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1999 年英语专业四级考试全真试卷及答案 TIME LIMIT: 140 MIN. Part Ⅰ WRITING [45 MIN.] SECTION A COMPOSITION We see advertisements on television every day. Some people think that TV advertising brings us benefits, hut others don ’t think so. What is your opinion? Write on ANSWER SHEET ONE a composition of about 150 words on the following topic: A MAJOR ADVANTAGE / DISADVANTAGE OF ADVERTISING ON TELEVISION You are to write in three paragraphs. In the first paragraph, state just ONE major advantage or disadvantage of TV adv ertising. In the second paragraph, give one or two reasons to support your point of view. In the last paragraph, bring what you have written to a natural conclusion. Marks will he awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Failur e to follow the instructions may result in a loss of marks. SECTION B NOTE-WRITING[10 MIN.] Write on ANSWER SHEET ONE a note of about 50-60 words based on the following sit uation:You’ve learned that your friend Jimmy is ill these days. Write him a note expressing your concern, asking after his health and giving your best wishes..Marks will be awarded for content, organization, grammar and appropriacy. Part Ⅱ DICTATION [15 MIN.] Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be read at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage w ill be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seco nds. The last reading will he read at normal speed again and during this time yo u should check your work. You will then be given 2 minutes to check through your work once more. Please write the whole passage on Answer Sheet Two. Part Ⅲ LISTENING COMPREHENSION [20 MIN.] In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything once only. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your answer sheet. SECTION A STATEMENT In this section you will hear eight statements. At the end of each statement you will be given 10
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seconds to answer each of the following eight questions.
  1. A. B. C. D.
  2. A. B. C. D. How well did the speaker do in the test? He answered the last four questions. He answered the last few questions first. He answered only some of the questions. He answered all the questions except the first. Jane thinks that Swiss cheese . tastes the best tastes very bad is better than butter cheese is no better than other cheese

  3. John went to first. A. the cineme B. the repair shop C. the gas station
  4. Betty wishes to . A. send away the c1eaning lady D. do the house cleaning
D. the service station
B. replace the cleaning lady C. keep the cleaning lady

  5. How much did Fred pay for his car? A. He paid half the price the salesman asked. B. lie paid twice as much as the salesman asked C. He paid the price the salesman asked. D. He needn’t have paid that much for the car.
  6. A. B. C. D.
  7. A. B. C. D.
  8. A. B. C. D. Permanent education is practical because. there arc no limits at all there are no age limits no one is getting really too old no one wants to learn at old age According to the speaker, the most difficult thing is. traveling from place to place keeping away from crowds making holiday plans finding a place with many people William lost his job because. he was always sick he usually went to work late he made a mistake in his work he got angry with his boss
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SECTION B CONVERSATION In this section, you will hear eight short conversations between two speakers. At the end of each conversation you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following eight questions.
  9. Mark refused to take the job because . A. the working hours were not suitable B. the job was not well paid C. he had to do a lot of travelling D. the job was quite difficult
  10. A. B. C. D.
  11. A.
  12. A. B. C. D. What do they think about the restaurant? The service there is not good. The food might not be good. The waiter is not hospitable. The restaurant is too small. Which language does Mary speak well? Chinese. B. French. C. The woman believes that John. was playing a joke was leaving Boston was moving to Boston was selling his house himself
Japanese.
D.
English

  13. The woman should have arrived by. A. 10:45 B. 10:40 C. 10:55 D. 11:00
  14. A. B. C. D.
  15. A. What do we learn from the conversation? John is not sick. John is feeling better. Jack hasn’t been sick. Jack has not got better. The tone of the man is that of. surprise B. sarcasm C. disappointment D.
humour

  16. The two speakers are probably. A. in a parking ground B. at a ferry-crossing C. a petrol station
in a traffic jam
D.
at
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SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST Questions 17 and 18 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
  17. Some Haitians are on strike in order to. A. get proper medical treatment B. ask for their political rights C. protest against the US decision D. demand food supply aid from USA
  18. A. B. C. D. The strikers are denied entry into the US because. AIDS virus has been found among them they can not get political asylum in the US the US government has refused to take them they don’t accept proper medical treatment
Question 19 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will he given 10 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.
  19. The US auto-makers decided to stop their action because. A. Japanese auto-makers promised to stop dumping cars in the US B. the Government promised to solve the US-Japan trade imbalance C. three US companies have ended the US-Japan trade imbalance D. Japan agreed to sell cars at the agreed prices inside the US Questions 20 and 21 are based on the following news. Al the end of the news item, you will he given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
  20. Where did the storms first strike? A. The eastern US. B. The Gulf of Mexico. C. Some areas in Cuba.
  21. The storms have resulted in the following EXCEPT. A. death and damage B. disruption of air services C. relocation of people
The Canadian border.
D.
destruction of crops D.
Question 22 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.
  22. A. B. C. D. According to the news, France was strongly criticized for. conducting five nuclear tests on Wednesday carrying out a series of nuclear tests in the Pacific getting disappointing results in the nuclear program refusing to sign a global treaty banning nuclear tests
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Questions 23 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, You will he given 10 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.
  23. The news item is mainly about. A. air traffic problems B. safety improvement C. the number of flights D. flight training courses Questions 24 and 25 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will he given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
  24. A. B. C. D. What is the purpose of the meeting in Luxembourg? To control patrol boats on the River Danube. To end economic sanctions against Serbia. To step up economic sanctions against Serbia. To send police officers to search the river.

