北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试( 北京地区成人本科学士学位英语统一考试(A)
2002 20
  02.6
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Part I Reading Comprehension (40%) Directions: There are four passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage 1 Questions I to 5 are based on the following passage:
In ancient times the most important examinations were spoken, not written. In the schools of ancient Greece and Rome, testing usually consisted of saying poetry aloud or giving speeches. In the European universities of the Middle Ages, students who were working for advanced degrees had to discuss questions in their field of study with people who had made a special study of the subject. This custom exists today as part of the process of testing candidates for the doctor’s degree. Generally, however, modern examinations are written. The written examination, where all students are tested on the same question, was probably not known until the nineteenth century. Perhaps it came into existence with the great increase in population and the development of modern industry. A room full of candidates for a state examination, timed exactly by electric clocks and carefully watched over by managers, resembles a group of workers at an automobile factory. Generally, during examinations teachers and students are expected to act like machines. One type of test is sometimes called an “objective” test. It is intended to deal with facts, not personal opinions. To make up an objective test the teacher writes a series of questions, each of which has only one correct answer. Along with each question the teacher writes the correct answer and also three statements that look like correct answers to students who have not learned the material properly.
  1. In the Middle Ages students A. took objective tests B. specialized in one subject C. were timed by electric clocks D. never wrote exams
  2. The main idea of paragraph 3 is that A. workers now take examinations B. the population has grown C. there are only written exams D. examinations are now written and timed
  3.The kind of exams where students must select answers are A. personal B. spoken C. objective D. written
  4. Modern industry must have developed A. before the Middle Ages B. around the 19th century
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C. in Greece or Rome D. machines to take tests
  5. It may be concluded that testing A. should test only opinions B. Should always be written C. has changed since the Middle Ages D. is given only in factories
Passage 2 Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following passage:
The market investigation is indispensable to sales promotion. They are as closely related as the lips and teeth, so to speak. What you produce is for sale on the market. It would he impossible to succeed in selling a product without first investigating the market. In the international market, goods on sale coming from countries and suppliers are always facing keen competition. Under such circumstances, they will try everything possible to familiarize themselves with the market conditions. In making investigations, we ought to get information about what similar items the competitors are offering on the market, what prices they are quoting (报价), what features their products have, who are their regular customers, etc. Then, how can we obtain such information? There are many channels that we can make use of in doing this sort of work. The commercial counselor’s offices of our embassies stationed abroad can help us in making market investigations. Nowadays, our import and export corporations send their trade groups abroad every now and then. One of their purposes is to make market surveys on the spot. Certainly, face-to-face talks with foreign businessmen are also important channels to get market information. The Chinese Export Commodities Fairs and some other fairs of similar nature as well as visits of foreign businessmen provide’ us with such opportunities. Of course, there are some other ways of making market investigations.
  6. In making market investigation, one should . A. get enough information concerned B. advertise his products C. produce high quality goods D. none of the above
  7. The word “indispensable” in the first line means . A. impossible B. essential C. advisable D. available
  8. Which of the following statements is not true? A. The relationship between market investigation and sales promotion is just as that of the lips and teeth. B. It is impossible to succeed in selling a product without market Investigation. C. There are various ways of making market investigation. D. Production goes before market investigation.
  9. Making market investigation is very important because . A. in market ,goods on sale are numerous B. every producer is facing keen competition C. it can greatly promote sales D. all of the above
  10. All the following are channels to get market information except. A. to have commercial counsellor’s office of our embassies stationed abroad B. to promote the quality of our own products
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C. to send trade groups abroad every now and then D. to have face-to-face talks with foreign businessmen
Passage 3 Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage:
On November 19, 1863, Abraham Lincoln went to Gettysburg in Pennsylvania to speak at the National Soldiers Cemetery. The Civil War was still going on. There was much criticism of President, Lincoln at the time. He was not at all popular. He had been invited to speak at Gettysburg only Out of politeness. The principal speaker was to be Edward Everett, a famous statesman and speaker of the day. Everett was a handsome man and very popular everywhere. It is said that Lincoln prepared his speech on the train while going to Gettysburg. Late that night , alone in his hotel room and tired out, he again worked briefly on the speech. The next day Everett spoke first. He spoke for an hour and 57 minutes. His speech was a perfect example of the rich oratory of the day. Then Lincoln rose. The crowd of 15,000 people at first paid little attention to him. He spoke for only nine minutes. At the end there was little applause. Lincoln turned to a friend and remarked, “I have failed again.” On the train back to Washington, he said sadly,” That speech was a flat failure, and the people are disappointed. Some newspapers at first criticized the speech. But little by little people read the speech they began to understand better. They began appreciate its simplicity and its deep meaning. It was a speech which only Abraham Lincoln could have made. Today, every American school child learns Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address by heart. Now everyone thinks of it as one of the greatest speeches ever given in American history.
