高级英语试题参考答案及评分标准 I,按课文填空(本大题共 24 题,每小题
  0.5 分,共 12 分)
  1.E
  13.G
  2.U
  3.L
  4.T
  5.S
  6. M
  7.A
  8.H
  9.F
  10.B
  11.O
  12.N

  14.P
  15.R
  16.J
  17.X
  18.Q
  19.I
  20.K
  21.C
  22.D
  23.V
  24.W
[评分标准]与答案不符则错,每错两题扣 1 分,如错题总数为偶数 2,4,6,8,10 则分别扣 1,2,3,4,5,分;如错 题总数为奇数 1,3,5,7,9 则分别扣 0,1,2,3,4,分. II.选词填空(本大题在 24 个选选中选择 15 个进行填空,每题 1 分,共 15 分)
  25.U
  26.D
  27.T
  28.H
  29.G
  30.B
  31.Q
  32.I
  33.C
  34.E
  35.S
  36.W
  37.X
  38.M
  39.N III,填空(本大题中,在每小题的两个选择中选择一个完成全句,每小题 1 分,共 15 分)
  40.B
  41.A
  42.B
  43.B
  52.A
  53.A
  54.A IV.汉译英(本大题共 6 小题,前 5 小题每题 2 分,第 6 小题 8 分,共 18 分)
  55.It's a wise man, I guess, who knows he's dumb, and an honest person who knows he's a liar.
  56.Television does a better job in that little time than the nation's press as a whole.
  57.Ugliness is one of the symptoms of disease, beauty of health.
  58.My interest in law stems from a concern about the future of the black ghetto.
  59.Rock music is really a sociological expression rather than a musical force.
  60.On a Sunday afternoon, Miss Brill came to the park as usual . She sat down on a bench, watching everything around her. She felt as if she was watching a play on life. Suddenly she realized that she was also playing a part in the play and that she was also acting on the stage. At once she felt much less lonely.
  44.A
  45.A
  46.A
  47.B
  48.B
  49.A
  50.B
  51.B
[评分标准]

  1.译文准确,句子连贯,无严重语法错误,得满.
  2.虽然译文与答案不完全相符,但能够正确表达原意,不扣分.
  3.译文不准确,内容不连贯,出现一个严重错误,扣 1 分.
  4.以句为单位,拼写错误每 5 个扣 1 分,不重复扣分,不满 5 个不扣分,不得出现负分.
  5.第 6 题包含 6 个短句,每句 1 分,按前 4 项标准评分.另外,译文的连贯性 1 分,印象分 1 分. Part Two V. 选 择 题 ( 本 大 题 共 10 题 , 每 小 题 1 分 , 共 10 分 )
  61.C
  62.B
  63.B
  64.A
  65.B
  66.C
  67.A
  68.A
  69.B
  70.D VI.选择题(本大题共 5 小题,每题 2 分,共 10 分)
  71.D
  72.D
  73.A
  74.B
  75.B VII.英译汉(本大题共 5 小题,每题 2 分,共 10 分)
  76.With every door of communication opening wide, we are held back by the barrier of language. A.面对(每一扇)敞开着的交际的大门,我们却被语言障碍羁绊着/阻挡着. B.尽管交流的大门已扇扇打开,但我们仍然受到语言藩篱的阻挡.

  77.The realization of the dream of world-wide communication and the growing belief that men can plan for change are opening new potentialities for human relationships. A.实际世界范围内交流的梦想以及人类能够规划变革的日益加深的信念,正在为人际关系开创着新的可能 性. B.进行全球交流的梦想得以实现,而人们越来越相信人类有能力制定变革的规划,这些都是为人类交往的发 展开创着新的可能性.
  78.So the various candidate languages were tried out-in vain. 于是各种有可能的语言都被一一试过,然而却均以失败告终.
  79.If they are right, sooner or that the language of the most populous and powerful advanced nations will swamp the smaller languages. A.如果他们是对的,人口最多和最强大的发达国家的语言迟早会把小语种淹没. B.如果他们的观点是正确的,那么人口最多,国力最强的发达国家的语言将迟早会淹没较小的语言.
  80. Soon diversity of language will be the principal remaining evidence of man's extraordinary inventiveness in creating different ways of living. A.不久,语言的多样性将成为人类在创造不同生活方式中表现出的非凡的创新精神的一个尚存的/仍然存在 的重要的证据. B.不久,语言的多样性将成为一个尚存的重要的证据.这个证据显示了人类在创造不同生活方式中表现出的 非凡的创新精神. [评分标准]
  1.译文准确,句子连贯,无严重理解错误,得满分.
  2.虽然译文与答案不完全相符,但能够正确表达愿意,不扣分.
  3.译文不准确,内容不连贯,出出一个严重理解错误,扣 1 分.
  4.出现关键的内容上的漏译,每一个扣 1 分;出现关键词汇的漏译,每两个扣 1 分,但不出现负分. VIII.回答问题(10 分) [答题要点] The old approach to a world language: a) The world language was an artificial language based on European languages, and b) Therefore, it gave great advantages to those who spoke any one of them and disadvantages to those who did not. The new approach to a world language proposed by the author: c) It should be a natural language, and d) It should be a language of a small, politically unimportant, non-European literate people. Conclusion: e) Although we have to come back to the idea that we wtill need a world language, we should move in a new direction, adopting the new approach instead of the old. [评分标准]
  1)a), b), c), d)每一点各 2 分,每一点不全面均扣 1 分.
  2)e)1 分.
  3)印象分(语言质量)1 分.
 

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