  25. International efforts against Serbia have been ineffective because . A. ships carrying illegal supplies still sail along the river B. more illegal goods have been carried over land C. local authorities didn’t attempt to stop illegal goods D. there has been disagreement over economic sanctions
CLOZE
[15 MIN.]
Decide which of the choices given below would correctly complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. Mark the correct choice for each blank on your answer Sheet. Our ape-men forefathers had no obvious natural weapons in the struggle for survi val in the open. They had neither the powerful teeth nor the strong claws of the big cats. They could not ( 26 ) with the bear, whose strengt h, speed and claws ( 27 ) an impressive ’small fire’ weaponry . They could not even defend themselves ( 28 ) runnin g swiftly like the horses, zebras or small animals. If the ape-men h ad attempted to compete on those terms in the open, they would have been ( 29 ) to failure and extinction. But they were (
  30) with enormous concealed advantages of a kind not possessed by any of the ir competitors. In the search ( 31 ) the pickings of the forest, the ape-men had ( 32 ) efficient stereoscopic vision and a sense of colour that the animals of the grasslands did not possess. The abili ty to see clearly at close range permitted the ape-men to study practical proble ms in a way that lay far ( 33 ) the reach of the original inh abitants of the grassland. Good long-distance sight was ( 34 ) another matter. Lack of long-distance vision had not been a problem for fores t-dwelling apes and monkeys because the higher the viewpoint, the greater the ra nge of sight?so ( 35 )
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they had had to do was climb a tree. Out in the open, however, this simple solution was not ( 3 6 ) . Climbing a hill would have helped, but in many places the gro und was flat. The ape-men ( 37 ) the only possible solution. They reared up as high as possible on their hind limbs and began to walk upright . This vital change of physical position brought about considerable disadvantages. It was extremely unstable and it meant that the already slow ape-men became slo wer still. ( 38 ) , they persevered and their bone structure gradually became ( 39 ) to the new,unstable position that ( 40 ) them the name Homo erectus,upright man.
  26. A. match B. compare C. rival D. equal
  27. A. became B. equipped C. posed D. provided
  28. A. in B. upon C. by D. with
  29. A. driven B. doomed C. forced D. led
  30. A. bestowed B. given C. presented D. endowed
  31. A.for B. of C. on D. at
  32. A. progressed B.generated C.developed D.advanced
  33. A.from B.apart C. beyond D.above
  34. A. rather B.quite C. much D.really
  35. A. anything B.that C. everything D.all
  36. A. available B.enough C. sufficient D.convenient
  37. A. chose B.adopted C. accepted D.took
  38. A. However B.Therefore C. Meanwhile D.Subsequently
  39. A. accustomed B. familiarized C. adapted D. suited
  40. A. obtained B.called C. deserved D. earned
GRAMMAR AND VOCABULARY [15 MIN.] There are twenty-five sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word or phrase that corr ectly completes the sentence. Mark your answers on your answer sheet
  41. After seemed an endless wait,it was her turn to enter the per sonnel manager’s office. A. that B. what C. there D. it
  42. The three men tried many times to sneak across the border into the neighbouring country, by the police each time. A. had been captured B. being always captured C. only to be captured D. unfortunately captured
  43. Professor Johnson is said some significant advance in his resea rch in the past year. A. having made B. making C. to have made D.to make
  44. Fat cannot change into muscle muscle changes into fat. A. any more than B. no less than C. no more than D. much more than
  45. It is not so much the language the cultural background that m akes the book difficult to understand. A. but B. nor C. as D. like
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  46. There ought to be less anxiety over the perceived risk of mountain c limbing than in the public mind today. A. exists B. existC. existing D. to exist
  47. I’ve never been to Lhasa, but that’s the city. A. I’d most like to visit B. where I like to visit C. which I like to visit mostly D. I’d like much to visit
  48. He unwisely, but he was at least trying to do something hel pful. A. may have acted B. must have acted C. should act D. would act
  49. If you have really been studying English for so long. It’s about t i me you able to write letters in English. A. should be B. were C. must be D . are
  50. He’s as a “bellyacher” ?? he’s always complaining about some thin g. A. who is known B. whom is known C. what is known D. which is known
  51. he always tries his best to complete it on time.
A. However the task is hard B. However hard the task is C. Though hard the task is D. Though hard is the task
  52. Much as , I couldn’t lend him the money because I simply didn ’t ha ve that much spare cash. A. I would have liked to B. I would like to have C. 1 should have to like D.1 should have liked to 53 My cousin likes eating very much, but he isn’t very about the f ood he e ats. A. special B. peculiar C. particular D. specific
  54. Your advice would be valuable to him. who is now at a loss as to wha t to do first. A. exceedingly B. excessively C. extensively D. exclusive ly
  55. More often than not, it is difficult to the exact meaning of a Chines e idiom in English. A. exchange B. transfer C. convey D. convert
  56. She refused to the door key to the landlady until she got ba ck her deposit. A. hand in B. hand out C
 

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