2002 年 1 月研究生入学英语考试试题
全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题(一) National Entrance Test Of English for MA/MS Candidates (20
  02) 考生注意事项
  1.考生必须严格遵守各项考场规则,得到监考人员指令后方可开始答题.
  2.答题前,考生应将答题卡上的"考生姓名","报考单位","考试语种","考生编号"等 信息填写清楚,并与准考证上的一致.
  3.全国硕士研究生入学考试英语分为试题(一),试题(二). 4,本试题为试题(一),共 4 页(1-4 页).考生必须在规定的时间内作答.
  5.试题(一)为听力部分.该部分共有 A,B,C 三节,所有答案都应填写或填涂在答题卡 1 上.A,B 两节必须用蓝(黑)圆珠笔答题,注意字迹清楚.C 节必须用 2B 铅笔按照答题 卡上的要求填涂,如要改动,必须用橡皮擦干净.
  6.听力考试进行时,考生应先将答案写或标记在试题上,然后在听力部分结束前专门留出 的 5 分钟内,将答案整洁地誊写或转涂到答题卡 1 上.仅写或标记在试题上不给分.
Section I Listening Comprehension Directions: This section is designed to test your ability to understand spoken English. You will hear a selection of recorded materials and you must answer the questions that accompany them. There are three parts in this Section, Part A, Part B and Part C. Remember, while you are doing the test, you should first put down your answers in your test booklet. At the end of the listening comprehension section, you will have 5 minutes to transfer all your answers from your test booklet to ANSWER SHEET
  1. Now look at Part A in your test booklet. Part A Directions: For Questions 1 - 5, you will hear an introduction about the life of Margaret Welch. While you listen, fill out the table with the information you've heard. Some of the information has been given to you in the table. Write only 1 word or number in each numbered box. You will hear the recording twice. You now have 25 seconds to read the table below. (5 points)
Welch's Personal Information Place of Birth Philadelphia Year of Birth 1901 Transfer to Barnard University (Year) 1920 Major at University 1 Final Degree PhD Year of Marriage 1928 Growing Up In New Guinea Published (Year) 2 Field Study in the South Pacific (Age) 3 Main Interest 4 Professorship at Columbia Started (Year) 5 Death (Age) 77
Part B Directions: For questions 6 - 10, you will hear a talk by a well-known U.S. journalist. While you listen, complete the sentences or answer the questions. Use not more than 3 words for each answer. You will hear the recording twice. You now have 25 seconds to read the sentences and questions below. (5 points) Besides reporters, who else were camped out for days outside the speaker's home? One reporter got to the speaker's apartment pretending to pay The speaker believed the reporter wanted a picture of her looking Where is a correction to a false story usually placed? According to the speaker, the press will lose readers unless the editors and the news directors 10 7 8 9 6
Part C Directions: You will hear three pieces of recorded material. Before listening to each one, you will have time to read the questions related to it. While listening, answer each question by choosing A, B, C or D. After listening, you will have time to check your answers. You will hear each piece once only. (10 points) Questions 11 - 13 are based on a report about children's healthy development. You now have 15 seconds to read Questions 11 -
  13.

  11. What unusual question may doctors ask when giving kids a checkup next time? [A] How much exercise they get every day. [B] What they are most worried about. [C] How long their parents accompany them daily. [D] What entertainment they are interested in.
  12. The academy suggests that children under age two [A] get enough entertainment. [B] have more activities. [C] receive early education. [D] have regular checkups.
  13. According to the report, children's bedrooms should [A] be no place for play. [B] be near a common area. [C] have no TV sets. [D] have a computer for study. Questions 14 - 16 are based on the following talk about how to save money. You now have 15 seconds to read Questions 14 -
  16.
  14. According to the speaker, what should one pay special attention to if he wants to save up? [A] Family debts. [B] Bank savings. [C] Monthly bills. [D] Spending habits.
