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2001 年 1 月大学英语四级考试试题及参考答案
Part Ⅰ Section A
Listening Comprehension
(20 minutes)
Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Example: You will hear: You will read: A) At the office. B) In the waiting room. C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant. From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) “At the office” is the best answer. You should choose on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

  1. A)Get some change from Jane.
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满分四六级英语网 www.cetcet.com 独家整理
B)Go to look for a payphone. C)Use the woman's phone. D)Pay for the phone call.

  2. A)At an art gallery. B)In a department store. C)At a bookstore. D)In a workshop.

  3. A)She will help the man to catch up. B)She is worried about the man's health. C)She has bought the man an up to date map. D)She's bought the man a pair of glasses today.

  4. A)He is going to give a talk on fishing. B)He is eager to meet Susan's parents. C)He has the same hobby as Susan's father. D)He thinks fishing is a good way to kill time.

  5. A)He finds the presentation hard to follow. B)He speaks highly of the presentation. C)He considers the presentation very dull. D)He thinks Professor White has chosen an interesting topic.

  6. A)A bookshelf. B)A typewriter.
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满分四六级英语网 www.cetcet.com 独家整理
C)Some stocks. D)High quality paper.

  7. A)They set off early. B)They wait for a fine day. C)They go sightseeing. D)They go to the seaside.

  8. A)He liked to show off in class. B)He was the first person she met at school. C)He had a funny face. D)He was late for school on the first day.

  9. A)Her car can stand any crash. B)Her car is kept in good condition. C)Her car is not as good as his. D)Her car is maintained as well as his.

  10. A)She is too busy to go. B)She's willing to go swimming. C)She doesn't want to wait long. D)She enjoys the wonderful weather. Section B Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best
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满分四六级英语网 www.cetcet.com 独家整理
answer from the four choices marked A), B), C), and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Passage One Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  11. A)He was a tax collector. B)He was a government official. C)He was once a friend of the ruler. D)He was once a shcool teacher in India.

  12. A)To reward outstanding tax collectors. B)To declare new ways of collecting tax. C)To collect money from the persons invited. D)To entertain those who had made great contributions to the government.

  13. A)They were excused from paying income tax. B)They were given some silver and gold coins by the ruler. C)They tried to collect more money than the ruler asked for. D)They enjoyed being invited to dinner at the ruler's palace. Passage Two Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  14. A)They liked travelling. B)The reasons are unknown.
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满分四六级英语网 www.cetcet.com 独家整理
C)They were driven out of their homes. D)They wanted to find a better place to live in.

  15. A)They are unfriendly to Gypsies. B)They admire the musical talent of the Gypsies. C)They are envious of Gypsies. D)They try to put up with Gypsies.

  16. A)They are now taught in their own language. B)They are now allowed to attend local schools. C)Special schools have been set up for them. D)Permanent homes have been built for them. Passage Three Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.

  17. A)The causes are familiar. B)The causes are not well understood. C)The causes are obvious. D)The causes are very complicated.

  18. A)Improved highway design. B)Better public transportation. C)Regular driver training. D)Stricter traffic regulations.

  19. A)Highway crime.
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满分四六级英语网 www.cetcet.com 独家整理
B)Drivers' errors. C)Poor traffic control. D)Confusing road signs.

  20. A)Increasing people's awareness of traffic problems. B)Enhancing drivers' sense of responsibility. C)Building more highways. D)Designing better cars. Part Ⅱ Section A Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A) , B) , C) and D) . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Reading Comprehension
(35 minutes)
Passage One Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage. Dogs are social animals and without proper training, they will behave like wild animals. They will spboil your house, destroy your belongings, bark excessively,fight other dogs and even bite you. Nearly all behavior problems are perfectly normal dog activities that occur at the wrong time or place or are directed at the wrong thing. The key to preventing or treating behavior problems us learning to teach the dog to redirect its normal behavior to outlets that are acceptable in the domestic setting. One of the best things you can do for your dog and yourself is to obedience train (驯服) it. Obedience training doesn't solve all behavior problems, but it is the foundation for solving just about any problem.Training opens up a line of communication between you and your dog. Effective communication is
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满分四六级英语网 www.cetcet.com 独家整理
necessary to instruct your dog about what you want it to do. Training is also an easy way to establish the social rank order. When your dog o beys a simple request of "come here, sit," it is showing obedience and respect for you. It is not necessary to establish yourself as top dog or leader of the dog pack (群) by using extreme measures. You can teach your dog its subordinate (从属的)role by teaching it to show submission to you. Most dogs love performing tricks for you to pleasantly accept that you are in charge. Training should be fun and rewarding for you and your dog.It can enrich your relationship and make living together more enjoyable. A well |trained dog is more confident and can more safely be allowed a greater amount of freedom than an untrained animal.

