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2002 年 6 月大学英语四级考试试题及参考答案 Part I Listening Comprehension ( 20 minutes ) Section A Directions: In this section you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause you must read the four choices marked A,B,C and D,and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Example: You will hear You will read A At the office. B In the waiting room. C At the airport. D In a restaurant. From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore A “At the office” is the best answer. You should choose A on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre. Sample Answer [A] B C D
  1. A B C D
His father. His mother. His brother. His sister.

  2. A A job opportunity. B A position as general manager. C A big travel agency.
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D An inexperienced salesman.
  3. A B C D
  4. A B C D
  5. A B C D
  6. A B C D
  7. A B C D
  8. A B C D
  9. A B C D
Having a break. Continuing the meeting. Moving on to the next item. Waiting a little longer.
The weather forecast says it will be fine. The weather doesn't count in their plan. They will not do as planned in case of rain. They will postpone their program if it rains.
He wishes to have more courses like it. He finds it hard to follow the teacher. He wishes the teacher would talk more. He doesn't like the teacher's accent.
Go on with the game. Review his lessons. Draw pictures on the computer. Have a good rest.
She does not agree with Jack. Jack’s performance is disappointing. Most people will find basketball boring. She shares Jack's opinion.
The man went to a wrong check-in counter. The man has just missed his flight. The plane will leave at 9
  14. The plane's departure time remains unknown.
At a newsstand. At a car dealer's. At a publishing house. At a newspaper office.
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  10. A B C D
He wants to get a new position. He is asking the woman for help. He has left the woman a good impression. He enjoys letter writing.
Section B Directions: In this section you will hear 3 short passage. At the end of each passage you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A B C and D . Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  11. A B C D They are interested in other kinds of reading. They are active in voluntary services. They tend to be low in education and in income. They live in isolated areas.

  12. A The reasons why people don't read newspapers are more complicated than assumed. B There are more uneducated people among the wealthy than originally expected. C The number of newspaper readers is steadily increasing. D There are more nonreaders among young people nowadays.
  13. A B C D Lowering the prices of their newspapers. Shortening their news stories. Adding variety to their newspaper content. Including more advertisements in their newspapers.
Passage Two Questions 14 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  14. A A basket. C An egg. B A cup. D An oven.

  15. A To let in the sunshine. B To serve as its door. C To keep the nest cool.
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D For the bird to lay eggs.
  16. A B C D
  17. A B C D
Branches. Grasses. Mud. Straw.
Some are built underground. Some can be eaten. Most are sewed with grasses. Most are dried by the sun.
Passage Three Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  18. A B C D
  19. A B C D
  20. A B C D To examine the chemical elements in the Ice Age. To look into the pattern of solar wind activity. To analyze the composition of different trees. To find out the origin of carbon-14 on Earth. The lifecycle of trees. The number of trees. The intensity of solar burning. The quality of air. It affects the growth of trees. It has been increasing since the Ice Age. It is determined by the chemicals in the air. It follows a certain cycle.
Part II Reading Comprehension 35 minutes
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A B C and D . You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
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Passage One
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage
In the 1960s medical researchers Thomas Holmes and Richard Rahe developed a checklist of stressful events. They appreciated the tricky point that any major change can be stressful. Negative events like “serious illness of a family member” were high on the list but so were some positive life-changing events like marriage. When you take the Holmes-Rahe test you must remember that the score does not reflect how you deal with stress?it only shows how much you have to deal with. And we now know that the way you handle these events dramatically affects your chances of staying healthy. By the early 1970s hundreds of similar studies had followed Holmes and Rahe. And millions of Americans who work and live under stress worried over the reports. Somehow the research got boiled down to a memorable message. Women’s magazines ran headlines like “Stress causes illness ” If you want to stay physically and mentally healthy the articles said avoid stressful events. But such simplistic advice is impossible to follow. Even if stressful events are dangerous many?like the death of a loved one?are impossible to avoid. Moreover any warning to avoid all stressful events is a prescription (处方) for staying away from opportunities as well as trouble. Since any change can be stressful a person who wanted to be completely free of stress would never marry have a child take a new job or move. The notion that all stress makes you sick also ignores a lot of what we know about people. It assumes we’re all vulnerable (脆弱的) and passive in the face of adversity (逆境). But what about human initiative and creativity? Many come through periods of stress with more physical and
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mental vigor than they had before. We also know that a long time without change or challenge can lead to boredom and physical and mental strain.

