2001 年 1 月大学英语四级考试试题及参考答案
Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension(20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked [A], [B], [C]and [D], and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Example: You will hear: You will read: [A] At the office. [B] In the waiting room. [C] At the airport. [D] In a restaurant. From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, [A] “At the office” is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1. [A] Get some change from Jane [B] Use the woman's phone. [C] Go to look for a pay phone. [D] Pay for the phone call.
  2. [A] At a bookstore. [B] In a workshop. [C] At an art gallery. [D] In a department store.
  3. [A] She's bought the man a pair of glasses today. [B] She will help the man to catch up. [C] She is worried about the man's health. [D] She has bought the man an up\|to\|date map.
  4. [A] He is going to give a talk on fishing. [B] He thinks fishing is a good way to kill time. [C] He has the same hobby as Susan's father. [D] He is eager to meet Susan's parents.
  5. [A] He finds the presentation hard to follow. [B] He considers the presentation very dull. [C] He thinks Professor White has chosen an interesting topic.
[D] He speaks highly of the presentation.
  6. [A] High quality paper. [B] typewriter. [C] A bookshelf. [D] Some stocks.
  7. [A] They go to the seaside. [B] They set off early. [C] They go sightseeing. [D] They wait for a fine day.
  8. [A] He was late for school on the first day. [B] He had a funny face. [C] He was the first person she met at school. [D] He liked to show off in class.
  9. [A] Her car can stand any crash. [B] Her car is not as good as his. [C] Her car is maintained as well as his. [D] Her car is kept in good condition.
  10.[A] She is too busy to go. [B] She doesn't want to wait long. [C] She's willing to go swimming. [D] She enjoys the wonderful weather.
Section B Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D] . Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  11. [A] He was once a friend of the ruler. [B] He was a tax collector. [C] He was a government official. [D] He was once a school teacher in India.
  12. [A] To declare new ways of collecting tax. [B] To entertain those who had made great contributions to the government. [C] To collect money from the persons invited. [D] To reward outstanding tax collectors.
  13. [A] They tried to collect more money than the ruler asked for.
[B] They were given some silver and gold coins by the ruler. [C] They were excused from paying income tax. [D] They enjoyed being invited to dinner at the ruler's palace. Passage Two Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  14. [A] They liked travelling. [B] They wanted to find a better place to live in. [C] They were driven out of their homes. [D] The reasons are unknown.
  15. [A] They try to put up with Gypsies. [B] They are envious of Gypsies. [C] They are unfriendly to Gypsies. [D] They admire the musical talent of the Gypsies.
  16. [A] Special schools have been set up for them. [B] Permanent homes have been built for them. [C] They are now taught in their own language. [D] They are now allowed to attend local schools. Passage Three Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  17. [A] The causes are obvious. [B] The causes are very complicated [C] The causes are familiar. [D] The causes are not well understood.

  18. [A] Regular driver training. [B] Improved highway [C] Stricter traffic regulations. [D] Better public transportation.