  21.Behavior problems of dogs are believed to . A) be just part of their nature B) worsen in modern society C) occure when they go wild D) present a threat to the community

  22. The primary purpose of obedience training is to . A) teach the dog to perform clever tricks B) make the dog aware fo its owner's authority C) provide the dog with outlets for its wild behavior D) enable the dog to regain its normal behavior

  23. Effective communication between a dog and its owner is . A) essential to solving the dog's behavior problems B) the foundation for dogs to perform tasks C) a good way to teach the dog new tricks D) an extreme measure in obedience training
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满分四六级英语网 www.cetcet.com 独家整理

  24. Why do pet dogs love performing tricks for their masters? A) To avoid being punished. B) To show their affection for their masters. C) To win leadership of the dog pack. D) To show their willingness to obey.

  25. When a dog has received effective obedience training, its owner . A) can give the dog more rewards B) will enjoy a better family life C) can give the dog more freedom D) will have more confidence in himself
Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage. Engineering students are supposed to be examples of practicality and rationality , but when it comes to my college education I am an idealist and a fool. In highschool I wanted to be an electrical engineer and, of course, any sensible student with my aims would have chosen a college with a large engineering department,famous reputation and lots of good labs and research equipment. But that's not what I did. I chose to study engineering at a small liberal |arts(文科) university that doesn't even offer a major in electrical engineering. Obviously, this was not a practical choice; I came here for more noble reasons. I wanted a broad education that would provide me with flexibility and a value system to guide me in my career. I wanted to open my eyes and expand my vision by interacting with people who weren't studying science or engineering. My parents, teachers and other adults praised me for such a sensible choice. They told me I was wise and mature beyond my 18 years, and I believed them.
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满分四六级英语网 www.cetcet.com 独家整理
I headed off to college sure I was going to have an advantage over those students who went to big engineerng "factories" where they didn't care if you had values or were flexible. I was going to be a complete engineer: technical genius and sensitive humanist(人文学者) all in one. Now I'm not so sure. Somewhere along the way my noble ideals crashed into reality, as all noble ideals eventually do. After three years of struggling to balance math, physics and engineering courses with liberal arts courses, I have learned there are reasons why few engineering students try to reconcile (协调) engineering with liberal |arts courses in college. The reality that has blocked my path to become the typical successful student is that engineering and the liberal arts simply don't mix as easily as I assumed in high school. Individually they shape a person in very different ways; together they threaten to confuse. The struggle to reconcile the two fields of study is difficult.

  26. The author chose to study engineering at a small liberal-arts university because he . A) wanted to be an example of practicality and rationality B) intended to be a combination of engineer and humanist C) wanted to coordinate engineering with liberal-arts courses in college D) intended to be a sensible student with noble ideals

  27. According to the author, by interacting with people who study liberal arts, engineering students can . A) balance engineering and the liberal arts B) receive guidance in their careers C) become noble idealists D) broaden their horizons
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满分四六级英语网 www.cetcet.com 独家整理

  28. In the eyes of the author, a successful engineering student is expected . A) to have an excellent academic record B) to be wise and mature C) to be imaginative with a value system to guide him D) to be a technical genius with a wide vision

  29. The author's experience shows that he was . A) creative B) ambitious C) unrealistic D) irrational

  30. The word "they" in "... together they threaten to confuse." (Line 3, Para.
  5) refers to . A) engineering and the liberal arts C) flexibility and a value system B) reality and noble ideals D) practicality and rationality
Passage Three Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage. Priscilla Ouchida's "energy |efficient" house turned out to be a horrible dream. When she and her engineer husband married a few years ago, they built a $100,000, three -bedroom home in California. Tightly sealed to prevent air leaks,the house was equipped with small double |paned(双层玻璃的) windows and several other energy |saving features. Problems began as soon as the couple moved in, however. Priscilla's eyes burned. Her throat was constantly dry. She suffered from headaches and could hardly sleep. It was as though she had suddenly developed a strange illness. Experts finally traced the cause of her illness. The leyel of of formaldehyde(甲 醛) gas in her kitchen was twice the maximum allowed by federal standards for chemical workers. The source of the gas? Her new kitchen cabinets and wall |to |wall carpeting.
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满分四六级英语网 www.cetcet.com 独家整理
The Ouchidas are victims of indoor air pollution, which is not given sufficient attention partly because of the nation's drive to save energy. The problem itself isn't new. "The indoo
 

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