2001 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I: Structure and Vocabulary Part A Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (5 points) Example: I have been to the Great Wall three times 19
  79. [A] from [B] after [C] for [D] since The sentence should read, “I have been to the Great Wall three times since 19
  79.” Therefore, you should choose [D]. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [■]
  1. If I were in movie, then it would be about time that I my head in my hands for a cry. [A] bury [B] am burying [C] buried [D] would bury
  2. Good news was sometimes released prematurely, with the British recapture of the port half a day before the defenders actually surrendered. [A] to announce [B] announced [C] announcing [D] was announced
  3. According to one belief, if truth is to be known it will make itself apparent, so one wait instead of searching for it. [A] would rather
1
[B] had to [C] cannot but [D] had best
  4. She felt suitably humble just as she when he had first taken a good look at her city self, hair waved and golden, nails red and pointed. [A] had [B] had had [C] would have and [D] has had
  5. There was no sign that Mr. Jospin, who keeps a firm control on the party despite from leadership of it, would intervene personally. [A] being resigned [B] having resigned [C] going to resign [D] resign
  6. So involved with their computers that leaders at summer computer camps often have to force them to break for sports and games. [A] became the children [B] become the children [C] had the children become [D] do the children become
  7. The individual TV viewer invariably senses that he or she is an anonymous, statistically insignificant part of a huge and diverse audience. [A] everything except [B] anything but [C] no less than [D] nothing more than
  8. One difficulty in translation lies in obtaining a concept match. this is meant that a concept in one language is lost or changed in meaning in translation. [A] By [B] In [C] For [D] With
2

  9.
Conversation becomes weaker in a society that spends so much time listening and being talked to it has all but lost the will and the skill to speak for itself. [A] as [B] which [C] that [D] what

  10. Church as we use the word refers to all religious institutions, they Christian, Islamic, Buddhist, Jewish, and so on. [A] be [B] being [C] were [D] are Part B Directions: Beneath each of the following sentences, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the rackets with a pencil. (10 points) Example: The lost car of the Lees was found in the woods off the highway. [A] vanished [B] scattered [C] abandoned [D] rejected The sentence should read. “The lost car of the Lees was found abandoned in the woods off the highway.” There fore, you should choose [C]. Sample Answer [A] [B] [■][D]
  11. He is too young to be able to between right and wrong. [A] discard [B] discern [C] disperse [D] disregard
3

