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2000 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Part A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (5 points) Example: I have been to the Great Wall three times 19
  79. [A] from [B] after [C] for [D] since The sentence should read, "I have been to the Great Wall three times since 19
  79." Therefore, you should choose [D] Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [■]
  1. As I'll be away for at least a year, I'd appreciate from you now and then telling me how everyone is getting along. [A] hearing [B] to hear [C] to be hearing [D] having heard
  2. Greatly agitated, I rushed to the apartment and tried the door, to find it locked. [A] just [B] only [C] hence [D] thus
  3. Doctors see a connection between increase amounts of leisure time spent and the increased number of cases of skin cancer. [A] to sunbathe Structure and Vocabulary
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大家版词典级 23 年考研英语真题及答案
[B] to have sunbathed [C] having sunbathed [D] sunbathing
  4. Unless you sign a contract with the insurance company for your goods, you are not entitled a repayment for the goods damaged in delivery. [A] to [B] with [C] for [D] on
  5. On a rainy day I was driving north through Vermont I noticed a young man holding up a sign reading "Boston". [A] which [B] where [C] when [D] that
  6. Christie stared angrily at her boss and turned away, as though out of the office. [A] went [B] gone [C] to go [D] would go
  7. The roles expected old people in such a setting give too few psychological satisfactions for normal happiness. [A] of [B] on [C] to [D] with
  8. Talk to anyone in the drug industry, you'll soon discover that the science of genetics is the biggest thing to hit drug research since penicillin was discovered. [A] or [B] and [C] for [D] so
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  9.
It wasn't so much that I disliked her that I just wasn't interested in the whole business. [A] rather [B] so [C] than [D] as

  10. Countless divorced politicians would have been elected out of office years ago had they even thought of a divorce, let alone one. [A] getting [B] to get [C] gotten [D] get Part B Directions: Each of the following sentences has four underlined parts marked [A], [B], [C], and [D]. Identify the part of the sentence that is incorrect and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (5 points) Example: A number of [A] foreign visitors were taken [B] to the industrial exhibition, which [C] they saw [D] many new products. Answer [C] is wrong. The sentence should read, "A number of foreign visitors were taken to the industrial exhibition, where they saw many new products." So you should choose [C]. Sample Answer [A] [B] [■] [D]
  11. Having isolated on a remote island, with little work to occupy them, the A B C soldiers suffered from boredom and low spirits. D
  12. If the letter to be mailed was placed on the writing table an hour ago, it is A B C certain being there now. D
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大家版词典级 23 年考研英语真题及答案