  11. In 1863, Abraham Lincoln was A. very critical B. unpopular C. very popular D. very courteous
  12. Lincoln was invited to speak at the National Soldiers Cemetery because he was A. a famous speaker B. a very handsome man C. President of the country D. a popular statesman
  13. It can be inferred from the text that . A. Lincoln prepared his speech very carefully before he went to Gettysburg B. Lincoln was very busy at the time and didn’t have much time to prepare his speech C. Lincoln’s speech was full of rich words D. Lincoln’s speech was very long
  14. It was a fact that Lincoln’s speech was . A. an immediate success B. warmly applauded C. a total failure D. not well-received at first
  15. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address has deep meaning. B. Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address is simple in style. C. Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address is memorized by every American school child. D. Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address is the greatest speech ever delivered in the United States.
Passage 4 Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage:
Animals seem to have the sense to eat when they are hungry and they do not eat more than
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their bodies need. It has been demonstrated that rats will, when given a choice over a period of time, prefer water with vitamins to water without vitamins even though there is no difference in taste or smell between the two water bottles. When a fragrant flavor was added to the vitamin-enriched fluid, the rats did seem to develop a taste for it and kept drinking it, even after the vitamins were switched to the clear water. In time, however, they broke the habit and went back to where the necessary vitamins were. In a classic experiment, babies of 6 to 12 months old were placed in a cafeteria feeding arrangement, with a wide selection of baby food before them. They were given whatever food they pointed to or appeared interested in. We are told that at first they showed some unusual eating patterns, but that over a period of time they managed to select well-balanced diet. So, in selecting food, rats and babies do seem to know and act on what’s best for them. Apparently, there is a kind of “body wisdom,” which humans soon lose. Most of us do not eat as wisely as we could. Many of our food preferences are culturally determined and influenced by long-established habits. Some people eat fox, dog and blackbirds, while we eat cows and pigs. So what people eat and how much they eat seems to be greatly influenced by what is going on around them.
  16. In the experiment on rats, a fragrant flavor was added to the rat’s drinking water to A. encourage rats to drink vitamin-enriched water B. find out rats preference in flavor C. test whether rats know which drink is good for them D. demonstrate that vitamins are tasteless
  17. The expression “the habit” (para. 1, sentence
  4) refers to drinking water which A. has no smell B. is tasteless C. has vitamins D. is flavored
  18. According to the passage, adults eating habits differ from those of babies because A. adults know better than babies what kind of food are good for their health B. adults usually cannot resist the temptation of various delicious foods C. adults’ eating habits are closely related to the social and cultural customs D. adults have more choices of food than babies in eating patterns
  19. The author implied in the passage that most of us A. eat a balanced diet B. choose the food that is of nutrition C. have the habits influenced by the surroundings D. like to eat the food with a fragrant flavor
  20. As far as their eating habits are concerned, babies and rats are similar in that A. both have the wisdom to choose a balanced diet B. both prefer flavored food and drink C. both have the same eating patterns D. both develop a taste for the same kinds of flavors Part II Vocabulary and Structure (40%)
Directions: In this part there are 40 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
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  21. You should be able to right from wrong. A. perceive B. distinguish C. sight D. observe
  22. Any student who his homework is unlikely to pass the examination. A. reduces B. offends C. practices D. neglects
  23. I promised to look the matter as soon as I got there. A. for B. in C. into D. after
  24. Your sister has made an for you to see the dentist at 3 this afternoon. A. appointment B. interview C. opportunity D. assignment
  25. The committee is expected to a decision this evening. A. reach B. arrive C. bring D. take
  26. He spoke so quickly that I didn’t what he said. A. make for B. make sure C. make over D. make out
  27. I wrote it down I should forget it. A. in case B. in case of C. in order that D. for fear of
  28. It is not that I do not like plays. The reason why I did not go to the theater last night was that I could not the time. A. offer B. leave C. afford D. manage
  29. The chemical factory was demolished protecting the environment. A. in spite of B. in honor of C. in favor of D. in the name of
  30. After a three-hour heated discussion, all the members in the jury reached the conclusions that the man was of murder. A. criminal B. charged C. guilty D. faulty
  31. Having finished the letter, h
 

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