北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试
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注意事项 将答题卡( 上的姓名及学生代号用中文和阿拉伯数字填好。 一、将答题卡(纸)上的姓名及学生代号用中文和阿拉伯数字填好。 仔细阅读题目的说明。 二、仔细阅读题目的说明。 分钟内答完全部试题。 三、在 120 分钟内答完全部试题。 答案一定写在答题卡上,凡是写在试题册上的答案一律作废。 四、答案一定写在答题卡上,凡是写在试题册上的答案一律作废。 用铅笔这样划答案: [D],用其他符号答题者不记分。 五、用铅笔这样划答案:[A] [B] [C] [D],用其他符号答题者不记分。 如要改动答案,必须先用橡皮擦去原来选定的答案,然后再按上面的规定重新答题。 六、如要改动答案,必须先用橡皮擦去原来选定的答案,然后再按上面的规定重新答题。
Part I Reading Comprehension (40%) Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and remark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage 1 Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage. “High tech” and “state of the art” are two expressions that describe very modern technology. High tech is just a shorter way of saying high tech?nology. And high technology describes any invention, system of device that uses the newest ideas or discoveries of science and engineering. What is high tech? A computer is high tech. So is a communications satellite. A modern manufacturing system is surely high tech. High tech became a popu?lar expression in the United States during the early l980’s. Because of im?provements in technology, people could buy many new kinds of products in American stores, such as home computers, microwave(微波) ovens, etc. “State of the art” is something that is as modern as possible. It is a product that is based on the very latest methods and technology. Something that is “state of the art” is the newest possible design or product of a busi?ness or industry. A state of the art television set, for example, uses the most modern electronic design and parts. It is the best that one can buy. “State of the art” is not a new expression. Engineers have used it for years, to describe the best and most modern way of doing something. Millions of Americans began to use the expression in the late 1970’s. The reason was the computer revolution. Every computer company claimed that its computers were “state of the art”. Computer technology changed so fast that a state of the art computer today might be old tomorrow. The expression “state of the art” became common and popular as computers themselves. Now all kinds of products are said to be “state of the art”.
  1. What is the purpose of the passage? A. To tell how “high tech” and “state of the art” have developed. B. To give examples of “high tech”. C. To tell what “high tech” and “state of the” are. D. To describe very modern technology.
  2. What can we infer from the passage? A. American stores could provide new kinds of products to the people. B. High tech describes a technology that is not traditional. C. “State of the art” is not as popular as “high tech”. D. A modern plough pulled by oxen is “state of the art
  3. All the following examples are high tech except
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A. a microwave over B. a home computer C. a hand pump D. a satellite
  4. Which of the following statements is not true? A. since the computer revolution, the expression “state of the art” has become popular. B. “State of the art” means something that is the best one can C. With the rapid development of computer technology, a state of the tart computer may easily become out of date. D. All kinds of products are “state of the art” nowadays.
  5. The best title for the passage is A. Computer Technology B. High Tech and State of the Art C. Mast Advanced Technology D. Two New Expressions
Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
Cheating: The income tax deadline (最后期限) approaches and some taxpayer’ s thoughts turn to it. Test time approaches and some students’ thoughts turn to it. “You want something you can’t get by behaving within the rules, and you want it badly enough you’ll do it regardless of any guilt or deep regret~ and you’re willing to run the risk of being caught.” That’s how Ladd Wheeler, psychology professor at the University of Rochester in New York, defines cheating. Many experts believe cheating is on the rise. “We’re suffering a moral breakdown.” Pinkard says, “we’re seeing more of the kind of person who regards the world as a series of things to be dealt with. Whether to cheat depends on whether it’s the person’s interest “. He does, however, see less cheating among the youngest students. Richard Dienabier, Psychology(心理学) professor at the University of Nebraska in Lincoln, believes that society’ s attitudes account for much of the increase in cheating. “Twenty years age, if a person cheated in college, society said: That is extremely serious, you will be dropped for a term if not kicked out permanently,” he says, “nowadays, at the University of Nebraska, for example, it is the stated policy of the college of Arts and Sciences that if a student cheats on an exam, the student must receive an “F’ on what he cheated on. That’s nothing. If you’re going to flunk anyway, why not cheat?”
“Cheating is most likely in situations where the vital interests are high and the chances of getting caught are low~” says social psychologist. Lynn Kahle of the University of Oregon in Eugene.

