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20
  01.1
试卷一
Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D),and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Example: You will hear: You will read: A) 2 hours. B) 3 hours. C) 4 hours. D) 5 hours. From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o'clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D)"5 hours" is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1. A) The man thinks travelling by air is quite safe. B) The woman never travels by plane. C) Both speakers feel nervous when flying. D) The speakers feel sad about the serious loss of life.
  2. A) At the information desk. B) In an office. C) In a restaurant. D) At a railway station.
  3. A) Write the letter. B) Paint the shelf. C) Fix the shelf. D) look for the pen.
  4. A) It gives a 30% discount to all customers. B) It is run by Mrs. Winter's husband. C) It hires Mrs. Winter as an adviser. D) It encourages husbands to shop on their own.
  5. A) Long exposure to the sun. 点点论坛: 点点论坛:http://www.diandian.net/bbs
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B) Lack of sleep. C) Too tight a hat. D) Long working hours.
  6. A) His English is still poor after ten years in America. B) He doesn't mind speaking English with an accent. C) He doesn't like the way Americans speak. D) He speaks English as if he were a native speaker.
  7. A) An auto mechanic. B) An electrician C) A carpenter. D) A telephone repairman.
  8. A) They both enjoyed watching the game. B) The man thought the results were beyond their expectations. C) They both felt good about the results of the game. D) People were surprised at their winning the game.
  9. A) Manager and employee. B) Salesman and customer. C) Guide and tourist. D) Professor and student.
  10. A) Tom has arranged a surprise party for Lucy. B) Tom will keep the surprise party a secret. C) Tom and Lucy have no secrets from each other. D) Tom didn' t make any promise to Lucy. Section B Compound Dictation 注意:听力理解的 B 节(Section B)为复合式听写 (Compound Dictation),题目在试卷二上, 现在请取出试卷二. Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage: Birds that are literally half-asleep??with one brain hemisphere alert and the other sleeping--control which side of the brain remains awake, according to a new study of sleeping ducks. Earlier studies have documented half-brain sleep in a wide range of birds. The brain hemispheres take turns sinking into the sleep stage characterized by slow brain waves. The eye controlled by the sleeping hemisphere keeps shut, while the wakeful hemisphere's eye stays open 点点论坛: 点点论坛:http://www.diandian.net/bbs
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and alert. Birds also can sleep with both hemispheres resting at once. Decades of studies of bird flocks led researchers to predict extra alertness in the more vulnerable, end-of-the-row sleepers. Sure enough, the end birds tended to watch carefully on the side away from their companions. Ducks in the inner spots showed no preference for gaze direction. Also, birds dozing(打盹) at the end of the line resorted to single hemisphere sleep, rather than total relaxation, more often than inner ducks did. Rotating 16 birds through the positions in a four-duck row, the researchers found outer birds half-asleep during some 32 percent of dozing time versus about 12 percent for birds in internal spots. "We believe this is the first evidence for an animal behaviorally controlling sleep and wakefulness simultaneously in different regions of the brain,"the researchers say. The results provide the best evidence for a long-standing supposition that single-hemisphere sleep evolved as creatures scanned for enemies. The preference for opening an eye on the lookout side could be widespread, he predicts. He's seen it in a pair of birds dozing side-by-side in the zoo and in a single pet bird sleeping by a mirror. The mirror-side eye closed as if the reflection were a companion and the other eye stayed open. Useful as half-sleeping might be, it's only been found in birds and such water mammals(哺 乳动物) as dolphins, whales, and seals. Perhaps keeping one side of the brain awake allows a sleeping animal to surface occasionally to avoid drowning. Studies of birds may offer unique insights into sleep. Jerome M. Siegel of the UCLA says he wonders if birds' half brain sleep is "just the tip of the iceberg(冰山)" He speculates that more examples may turn up when we take a closer look at other species.
  11. A new study on birds' sleep has revealed that . A) half-brain sleep is found in a wide variety of birds B) half-brain sleep is characterized by slow brain waves C) birds can control their half-brain sleep consciously D) birds seldom sleep with the whole of their brain at rest
  12. According to the passage, birds often half sleep because . A) they have to watch out for possible attacks B) their brain hemispheres take turns to rest C) the two halves of their brain are differently structured D) they have to constantly keep an eye on their companions
  13. The example of a bird sleeping in front of a mirror indicates that . A) the phenomenon of birds dozing in pairs is widespread B) birds prefer to sleep in pairs for the sake of security C) even an imagined companion gives the bird a sense of security D) a single pet bird enjoys seeing its own reflection in the mirror
  14. While sleeping, some water mammals tend to keep half awake in order to . A) alert themselves to the approaching enemy B) emerge from water now and then to breathe 点点论坛: 点点论坛:http://www.diandian.net/bbs
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C) be sensitive to the ever-changing environment D) avoid being swept away by rapid currents
