1999 年英语专业八级考试听力 MP3 附听力原文
PartⅠ Listening Comprehension (40 min)
In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct response to each question on your Colored Answer Sheet.? SECTION A TALK ? Questions 1 to 5 refer to the talk in this section. At the end of the talk you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now listen to the talk.?
  1. A. B. C. D.
  2. A. B. C. D. The has has has has technology to make machines quieter .? been in use since the 1930’s ? accelerated industrial production ? just been in commercial use ? been invented to remove all noises ?
The modern electronic anti-noise devices .? are an update version of the traditional methods ? share similarities with the traditional methods ? are as inefficient as the traditional methods ? are based on an entirely new working principle ?

  3. The French company is working on anti-noise techniques to be used in all EXCEPT .? A. streets B. factories C. aircraft D. cars ?
  4. A. B. C. D.
  5. A. B. C. D. According to the talk, workers in “zones of quiet” can be more affected by noise hear talk from outside the zone ? work more efficiently be heard outside the zone ? The main theme of the talk is about noise-control technology noise in factories ? noise-control regulations noise-related effects ?? .? .?
SECTION B INTERVIEW ?
Questions 6 to 10 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now listen to the interview.?
  6. Employees in the US are paid for their time. This means that they are supposed to .? A. work hard while their boss is around ? B. come to work when there is work to be done ? C. work with initiative and willingness ? D. work through their lunch break ?
  7. A. B. C. D. One of the advantages of flexible working hours is that pressure from work can be reduced ? working women can have more time at home ? traffic and commuting problems can be solved ? personal relationships in offices can be improved ? .?

  8. On the issue of working contracts in the US, which statement is NOT correct?? A. Performance at work matters more than anything else.? B. There are laws protecting employees’ working rights.? C. Good reasons must be provided in order to fire workers.? D. Working contracts in the US are mostly short-term ones.?
  9. We can be assumed from the interview that an informal atmosphere might be found in .? A. small firms ? B. major banks ? C. big corporations ? D. law offices ?
  10. The interview is mainly about in the USA.? A. office hierarchies ? B. office conditions ? C. office roles ? D. office life ? SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST ? Question 11 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.?
  11. Senator Bob Dole’s attitude towards Clinton’s anti-crime policy is that of .? A. opposition B. support C. ambiguity D . indifference ?
Questions 12 and 13 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item , you will be given 30 seconds to answer the questions . Now listen to the news.
  12. Japan and the United States are now .? A. negotiating about photographic material ? B. negotiating an automobile agreement ? C. facing serious problems in trade ? D. on the verge of a large-scale trade war ?
  13. The news item seems to indicate that the agreement .? A. will end all other related trade conflicts ? B. is unlikely to solve the dispute once and for all ? C. is linked to other trade agreements ? D. is the last of its kind to be reached ? Questions 14 and 15 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 30 seconds to answer the questions . Now listen to the news.
  14. According to the news, the ice from Greenland provides information about .? A. oxygen ? B. ancient weather ? C. carbon dioxide ? D. temperature ?
  15. Which of the following statements is CORRECT?? A. Drastic changes in the weather have been common since ancient times. ? B. The change in weather from very cold to very hot lasted over a century. ? C. The scientists have been studying ice to forecast weather in the future. ? D. The past 10,000 years have seen minor changes in the weather.? SECTION D NOTE-TAKING AND GAP-FILLING ? Fill in each of the gaps with ONE word. You may refer to your notes. Make sure the word you fill in is both grammatically and semantically acceptable.? At present companies and industries like to sponsor sports events. Two reasons are put forward to explain this phenomenon. The first reason is that they get (
  1) throughout the world. ?
The second reason is that companies and industries (
  2)money, as they get reductions in the tax they owe if they sponsor sports or arts activities.? As sponsorship is (
  3), careful thinking is required in deciding which events to sponsor. It is important that the event to be sponsored (
  4) the product(s) to be promoted. That is, the right (
  5) and maximum product coverage must be guaranteed in the event.? Points to be considered in sports sponsorship. Popularity of the event.? International sports events are big (
  6) events, which get extensive coverage on TV and in the press. Smaller events attract fewer people. Identification of the potential audience ? Aiming at the right audience is most important for smaller events. The right audience would attract manufacturers of other related products like (
  7) , etc. Advantages of sponsorship, Advantages are longer-term.? People are expected to respond (
  8) to the products promoted. And be more likely to buy them.? Advertising is (
  9)the mind. ?
Sponsorship is better than straight advertising: a) less (
  10) ; b) tax-free ? (
  1) (
  2) (
  3) (
  4) ( 5 ) (
  6) (
  7) (
  8) (
  9) (
  10) 参考答案 PART Ⅰ LISTENING COMPREHENSION ? SECTION A TALK ?