  13. The ruling party could even lose its majority in the lower house of parliament, A B started a period of prolonged struggling. C D
  14. The mechanisms at work are manifest in the tendency for such physical A B activity to utilize the potential harmful constituents of the stress response. C D
  15. In the long run, however, this hurry to shed full-time staff may be more A B C harmful to industry as it is to the workforce. D
  16. See to it that you include in the examination paper whatever questions they A B C didn't know the answer last time. D
  17. Most newspapers, while devoting the major part of its space to recent events, A B usually manage to find room on the inside pages for articles on some C D interesting topics.
  18. One sign by which you are making progress in an art such as painting or A B photography is that you begin to realize how much there is to learn. C D
  19. The ideal listener stays both inside and outside the music at the moment it is A played and enjoying it almost as much as the composer at the moment he B C composes. D
  20. Continued exposure to stress has been linked to worsened functioning of the A B immune system, leaving a person more liable for infection. C D Part C
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Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points) Example: The lost car of the Lees was found in the woods off the highway. [A] vanished [B] scattered [C] abandoned [D] rejected The sentence should read, "The lost car of the Lees was found abandoned in the woods off the highway." Therefore, you should choose [C]. Sample Answer [A] [B] [■][D]
  21. He spoke so that even his opponents were won over by his arguments. [A] bluntly [B] convincingly [C] emphatically [D] determinedly
  22. France's of nuclear testing in the South Pacific last month triggered political debates and mass demonstrations. [A] assumption [B] consumption [C] presumption [D] resumption
  23. The 215-page manuscript, circulated to publishers last October, an outburst of interest. [A] flared [B] glittered [C] sparked [D] flashed
  24. His efforts to bring about a reconciliation between the two Parties .
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大家版词典级 23 年考研英语真题及答案
[A] came off [B] came on [C] came round [D] came down
  25. The system was redesigned to embrace the network and eventually it in a profitable direction. [A] adapt [B] control [C] install [D] steer
  26. The capital intended to broaden the export base and efficiency gains from international trade was channeled instead into uneconomic import substitution. [A] secure [B] extend [C] defend [D] possess
  27. It is announced that a wallet has been found and can be at the manager's office. [A] declared [B] obtained [C] reclaimed [D] recognized
  28. When I my senses, I found myself wrapped up in bed in my little room, with Grandma bending over me. [A] woke up [B] took to [C] picked up [D] came to
  29. The American society is an exceedingly shaky foundation of natural resources, which is connected with the possibility of a worsening environment. [A] established on [B] affiliated to [C] originated from
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[D] incorporated with
  30. I am not with my roommate but I have to share the room with her, because I have nowhere else to live. [A] concerned [B] compatible [C] considerate [D] complied
  31. At first, the of color pictures over a long distance seemed impossible, but, with painstaking efforts and at great expense, it became a reality. [A] transaction [B] transmission [C] transformation [D] transition
  32. When the committee to details, the proposed plan seemed impractical. [A] got down [B] set about [C] went off [D] came up
  33. to some parts of South America is still difficult, because parts of the continent are still covered with thick forests. [A] Orientation [B] Access [C] Procession [D] Voyage
  34. Mr. Smith had an unusual : he was first an office clerk, then a sailor, and ended up as a school teacher. [A] profession [B] occupation [C] position [D] career
  35. The mayor is a woman with great and therefore deserves our political and financial support.
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大家版词典级 23 年考研英语真题及答案
[A] intention [B] instinct [C] integrity [D] intensity
  36. The English weather defies forecast and hence is a source of interest to everyone. [A] speculation [B] attribution [C] utilization [D] proposition
  37. The fact that the golden eagle usually builds its nest on some high cliffs it almost impossible to obtain the eggs or the young birds. [A] renders [B] reckons [C] regards [D] relates
  38. To impress a future employer, one should dress neatly, be , and display interest in the job. [A] swift [B] instant [C] timely [D] punctual
  39. You don't have to install this radio in your new car, it's an extra. [A] excessive [B] optional [C] additional [D] arbitrary
  40. We were pleased to note that the early morning delivery didn't to the traffic jam of the busy city. [A] aid [B] amount [C] add [D] attribute
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Section II Directions:
Cloze Test
For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points) If a farmer wishes to succeed, he must try to keep a wide gap between his consumption and his production. He must store a large quantity of grain 大41家 consuming all his grain immediately. He can continue to support himself and his family 大42家 he produces a surplus. He must use this surplus in three ways: as seed for sowing, as an insurance 大43家 the unpredictable effects of bad weather and as a commodity which he must sell in order to 大44家 old agricultural implements and obtain chemical fertilizers to 大45家 the soil. He may also need money to construct irrigation 大46家 and improve his farm in other ways. If no surplus is available, a farmer cannot be 大47家 . He must either sell some of his property or 大48家 extra funds in the form of loans. Naturally he will try to borrow money at a low 大49家 of interest, but loans of this kind are not 大50家 obtainable.
  41. [A] other than [B] as well as [C] instead of [D] more than
  42. [A] only if [B] much as [C] long before [D] ever since
  43. [A] for [B] against
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大家版词典级 23 年考研英语真题及答案
[C] of [D] towards
  44. [A] replace [B] purchase [C] supplement [D] dispose
  45. [A] enhance [B] mix [C] feed [D] raise
  46. [A] vessels [B] routes [C] paths [D] channels
  47. [A] self-confident [B] self-sufficient [C] self-satisfied [D] self-restrained
  48. [A] search [B] save [C] offer [D] seek
  49. [A] proportion [B] percentage [C] rate [D] ratio
  50. [A] genuinely [B] obviously [C] presumably [D] frequently Section III Reading Comprehension
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Directions: Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For each question there are four answers marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each of the questions. Then mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (40 points)
Text 1
A history of long and effortless success can be a dreadful handicap, but, if properly handled, it may become a driving force. When the United States entered just such a glowing period after the end of the Second World War, it had a market eight times larger than any competitor, giving its industries unparalleled economies of scale. Its scientists were the world's best, its workers the most skilled. America and Americans were prosperous beyond the dreams of the Europeans and Asians whose economies the war had destroyed. It was inevitable that this primacy should have narrowed as other countries grew richer. Just as inevitably, the retreat from predominance proved painful. By the mid-1980s Americans had found themselves at a loss over their fading industrial competitiveness. Some huge American industries, such as consumer electronics, had shrunk or vanished in the face of foreign competition. By 1987 there was only one American television maker left, Zenith. (Now there is none: Zenith was bought by South Korea's LG Electronics in July.) Foreign-made cars and textiles were sweeping into the domestic market. America's machine-tool industry was on the ropes. For a while it looked as though the making of semiconductors, which America had invented and which sat at the heart of the new computer age, was going to be the next casualty. All of this caused a crisis of confidence. Americans stopped taking prosperity for granted. They began to believe that their way of doing business was failing, and that their incomes would therefore shortly begin to fall as well. The mid-1980s brought one inquiry after another into the causes of America's industrial decline. Their sometimes sensational findings were filled with warnings about the growing competition from overseas. How things have changed! In 1995 the United States can look back on five years of solid growth while Japan has been struggling. Few Americans attribute this solely to such obvious causes as a devalued dollar or the turning of the business cycle. Self-doubt has yielded to blind pride. "American industry has changed its structure, has gone on a diet, has learnt to be more quick-witted," according to Richard Cavanagh, executive dean of Harvard's Kennedy School of Government. "It makes me proud to be an American just to see how our businesses are improving their productivity," says Stephen Moore of the Cat
 

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