1999 年同等学力人员申请硕士学位 外国语水平全国统一考试
Paper One 试卷一 (90 minutes)
Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes, 15 points) (略) Part II Vocabulary (15 minutes, 15 points)
Section A Directions: In this section there are fifteen sentences , each with one word or phrase underlined . Choose the one from the four choices marked A, B, C and D that best keeps the meaning of the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center. I
  6. Courageous people think quickly and act without hesitation. A. complaint B. consideration C. delay D. Anxiety

  17. I've only recently explored Shakespeare with profit and pleasure. A. followed B. evaluated C. acted D. studied

  18. Hardly a week goes by without some advance in technology that would have seemed incredible 50 yeas ago. A. hard to invent C. hard to imagine B. hard to understand D. hard to believe

  19. You have to pay a (n) premium for express delivery. A. extra charge B. extra price C. extra tip D. extra bonus

  20. Arriving anywhere with these possessions, he might just as easily put up for a month or a year for a single day. A. arrange B. manage C. last D. stay

  21. The salesman approached the house cautiously when he saw the vicious dog at the door. A. carefully B. deliberately C. nervously D. bravely

  22. A new technological process may be employed to ~ this abundant supply directly. A. produce B. reserve
C. exploit
D. search

  23. An international treaty signed several years ago bans trade in plants and animal of endangered species. A. forbids B. eliminates C. promotes D. protects

  24. It is not easy to remain tranquil when events suddenly change you life. A. calm B. upset C. steady D. severe

  25. When faced with doubts from some advisers on the attempted invasion, Kennedy ignored them. A. failed to understand C. stood up for B. put up with D. refused to consider
Section B Directions: In this section, there are ten incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
  26. Don't while I'm talking. You can ask what you want later. A. cut out B. cut in C. cut off D. cut down

  27. He misled management by giving it the idea that the older and more experienced men were not an but a liability. A. assistance B. advantage C. asset D. award

  28. In 400 A.D. Chinese children played with a fan-like toy that span upwards and fell back to earth as ceased. A. rotation B. suspension C. emission D. motivation

  29. As a good photographer, you must develop an awareness of the world around you and the people who it. A. innovate B. inhabit C. integrate D. inherit

  30. Children in the United States are exposed to many influences those of their families. A. rather than B. better than C. more than D. other than

  31. The fact that the earth's surface heats provides a convenient way to divide it into temperature regions. A. unsteadily B. unevenly
C. infrequently
D. irregularly

  32. You may never experience an earthquake or a volcanic eruption in your life, but you will changes in the land. A. adapt B. adopt C. witness D. define

  33. It is understood that the filming of Legends is almost complete and the film is not to be delayed. A. easy B. available C. great D. likely

  34. The first step before making any decision to A. interact B. integrate C. intervene D. intensify

  35. The television station is supported by A. donations B. advertisements C. pensions D. accounts
Part III Reading Comprehension (45minutes, 30 points)
Directions: There are six passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the best answer and mark the corresponding letter on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
Passage One Lateral thinking (迂回思维), first described by Edward de Bone in 1967, is just a few years older than Edward's son. You might imagine that Caspar was raised to be an adventurous thinker, but the de Bone was so famous, Caspar's parents worried that any time he would say something bright at school, his teachers might snap, "Where do you get that idea from?" "We had to be careful and not overdo it." Edward admits. Now Caspar is at Oxford-which once looked unlikely because he is also slightly dyslexic (诵读困难). In fact, when he was applying to Oxford, none of his school teachers thought he had a chance. several thinking sessions," his father says, "So then we did
"using my techniques and, when he went up for the
exam, he did extremely well." Soon after, Edward de Bone decided to write his latest book, "Teach Your Child How to Think," in which he transforms the thinking skills he developed for brain-storming businessmen into informal exercises for parents and children to share. Thinking is traditionally regarded as something executed in a logical sequence, and
everybody knows that children aren't very logical. So isn't it an uphill battle, trying to teach them to think? "You know," Edward de Bone says, "if you examine people's thinking, it is quite unusual to find faults of logic. But the faults of perception are huge! Often we think ineffectively because we take too limited a view." "Teach Your Child How to Think" offers lessons in perception improvement, of clearly seeing the implications of something you are saying and exploring the alternatives.