  19. [A] Highway crime. [B] Poor traffic control. [C] Confusing road signs. [D] Drivers' errors.
  20. [A] Designing better cars. [B] Building more highways. [C] Increasing people's awareness of traffic problems.
[D] Enhancing drivers' sense of responsibility. Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension(35 minutes) Section A Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C]and [D] . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage: Dogs are social animals and without proper training, they will be have like wild animals. They will spoil your house, destroy your belongings, bark excessively, fight other dogs and even bite you. Nearly all behavior problems are perfectly normal dog activities that occur at the wrong time or place or are directed at the wrong thing. The key to preventing or treating behavior problems is learning to teach the dog to redirect its normal behavior to outlets that are acceptable in the domestic setting.\;One of the best things you can do for your dog and yourself is to obedience train (驯服) it. Obedience training doesn't solve all behavior problems, but it is the foundation for solving just about any problem. Training opens up a line of communication between you and your dog. Effective communication is necessary to instruct your dog about what you want it to do.\;Training is also an easy way to establish the social rank order. When your dog obeys a simple request of “come here, sit,” it is showing obedience and respect for you. It is not necessary to establish yourself as top dog or leader of the dog pack (群) by using extreme measures. You can teach your dog its subordinate (从属的) role by teaching it to show submission to you. Most dogs love performing tricks for you to pleasantly accept that you are in charge.\;Training should be fun and rewarding for you and your dog. It can enrich your relationship and make living together more enjoyable. A well\|trained dog is more confident and can more safely be allowed a greater amount of freedom than an untrained animal.
  21. Behavior problems of dogs are believed to . [A] be just part of their nature [B] worsen in modern society [C] occur when they go wild [D] present a threat to the community
  22. The primary purpose of obedience training is to . [A] teach the dog to perform clever tricks [B] make the dog aware to its owner's authority
[C] provide the dog with outlets for its wild behavior [D] enable the dog to regain its normal behavior
  23. Effective communication between a dog and its owner is . [A] essential to solving the dog's behavior problems [B] the foundation for dogs to perform tasks [C] a good way to teach the dog new tricks [D] an extreme measure in obedience training
  24. Why do pet dogs love performing tricks for their masters? [A] To avoid being punished. [B] To show their affection for their masters. [C] To win leadership of the dog pack. [D] To show their willingness to obey.
  25. When a dog has received effective obedience training, its owner . [A] [B] [C] [D] can give the dog more rewards will enjoy a better family life can give the dog more freedom will have more confidence in himself
Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:\;Engineering students are supposed to be examples of practicality and rationality , but when it comes to my college education I am an idealist and a fool. In high school I wanted to be an electrical engineer and, of course, any sensible student with my aims would have chosen a college with a large engineering department, famous reputation and lots of good labs and research equipment. But that's not what I did.\;I chose to study engineering at a small liberal\|arts(文科) university that doesn't even offer a major in electrical engineering. Obviously, this was not a practical choice; I came here for more noble reasons. I wanted a broad edu cation that would provide me with flexibility and a value system to guide me in my career. I wanted to open my eyes and expand my vision by interacting with people who weren't studying science or engineering. My parents, teachers and other adults praised me for such a sensible choice. They told me I was wise and mature beyond my 18 years, and I believed them.\;I headed off to college sure I was going to have an advantage over those students who went to big engineerng “factories” where they didn't care if you had values or were flexible. I was going to be a complete engineer: technical genius and sensitive humanist(人文学者) all in one.\;Now I'm not so sure. Somewhere along the way my noble ideals crashed into reality, as all noble ideals eventually do. After three years of struggling to balance
maths, physics and engineering courses with liberal\|arts courses, I have learned there are reasons why few engineering students try to reconcile (协调) engineering with liberal\|arts courses in college.\; The reality that has blocked my path to becoming the typical successful student is that engineering and the liberal arts simply don't mix as easily as I assumed in high school. Individually they shape a person in very different ways; together they threaten to confuse. The struggle to reconcile the two fields of study is difficult.
  26. The author chose to study engineering at a small liberalarts university because he . [A] wanted to be an example of practicality and rationality [B] intended to be a combination of engineer and humanist [C] wanted to coordinate engineering with liberalarts courses in college [D] intended to be a sensible student with noble ideals
  27. According to the author, by interacting with people who study liberal arts, engineering students can . [A] balance engineering and the liberal arts [B] receive guidance in their careers [C] become noble idealists [D] broaden their horizons
  28. In the eyes of the author, a successful engineering student is expected. [A] to have an excellent academic record [B] to be wise and mature [C] to be imaginative with a value system to guide him [D] to be a technical genius with a wide vision
  29. The author's experience shows that he was . [A] creative [B] ambitious [C] unrealistic [D] irrational
  30. The word “they” in “... together they threaten to confuse.” (Line 3, Para.
  5) refers to . [A] engineering and the liberal arts [B] reality and noble ideals [C] flexibility and a value system [D] practicality and rationality Passage Three Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage: Priscilla Ouchida's “energy\|efficient” house turned out to be a horrible dream. When she and her engineer husband married a few years ago, they built a $100,000, three\|bedroom home in California. Tightly sealed to prevent air leaks, the house was equipped with small double\|paned(双层玻璃的) windows and several other energy\|saving features. Problems began as soon as the couple moved in, however. Priscilla's eyes burned. Her throat was constantly dry. She suffer
ed from headaches and could hardly sleep. It was as though she had suddenly deve loped a strange illness.\;Experts finally traced the cause of her illness. The level of formaldehyde(甲醛) gas in her kitchen was twice the maximum allowed by federal standards for chemical workers. The source of the gas? Her new kitchen cabinets and wall\|to\|wall carpeting.\;The Ouchidas are victims of indoor air pollution, which is not given sufficient attention partly because of the nation's drive to save energy. The problem itself isn't new. “The indoor environment was dirty long before energy conservation came along,” says Moschandreas, a pollution scientist at Geomet Technologies in Maryland. “Energy conservation has tended to accentuate the situation in some cases.”\; The problem appears to be more troublesome in newly constructed homes rather than old ones. Back in the days when energy was cheap, home builders didn't worry much about unsealed cracks. Because of such leaks, the air in an average home was replaced by fresh outdoor air about once an hour. As a result, the pollutants generated in most households seldom built up to dangerous levels.
  31. It can be learned from the passage that the Ouchidas' house. [A] is well worth the money spent on its construction [B]
 

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