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2001 年 1 月大学英语六级考试试题及参考答案 大学英语六级考试试 六级考试
Part I Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Example: You will hear: You will read: A) 2 hours. B) 3 hours. C) 4 hours. D) 5 hours. From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) “5 hours” is the correct answer. You should choose [D] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1. A) The man thinks travelling by air is quite safe. B) The woman never travels by plane. C) Both speakers feel nervous when flying. D) The speakers feel sad about the serious loss of life.
  2. A) At the information desk. B) In an office. C) In a restaurant.
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D) At a railway station.
  3. A) Write the letter. B) Paint the shelf. C) Fix the shelf. D) Look for the pen.
  4. A) It gives a 30% discount to all customers. B) It is run by Mrs. Winter’s husband. C) It hires Mrs. Winter as an adviser. D) It encourages husbands to shop on their own.
  5. A) Long exposure to the sun. B) Lack of sleep. C) Too tight a hat. D) Long working hours.
  6. A) His English is still poor after ten years in America. B) He doesn’t mind speaking English with an accent. C) He doesn’t like the way Americans speak. D) He speaks English as if he were a native speaker.
  7. A) An auto mechanic. B) An electrician. C) A carpenter. D) A telephone repairman.
  8. A) They both enjoyed watching the game. B) The man thought the results were beyond their expectations. C) They both felt good about the results of the game. D) People were surprised at their winning the game.
  9. A) Manager and employee. B) Salesman and customer. C) Guide and tourist. D) Professor and student.
  10. A) Tom has arranged a surprise party for Lucy.
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B) Tom will keep the surprise party a secret. C) Tom and Lucy have no secrets from each other. D) Tom didn’t make any promise to Lucy.
Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered form S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard: For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
Compound Dictation The human body is a remarkable food processor. As an adult, you may consumer (S
  1) a ton of food per year and still not gain or lose a pound of body weight. You are (S
  2) harnessing and consuming energy through the intricate (S
  3) of your body in order to remain in energy balance.To (S
  4) a given body weight, your energy input must balance your energy output. However, sometimes the (S
  5) energy balance is upset, and your (S
  6) body weight will either fall or (S
  7) . The term body image refers to the mental image we have of our own physical appearance, and (S
  8) . Research has revealed that about 40 percent of adult men and 55 percent of adult women are dissatisfied with their current body weight (S
  9). At the college level, a study found that 85 percent of both male and female first-year students desired to change their body weight. (S
  10).
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Thinness is currently an attribute that females desire highly. Males generally desire muscularity. The vast majority of individuals who want to change their body weight do it for the sake of appearance; most want to lose excess body fat while a smaller percentage of individuals actually want to gain weight.
Part II
Reading Comprehension
(35 minutes)
Direction: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B) C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage One Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
Birds that are literally half-asleep?with one brain hemisphere alert and the other sleeping?control which side of the brain remains awake, according to a new study of sleeping ducks. Earlier studies have documented half-brain sleep in a wide range of birds. The brain hemispheres take turns sinking into the sleep stage characterized by slow brain waves. The eye controlled by the sleeping hemisphere keeps shut, while the wakeful hemisphere’s eye stays open and alert. Birds also can sleep with both hemispheres resting at once. Earlier studies have documented half-brain sleep in a wide range of birds. The brain hemispheres take turns sinking into the sleep stage characterized by slow brain waves. The eye controlled by the sleeping hemisphere keeps shut, while the wakeful hemisphere’s eye stays open and alert. Birds also can sleep with both hemispheres resting at once. Decades of studies of bird flocks led researchers to predict extra alertness in the
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more vulnerable, end-of-the-row sleepers, Sure enough, the end birds tended to watch carefully on the side away from their companions. Ducks in the inner spots showed no preference for gaze direction. Also, birds dozing (打盹) the end of the line resorted to single-hemisphere sleep, at rather than total relaxation, more often than inner ducks did. Rotating 16 birds through the positions in a four-duck row, the researchers found outer birds half-asleep during some 32 percent of dozing time versus about 12 percent for birds in internal spots. “We believe this is the first evidence for an animal behaviorally controlling sleep and wakefulness simultaneously in different regions of the brain,” the researchers say. The results provide the best evidence for a long-standing supposition that single-hemisphere sleep evolved as creatures scanned for enemies. The preference for opening an eye on the lookout side could be widespread, he predicts. He’s seen it in a pair of birds dozing side-by-side in the zoo and in a single pet bird sleeping by mirror. The mirror-side eye closed as if the reflection were a companion and the other eye stayed open. Useful as half-sleeping might be, it’s only been found in birds and such water mammals(哺乳动物)as dolphins, whales, and seals. Perhaps keeping one side of the brain awake allows a sleeping animal to surface occasionally to avoid drowning. Studies of birds may offer unique insights into sleep. Jerome M. Siegel of the UGLA says he wonders if birds’ half-brain sleep “is just the tip of the iceberg 冰山) ( ”. He speculates that more examples may turn up when we take a closer look at other species.