  15. How much can a person save by retirement if he gives up his pack-a-day habit? [A] $190,0
  00. [B] $330,0
  00. [C] $500,0
  00. [D] $ 1,000,0
  00.
  16. What should one do before paying monthly bills, if he wants to accumulate wealth? [A] Invest into a mutual fund. [B] Use the discount tickets. [C] Quit his eating-out habit. [D] Use only paper bills and save coins.
Questions 17 - 20 are based on an interview with Herbert A. Glieberman,domestic-relations lawyer. You now have 20 seconds to read Questions 17 -
  20.
  17. Which word best describes the lawyer's prediction of the change in divorce rate? [A]Fall. [B] Rise.
[C] V-shape. [D] Zigzag.
  18. What do people nowadays desire to do concerning their marriage? [A] To embrace changes of thought. [B] To adapt to the disintegrated family life. [C] To return to the practice in the '60s and '70s. [D] To create stability in their lives.
  19. Why did some people choose not to divorce 20 years ago? [A] They feared the complicated procedures. [B] They wanted to go against the trend. [C] They were afraid of losing face. [D] They were willing to stay together.
  20. Years ago a divorced man in a company would have [A] been shifted around the country. [B] had difficulty being promoted. [C] enjoyed a happier life. [D] tasted little bitterness of disgrace. You now have 5 minutes to transfer all your answers from your test booklet to ANSWER SHEET
  1.
全国硕士研究生入学考试英语(二) National Entrance Test Of English for MA/MS Candidates (20
  02) 考生注意事项
  1.考生必须严格遵守各项考场规则,得到监考人员指令后方可开始答题.
  2.全国硕士研究生入学考试英语分为试题(一) ,试题(二) .
  3.本试题为试题(二) ,共 11 页(5-15 页) ,含有英语知识运用,阅读理解,写作三个部分. 英语知识运用,阅读理解 A 节的答案必须用 2B 铅笔按要求直接填涂在答题卡 1 上,如要改 动,必须用橡皮擦干净.阅读理解 B 节和写作部分必须用蓝(黑)圆珠笔在答题卡 2 上答 题,注意字迹清楚.
  4.考试结束后,考生应将答题卡 1,答题卡 2 一并装入原试卷袋中,将试题(一) ,试题(二) 交给监考人员. Section II Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numbered blank and mark A, B, C or D on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points) Comparisons were drawn between the development of television in the 20th century and the
diffusion of printing in the 15th and 16th centuries. Yet much had happened 21 . As was discussed before, it was not 22 the 19th century that the newspaper became the dominant pre-electronic 23 , following in the wake of the pamphlet and the book and in the 24 of the periodical. It was during the same time that the communications revolution 25 up, beginning with transport, the railway, and leading 26 through the telegraph, the telephone, radio, and motion pictures 27 the 20th-century world of the motor car and the airplane. Not everyone sees that process in
  28. It is important to do so. It is generally recognized, 29, that the introduction of the computer in the early 20th century, 30 by the invention of the integrated circuit during the 1960s, radically changed the process, 31 its impact on the media was not immediately 32 . As time went by, computers became smaller and more powerful, and they became "personal" too, as well as 33 , with display becoming sharper and storage 34 increasing. They were thought of, like people, 35 generations, with the distance between generations much
  36. It was within the computer age that the term "information society" began to be widely used to describe the 37 within which we now live. The communications revolution has 38 both work and leisure and how we think and feel both about place and time, but there have been 39 views about its economic, political, social and cultural implications. "Benefits" have been weighed 40 "harmful" outcomes.And generalizations have proved difficult.
