1998 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 SectionStructure V ocabulary I and Part A Directions: Beneath ofhe each t following sentences, here four hoices t are c marked [B], [A], [C] nd Choose one best ompletes sentence. ark a [D]. the that c the M your answer n o theANSWER SHEETby 1 blackening corresponding the letter n i the brackets a withpencil. 5 ( points) Example: I ave to Great allhree h been the W t times 19
  79. [A] rom f [B] fter a [C] or f [D] ince s The sentence should "I ave to Great allhree read, h been the W t times since 19
  79." Therefore, ou y should choose [D].
  1.worked late the I so in office nighthathardly time last t I had the last us. b [A]o caught t have [B]o t catch [C] atching c [D] aving h caught
  2.As turned to a it out besmall ouse h party, e w formally. so [A] eedn't ress n d up [B] id need dressed d not have up [C] id need d not dress up [D] eedn't ave n h dressed up
  3.apologize I butassure it as I if_ you, I you w unintentional. [A] ffend o [B] ad h offended [C] hould offended s have [D] ight ave m h offended
  4.Althoughteenager, red a F could resist to and noto _ what do what t do. [A]o told t be [B] aving told h been [C] eing b told [D]o been t have told
  5. reater fforts increase G e to agricultural roduction be p must made food if shortage avoided. [A]s be i to [B] an c be [C] ill e w b [D] as h been




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  6. Doing your homework is a sure way to improve your test scores, and this is especially true it comes to classroom tests. [A] before [B] as [C] since [D] when
  7. There are over 100 night schools in the city, making it possible for a professional to be re-educated no matter he does. [A] how [B] where [C] what [D] when
  8. I've kept up a friendship with a girl whom I was at school twenty years ago. [A] about [B] since [C] till [D] with
  9. He wasn't asked to take on the chairmanship of the society, insufficiently popular with all members. [A] being considered [B] considering [C] to be considered [D] having considered
  10. for the timely investment from the general public, our company would not be so thriving as it is. [A] Had it not been [B] Were it not [C] Be it not [D] Should it not be Part B Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (5 points) Example: A number of [A] foreign visitors were taken [B] to the industrial exhibition which [C] they saw [D] many new products. Part [C] is wrong. The sentence should read, "A number of foreign visitors were taken to the industrial exhibition where they saw many new products." So you should choose [C].
  11. According to Darwin, random changes that enhance a species'A ability for survivingB areC naturally selected and passed on to succeedingD generations.


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  12. Neither rain nor snow keepsA the postman from delivering our letters whichB we so muchC look forward to receiveD.
  13. If they will not acceptA a check, we shall haveB to pay the cashC, though it would beD much trouble for both sides.
  14. Having beenA robbed offB economic importance, those states are notC likely to count for very muchD in international political terms.
  15. The message will beA thatB neither the market nor the government is capable of dealing with all of theirC uncontrollable practicesD.
  16. The logic of scientific development is suchA that separatesB groups of men working onC the same problem in far-scatteredD laboratories are likely to arrive at the same answer at the same time.
  17. Yet not all of these races are intellectual inferior toA the European races, andB some may even have aC freshness and vitality that can renew the energiesD of more advanced races.
  18. TheA more than 50,000 nuclear weapons in the hands of various nations today are more thanB ample destroyingC every city in the world several times overD.
  19. The universe works in a way so far removeA from what common sense wouldB allow thatC words of any kind must necessarily be inadequate to explain itD.
  20. The integration of independent states could best beA brought about by firstB creating a central organization with authoritiesC over technicalD economic tasks. Part C Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points) Example: The lost car of the Lees was found in the woods off the highway. [A] vanished [B] scattered [C] abandoned [D] rejected The sentence should read, "The lost car of the Lees was found abandoned in the woods off the highway." Therefore, you should choose [C].
  21. The machine needs a complete since it has been in use for over ten years. [A] amending [B] fitting [C] mending [D] renovating
  22. There were many people present and he appeared only for a few seconds, so


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I only caught a of him. [A] glance [B] glimpse [C] look [D] sight
  23. I don't think it's wise of you to your greater knowledge in front of the director, for it may offend him. [A] show up [B] show out [C] show in [D] show off
  24. The returns in the short may be small, but over a number of years the investment will be well repaid. [A] interval [B] range [C] span [D] term
  25. A thorough study of biology requires with the properties of trees and plants, and the habit of birds and beasts. [A] acquisition [B] discrimination [C] curiosity [D] familiarity
  26. She worked hard at her task before she felt sure that the results would her long effort. [A] justify [B] testify [C] rectify [D] verify
  27. I'm very glad to know that my boss has generously agreed to my debt in return for certain services. [A] take away [B] cut out [C] write off [D] clear up
  28. Some journalists often overstate the situation so that their news may create a great . [A] explosion [B] sensation [C] exaggeration [D] stimulation
  29. According to what you have just said, am I to understand that his new post no responsibility with it at all? [A] shoulders