  6. The passage centers on A. convincing the reader that cheating is immoral B. discussing the reasons for cheating C. describing how students cheat on exam D. discussing how to control cheating
  7. Cheating tends to occur when A. one wants something badly B. one can’t get something in a right way. C. it is not very likely to be revealed. D. a series of things has to be dealt with
  8. Which of the following is true according to the~ passage? A. It is forgivable to cheat unless money is involved. B. There has been a quick increase in cheating. C. Most cheaters are college students.
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D. Cheaters do not feel guilty and regretful.
  9. What can be inferred from the passage? A. Cheating is widespread because society is too tolerant. B. cheating is the result of intense pressure. C. Cheating is cheating, whether on a test or on any other occassions. D. Cheating comes together with civilization.
  10. The word “flunk” in paragraph 5 could best be replaced by which of the following? A. Fear B. Fail C. Be pleased D. Succeed
Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
The young people who talk of the village as being “dead” are talking nothing but nonsense, as in their hearts they must surely know. No, the village is not dead. There is more life in it now than there ever was. But it seems that “Village life” is dead. Gone for ever. It began to decline (衰落) about a hundred years ago, when many girls left home to go into service in town many miles away, and men also left home in increasing number in search of a work, and home was where work was. There are still a number of people alive today who can remember. What “village life” meant the early years of the present century? It meant knowing and being known by everybody else in the village. It meant finding your entertainment in the village of within walking distance of it. It meant housewives tied to the home all day and every day. It meant going to bed early to save lamp ?oil and coal. Then came the First World War and the Second World War. After each war, new ideas, new attitudes, new trades and occupations were revealed to villagers. The long ? established order of society was no longer taken for granted. Electricity and the motorcar were steadily operating to make “village life” and “town life” almost alike. Now with the highly developed science and technology and high ? level social welfare for all, there is no point whatever in talking any longer about “village life. “ It is just life, and that a better life. Finally, if we have any doubts about the future, or about the many changes, which we have seen in our lives, we have only to look in at the school playground any mid ? morning; or see the children as they walk homeward in little groups. Obviously these children are better fed, better clothed, better educated, healthier, prettier and happier than any generation of children that ever before walked the village street.
  11. By saying that village is not dead, but “village life” is dead, the writer suggests that A. those young people who talk of the village as being “dead” are wrong B the two statements are against each other C. “village life” today is rather uninteresting D. “village life” today is no longer like what is used to be.
  12. It was that “village life” began to take a sharp turn. A. about a century ago B. during the two world wars C. with electricity and motorcars introduced into the village D. only recently
  13. As is suggested in paragraph 2, villagers in the past
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A. lived a simpler life than villagers today B. knew fewer people than villagers today. C. found it difficult to enjoy themselves D. liked to wash themselves with cold water.
  14. The expression “.... ” There is no point whatever in talking about in paragraph 3 means that A. there is no end to the talking about.... B. It is harmful to talk about…. C. It is not meaningless to talk about.... D. there is no reason for talking about
  15. From the passage we can see that the writer’s attitude toward “village life” is A. positive B. negative C. neutral D. unclear
Passage 4 Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
We all know that it is possible for ordinary people to make their homes on the equator (赤道), although often they may feel uncomfortably hot there. Millions do it. but as for the North Pole(北 极)?? we that it is not only a dangerously cold place, but that people like you and me would find it quite impossible to live there. At the present time only the scientists and explorers can do so, and they use special equipment. Men had been traveling across and around the equator on wheels, on their feet or in ships for thousands of years; but only a few men, with great difficulty and in very recent time, have ever crossed the ice to the North Pole. So it may surprise you to learn that, when traveling by air, it is really safer to fly over the North Pole than over the equator. Of course, this is not true about landings in the polar region (which passenger aeroplanes do not make), but the weather, if we are flying at a height of 5,000 meters above the Pole, is a delight. At 4 000 meters and more above the earth you can always be that you will not see a cloud in the sky as far as the eye can reach. In the tropics (热带), on the other hand, you are not certain to keep clear of bad weather even at such heights as 18,000 or 20,000 meters. Aeroplanes can’t climb as high or as quickly in cold air as in warm. Nor can clouds. In practice, this is an advantage to the aeroplane, which is already at a good height when it reaches the polar region and so does not need to climb, while at the same time cold air keeps the clouds down low.
  16. “Millions do it.” In this sentence “do it” refers to A. feeling uncomfortably hot on the equator B. flying over the North Pole C. flying over the equator D. making homes on the equator
  17. The polar region is A. a good place to land at by aeroplane B. a good place to fly over C. difficult place to fly over D. a good place to live in
  18. It is a delight to fly at the Pole because there A. planes fly higher than at the equator B. the eyes can reach about 4,000 meters C. planes are clear of bad weather
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D. planes fly more quickly than at the equator.
  19. Aeroplanes can climb quickly A. in warm air B. in cold air C. when it reaches the polar region D. only when the clouds are down low
  20. Aeroplanes usually do not need to climb quickly or fly high in the polar region because A. they do not land there B. there are no clouds at all C. they can cross the ice with special equipment D. it is very cold
Part II Vocabulary and Structure (40%) Directions :In this part there are 40 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.

  21. He knows little of English to say of English culture. A. something B. everything C. nothing D. anything
  22. Being ignorant of the law is no of breaking the law. A. reason B. excuse C. ground D. point
  23. The new law, it is said, will be A. put into effect B. taken into account C. kept in sight D. brought to mind
  24. Life is often compared a stage by many writers. A. like B. as C. with D. to
  25. Television makes us better
 

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