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1999 年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题及参考答案 Section I Structure and Vocabulary Part A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (5 points)
  1. Anyone with half an eye on the unemployment figures knew that the assertion about economic recovery just around the corner was untrue. [A] would be [B] to be [C] was [D] being
  2. Smoking is so harmful to personal health that it kills people each year than automobile accidents. [A] seven more times [B] seven times more [C] over seven times [D] seven times
  3. It's easy to blame the decline of conversation on the pace of modern life and on the vague changes place in our ever-changing world. [A] taking [B] to take [C] take [D] taken
  4. This is an exciting area of study, and one which new applications are being discovered almost daily. [A] from [B] by [C] in [D] through


  5. can be seen from the comparison of these figures, the principle involves the active participation of the patient in the modification of his condition. [A] As [B] What [C] That [D] It
  6. Although I had been invited to the opening ceremony, I was unable to attend such short notice. [A] to [B] in [C] with [D] on
  7. California has more light than it knows to do with but everything else is expensive. [A] how [B] what [C] which [D] where
  8. The solution works only for couples who are self-employed, don't have small children and get along to spend most of their time together. [A] so well [B] too well [C] well as [D] well enough
  9. Marlin is a young man of independent thinking who is not about compliments to his political leaders. [A] paying [B] having paid [C] to pay [D] to have paid
  10. These proposals sought to place greater restrictions on the use and copying of digital information than in traditional media. [A] exist [B] exists [C] existing [D] to exist Part B Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked [A], [B], [C], and [D]. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect and mark your answer

on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (5 points)
  11. Your math instructor would have beenA happy to give you a makeup examination had you goneB and explainedC that your parents had beenD ill at the time.
  12. As the children become financiallyA independent ofB the family, the emphasis onC family financial security will shift from protection to saveD for the retirement years.
  13. WereA the Times Co. to purchase another major media company, there is no doubt that it couldB dramatically transform a family-ranC enterprise that still gets 90% of itsD revenues from newspapers.
  14. Symposium talks will cover a wide rangeA of subjects fromB over-fishing to physical and environmentC factors that affect the populationsD of different species.
  15. Conversation calls for aA willingness to alternate the role of speaker with oneB of listenerC, and it calls for occasional ‘digestive pauses' byD both.
  16. If two theories are equal toA their ability to account forB a body of data, the theory that does soC with the smaller number of assumptions is to be preferredD.
  17. The Committee adopted a resolution requiringA the seven automakers sellingB the most cars in the state makingC 2 percent of those vehicles emissions-freeD by 19
  18. As long asA poor people, who in general are colored, are in conflict withB richer people, who in general are lighterC skinD, there's going to be a constant racial conflict in the world.


  19. All those left undoneA may sound greatlyB in theory, but even the trust believerC has great difficulty whenD it comes to specifics.
  20. Even ifA automakers modify commercially produced cars to run onB alternative fuelsC, the cars won't catch on in a big way whenD drivers can fill them up at the gas station. Part C Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points)
  21. An important property of a scientific theory is its ability to further research and further thinking about a particular topic. [A] stimulate [B] renovate [C] arouse [D] advocate
  22. Although architecture has artistic qualities, it must also satisfy a number of important practical . [A] obligations [B] regulations [C] observations [D] considerations
  23. Life insurance is financial protection for dependents against loss the bread-winner's death.

[A] at the cost of [B] on the verge of [C] as a result of [D] for the sake of
  24. In education there should be a good among the branches of knowledge that contribute to effective thinking and wise judgment. [A] distribution [B] balance [C] combination [D] assignment
  25. The American dream is most during the periods of productivity and wealth generated by American capitalism. [A] plausible [B] patriotic [C] primitive [D] partial
  26. Poverty is not in most cities although, perhaps because of the crowded conditions in certain areas, it is more visible there. [A] rare [B] temporary [C] prevalent [D] segmental
  27. People who live in small towns often seem more friendly than those living in populated areas. [A] densely

[B] intensely [C] abundantly [D] highly
  28. As a way of the mails while they were away, the Johnsons asked the cleaning lady to send little printed slips asking the senders to write again later. [A] picking up [B] coping with [C] passing out [D] getting across
  29. Tom's mother tried hard to persuade him to from his intention to invest his savings in stock market. [A] pull out [B] give up [C] draw in [D] back down
  30. An increasing proportion of our population, unable to live without advanced medical , will become progressively more reliant on expensive technology. [A] interference [B] interruption [C] intervention [D] interaction
  31. These causes produced the great change in the country that modernized the of higher education from the mid-1860's to the mid-1880's.

