography, will be published. Its editor, Proessor Colin Matthew, tells me that he will have room for about 50,000 lives, some 13,000 more than in the current DNB. This rather puts the 1,068 in Missing Persons in the shade. When Dr. Nicholls wrote to The Spectator in 1989 asking for name of people whom readers had looked up in the DNB and had been disappointed not to find, she says that she received some 100,000 suggestions. (Well, she had written to ’ot her quality newspapers’ too.) As soon as her committee had whittled the numbers down, the professional problems of an editor began. Contributors didn’t file copy on time; some who did sent too much: 50,000 words instead of 500 is a record, according to Dr. Nicholls.? There remains the dinner-party game of who’s in, who’s out. That is a game that the reviewers have played and will continue to play. Criminals were my initial worry. After all, the original edition of the DNB boasted: Malefactors whose crimes excite a permanent interest have received hardly less attention than benefactors. Mr. John Gross clearly had similar anxieties, for he complains that, while the murderer Christie is in, Crippen is out. One might say in reply that the injustice of the hanging of Evans instead of Christie was a force in the repeal of capital punishment in Britain, as Ludovie Kennedy (the author of Christies entry in Missing Persons) notes. But then Crippen was reputed as the first murderer to be caught by telegraphy (he had tried to escape by ship to America).? It is surprising to find Max Miller excluded when really not very memorable names get in. There has been a conscious effort to put in artists and architects from the Middle Ages. About their lives not much is always known.? Of Hugo of Bury St Edmunds, a 12th-century illuminator whose dates of birth and death are not recorded, his biographer comments: ‘Whether or not Hugo was a wall-painter, the records of his activities as carver and manuscript painter attest to his versatility’. Then there had to be more women, too (12 percent, against the original
www.tingroom.com 在线英语听力室 DBN’ s
  3), such as Roy Strong’ s subject, the Tudor painter Levina Teerlinc, of whom he remarks: ‘Her most characteristic feature is a head attached to a too small, spindly body. Her technique remained awkward, thin and often cursory’. Doesn’t seem to qualify her as a memorable artist. Yet it may be better than the record of the original DNB, which included lives of people who never existed (such as Merlin) and even managed to give thanks to J. W. Clerke as a contributor, though, as a later edition admits in a shamefaced footnote, “except for the entry in the List of Contributors there is no trace of J. W. Clerke”.?
  19. The writer suggests that there is no sense in buying the latest volume A) because it is not worth the price ? B) because it has fewer entries than before ? C) unless one has all the volumes in the collection ? D) unless an expanded DNB will come out shortly ?
  20. On the issue of who should be included in the DNB, the writer seems to suggest that .? A) the editors had clear roles to follow ? B) there were too many criminals in the entries ? C) the editors clearly favoured benefactors ? D) the editors were irrational in their choices ?
  21. Crippen was absent from the DNB .? .
A) because he escaped to the U.S.? B) because death sentence had been abolished ? C) for reasons not clarified ? D) because of the editors’ mistake ?
  22. The author quoted a few entries in the last paragraph to A) illustrate some features of the DNB ? B) give emphasis to his argument ? C) impress the reader with its content ? D) highlight the people in the Middle Ages ?
  23. Throughout the passage, the writer’s tone towards the DNB was A) complimentary B) supportive C) sarcastic D) bitter ? .? .?
www.tingroom.com 在线英语听力室 TEXT C Medical consumerism like all sorts of consumerism, only more menacingly is designed to be unsatisfying. The prolongation of life and the search for perfect health (beauty, youth, happiness) are inherently self-defeating. The law of diminishing returns necessarily applies.
 

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