  1. C
  2. D
  3.A
  4.B
  5.A SECTION B INTERVIEW ?
  6.C
  7.B
  8.D
  9.A
  10.D SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST ? News Item 1 ?
  11. A News Item 2 ?
  12.A
  13.B News Item 3 ?
  14.B
  15.D SECTION D NOTE-TAKING AND GAP-FILLING ?
  1.known
  2.save
  3.expensive/costly
  4.match
  5.image
  6.media
  7.cosmetics / drinks ?
  8.favorably
  9.conditioning
  10.expensive 听力原文 PART Ⅰ LISTENING COMPREHENSION ? SECTION A TALK ? As we all know, when machines work they give off a lot of noise, and the noise can sometimes be very unpleasant, or annoying. As a result, people have been trying to find ways to reduce noise. Although it may sound a bit strange to you all, one of the best ways to make machines quieter, in cars for example, may be to make them noisier. The source of this paradox is electronic anti-noise which creates sound waves to cancel out unwanted noise, such as rattles, blare, etc.
Now although the idea dates back to the 1930s, it’s only recently that advances in computer technology have made anti-noise a commercial possibility. Take Franc e for example. Here industry spends a fortune to get rid of noise. We all know how unpleasant it is. Both people working in factories and ordinary people at home enjoying their leisure can be affected by noise. Delicate machines are affected by noise as well. The government has passed a lot of regulations concerning acceptable levels of noise. ? Noise is costly to industry. In the first place, just following a single regulation can cost 1 to 2 billion US dollars in the textile industry, they say. Then secondly, of course, vibration can cause damage to machinery. Even very small vibrations can cause parts to wear out and equipment to fail. And naturally enough, this gets added on to the price of the products. About $ to 15% of the price of a product comes from noise and vibration costs, it’s estimated.? At present, methods used to dampen down noise and vibrations rely on techniques that are 30 or 40 years old. These usually involve wrapping the noisy or vibrating component in anything from cotton to concrete. But this is often expensive and inefficient.? The modern electronic anti-noise devices don’t reduce sound. Instead, sound is used to attack sound. The trick is to hit these sound waves with other waves in a carefully controlled way. It may not be possible to eliminate noise completely, but engineers can build systems to eliminate specific kinds of noise and vibration. The new systems can deal with repetitive noise. This unfortunately means that there is not much that can be done about one-off noise, like someone try ing to learn to play a trumpet. But they can handle fairly regular things like engine noise.? A French company has developed a technique which uses a microphone and a microprocessor. The processor measures the sound and directs a speaker to broadcast sound waves that are out of phase with the engine noise. The company claimed t hat it will make a car engine quieter, if not completely 100% silent. There are a number of other areas of application in the noisy, industrial environment of today. One system which the company is developing, aims to minimize the noise of aircraft engines and helicopter vibrations. Now anti-noise systems would be able to reduce noise in the cabin of an airplane to mere acceptable levels. ?
Another area which affects ordinary households nowadays concerns the noise which electricity and gas suppliers create. The electricity companies spend a lo t of money each year, cutting the harm of transformers, trying to quiet the noise and maintaining equipment that is constantly affected by vibration. If they can get rid of or even stop the vibrations, manufacturers can increase production speeds. But, of course, people working in noisy workplaces are perhaps mere affected than anything by the effects of noise. Anti-noise can also create “zones of quiet” in noisy workplaces. To create such a zone, you do two things. First, microphones are suspended around the workplace. Then speakers that produce out-of-phase sound waves can then be put close to the worker under the desk o r the machine. A company working in this area has tested this system and says that it cuts noise levels enough for somebody inside the zone to hear a conversation from another part of the work place. Yet, this is only one-way; shouts from t he quiet zone could not be heard over the factory noise by those outside it, because the rest of the workplace remains noisy. This is one of the anti-noise measures experimented with today. If this proves to be feasible in many workplaces, I’m sure it can contribute to the reduction of noise in factory workshops in the future. ?? SECTION B INTERVIEW ? W: First of all, when do people start work in American offices?? M: Right, well, the official work day starts at 9:00 am. This really mea ns 9 o’clock-not ten past or half past nine.? W: Would you say that people work very hard in offices in America?? M: Well, I don’t know about employees in your country. But some nations have a philosophy that you work when the “boss” is around. And any time he’s not there, one can relax by reading the newspaper or whatever one likes doing in a personel way.? W: And things are different in the States, you’re saying?? M: Well, in America one is being paid for one’s time. So employees are expected to find other work if their own desks are clear, or to help someone else with his or her work. But you never sit idle doing nothing.?
W: Yes, as the saying goes: “Time is money.”? M: Exactly. Your employer“ owns” your time while he is paying you for it. That is precisely what “Time is money” means. And anyway the boss doesn’t ask mo re of you than he is doing himself: he ...he will probably work through the lunch hour himself and even take work home at night. ? W: Talking about lunch hours. What about them? Do you have to take them seriously?? M: Oh, yes, sure, of course. An employee’s lunch hour should he taken within t h e period allowed, unless you are officially discussing company business-say ... en ... on a business lunch. It’s the same too with the end of the day. I mean, e n, work until the day officially ends at five o’clock, unless you are in an off ice where“flextime”is the accepted practice.? W: Oh, so you have the flextime system, do you? I wasn’t sure about that. ? M: Oh yes, sure. Flexible working hours, that is, en ... starting or ending work earlier or later I ... I know it’s still relatively new. However, there are mo r e and more Americans on the system today. Well, for the same reasons as in Europe-to keep traffic and commuting problems down. And as more women now work it gives more family time.? W: Er ... could you say something about contracts or hiring in America, please? M: Well, it’s different in America from, say, European countries like Germany or France, perhaps Japan, too, I’m not sure. I know that in some countries people relax once they have got a job, because they know that they will almost never be fired-unless they do something wrong.? W: You mean that your employer can just fire you in America?? M: No, no, no. There are, of course, legal pr
 

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