2001 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I: Structure and Vocabulary Part A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (5 points) Example: I have been to the Great Wall three times 19
  79. [A] from [B] after [C] for [D] since The sentence should read, “I have been to the Great Wall three times since 19
  79.” Therefore, you should choose [D]. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [■]
  1. If I were in movie, then it would be about time that I my head in my hands for a cry. [A] bury [B] am burying [C] buried [D] would bury
  2. Good news was sometimes released prematurely, with the British recapture of the port half a day before the defenders actually surrendered. [A] to announce [B] announced [C] announcing [D] was announced
  3. According to one belief, if truth is to be known it will make itself apparent, so one wait instead of searching for it. [A] would rather
[B] had to [C] cannot but [D] had best
  4. She felt suitably humble just as she when he had first taken a good look at her city self, hair waved and golden, nails red and pointed. [A] had [B] had had [C] would have and [D] has had
  5. There was no sign that Mr. Jospin, who keeps a firm control on the party despite from leadership of it, would intervene personally. [A] being resigned [B] having resigned [C] going to resign [D] resign
  6. So involved with their computers that leaders at summer computer camps often have to force them to break for sports and games. [A] became the children [B] become the children [C] had the children become [D] do the children become
  7. The individual TV viewer invariably senses that he or she is an anonymous, statistically insignificant part of a huge and diverse audience. [A] everything except [B] anything but [C] no less than [D] nothing more than
  8. One difficulty in translation lies in obtaining a concept match. this is meant that a concept in one language is lost or changed in meaning in translation. [A] By [B] In [C] For [D] With

Conversation becomes weaker in a society that spends so much time listening and being talked to it has all but lost the will and the skill to speak for itself. [A] as [B] which [C] that [D] what

  10. Church as we use the word refers to all religious institutions, they Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, Jewish, and so on. [A] be [B] being [C] were [D] are Part B Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the rackets with a pencil. (10 points) Example: The lost car of the Lees was found in the woods off the highway. [A] vanished [B] scattered [C] abandoned [D] rejected The sentence should read. “The lost car of the Lees was found abandoned in the woods off the highway.” There fore, you should choose [C]. Sample Answer [A] [B] [■][D]
  11. He is too young to be able to between right and wrong. [A] discard [B] discern [C] disperse [D] disregard

