试卷一 (95 min)??? Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (40 min) In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your Coloured Answer Sheet.? ? SECTION A TALK? Questions 1 to 5 refer to the talk in this section .At the end of the talk you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now listen to the talk. ?
  1. In the Black Forest, the acid rain is said to attack all EXCEPT .? A. firs B. metals C. leaves D. soil?
  2. The percentage of firs dying in the Black Forest is .? A.41% B.43% C.26% D.76%?
  3. Germany is tackling part of the problem by introducing .? A. new car designing schemes B. new car production lines? C. a new type of smoke stacks D. new car safety standards?
  4. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?? A. Germany is likely to succeed in persuading her neighbours to reduce acid rain. B. The disastrous effects of acid rain are not confined to one area.? C. German tourists are allowed to drive across their neighbours’ borders.? D. Germany’s neighbours are in favour of the use of lead-free petrol.?
  5. On the issue of future solution of acid rain, the speaker’s tone is that of . A. warning B. pessimism C. indifference D. optimism? ? SECTION B INTERVIEW? Questions 6 to 10 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now listen to the interview.?
  6. What subject is Mr. Pitt good at?? A. Art. B. French. C. German. D.Chemistry.?
  7. What does Mr. Pitt NOT do in his spare time?? A. Doing a bit of acting and photography.? B. Going to concerts frequently.? C. Playing traditional jazz and folk music.? D. Travelling in Europe by hitch-hiking.?
  8. When asked what a manager’s role is Mr. Pitt sounds .? A. confident B. hesitant C. resolute D. doubtful
  9. What does Mr. Pitt say he would like to be??
A. An export salesman working overseas.? B. An accountant working in the company.? C. A production manager in a branch.? D. A policy maker in the company.?
  10. Which of the following statements about the management trainee scheme is TRUE? A. Trainees are required to sign contracts initially.? B. Trainees’ performance is evaluated when necessary.? C. Trainees’ starting salary is 870 pounds.? D. Trainees cannot quit the management scheme? ? SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST? Question 11 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.?
  11. Which of the following statements is TRUE?? A. Five gunmen were flown to Iran in a helicopter.? B. Most of the ransom was retrieved in the end.? C. The children were held for five days.? D. The authorities have passed sentence on the gunmen.? ? Question 12 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.?
  12. According to the news, American troops in Panama .? A. were attacked at refugee camps B. were angry at delays in departure? C. attacked Cuban refugee camps last week D. will be increased to 2,000? ? Question 13 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.?
  13. Which of the following statements is CORRECT? U.S. lawmakers .? A. challenged the accord for freezing Pyongyang’s nuclear programme? B. required the inspection of Pyongyang’ s nuclear site for at least five years C. were worried that North Korea may take advantage of the concessions? D. blamed the U. S. negotiator for making no compromises with North Korea ? ? Questions 14 & 15 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 30 seconds to answer the two questions. Now listen to the news.
  14. According to the news, the Italian Parliament was asked to act by .? A. the U.N. B. the Red Cross? C. the Defence Minister D. the Swedish Government?

  15. On the issue of limited use of landmines, the Italian Parliament is .? A. noncommittal B. resolute C. unsupportive D. wavering? ? SECTION D NOTE-TAKING AND GAP-FILLING ? Fill in each of the gaps with ONE word. You may refer to your notes. Make sure the word you fill in is both grammatically and semantically acceptable.? In business, many, places adopt a credit system, which dates back? to ancient times. At present, purchases can be made by using credit? cards. They fall into two categories: one has (
  1) use, while the
  1.? other is accepted almost everywhere. The application for the use of? the latter one must be made at a (
  2) .
  2.? Once the customer starts using the card, he will be provided with? a monthly statement of (
  3) by the credit company. He is
  3.? required to pay one quarter to half of his credit (
  4) every
  4.? month.? Advantages.
  1. With a card, it is not (
  5) to save up money
  5.? before an actual purchase.
  2. If the card is lost, its owner is protected.?
  3. A(
  6) and complete list of purchase received from the credit
  6.? company helps the owner to remember the time and (
  7) of his
  7.? purchase.
  4. the cards axe accepted in a (n) (
  8) by professional
  8.? people like dentists, etc.? Major disadvantage. The card owner is tempted to (
  9) his
  9.? money. If this is the case, it will become increasingly diflie-lt for the? user to keep up with the required (
  10), which will result in the
  10.? credit card being cancelled by the credit company.? ? Part Ⅱ Proofreading an Error Correction (15 min) The following passage contains TEN errors. Each line contains a maximum of one error and three are free from error. In each case, only one word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way.? For a wrong word, underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the blank provided at the end of the line.? For a missing word, mark the position of the missing word with a “∧” sign and write the word you believe to be missing in the blank provided at the end of the line.? For an unnecessary word, cross out the unnecessary word with a slash “/” and put the word in the blank provided at the end of the line.? ? Example? When∧art museum wants a new exhibit, (
  1) an?
it never〖KG-1*
  3〗/ buys things in finished form and hangs (
  2) never? them on the wall. When a natural history museum ? wants an exhibition, it must often build it. (
  3) exhibit? ? Classic Intention Movement? In social situations, the classic Intention Movement is ‘the? chair-grasp’. Host and guest have been talking for some time,? but now the host has an appointment to keep and can get away.