  36. What is TRUE about Caspar? A. He first described lateral thinking. B. He is often scolded by his teacher. C. He is Edward's son. D. He is an adventurous thinker.
  37. Caspar succeeded in applying to Oxford because . A. he used in the exam the techniques provided by his father B. he read the book "Teach Your Child How to think" before the exam C. he was careful and often overworked D. all of his school teachers thought he had a chance
  38. It can be inferred from Paragraph 2 that Edward . A. was prompted to study lateral thinking because his son was slightly dyslexic B. once taught businessmen how to think before he wrote for parents and children C. was likely to improve children's logic with his book D. gave a description of lateral thinking several years after his son was born
  39. According to Paragraph 3, which of the following statements expresses Edward de Bone's view? A. We often think ineffectively because we take too limited a view. B. Thinking is traditionally regarded as something executed in a logical sequence. C. Everybody knows that children aren't very logical. D. h is an uphill battle trying to teach children to think.
  40. Lateral thinking refers to the following EXCEPT . A. seeing the implications of what you are saying
B. exploring the alternatives for what you are saying C. improving one's logic in thinking D. improving one's perception in thinking
Passage Two For millions of years before die appearance of die electric light, shift work, all-night cable TV and die Internet, earth's creatures evolved on a planet with predictable and reassuring 24-hour rhythms. Our biological clocks are set for this daily cycle. Simply, our bodies want to sleep at night and be awake during the day. Most women and men need between eight and eight and a half hours of sleep a night to function properly throughout their lives. (Contrary to popular belief, humans don’t need less sleep as they age.) But on average, Americans sleep only about seven and a half hour per night, a marked drop from the nine hours they averaged in 19
  10. What's worse, nearly one third of all Americans get less than six hours of sleep on a typical work night. For most people, that's not nearly enough. Finding ways to get more and better sleep can be a challenge. Scientists have identified more than 80 different sleep disorders. Some sleeping disorders are genetic. But many problems are caused by staying up late and by traveling frequently between time zone or by working nights. Dr. James F. Jones at National Jewish Medical and Research Center in Denver says that sleep disorders are often diagnosed as other discomforts. About one third of the patients referred to him with possible chronic fatigue syndrome actually have treatable sleep disorders. “Before we do anything else, we look at their sleep,” Jones says. Sleep experts say that most people would benefit from a good look at their sleep patterns. My motto (座右铭) is 'Sleep defensively'," says Mary Carskadon of Brown University. She
says people need to carve out sufficient time to sleep, even if it means giving up other things. Sleep routines -- l/ire going to bed and getting up at the same time every day -- are important. Pre-bedtime activities also make a difference. As with Eisner, who used to suffer from sleeplessness, a few life style changes?avoiding stimulants and late meals, exercising hours before bedtime, relaxing with a hot bath?yield better sleep.

  41. What is TRUE of human sleep?
A. On average, people in the U. S. today sleep less per night than they used to. B. For most people, less than six hoers of sleep on a typical work night is enough, C. Most people need less sleep when they grow older. D. Most people need seven and a half hems of sleep every night
  42. For our bodies to function properly, we should . A. adjust our activities to the new inventions B. be able to predict the rhythms of our biological clocks C. sleep for at least eight hours per night D. believe that we need less sleep as we age
  43. According to the author, many sleeping disorders are caused by . A. improper sleep patterns B. chronic fatigue syndrome C. other diseases D. pre-bedtime exercises
  44. Which of the following measures can help you sleep better? A. Having late meals. B. Traveling between time zones C. Staying up late. D. Taking a hot bath.
  45. "Sleep defensively" means that ~A. people should sacrifice other things to getting enough sleep if necessary B. people should give up going to bed and getting up at the same time every day. C. people should go to a doctor and have their problems diagnosed D. people should exercise immediately before going to bed every night
Passage Three The media can impact current events. As a graduate student at Berkeley in the 1960s, I remember experiencing the events related to the People's Park that were occurring on campus. Same of these events were given national media coverage in the press and on TV. I found it interesting to compare my impressions of what was going on with perceptions obtained from the
news media. I could begin to see events of that time feed on news coverage. This also provided me with some healthy insights into the distinctions between these realities. Electronic media are having a greater impact on the people's lives every day. People gather more and more of their impressions from representations. Television and telephone communications are linking people to a global village, or what one writer calls the electronic city. Consider the information that television brings into your home every day. Consider also the contact you have with others simply by using telephone. These media extend your consciousness and your contact. For example, the video coverage of the1989 San Francisco earthquake focused on "live action" such as the fires or the rescue efforts. This gave the viewer the impression of total disaster. Television coverage of the Iraqi War also developed an immediacy. CNN reported events as they happened. This coverage was distributed worldwide. Although most people were far away from these events, they developed some perception of these realities. In 1992, many people watched in horror as riots broke out on a sad Wednesday evening in Los Angeles, seemingly fed by video coverage from helicopters. This event was triggered by the verdict (裁定) in the Rodney King beating. We are now in an age where the public can have access to information that enables it to make its own judgments, and most people, who had seen the video of this beating, could not understand how the jury (陪审团) was able to acquit (宣布无 罪) the policemen involved. Media coverage of events as they occur also provides powerful feedback that influences events. This can have harmful results, as it seemed on that Wednesday night in Los Angeles. By Friday night the public got to see Rodney King on television pleading, "Can we all get along?" By Saturday, television seemed to provide positive feedback as the Los Angeles riot turned out into a rally for peace. The television showed thousands of people marching with banners and cleaning tools. Because of that, many more people turned out to join the peaceful event they saw unfolding (展开) on television. The real healing, of course, will take much longer, but electronic media will continue to be a part of that process.
  46. The best title for the passage is . A. The1989 San Francisco Earthquake and the i992 Los Angeles Riots B. How Media Cover Events C. The 1992 Los Angeles Riots D. The Impact of Media on Current Events

  47. All the following statements are true EXCEPT that . A. all the events occurring on the university campus at Berkeley were given national media coverage B. video coverage of the 1989 San Francisco earthquake gave the view



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