  12. It was no that his car was seen near the bank at the time of the robbery. [A] coincidence [B] convention [C] certainty [D] complication
  13. One of the responsibilities of the Coast Guard is to make sure that all ships follow traffic rules in busy harbors. [A] cautiously [B] dutifully [C] faithfully [D] skillfully
  14. The Eskimo is perhaps one of the most trusting and considerate of all Indians but seems to be the welfare of his animals. [A] critical about [B] indignant at [C] indifferent to [D] subject to
  15. The chairman of the board on me the unpleasant job of dismissing good workers the firm can no longer afford to employ. [A] compelled [B] posed [C] pressed [D] tempted
  16. It is naive to expect that any society can resolve all the social problems it is faced with . [A] for long [B] in and out [C] once for all [D] by nature
  17. Using extremely different decorating schemes in adjoining rooms may result in and lack of unity in style. [A] conflict [B] confrontation
[C] disturbance [D] disharmony
  18. The Timber rattlesnake is now on the endangered species list, and is extinct in two eastern states in which it once . [A] thrived [B] swelled [C] prospered [D] flourished
  19. However, growth in the fabricated metals industry was able to some of the decline in the iron and steel industry. [A] overturn [B] overtake [C] offset [D] oppress
  20. Because of its intimacy, radio is usually more than just a medium; it is . [A] firm [B] company [C] corporation [D] enterprise
  21. When any non-human organ is transplanted into a person, the body immediately recognizes it as . [A] novel [B] remote [C] distant [D] foreign
  22. My favorite radio song is the one I first heard on a thick 1923 Edison disc I at a garage sale. [A] trifled with [B] scraped through [C] stumbled upon [D] thirsted for
  23. Some day software will translate both written and spoken language so well that
the need for any common second language could . [A] descend [B] decline [C] deteriorate [D] depress
  24. Equipment not official safety standards has all been removed from the workshop. [A] conforming to [B] consistent with [C] predominant over [D] providing for
  25. As an industry, biotechnology stands to electronics in dollar volume and perhaps surpass it in social impact by 20
  20. [A] contend [B] contest [C] rival [D] strive
  26. The authors of the United States Constitution attempted to establish an effective national government while preserving for the states and liberty for individuals. [A] autonomy [B] dignity [C] monopoly [D] stability
  27. For three quarters of its span on Earth, life evolved almost as microorganisms. [A] precisely [B] instantly [C] initially [D] exclusively
  28. The introduction of gunpowder gradually made the bow and arrow , particularly in Western Europe. [A] obscure [B] obsolete
[C] optional [D] overlapping
  29. Whoever formulated the theory of the origin of the universe, it is just and needs proving. [A] spontaneous [B] hypothetical [C] intuitive [D] empirical
  30. The future of this company is : many of its talented employees are flowing into more profitable net-based businesses. [A] at odds [B] in trouble [C] in vain [D] at stake Section II: Cloze Test Directions: For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points) The government is to ban payments to witnesses by newspapers seeking to buy up people involved in prominent cases __31__ the trial of Rosemary West. In a significant __32__ of legal controls over the press, Lord Irvine, the Lord Chancellor, will introduce a __33__ bill that will propose making payments to witnesses __34__ and will strictly control the amount of __35__ that can be given to a case __36__ a trial begins. In a letter to Gerald Kaufman, chairman of the House of Commons Media Select Committee, Lord Irvine said he __37__ with a committee report this year which said that self regulation did not __38__ sufficient control. __39__ of the letter came two days after Lord Irvine caused a __40__ of media protest when he said the __41__ of privacy controls contained in European legislation would be left to judges __42__ to Parliament. The Lord Chancellor said introduction of the Human Rights Bill, which __43__ the European Convention on Human Rights legally __44__ in Britain, laid down that everybody was __45__ to privacy and that public figures could go to court to protect themselves and their families.
“Press freedoms will be in safe hands __46__ our British judges,” he said. Witness payments became an __47__ after West was sentenced to 10 life sentences in 19
  95. Up to 19 witnesses were __48__ to have received payments for telling their stories to newspapers. Concerns were raised __49__ witnesses might be encouraged to exaggerate their stories in court to __50__ guilty verdicts.
  31. [A] as to [B] for instance [C] in particular [D] such as
  32. [A] tightening [B] intensifying [C] focusing [D] fastening
  33. [A] sketch [B] rough [C] preliminary [D] draft
  34. [A] illogical [B] illegal [C] improbable [D] improper
  35. [A] publicity [B] penalty [C] popularity [D] peculiarity
  36. [A] since [B] if [C] before [D] as
  37. [A] sided [B] shared [C] complied
[D] agreed
  38. [A] present [B] offer [C] manifest [D] indicate
  39. [A] Release [B] Publication [C] Printing [D] Exposure
  40. [A] storm [B] rage [C] flare [D] flash
  41. [A] translation [B] interpretation [C] exhibition [D] demonstration
  42. [A] better than [B] other than [C] rather than [D] sooner than
  43. [A] changes [B] makes [C] sets [D] turns
  44. [A] binding [B] convincing [C] restraining [D] sustaining
  45. [A] authorized [B] credited
[C] entitled [D] qualified
  46. [A] with [B] to [C] from [D] by
  47. [A] impact [B] incident [C] inference [D] issue
  48. [A] stated [B] remarked [C] said [D] told
  49. [A] what [B] when [C] which [D] that
  50. [A] assure [B] confide [C] ensure [D] guarantee Section III: Reading Comprehension Directions: Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For each question there are four answers marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each of the questions. Then mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (40 points)
Text 1
Specialization can be seen as a response to the problem of an increasing accumulation of scientific knowledge. By splitting up the subject matter into smaller
units, one man could continue to handle the information and use it as the basis for further research. But specialization was only one of a series of related developments in science affecting the process of communication. Another was the growing professionalisation of scientific activity. No clear-cut distinction can be drawn between professionals and amateurs in science: exceptions can be found to any rule. Nevertheless, the word “amateur” does carry a connotation that the person concerned is not fully integrated into the scientific community and, in particular, may not fully share its values. The growth of specialization in the nineteenth century, with its consequent requirement of a longer, more complex training, implied greater problems for amateur participation in science. The trend was naturally most obvious in those areas of science based especially on a mathematical or laboratory training, and can be illustrated in terms of the development of geology in the United Kingdom. A comparison of British geological publications over the last century and a half reveals not simply an increasing emphasis on the primacy of research, but also a changing definition of what constitutes an acceptable research paper. Thus, in the nineteenth century, local geological studies represented worthwhile research in their own right; but, in the twentieth century, local studies have increasingly become acceptable to professionals only if they incorporate, and reflect on, the wider geological picture. Amateurs, on the other hand, have continued to pursue local studies in the old way. The overall result has been to make entrance to professional geological journals harder for amateurs, a result that has been reinforced by the widespread introduction of refereeing, first by national journals in the nineteenth century and then by several local geological journals in the twentieth century. As a logical consequence of this development, separate journals have now appeared aimed mainly towards either professional or amateur readership. A rather similar process of differentiation has led to professional geologists coming together nationally within one or two specific societies, whereas the amateurs have tended either to remain in local societies or to come together nationally in a different way. Although the process of professionalisation and specialization was already well under way in British geology during the nineteenth century, its full consequences were thus delayed until the twentieth century. In science generally, however, the nineteenth century must be reckoned as the crucial period for this change in the structure of science.
  51. The growth of specialization in the 19th century might be more clearly seen in sciences such as . [A] sociology and chemistry [B] physics and psychology [C] sociology and psychology [D] physics and chemistry
  52. We can infer from the passage that .
[A] there is little distinction between specialization and professionalisation [B] amateurs can compete with professionals in some areas of science [C] professionals tend to welcome amateurs into the scientific community [D] amateurs have national academic societies but no local ones
  53. The author writes of the development of geology to demonstrate . [A] the process of specialization and professionalisation [B] the hardship of amateurs i



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