2002 年在职攻读硕士学位全国联考英语考试试卷
2002 年在职攻读硕士学位全国联考 英语考试试卷 Part 1 Vocabulary and Structure (25 minutes, 10 points) Directions: There are twenty incomplete sentences in this section. For each sentence there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the one that best completes the sentence. Mark your answer on the ANSWER SHEET with a single line through the center.
  1. Experiments in the photography of moving objects in both the United States and Eu- rope well before 19
  90. A. have been conducting B. were conducting C. had been conducting D. are conducting
  2. After long negotiations, the firm to build a double-purpose bridge across the river. A. contracted B. contacted C. consulted D. convinced
  3. Diderot was also a philosophical materialist, that thought developed from the move- ments and changes of matter. A. believing B. have been located C. believes D. be locating
  4. We felt to death because we could make nothing of the lecturer's speech. A. exposed B. tired C. exhausted D. bored
  5. The population of many Alaskan cities has doubled in the past three years. A. large than B. more than C. as great as D. as many as
  6. It was very difficult to build a power station in the deep valley, but it as we had hoped. A. came off B. went off C. brought out D. made out
  7. A baby might show fear of an unfamiliar adult, he is likely to smile and reach out to another infant. A. if B. whenever C. so that D. whereas
  8. Christmas is a holiday usually celebrated on December 25th the birth of Jesus Christ. A. in accordance with B. in terms of C. in favor of D. in honor of
  9. Weather , there will be an open air party with live music here this weekend. A. permits B. should permit C. will permit D. permitting
  10. When workers are organized in trade unions, employers find it hard to lay them
A. off B. aside C. out D. down
  11. The symbols of mathematics we are most familiar are the sings of addition, subtraction, multiplication, division and equality. A. to which B. which C. with which D. in which
  12. The machines in this workshop are not regulated but are jointly controlled by a central computer system. A. inevitably B. individually C. irrespectively D. irregularly
  13. We are sure that to do this face to face, he would find it difficult to express himself without losing his temper. A. were he to try B. would he try C. was he trying D. if he tries
  14. The local people were joyfully surprised to find the prices of vegetables no longer according to the weather. A. evaluated B. converted C. fluctuated D. modified
  15. he realized it was already too late for us to return home. A. No sooner it grew dark when B. Hardly it grew dark than C. It was not until dark that D. Scarcely it grew dark than
  16. Without computer network, it would be impossible to carry on any business operation in the advanced countries. A. practically B. preferably C. precisely D. possibly
  17. will Mr. Forbes be able to regain control of the company. A. With hard work B. As regards his hard work C. Only if he works hard D. Despite his hard work
  18. From the incident they have learned a lesson: decisions often lead to bitter regrets. A. urgent B. hasty C. instant D. prompt
  19. What the teacher of the science class does and says of great importance to the students at college. A. was B. are C. is D. were
  20. The Chinese community there, consisting of 67, 000 , is the largest concentration of Chinese outside Asia. A. visitors B. workers C. adults D. inhabitants
Part Ⅱ Reading Comprehension (70 minutes, 40 points) Directions: There are 5 passages in this part. Each of the passages is followed by 4 questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are 4 choices marked A, B, C, and D. Choose the best one and mark your answer on the ANSWER $HEET with
a single line through the center. Passage One In the United States the way people spend their leisure time is an important part of their identity. Perhaps everybody does nearly the same thing all day in the office or the factory, but leisure time is what makes people distinct and reveals who they are. Some people like rock music, for example, and others may like jazz or classical music. Some people are runners or swimmers, and others are "couch (睡椅) potatoes" who "surf" the television channels with a remote control. Some go to museums while others spend long hours at a shopping center. These kinds of choices are ways that people define themselves. It hasn't always been this way. "Leisure time" was almost unknown in the United States in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. When most people worked on farms, the workday was from sunrise to sunset every day except Sunday, which was devoted to church. Later, with the rise of factories and city populations, people worked equally long hours and had only Sunday for rests. Some people did many of the things then that they do now-attend concerts, have parties, go to restaurants, read novels, or play sports-but to a much lesser extent. Slowly, throughout the twentieth century, leisure time grew. Technology made farm work less burdensome, and changes in laws shortened the factory workday and week. New inventions such as phonograph (留声机) and the radio gave people access to music and mass entertainment on a scale unknown before. People gradually became consumers of entertainment, and businesses competed fiercely for their dollars. For many people leisure time means going somewhere-to a museum, to a concert, to a restaurant, or to a baseball game, for example. Or it means doing something such as playing volleyball, backpacking, swimming, biking, or playing in a park with their children. For other people free time means staying home with wonderful sources of entertainment, such as a VCR, stereo (立体声系统), or cable TV with dozens of channels. Others pursue creative activities such as cooking, gardening, and home improvement. The latest stay-at-home activity is "surfing the net" -that is, looking for information and entertainment on the Internet. People in the United States are basically not much different from others in what they do in their leisure time. The real difference may lie in the energy, time, money, and sheer enthusiasm that they devote to it.