  11. A new study on birds’ sleep has revealed that . A) half-brain sleep is found in a wide variety of birds B) half-brain sleep is characterized by slow brain waves C) birds can control their half-brain sleep consciously D) birds seldom sleep with the whole of their brain at rest
  12. According to the passage, birds often half sleep because . A) they have to watch out for possible attacks
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B) their brain hemisphere take turns to rest C) the two halves of their brain are differently structured D) they have to constantly keep an eye on their companions
  13. The example of a bird sleeping in front of a mirror indicates that . A) the phenomenon of birds dozing in pairs is widespread B) birds prefer to sleep in pairs for the sake of security C) even an imagined companion gives the bird a sense of security D) a single pet bird enjoys seeing its own reflection in the mirror
  14. While sleeping, some water mammals tend to keep half awake in order to . A) alert themselves to the approaching enemy B) emerge from water now and then to breathe C) be sensitive to the ever-changing environment D) avoid being swept away by rapid currents
  15. By “just the tip of the iceberg” (Line 2, Para.
  8), Siegel suggests that . A) half-brain sleep has something to do with icy weather B) the mystery of half-brain sleep is close to being solved C) most birds living in cold regions tend to be half sleepers D) half-brain sleep is a phenomenon that could exist among other species
Passage Two Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
A nine-year-old schoolgirl single-handedly cooks up a science-fair experiment that ends up debunking(揭穿..的真相)a widely practiced medical treatment. Emily . Rosa’s target was a practice known as therapeutic(治疗)touch (TT for short), whose advocates manipulate patients’ “energy field” to make them feel better and even, say some, to cure them of various ills. Yet Emily’s test shows that these energy fields
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can’t be detected, even by trained TT practitioners(行医者). Obviously mindful of the publicity value of the situation, Journal editor George Lundberg appeared on TV to declare, “Age doesn’t matter. It’s good science that matters, and this is good science.” Emily’s mother Linda Rosa, a registered nurse, has been campaigning against TT for nearly a decade. Linda first thought about TT in the late ’80s, when she learned it was on the approved list for continuing nursing education in Colorado. Its 100,000 trained practitioners (48,000 in the U.S.) don’t even touch their patients. Instead, they waved their hands a few inches from the patient’s body, pushing energy fields around until they’re in “balance.” TT advocates say these manipulations can help heal wounds, relieve pain and reduce fever. The claims are taken seriously enough that TT therapists are frequently hired by leading hospitals, at up to $70 an hour, the smooth patients’ energy, sometimes during surgery. Yet Rosa could not find any evidence that it works. To provide such proof, TT therapists would have to sit down for independent testing?something they haven’t been eager to do, even though James Randi has offered more than $1 million to anyone who can demonstrate the existence of a human energy field. (He’s had one taker so far. She failed.) A skeptic might conclude that TT practitioners are afraid to lay their beliefs on the line. But who could turn down an innocent fourth-grader? Says Emily: “I think they didn’t take me very seriously because I’m a kid.” The experiment was straightforward: 21 TT therapists stuck their hands, palms up, through a screen. Emily held her own hand over one of theirs?left or right?and the practitioners had to say which hand it was. When the results were recorded, they’d done no better than they would have by simply guessing. If there was an energy field, they couldn’t feel it.
  16. Which of the following is evidence that TT is widely practiced? A) TT has been in existence for decades. B) Many patients were cured by therapeutic touch. C) TT therapists are often employed by leading hospitals. D) More than 100,000 people are undergoing TT treatment.
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  17. Very few TT practitioners responded to the $1 million offer because . A) they didn’t take the offer seriously B) they didn’t want to risk their career C) they were unwilling to reveal their secret D) they thought it was not in line with their practice
  18. The purpose of Emily Rosa’s experiment was . A) to see why TT could work the way it did B) to find out how TT cured patient’s illness C) to test whether she could sense the human energy field D) to test whether a human energy field really existed
  19. Why did some TT practitioners agree to be the subjects of Emily’s experiment? A) It involved nothing more than mere guessing. B) They thought it was going to be a lot of fun. C) It was more straightforward than other experiments. D) They sensed no harm in a little girl’s experiment.
  20. What can we learn from the passage? A) Some widely accepted beliefs can be deceiving. B) Solid evidence weighs more than pure theories. C) Little children can be as clever as trained TT practitioners. D) The principle of TT is too profound to understand.
Passage Three Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
What might driving on an automated highway be l
 

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