  12. It was no that his car was seen near the bank at the time of the robbery. [A] coincidence [B] convention [C] certainty [D] complication
  13. One of the responsibilities of the Coast Guard is to make sure that all ships follow traffic rules in busy harbors. [A] cautiously [B] dutifully [C] faithfully [D] skillfully
  14. The Eskimo is perhaps one of the most trusting and considerate of all Indians but seems to be the welfare of his animals. [A] critical about [B] indignant at [C] indifferent to [D] subject to
  15. The chairman of the board on me the unpleasant job of dismissing good workers the firm can no longer afford to employ. [A] compelled [B] posed [C] pressed [D] tempted
  16. It is naive to expect that any society can resolve all the social problems it is faced with . [A] for long [B] in and out [C] once for all [D] by nature
  17. Using extremely different decorating schemes in adjoining rooms may result in and lack of unity in style. [A] conflict [B] confrontation
4
[C] disturbance [D] disharmony
  18. The Timber rattlesnake is now on the endangered species list, and is extinct in two eastern states in which it once . [A] thrived [B] swelled [C] prospered [D] flourished
  19. However, growth in the fabricated metals industry was able to some of the decline in the iron and steel industry. [A] overturn [B] overtake [C] offset [D] oppress
  20. Because of its intimacy, radio is usually more than just a medium; it is . [A] firm [B] company [C] corporation [D] enterprise
  21. When any non-human organ is transplanted into a person, the body immediately recognizes it as . [A] novel [B] remote [C] distant [D] foreign
  22. My favorite radio song is the one I first heard on a thick 1923 Edison disc I at a garage sale. [A] trifled with [B] scraped through [C] stumbled upon [D] thirsted for
  23. Some day software will translate both written and spoken language so well that
5
the need for any common second language could . [A] descend [B] decline [C] deteriorate [D] depress
  24. Equipment not official safety standards has all been removed from the workshop. [A] conforming to [B] consistent with [C] predominant over [D] providing for
  25. As an industry, biotechnology stands to electronics in dollar volume and perhaps surpass it in social impact by 20
  20. [A] contend [B] contest [C] rival [D] strive
  26. The authors of the United States Constitution attempted to establish an effective national government while preserving for the states and liberty for individuals. [A] autonomy [B] dignity [C] monopoly [D] stability
  27. For three quarters of its span on Earth, life evolved almost as microorganisms. [A] precisely [B] instantly [C] initially [D] exclusively
  28. The introduction of gunpowder gradually made the bow and arrow , particularly in Western Europe. [A] obscure [B] obsolete
6
[C] optional [D] overlapping
  29. Whoever formulated the theory of the origin of the universe, it is just and needs proving. [A] spontaneous [B] hypothetical [C] intuitive [D] empirical
  30. The future of this company is : many of its talented employees are flowing into more profitable net-based businesses. [A] at odds [B] in trouble [C] in vain [D] at stake Section II: Cloze Test Directions: For each numbered blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Choose the best one and mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (10 points) The government is to ban payments to witnesses by newspapers seeking to buy up people involved in prominent cases __31__ the trial of Rosemary West. In a significant __32__ of legal controls over the press, Lord Irvine, the Lord Chancellor, will introduce a __33__ bill that will propose making payments to witnesses __34__ and will strictly control the amount of __35__ that can be given to a case __36__ a trial begins. In a letter to Gerald Kaufman, chairman of the House of Commons Media Select Committee, Lord Irvine said he __37__ with a committee report this year which said that self regulation did not __38__ sufficient control. __39__ of the letter came two days after Lord Irvine caused a __40__ of media protest when he said the __41__ of privacy controls contained in European legislation would be left to judges __42__ to Parliament. The Lord Chancellor said introduction of the Human Rights Bill, which __43__ the European Convention on Human Rights legally __44__ in Britain, laid down that everybody was __45__ to privacy and that public figures could go to court to protect themselves and their families.
7
“Press freedoms will be in safe hands __46__ our British judges,” he said. Witness payments became an __47__ after West was sentenced to 10 life sentences in 19
  95. Up to 19 witnesses were __48__ to have received payments for telling their stories to newspapers. Concerns were raised __49__ witnesses might be encouraged to exaggerate their stories in court to __50__ guilty verdicts.
  31. [A] as to [B] for instance [C] in particular [D] such as
  32. [A] tightening [B] intensifying [C] focusing [D] fastening
  33. [A] sketch [B] rough [C] preliminary [D] draft
  34. [A] illogical [B] illegal [C] improbable [D] improper
  35. [A] publicity [B] penalty [C] popularity [D] peculiarity
  36. [A] since [B] if [C] before [D] as
  37. [A] sided [B] shared [C] complied
8
[D] agreed
  38. [A] present [B] offer [C] manifest [D] indicate
  39. [A] Release [B] Publication [C] Printing [D] Exposure
  40. [A] storm [B] rage [C] flare [D] flash
  41. [A] translation [B] interpretation [C] exhibition [D] demonstration
  42. [A] better than [B] other than [C] rather than [D] sooner than
  43. [A] changes [B] makes [C] sets [D] turns
  44. [A] binding [B] convincing [C] restraining [D] sustaining
  45. [A] authorized [B] credited
9
[C] entitled [D] qualified
  46. [A] with [B] to [C] from [D] by
  47. [A] impact [B] incident [C] inference [D] issue
  48. [A] stated [B] remarked [C] said [D] told
  49. [A] what [B] when [C] which [D] that
  50. [A] assure [B] confide [C] ensure [D] guarantee Section III: Reading Comprehension Directions: Each of the passages below is followed by some questions. For each question there are four answers marked [A], [B], [C] and [D]. Read the passages carefully and choose the best answer to each of the questions. Then mark your answer on ANSWER SHEET 1 by blackening the corresponding letter in the brackets with a pencil. (40 points)
Text 1
Specialization can be seen as a response to the problem of an increasing accumulation of scientific knowledge. By splitting up the subject matter into smaller
10
units, one man could continue to handle the information and use it as the basis for further research. But specialization was only one of a series of related developments in science affecting the process of communication. Another was the growing professionalisation of scientific activity. No clear-cut distinction can be drawn between professionals and amateurs in science: exceptions can be found to any rule. Nevertheless, the word “amateur” does carry a connotation that the person concerned is not fully integrated into the scientific community and, in particular, may not fully share its values. The growth of specialization in the nineteenth century, with its consequent requirement of a longer, more complex training, implied greater problems for amateur participation in science. The trend was naturally most obvious in those areas of science based especially on a mathematical or laboratory training, and can be illustrated in terms of the development of geology in the United Kingdom. A comparison of British geological publications over the last century and a half reveals not simply an increasing emphasis on the primacy of research, but also a changing definition of what constitutes an acceptable research paper. Thus, in the nineteenth century, local geological studies represented worthwhile research in their own right; but, in the twentieth century, local studies have increasingly become acceptable to professionals only if they incorporate, and reflect on, the wider geological picture. Amateurs, on the other hand, have continued to pursue local studies in the old way. The overall result has been to make entrance to professional geological journals harder for amateurs, a result that has been reinforced by the widespread introduction of refereeing, first by national journals in the nineteenth century and then by several local geological journals in the twentieth century. As a logical consequence of this development, separate journals have now appeared aimed mainly towards either professional or amateur readership. A rather similar process of differentiation has led to professional geologists coming together nationally within one or two specific societies, whereas the amateurs have tended either to remain in local societies or to come together nationally in a different way. Although the process of professionalisation and specialization was already well under way in British geology during the nineteenth century, its full consequences were thus delayed until the twentieth century. In science generally, however, the nineteenth century must be reckoned as the crucial period for this change in the structure of science.
  51. The growth of specialization in the 19th century might be more clearly seen in sciences such as . [A] sociology and chemistry [B] physics and psychology [C] sociology and psychology [D] physics and chemistry
  52. We can infer from the passage that .
11
[A] there is little distinction between specialization and professionalisation [B] amateurs can compete with professionals in some areas of science [C] professionals tend to welcome amateurs into the scientific community [D] amateurs have national academic societies but no local ones
  53. The author writes of the development of geology to demonstrate . [A] the process of specialization and professionalisation [B] the hardship of amateurs i
 