  15. By "just the tip of the iceberg"( Line 2, Para.
  8), Siegel suggests that . A) half-brain sleep has something to do with icy weather B) the mystery of half-brain sleep is close to being solved C) most birds living in cold regions tend to be half sleepers D) half-brain sleep is a phenomenon that could exist among other species Passage Two Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage. A nine-year-old schoolgirl single-handedly cooks up a science-fair experiment that ends up debunking(揭穿……的真相) a widely practiced medical treatment. Emily Rosa's target was a practice known as therapeutic(治疗的) touch (TT for short), whose advocates manipulate patients' "energy field" to make them feel better and even, say some, to cure them of various ills. Yet Emily's test shows that these energy fields can't be detected, even by trained TT practitioners (行医者). Obviously mindful of the publicity value of the situation, Journal editor George Lundberg appeared on TV to declare, "Age doesn't matter. It's good science that matters, and this is good science." Emily's mother Linda Rosa, a registered nurse, has been campaigning against TT for nearly a decade. Linda first thought about TT in the late '80s, when she learned it was on the approved list for continuing nursing education in Colorado. Its 100,000 trained practitioners (48,000 in the U. S.) don't even touch their patients. Instead, they waved their hands a few inches from the patient's body, pushing energy fields around until they' re in "balance." TT advocates say these manipulations can help heal wounds, relieve pain and reduce fever. The claims are taken seriously enough that TT therapists are frequently hired by leading hospitals, at up to $ 70 an hour, to smooth patients' energy, sometimes during surgery. Yet Rosa could not find any evidence that it works. To provide such proof, TT therapists would have to sit down for independent testing--something they haven't been eager to do, even though James Randi has offered more than $1 million to anyone who can demonstrate the existence of a human energy field. (He's had one taker so far. She failed.) A skeptic might conclude that TT practitioners are afraid to lay their beliefs on the line. But who could turn down an innocent fourth-grader? Says Emily:"I think they didn't take me very seriously because I'm a kid." The experiment was straight forward: 21 TT therapists stuck their hands, palms up, through a screen. Emily held her own hand over one of theirs--left or right--and the practitioners had to say which hand it was. When the results were recorded, they'd done no better than they would have by simply guessing. If there was an energy field, they couldn't feel it.
  16. Which of the following is evidence that TT is widely practiced? A) TT has been in existence for decades. B) Many patients were cured by therapeutic touch.
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C) TT therapists are often employed by leading hospitals. D) More than 100,000 people are undergoing TT treatment.
  17. Very few TT practitioners responded to the $1 million offer because . A) they didn't take the offer seriously B) they didn't want to risk their career C) they were unwilling to reveal their secret D) they thought it was not in line with their practice
  18. The purpose of Emily Rosa's experiment was . A) to see why TT could work the way it did B) to find out how TT cured patients' illnesses C) to test whether she could sense the human energy field D) to test whether a human energy field really existed
  19. Why did some TT practitioners agree to be the subjects of Emil's experiment? A) It involved nothing more than mere guessing. B) They thought it was going to be a lot of fun. C) It was more straightforward than other experiments. D) They sensed no harm in a little girl's experiment.
  20. What can we learn from the passage? A) Some widely accepted beliefs can be deceiving. B) Solid evidence weighs more than pure theories. C) Little children can be as clever as trained TT practitioners. D) The principle of TT is too profound to understand. Passage Three Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage. What might driving on an automated highway be like? The answer depends on what kind of system is ultimately adopted. Two distinct types are on the drawing board. The first is a special-purpose lane system, in which certain lanes are reserved for automated vehicles. The second is a mixed traffic system: fully automated vehicles would share the road with partially automated or manual driven cars. A special-purpose lane system would require more extensive physical modifications to existing highways, but it promises the greatest gains in freeway(高速 公路)capacity. Under either scheme, the driver would specify the desired destination, furnishing this information to a computer in the car at the beginning of the trip or perhaps just before reaching the automated highway. If a mixed traffic system was in place, automated driving could begin whenever the driver was on suitably equipped roads. If special-purpose lanes were available, the car could enter them and join existing traffic in two different ways. One method would use a special on-ramp (入口引道).As the driver approached the point of entry for the highway, devices installed on the roadside would electronically check the vehicle to determine its destination and to ascertain that it had the proper automation equipment in good working order. Assuming it passed such tests, the driver would then be guided through a gate and toward an 点点论坛: 点点论坛:http://www.diandian.net/bbs
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automated lane. In this case, the transition from manual to automated control would take place on the entrance ramp. An alternative technique could employ conventional lanes, which would be shared by automated and regular vehicles. The driver would steer onto the highway and move in normal fashion to a "transition" lane. The vehicle w
 

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