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[B] possesses [C] carries [D] shares
  30. Sometimes the student may be asked to write about his to a certain book or article that has some bearing on the subject being studied. [A] comment [B] reaction [C] impression [D] comprehension
  31. Please yourself from smoking and spitting in public places, since the law forbids them. [A] restrain [B] hinder [C] restrict [D] prohibit
  32. Without telephone it would be impossible to carry on the functions of every business operation in the whole country. [A] practically [B] preferably [C] precisely [D] presumably
  33. Preliminary estimation puts the figure at around $110 billion, the $160 billion the President is struggling to get through the Congress. [A] in proportion to [B] in reply to [C] in relation to [D] in contrast to
  34. He is planning another tour abroad, yet his passport will at the end of this month. [A] expire [B] exceed [C] terminate [D] cease
  35. All the off-shore oil explorers were in high spirits as they read letters from their families. [A] sentimental [B] affectionate [C] intimate [D] sensitive
  36. Several international events in the early 1990s seem likely to , or at least weaken, the trends that emerged in the 1980s. [A] revolt [B] revolve [C] reverse


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[D] revive
  37. I was unaware of the critical points involved, so my choice was quite . [A] arbitrary [B] rational [C] mechanical [D] unpredictable
  38. The local people were joyfully surprised to find the price of vegetables no longer according to the weather. [A] altered [B] converted [C] fluctuated [D] modified
  39. The pursuit of leisure on the part of the employees will certainly not their prospect of promotion. [A] spur [B] further [C] induce [D] reinforce
  40. In what to a last minute stay of execution, a council announced that emergency funding would keep alive two aging satellites. [A] applies [B] accounts [C] attaches [D] amounts Section II Cloze Test Directions: For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C], [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points) Until recently most historians spoke very critically of the Industrial Revolution. They __41__ that in the long run industrialization greatly raised the standard of living for the __42__ man. But they insisted that its __43__ results during the period from 1750 to 1850 were widespread poverty and misery for the __44__ of the English population. __45__ contrast, they saw in the preceding hundred years from 1650 to 1750, when England was still a __46__ agricultural country, a period of great abundance and prosperity. This view, __47__, is generally thought to be wrong. Specialists __48__ history and economics, have __49__ two things: that the period from 1650 to 1750 was __50__ by great poverty, and that industrialization certainly did not worsen and may have actually improved the conditions for the majority of the populace.
  41. [A] admitted [B] believed


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[C] claimed [D] predicted
  42. [A] plain [B] average [C] mean [D] normal
  43. [A] momentary [B] prompt [C] instant [D] immediate
  44. [A] bulk [B] host [C] gross [D] magnitude
  45. [A] On [B] With [C] For [D] By
  46. [A] broadly [B] thoroughly [C] generally [D] completely
  47. [A] however [B] meanwhile [C] therefore [D] moreover
  48. [A] at [B] in [C] about [D] for
  49. [A] manifested [B] approved [C] shown [D] speculated
  50. [A] noted [B] impressed [C] labeled [D] marked Section III Reading Comprehension Directions: Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For each question there are four answers marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each of the questions. Then mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET by blackening the corresponding letter in the


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brackets. (40 points) Text 1 Few creations of big technology capture the imagination like giant dams. Perhaps it is humankind's long suffering at the mercy of flood and drought that makes the idea of forcing the waters to do our bidding so fascinating. But to be fascinated is also, sometimes, to be blind. Several giant dam projects threaten to do more harm than good. The lesson from dams is that big is not always beautiful. It doesn't help that building a big, powerful dam has become a symbol of achievement for nations and people striving to assert themselves. Egypt's leadership in the Arab world was cemented by the Aswan High Dam. Turkey's bid for First World status includes the giant Ataturk Dam. But big dams tend not to work as intended. The Aswan Dam, for example, stopped the Nile flooding but deprived Egypt of the fertile silt that floods left -all in return for a giant reservoir of disease which is now so full of silt that it barely generates electricity. And yet, the myth of controlling the waters persists. This week, in the heart of civilized Europe, Slovaks and Hungarians stopped just short of sending in the troops in their contention over a dam on the Danube. The huge complex will probably have all the usual problems of big dams. But Slovakia is bidding for independence from the Czechs, and now needs a dam to prove itself. Meanwhile, in India, the World Bank has given the go-ahead to the even more wrong-headed Narmada Dam. And the bank has done this even though its advisors say the dam will cause hardship for the powerless and environmental destruction. The benefits are for the powerful, but they are far from guaranteed. Proper, scientific study of the impacts of dams and of the cost and benefits of controlling water can help to resolve these conflicts. Hydroelectric power and flood control and irrigation are possible without building monster dams. But when you are dealing with myths, it is hard to be either proper, or scientific. It is time that the world learned the lessons of Aswan. You don't need a dam to be saved.
  51. The third sentence of paragraph 1 implies that . [A] people would be happy if they shut their eyes to reality [B] the blind could be happier than the sighted [C] over-excited people tend to neglect vital things [D] fascination makes people lose their eyesight
  52. In paragraph 5, "the powerless" probably refers to . [A] areas short of electricity [B
 

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