[A] branch [B] category [C] domain [D] scope
  32. Nobody yet knows how long and how seriously the in the financial system will drag down the economy. [A] shallowness [B] shakiness [C] scantiness [D] stiffness
  33. Crisis would be the right term to describe the in many animal species. [A] minimization [B] restriction [C] descent [D] decline
  34. The city is an important railroad and industrial and convention center. [A] conjunction [B] network [C] junction [D] link
  35. Prof. White, my respected tutor, frequently reminds me to myself of every chance to improve my English. [A] assure

[B] inform [C] avail [D] notify
  36. Researchers discovered that plants infected with a virus give off a gas that disease resistance in neighboring plants. [A] contracts [B] activates [C] maintains [D] prescribe
  37. Corporations and labor unions have great benefits upon their employees and members as well as upon the general public. [A] conferred [B] granted [C] flung [D] submitted
  38. The movement of the moon conveniently provided the unit of month, which was from one new moon to the next. [A] measured [B] reckoned [C] judged [D] assessed
  39. The judge ruled that the evidence was inadmissible on the grounds that it was to the issue at hand. [A] irrational [B] unreasonable

[C] invalid [D] irrelevant
  40. Fuel scarcities and price increases automobile designers to scale down the largest models and to develop completely new lines of small cars and trucks. [A] persuaded [B] prompted [C] imposed [D] enlightened Section II Cloze Test Directions: For each numbered blank in following passage, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points) Industrial safety does not just happen. Companies __41__ low accident rates plan their safety programs, work hard to organize them, and continue working to keep them __42__ and active. When the work is well done, a __43__ of accident-free operations is established __44__ time lost due to injuries is kept at a minimum. Successful safety programs may __45__ greatly in the emphasis placed on certain aspects of the program. Some place great emphasis on mechanical guarding. Others stress safe work practices by __46__ rules or regulations. __47__ others depend on an emotional appeal to the worker. But, there are certain basic ideas that must be used in every program if maximum results are

to be obtained. There can be no question about the value of a safety program. From a financial standpoint alone, safety __48__. The fewer the injury __49__, the better the workman's insurance rate. This may mean the difference between operating at __50__ or at a loss.
  41. [A] at [B] in [C] on [D] with
  42. [A] alive [B] vivid [C] mobile [D] diverse
  43. [A] regulation [B] climate [C] circumstance [D] requirement
  44. [A] where [B] how [C] what [D] unless
  45. [A] alter [B] differ [C] shift [D] distinguish


  46. [A] constituting [B] aggravating [C] observing [D] justifying
  47. [A] Some [B] Many [C] Even [D] Still
  48. [A] comes off [B] turns up [C] pays off [D] holds up
  49. [A] claims [B] reports [C] declarations [D] proclamations
  50. [A] an advantage [B] a benefit [C] an interest [D] a profit Section III Reading Comprehension Directions: Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For each question there are four answers marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each of the questions. Then mark your

answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (40 points) Text 1 It's a rough world out there. Step outside and you could break a leg slipping on your doormat. Light up the stove and you could burn down the house. Luckily, if the doormat or stove failed to warn of coming disaster, a successful lawsuit might compensate you for your troubles. Or so the thinking has gone since the early 1980s, when juries began holding more companies liable for their customers' misfortunes. Feeling threatened, companies responded by writing ever-longer warning labels, trying to anticipate every possible accident. Today, stepladders carry labels several inches long that warn, among other things, that you might -- surprise! -- fall off. The label on a child's Batman cape cautions that the toy "does not enable user to fly." While warnings are often appropriate and necessary -- the dangers of drug interactions, for example -- and many are required by state or federal regulations, it isn't clear that they actually protect the manufacturers and sellers from liability if a customer is injured. About 50 percent of the companies lose when injured customers take them to court. Now the tide appears to be turning. As personal injury claims continue as before, some courts are beginning to side with defendants, especially in cases where a warning label probably wouldn't have changed anything. In May, Julie Nimmons, president of Schutt Sports in Illinois, successfully fought a lawsuit involving a football player who was paralyzed in a game while wearing a Schutt helmet. "We're really sorry he has become paralyzed, but helmets aren't designed to

prevent those kinds of injuries," says Nimmons. The jury agreed that the nature of the game, not the helmet, was the reason for the athlete's injury. At the same time, the American Law Institute -- a group of judges, lawyers, and academics whose recommendations carry substantial weight -- issued new guidelines for tort law stating that companies need not warn customer


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