  21. The result of Holmes-Rahe's medical research tells us . A the way you handle major events may cause stress B what should be done to avoid stress C what kind of event would cause stress D how to cope with sudden changes in life

  22. The studies on stress in the early 1970’s led to . A widespread concern over its harmful effects B great panic over the mental disorder it could cause C an intensive research into stress-related illnesses D popular avoidance of stressful jobs

  23. The score of the Holmes-Rahe test shows . A how much pressure you are under B how positive events can change you life C how stressful a major event can be D how you can deal with life-changing events

  24. Why is “such simplistic advice”Line 1 Para.3 impossible to follow? A No one can stay on the same job for long B No prescription is effective in relieving stress C People have to get married someday D You could be missing opportunities as well

  25. According to the passage people who have experienced ups and downs may become . A nervous when faced with difficulties
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B physically and mentally strained C more capable of coping with adversity D indifferent toward what happens to them
Passage Two
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage

Most episodes of absent-mindedness?forgetting where you left
something or wondering why you just entered a room-are caused by a simple lack of attention says Schacter. “You’ supposed to remember something but you re haven’t encoded it deeply.”
Encoding Schacter explains is a special way of paying attention to an event that has a major impact on recalling it later. Failure to encode properly can create annoying situations. If you put your mobile phone in a pocket for example and don't pay attention to what you did because you're involved in a conversation you'll probably forget that the phone is in the jacket now hanging in your wardrobe (衣柜). “Your memory itself isn't failing you " says Schacter. “Rather you didn’t give your memory system the information it needed."
Lack of interest can also lead to absent-mindedness. "A man who can recite sports statistics from 30 years ago " says Zelinski “may not remember to drop a letter in the mailbox." Women have slightly better memories than men possibly because they pay more attention to their environment and memory relies on just that.
Visual cues can help prevent absent-mindedness says Schacter. “But be
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sure the cue is clear and available " he cautions. If you want to remember to take a medication (药物) with lunch put the pill bottle on the kitchen table?don’t leave it in the medicine chest and write yourself a note that you keep in a pocket.
Another common episode of absent-mindedness walking into a room and wondering why you're there. Most likely you were thinking about something else. "Everyone does this from time to time " says Zelinski. The best thing to do is to return to where you were before entering the room and you’ll likely remember.

  26. Why does the author think that encoding properly is very important? A It helps us understand our memory system better B It enables us to recall something from our memory C It expands our memory capacity considerably D It slows down the process of losing our memory

  27. One possible reason why women have better memories than men is that . A they have a wider range of interests B they are more reliant on the environment C they have an unusual power of focusing their attention D they are more interested in what's happening around them

  28. A note in the pocket can hardly serve as a reminder because . A it will easily get lost B it's not clear enough for you to read C it's out of your sight D it might get mixed up with other things
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  29. What do we learn from the last paragraph? A If we focus our attention on one thing we might forget another. B Memory depends to a certain extent on the environment. C Repetition helps improve our memory. D If we keep forgetting things we'd better return to where we were.

  30. What is the passage mainly about? A The process of gradual memory loss. B The causes of absent-mindedness. C The impact of the environment on memory. D A way of encoding and recalling.
Passage Three Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage

It is hard to track the blue whale the ocean’s largest creature, which
has almost been killed off by commercial whaling and is now listed as an endangered species. Attaching radio devices to it is difficult and visual sightings are too unreliable to give real insight into its behavior.
So biologists were delighted early this year when with the help of the Navy they were able to track a particular blue whale for 43 days monitoring its sounds. This was possible because of the Navy's formerly top-secret system of underwater listening devices spanning the oceans.
Tracking whales is but one example of an exciting new world just opening to civilian scientists after the cold war as the Navy starts to share and partly uncover its global network of underwater listening system built over the decades to track the ships of potential enemies.
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Earth scientists announced at a news conference recently that they had used the system for closely monitoring a deep-sea volcanic eruption (爆发) for the first time and that they plan similar studies. Other scientists have proposed to use the network for tracking ocea
 

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