  1.? His urge to go is held in cheek by his desire not be rude to his
  2.? guest, if he did not care of his guest’ s feelings he would simply
  3.? get up out of his chair and to announce his departure. This is
  4.? what his body wants to do, therefore his politeness glues his body
  5.? to the chair and refuses to let him raise. It is at this point that he
  6.? performs the chair-grasp Intention Movement. He continues to? talk to the guest and listen to him, but leans forward and grasps? the arms of the chair as about to push himself upwards. This is
  7.? the first act he would make if he were rising . If he were not
  8.? hesitating, it would only last a fraction of the second. He would
  9.? lean, push, rise, and be up. But now, instead, it lasts much longer.? He holds his ’readiness-to-rise’ post and keeps on holding it. It is
  10.? as if his body had frozen at the get-ready moment.? ? Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 min) SECTION A READING COMPREHENSION (30 min)? In this section there are four reading passages followed by a total of fifteen multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and then mark your answers on your Coloured Answer Sheet.??
? TEXT A ? A magazine’s design is more than decoration, more than simple packaging. It expresses the magazine’s very character. The Atlantic Monthly has long attempted to provide a design environment in which two disparate traditions?literary and journalistic?can co-exist in pleasurable dignity. The redesign that we in troduce with this issue?the work of our art director, Judy Garlan?represents, we think, a notable enhancement of that environment.? Garlan explains some of what was in her mind as she began to create the new design: “I saw this as an opportunity to bring the look closer to matching the elegance and power of the writing which the magazine is known for. The overall
design has to be able to encompass a great diversity of styles and subjects?urgent pieces of reporting, serious essays, lighter pieces, lifestyle-oriented pieces, short stories, poetry. We don’t want lighter pieces to seem too heavy, and we don’t want heavier pieces to seem too petty. We also use a broad range of art and photography, and the design has to work well with that, too. At the same time , the magazine needs to have a consistent feel, needs to underscore the sense that everything in it is part of one Atlantic World.? The primary typefaces Garlan chose for this task are Times Roman, for a more readable body type, and Bauer Bodoni, for a more stylish and flexible display type(article titles, large initials, and so on). Other aspects of the new design are structural. The articles in the front of the magazine, which once flowed in to one another, now stand on their own, to gain prominence. The Travel column, now featured in every issue, has been moved from the back to the front. As noted in this space last month, the word “Monthly” rejoins “The Atlantic” on the cover, after a decade long absence.? Judy Garlan came to the Atlantic in 1981 after having served as the art director of several other magazines. During her tenure here The Atlantic has won more than 300 awards for visual excellence, from the Society of illustrators, the American Institute of Graphic Arts, the Art Directors Club, Communication Arts, and elsewhere. Garlan was in various ways assisted in the redesign by the entire art-department staff: Robin Gilmore, Barnes, Betsy Urrico, Gillian Kahn, and Is a Manning.? The artist Nicholas Gaetano contributed as well: he redrew our colophon (the figure of Neptune that appears on the contents page)and created the symbols that will appear regularly on this page(a rendition of our building) ,on the Puzzler page, above the opening of letters, and on the masthead. Gaetano, whose work manages to combine stylish clarity and breezy strength, is the cover artist for this issue.?
  16. Part of the new design is to be concerned with the following EXCEPT .? A. variation in the typefaces? B. reorganization of articles in the front? C. creation of the travel column? D. reinstatement of its former name?
  17. According to the passage, the new design work involves .? A. other artists as well? B. other writers as well? C. only the cover artist? D. only the art director?
  18. This article aims to .? A. emphasize the importance of a magazine’s design? B. introduce the magazine’s art director? C. persuade the reader to subscribe to the magazine? D. inform the reader of its new design and features? ? TEXT B ?
WHY SHOULD anyone buy the latest volume in the ever-expanding Dictionary of National Biography? I do not mean that it is bad, as the reviewers will agree. But it will cost you 65 pounds. And have you got the rest of volumes? You need the basic 22 plus the largely decennial supplements to bring the total to
  31. Of course, it will be answered, public and academic libraries will want the new volume. After all, it adds 1,068 lives of people who escaped the net of the original compilers. Yet in 10 year’s time a revised version of the whole caboodle, called the New Dictionary of National Biography, will bbe published. Its editor, Proessor Colin Matthew, tells me that he will have room for about 50,000 lives, some 13,000 more than in the current DNB. This rather puts the 1,068 in Missing Persons in the shade. When Dr. Nicholls wrote to The Spectator in 1989 asking for name of people whom readers had looked up in the DNB and had been disappointed not to find, she says that she received some 100,000 suggestions. (Well, she had written to ’o t her quality newspapers’ too. )As soon as her committee had whittled the numbers down, the professional problems of an editor began. Contributors didn’t file copy on time; some who did sent too much: 50,000 words instead of 500 is a record, according to Dr. Nicholls.? There remains the dinner-party game of who’s in, who’s out. That is a game that the reviewers have played and will continue to play. Criminals were my initial worry. After all, the original edition of the DNB boasted: Malefactors whose crimes excite a permanent interest have received hardly less attention than benefactors. Mr. John Gross clearly had similar anxieties, for he complains that, while the murderer Christie is in, Crippen is out. One might say in reply that the injustice of the hanging of Evans instead of Christie was a force in t
 

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