相关内容

2010年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语大纲

   医学全在线 www.med126.com 医学全在线 www.med126.com 国内大型医学教育考试站点 注:2010 年大纲内容与 2009 年大纲基本一致,仅词汇部分的要求有所增加. 考 试 说 明 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试是为高等学校和科研机构招收硕士研究生而设置的. 其中, 英 语实行全国统一考试. 它的评价标准是高等学校非英语专业优秀本科毕业生能达到的及格或 及格以上水平, 以保证被录取者具有一定的英语水平, 有利于各高等学校和科研机构在专业 上择优选拔. 一,评价目标 考生 ...

2011年 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲

   万学 万学海文第一时间深入分析 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语( 考试大纲》 《2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 万学教育 万学教育海文考研 公共课教研中心英语教研室 杨慧 在同学们千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》终 于与同学们见面了,万学海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比, 对 2011 年考研英语(一)的考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011 年 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考 ...

全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语作文范文

   2009 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语作文 Dear Editors, I, as your faithful reader, am writing this letter to suggest that plastic bags should be restricted in our daily life. However, to my surprise and sadness, I have found that disposable plastic bags are still w ...

2011年考研英语--2008年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

   2011 年考研英语 1 2011 年考研英语 2008 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1 (10 points) 1. The idea that some groups of people ...