  21. [A] between
  22. [A] after
  23. [A] means
  24. [A] process
  25. [A] gathered
  26. [A] on
  27. [A] of
  28. [A] concept
  29. [A] indeed
  30. [A] brought characterized
  31. [A] unless
  32. [A] apparent
  33. [A] institutional
  34. [A] ability
  35. [A] by means of
  36. [A] deeper
  37. [A] context territory
  38. [A] regarded
  39. [A] competitive
  40. [A] above [B] before [B] by [B] method [B] company [B] speeded [B] out [B] for [B] dimension [B] hence [B] followed [B] since [B] desirable [B] universal [B] capability [B] in terms of [B] fewer [B] range [B] impressed [B] controversial [B] upon [C] since [D] later [C] during [D] until [C] medium [D] measure [C] light [D] form [C] worked [D] picked [C] over [D] off [C] beyond [D] into [C] effect [D] perspective [C] however [D] therefore [C] stimulated [D] [C] lest [C] negative [C] fundamental [C] capacity [C] with regard to [C] nearer [C] scope [C] influenced [C] distracting [C] against [D] although [D] plausible [D] instrumental [D] faculty [D] in line with [D] smaller [D] [D] effected [D] irrational [D] with
Section III Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing A,B, C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points) Text 1 If you intend using humor in your talk to make people smile, you must know how to identify shared experiences and problems. Your humor must be relevant to the audience and should help to show them that you are one of them or that you understand their situation and are in sympathy with their point of view. Depending on whom you are addressing, the problems will be different. If you are talking to a group of managers, you may refer to the disorganized methods of their secretaries; alternatively if you are addressing secretaries, you may want to comment on their disorganized bosses. Here is an example, which I heard at a nurses' convention, of a story which works well because the audience all shared the same view of doctors. A man arrives in heaven and is being shown around by St. Peter. He sees wonderful accommodations, beautiful gardens, sunny weather, and so on. Everyone is very peaceful, polite and friendly until, waiting in a line for lunch, the new arrival is suddenly pushed aside by a man in a white coat, who rushes to the head of the line, grabs his food and stomps over to a table by himself. "Who is that? " the new arrival asked St. Peter. "Oh, that's God, " came the reply, "but sometimes he thinks he's a doctor. " If you are part of the group which you are addressing, you will be in a position to know the experiences and problems which are common to all of you and it'll be appropriate for you to make a passing remark about the inedible canteen food or the chairman's notorious bad taste in ties. With other audiences you mustn't attempt to cut in with humor as they will resent an outsider making disparaging remarks about their canteen or their chairman. You will be on safer ground if you stick to scapegoats like the Post Office or the telephone system. If you feel awkward being humorous, you must practice so that it becomes more natural. Include a few casual and apparently off-the-cuff remarks which you can deliver in a relaxed and unforced manner. Often it's the delivery which causes the audience to smile, so speak slowly and remember that a raised eyebrow or an unbelieving look may help to show that you are making a light-hearted remark. Look for the humor. It often comes from the unexpected. A twist on a familiar quote "If at first you don't succeed, give up" or a play on words or on a situation. Search for exaggeration and understatements. Look at your talk and pick out a few words or sentences which you can turn about and inject with humor.

  41. To make your humor work, you should [A] take advantage of different kinds of audience. [B] make fun of the disorganized people. [C] address different problems to different people. [D] show sympathy for your listeners.
  42. The joke about doctors implies that, in the eyes of nurses, they are [A] impolite to new arrivals. [B] very conscious of their godlike role. [C] entitled to some privileges. [D] very busy even during lunch hours.
  43. It can be inferred from the text that public services [A] have benefited many people. [B] are the focus of public attention. [C] are an inappropriate subject for humor. [D] have often been the laughing stock.
  44. To achieve the desired result, humorous stories should be delivered [A] in well-worded language. [B] as awkwardly as possible. [C] in exaggerated statements. [D] as casually as possible.
  45. The best title for the text may be [A] Use Humor Effectively. [B] Various Kinds of Humor. [C] Add Humor to Speech. [D] Different Humor Strategies. Text 2 Since the dawn of human ingenuity, people have devised ever more cunning tools to cope with work that is dangerous, boring, burdensome, or just plain nasty. That compulsion has resulted in robotics--the science of conferring various human capabilities on machines. And if scientists have yet to create the mechanical version of science fiction, they have begun to come close. As a re
 

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