  21. "Couch potatoes" in paragraph 1 refers to those who A. control their viewing of TV programs B. are happy watching situation comedies
C. watch TV while eating potato chips D. are crazy about watching TV programs
  22. According to the passage, in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, some Americans A. worked from sunrise to sunset seven days a week B. preferred working in factories to working on farms C. had many of the leisure time activities that people now have D. fought for shorter working hours and more leisure time
  23. Apart from technology, the growing leisure time throughout the twentieth century is also due to A. changes in laws B. mass entertainment C. new types of consumption D. competitive business
  24. In terms of leisure time activities, people in the United States A. enjoy a larger variety than people in other countries B. are not much different from people in other countries C. enjoy more stay-at-home activities such as "surfing the net" D. are less energetic and enthusiastic than others
Passage Two Whether you are logging on to your personal computer, using a credit card, or disarming a door security system, passwords or PINs (personal identification numbers) guard access to numerous regular operations. It is estimated that within then years, consumers could be faced with handling more than 100 passwords! Given the popularity of passwords, how can you choose ones that are sufficiently complicated to be secure yet are simple enough to remember? There are basic guidelines to bear in mind. Don't use as a password your name or that of a member of your family, even in modified form. Also avoid using your telephone number, your Social Security number, or your address. Such information can easily be obtained by a determined hacker (黑客). In addition, if possible, don't use passwords made up entirely of letters or digits. A relatively simple computer program can crack such a code quickly. Finally, do not use a word that can be found in any dictionary, even a foreign-language one. Huge lists are available that contain words, place names, and proper names from all languages. Programs can test for variations of these words, such as if they are spelled backward, capitalized, or combined. So, what kinds of passwords should be used? Usually ones that have a minimum of six
to eight characters and that have a mixture of upper-and lower-case letters, digit and punctuation (标点) symbols. How difficult is it to crack such a combination of characters? One source says, “A machine that could try one million passwords per second would require, on the average, over one hundred years." How can you choose a combination that is easy to remember? Some suggest that you take the title of a favorite book or film or a line from a song or poem and use the first letter from each word as your password, adding capital letters, punctuation, or other characters. For example, “to be or not be" could become "2B/not2B." Other suggestions include taking two short words and link them with a punctuation character, such as "High?Bug" or "Song;Tree". Taking into account the suggestions outlined above can help you to protect important infor- mation from unwanted hackers. Remember, too, the importance of changing your passwords regularly. Just a final comment: Whatever passwords you decide to use, don't pick any of the examples given above.
  25. What is the main idea of this passage? A. How to strengthen security through a password. B. How to choose a password that is easy to remember. C. How to prevent your password from being cracked. D. How to choose a safe and convenient password.
  26. Why shouldn't we use a word that can be found in any dictionary as a password? A. Because it can be easily remembered by a computer hacker. B. Because computer programs can crack it. C. Because computer hackers are determined to crack it. D. Because the lists are so huge that the words are not easy to remember.
  27. If you are choosing a password for your computer, which of the following is the best choice? A. iaHgnahs B. 19730508 C. 2B/not2B D. Re-B, pl2
  28. How can you choose a password that is both secure and simple to remember? A. Taking the title of your favorite book or film. B. Taking a line from a song or poem you like best. C. Making up a nonsensical word which cannot be found in any dictionary. D. Using two short words linked with a punctuation character.
Passage 3 According to a concerned 1997 article in the Boston Globe, the United States spent less than one percent of its transportation budget on facilities for pedestrians
(行人). Actually, I'm surprised it was that much. Go to almost any suburb developed in the last 30 years, and you will not find a sidewalk anywhere. Often you won't find a single pedestrian crossing. I was made fully aware of this one summer when we were driving across Maine and stopped for coffee in one of those endless zones of shopping malls (购物中心), motels, gas stations and fast-food places. I noticed there was a bookstore across the street; so I decided to forget coffee and go there to have a look. Although the bookshop was no more than 70 or 80 feet away, I discovered that there was no way to cross over six lanes of swiftly moving traffic on foot without putting myself in danger. In the end, I had to get in our car and drive cross. At the time, it seemed ridiculous and annoying, but afterward I realized that I was possibly the only person ever to have thought of crossing the street on foot. The fact is, we not only don't walk anywhere anymore in this country, we won't walk anywhere, and dislike anyone who tries to make us, as the city of Laconia, N.H. discovered. In the early 1970s, Laconia spent millions on a comprehensive urban renewal project, which included building a pedestrian mall to make shopping more pleasant. Esthetically (美学上) it was a triumph-- urban planners came from all over to praise and take photos -- but commercially it was a disaster. Forced to walk one whole block from a parking garage, shoppers abandoned downtown Laconia for suburban malls. In 1994 Laconia dug up its pretty paving blocks, took away the flowers and decorative trees, and brought back the cars. Now people can park right in front of the stores again, and downtown Laconia thrives again. And if that isn't said, I don't know what is.
  29. In paragraph 1,'Tm surprised it was that much" means the authors thinks _ _ A. the government spends too much on facilities for pedestrian B. the government speeds just enough on facilities for pedestrian C. the amount is more than he has expected D. the amount is less than he was expected
  30. In Maine the author had to drive to a bookstore 70 or 80 feet away because _ _ A. it was practically impossible for him to cross the street on foot B. the street was actually too broad to cross on foot C. it was against the traffic regulations to cross the street on foot D. no one has ever walked across such a crowded street
  31. According to the author, most Americans __
A. don't care much a



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