2011年考研英语--2010年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

   2011 年考研英语 2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET 1. (10 points) 1 In 1924 America's National Research Coun ...

2011年考研英语--2009年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题

   2011 年考研英语 2009 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1 (10 points) 1. Research on animal intelligence always makes me ...

2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试

   2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试(一) 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语考试( 考试大纲 考试性质 英语( 英语(一)考试是为高等学校和科研机构招收硕士研究生而设置的具有选拔性质的全国 统一入学考试科目,其目的是科学、公正、有效地测试考生对英语语言的运用能力, 统一入学考试科目,其目的是科学、公正、有效地测试考生对英语语言的运用能力,评价 的标准时高等学校非英语专业本科毕业生所能达到的及格或及格以上水平, 的标准时高等学校非英语专业本科毕业生所能达到的及格或及格以上水平,以保证 ...

全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲(非英语专业)

   全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲(非英语专业) ...

14年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语作文

   2010 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试 51. Directions: You are supposed to write for the Postgraduates’ Associ ation a notice to recruit volunteers for an international c onference on globalization. The notice should include the basic qualificationsof applicants and ...

全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(二)考试大纲解析

   全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语 (二)考试大纲 www.examedu.cn www.beiwai.org 2010年英语(二)适用专业 年英语( 年英语 公共管理硕士 工商管理硕士 会计硕士 艺术硕士 体育硕士 工程硕士 兽医硕士 风景园林硕士 农业推广硕士 社会工作硕士 www.examedu.cn 北京外国语大学外研培训中心 考试题型+数量 分值 考试题型 数量+分值 数量 考试 题型 I 英语知识 运用 II 阅读理解 分值 10 50 60分 分 15 25 40分 分 100分 ...

热门内容

如何有效学习英语

   如何更有效的学习英语 1、Tapes are the best teachers and learning companions. They will never get bored, never get tired, and never charge you more! Love your English tapes. Make the most of this wonderful learning tool! 录音带是最好的老师,也是最好的学习伙伴。 录音带是最好的老师,也是最好的学习伙 ...

如何看懂英文合同之四: 英语合同的常用句型

   第四章 英语合同的常用句型(Sentence Patterns) 一,in the event that(短语为 in the event of), in case(短语为 in case of), providing(that), provided(that), on the conditions that, if(if and whenever), where, in so far as(insofar as), should, suppose/supposing(that) 在英文合同 ...

李阳疯狂英语突破口语要素MP3最常用的10个口语要素

   李阳疯狂英语突破口语要素 MP3 第一部分 最常用的 10 个口语要素 以下十个口语要素美国人几乎每日必说。用我们美国老师 Kim 的话来说,这十个句子绝对 “Super American”! 掌握了这十个句子, 你将能达到以一顶十的功效。 为了方便你的记忆, 我们特地把这十个口语要素都编入了同一组对话中。 你所要做的事就是, 彻彻底底地把这组 对话掌握。(All you have to do is completely conquer the following dialogue. ) 有 ...

中学教师教学论文多媒体技术在中学英语教学中的作用

   多媒体技术在中学英语教学中的作用 专业代写 批注 [U1]: 专业代写论文与发表,Q 扣:1259954887 随着计算机多媒体技术的推广应用, 计算机多媒体教学已成为 学校教育中不可写缺少的重要环节.如何把多媒体教学引入英语课 堂教学,充分发挥多媒体技术在中学英语教学中的作用,给课堂教 学注入新的活力,是当前中学英语课堂教学改革中遇到的一个全新 的中大课题.笔者结合近几年来的多媒体教学实践,浅谈多媒体技 术在中学英语教学中的作用. 一,多媒体技术的应用打破了传统的教学模式. 多媒体技术的应 ...

新概念英语第三册 32

   Lesson 32 A lost ship 一艘沉船 一、【Text】课文 The salvage operation had been a complete failure. The small ship, Elkor, which had been searching the Barents Sea for weeks, was on its way home. A radio message from the mainland had been received by the ship' ...