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2000 年英语专业八级考试全真试卷 听力 Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (40 min) In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each ques tion on your Coloured Answer Sheet. SECTION A TALK Questions 1 to 5 refer to the talk in this section .At the end of the talk you w ill be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now list en to the talk.
  1. The rules for the first private library in the US were drawn up by . A. the legislature B. the librarian C. John Harvard D. the faculty members
  2. The earliest public library was also called a subscription library bec ause books . A. could be lent to everyone B. could be lent by book stores C. were lent to students and the faculty D. were lent on a membership basis
  3. Which of the following is NOT stated as one of the purposes of free pu blic libraries? A. To provide readers with comfortable reading rooms. B. To provide adults with opportunities of further education. C. To serve the community's cultural and recreational needs. D. To supply technical literature on specialized subjects.
  4. The major difference between modem private and public libraries lies i n . A. readership B. content C. service D.function
  5. The main purpose of the talk is . A. to introduce categories of books in US libraries B. to demonstrate the importance of US libraries C. to explain the roles of different US libraries D. to define the circulation system of US libraries SECTION B INTERVIEW Questions 6 to 10 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you wil l be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now listen to the interview.
  6. Nancy became a taxi driver because . A. she owned a car B. she drove well C. she liked drivers' uniforms D. it was her childhood dream
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  7. According to her, what was the most difficult about becoming a taxi dr iver? A. The right sense of direction. B. The sense of judgment. C. The skill of maneuvering. D. The size of vehicles.
  8. What does Nancy like best about her job? A. Seeing interesting buildings in the city. B. Being able to enjoy the world of nature. C. Driving in unsettled weather. D. Taking long drives outside the city.
  9. It can be inferred from the interview that Nancy in a(n) moth er. A. uncaring B. strict C. affectionate D. perm issive
  10. The people Nancy meets are A. rather difficult to please B. rude to women drivers C. talkative and generous with tips D. different in personality SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST Question 11 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you wil l be given 15 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.
  11. The primary purpose of the US anti-smoking legislation is . A. to tighten control on tobacco advertising B. to impose penalties on tobacco companies C. to start a national anti-smoking campaign D. to ensure the health of American children Questions 12 and 13 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item , you will be given 30 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
  12. The French President's visit to Japan aims at . A. making more investments in Japan B. stimulating Japanese businesses in France C. helping boost the Japanese economy D. launching a film festival in Japan
  13. This is Jacques Chirac's visit to Japan. A. second B. fourteenth C. fortieth D. forty-first Questions 14 and 15 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item , you will be given 30 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
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  14. Afghan people are suffering from starvation because . A. melting snow begins to block the mountain paths B. the Taliban have destroyed existing food stocks C. the Taliban are hindering food deliveries D. an emergency air-lift of food was cancelled
  15. people in Afghanistan are facing starvation. A. 160,000 B. 16,000 C. 1,000,000
D. 100 ,000
SECTION D NOTE-TAKING AND GAP-FILLING Fill each of gaps with ONE word. You may refer to your notes. Make sure the word you fill in is both grammatically and semantically acceptable. On Public Speaking When people are asked to give a speech in public for the first time, they usually feel terrified no matter how well they speak in informal situations. In fact, public speaking is the same as any other form of (
  1)
  1. that people are usually engaged in. Public speaking is a way for a speaker to (
  2) his thoughts with the audience. Moreover, the speaker is free
  2. to decide on the (
  3) of his speech.
  3. Two key points to achieve success in public speaking: ?(
  4) of the subject matter.
  4. ?good preparation of the speech. To facilitate their understanding, inform your audience beforehand of the (
  5) of your speech, and end it with a summary.
  5. Other key points to bear in mind: ?be aware of your audience through eye contact. ?vary the speed of (
  6)
  6. ?use the microphone skillfully to (
  7) yourself in speech.
  7. ?be brief in speech; always try to make your message (
  8)
  8. Example: the best remembered inaugural speeches of the US presidents are the (
  9) ones.
  9. Therefore, brevity is essential to the (
  10) of a speech.
  10. 改错 Part Ⅱ Proofreading and Error Correction (15 min) The following passage contains TEN errors. Each line contains a maximum of ONE error. In each case, only ONE word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way. For a wrong word, underline the wrong word and wri te the correct one in the blank provided at the end of the line. For a missing word, mark the position of the missing word with a "∧" sign and write the word you believe to be missing in the blank provided at the end of the line. For an unnecessary word cross out the unnecessary word with a slash "/' and put the word in the blank provided at the end of the line. Example When∧art museum wants a new exhibit, (
  1) an it never/ buys things in finished form and hangs (
  2) never them on the wall. When a natural history museum wants an exhibition, it must often build it. (
  3) exhibit
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The grammatical words which play so large a part in English grammar are for the most part sharply and obviously different
  1. from the lexical words. A rough and ready difference which may seem the most obvious is that grammatical words have" less meaning", but in fact some grammarians have called them
  2. "empty" words as opposed in the "full" words of vocabulary.
  3. But this is a rather misled way of expressing the distinction.
  4. Although a word like the is not the name of something as man is, it is very far away from being meaningless; there is a sharp
  5. difference in meaning between "man is vile and" "the man is vile", yet the is the single vehicle of this difference in meaning.
  6. Moreover, grammatical words differ considerably among themselves as the amount of meaning they have, even in the
  7. lexical sense. Another name for the grammatical words has been "little words". But size is by no mean a good criterion for
  8. distinguishing the grammatical words of English, when we consider that we have lexical words as go, man, say, car. Apart
  9. from this, however, there is a good deal of truth in what some people say: we certainly do create a great number of obscurity
  10. when we omit them. This is illustrated not only in the poetry of Robert Browning but in the prose of telegrams and newspaper headlines. 阅读理解 A Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 min) SECTION A READING COMPREHENSION (30 min) In this section there are four reading passages followed by a total of fifteen multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and then mark your answers on your Coloured Answer Sheet. TEXT A Despite Denmark's manifest virtues, Danes never talk about how proud they a re to be Danes. This would sound weird in Danish. When Danes talk to foreigners about Denmark, they always begin by commenting on its tininess, its unimportance , the difficulty of its language, the general small-mindedness and self-indulgen ce of their countrymen and the high taxes. No Dane would look you in the eye and say, "Denmark is a great country." You're supposed to figure this out for yo urself. It is the land of the silk safety net, where almost half the national budg et goes toward smoothing out life's inequalities, and there is plenty of money f or schools, day care, retraining programmes, job seminars-Danes love seminars: t hree days at a study centre hearing about waste management is almost as good as a ski trip. It is a culture bombarded by English, in advertising, pop music, the Internet, and despite all the English that Danish absorbs?there is no Danish Academy to defend against it ?old dialects persist in Jutland that can barel y be understood by Copenhageners. It is the land where, as the saying goes," Fe w have too much and fewer have too little, "and a foreigner is struck by the swe e t egalitarianism that prevails, where the lowliest clerk gives you a level gaze, where Sir and Madame have disappeared from common usage, even Mr.
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and Mrs. It' s a nation of recyclers?about 55 % of Danish garbage gets made into something new? and no nuclear power plants. It's a nation of tireless planner. Trains run on time. Things operate well in general. Such a nation of overachievers ? a brochure from the Ministry of Busines s and Industry says, "Denmark is one of the world's cleanest and most organize d countries, with virtually no pollution, crime, or poverty. Denmark is the most c orruption-free society in the Northern Hemisphere. "So, of course, one's heart l ifts at any sighting of Danish sleaze: skinhead graffiti on buildings("Foreigne r s Out of Denmark! "), broken beer bottles in the gutters, drunken teenagers slu mped in the park. Nonetheless, it is an orderly land. You drive through a Danish town, it co mes to an end at a stone wall, and on the other side is a field of barley, a nic e clean line: town here, country there. It is not a nation of jay-walkers. Peopl e stand on the curb and wait for the red light to change, even if it's 2 a.m. a n d there's not a car in sight. However, Danes don' t think of themselves as a w ai nting-at-2-a.m.-for-the-green-light people??that's how they see Swedes and Ge r mans. Danes see themselves as jazzy people, improvisers, more free spirited than Swedes, but the truth is( though one should not say it)that Danes are very much like Germans and Swedes. Orderliness is a main selling point. Denmark has few n atural resources, limited manufacturing capability; its future in Europe will be as a broker, banker, and distributor of goods. You send your goods by container ship to Copenhagen, and these bright, young, English-speaking, utterly honest, highly disciplined people will get your goods around to Scandinavia, the Baltic States, and Russia. Airports, seaports, highways, and rail lines are ultramodern and well-maintained. The orderliness of the society doesn't mean that Danish lives are less me s sy or lonely than yours or mine, and no Dane would tell you so. You can hear ple nty about bitter family feuds and the sorrows of alcoholism and about perfectly sensible people who went off one day and killed themselves. An orderly society c an not exempt its members from the hazards of life. But there is a sense of entitlement and security that Danes grow up with. Certain things are yours by virtue of citizenship, and you shouldn't feel bad f o r taking what you're entitled to, you're as good as anyone else. The rules of th e welfare system are clear to everyone, the benefits you get if you lose your jo b, the steps you take to get a new one; and the orderliness of the system makes it possible for the country to weather high unemployment and social unrest witho ut a sense of crisis.
  16. The author thinks that Danes adopt a attitude towards their country. A. boastful B. modest C. deprecating D. mysterious
  17. Which of the following is NOT a Danish characteristic cited in the pa ssage? A. Fondness of foreign culture. B. Equality in society. C. Linguistic tolerance. D. Persistent planning.
  18. The author's reaction to the statement by the Ministry of Business a nd Industry is . A. disapproving B. approving C. noncommittal D. doubtful
  19. According to the passage, Danish orderliness . A. sets the people apart from Germans and Swedes B. spares Danes social troubles besetting other people C. is considered economically essential to the country D. prevents Danes from acknowledging existing troubles
  20. At the end of the passage the author states all the following EXCEPT that .
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A. Danes are clearly informed of their social benefits B. Danes take for granted what is given to them C. the open system helps to tide the country over D. orderliness has alleviated unemployment TEXT B But if language habits do not represent classes, a social stratification in to something as bygone as "aristocracy" and "commons", they do still of cour se s erve to identify social groups. This is something that seems fundamental in the use of language. As we see in relation to political and national movements, lang uage is used as a badge or a barrier depending on whic
 

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