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2003 年 6 月试卷
Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes)
Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Example: You will hear: You will read:
A) At the office. B) In the waiting room. C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant. From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they will start at 9 o’clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, A) “At the office” is the correct answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the center. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1. A) At a theatre B) At a booking office. C) At a railway station. D) At a restaurant.
  2. A) The man is inviting the woman to dinner. B) The woman is too busy to join the man for dinner. C) The woman is a friend of the Stevensons’. D) The man is going to visit the Stevensons’.
  3. A) The professor’s presentation was not convincing enough. B) The professor’s lecture notes were too complicated. C) The professor spoke with a strong accent. D) The professor spoke too fast.
  4. A) The furnished apartment was inexpensive. B) The apartment was provided with some old furniture. C) The furniture un the market was on sale every Sunday. D) The furniture he bought was very cheap.
  5. A) The man is thinking about taking a new job.
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  6.

  7.

  8.

  9.

  10.
B) The man likes a job that enables him to travel. C) The man is sure that he will gain more by taking the job. D) The man doesn’t want to stay home and take care of their child. A) Take the GRE test again in 8 weeks. B) Call to check his scores. C) Be patient and wait. D) Inquire when the test scores are released. A) She read it selectively B). She went over it chapter by chapter C). She read it slowly D) She finished it at a stretch. A) He was kept in hospital for a long time. B) He was slightly injured in a traffic accident. C) He was seriously wounded in a mine explosion. D) He was fined for speeding. A) Wait for a taxi. B) Buy some food. C) Go on a trip. D) Book train tickets. A) It’s not as hard as expected. B) It’s too tough for some students. C) It’s much more difficult than people think. D) It’s believed to be the hardest optional course.
Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center. Passage one Question 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  11. A) Anxious and worried. B) Proud and excited. C) Nervous and confused. D) Inspired and confident.
  12. A) His father scolded him severely. B) His father took back the six dollars. C) His father made him do the cutting again. D) His father cut the leaves himself.
  13. A) One can benefit a lot from working with his father. B) Manual labourers shouldn’t be looked down upon. C) One should always do his job earnestly.
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D) Teenagers tend to be careless. Passage Two Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  14. A) He ran a village shop. B) He worked on a farm. C) He worked in an advertising agency. D) He was a gardener.
  15. A) It was stressful. B) It was colorful. C) It was peaceful. D) It was boring.
  16. A) His desire to start his own business. B) The crisis in his family life. C) The decline in his health. D) His dream of living in the countryside. Passage Three Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  17. A) Because there are no signs to direct them. B) Because no tour guides are available. C) Because all the buildings in the city look alike. D) Because the university is everywhere in the city.
  18. A) They set their own exams. B) They select their own students. C) They award their own degrees. D) They organize their own laboratory work.
  19. A) Most of them have a long history. B) Many of them are specialized libraries. C) They house more books than any other university library. D) They each have a copy of every book published in Britain.
  20. A) Very few of them are engaged in research. B) They were not awarded degrees until 19
  48. C) They have outnumbered male students. D) They were not treated equally until 18
  81.
Part II
Direction:
Reading Comprehension
(35 minutes)
There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B) C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
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Passage One Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage: On average, American kids ages 3 to 12 spent 29 hours a week in school, eight hours more than they did in 19
  81. They also did more household work and participated in more of such organized activities as soccer and ballet (芭蕾舞). Involvement in sports, in particular, rose almost 50% from 1981 to 1997: boys now spend an average of four hours a week playing sports; girls log half that time. All in all, however, children’s leisure time dropped from 40% of the day in 1981 to 25%. “Children are affected by the same time crunch (危机) that affects their parents,” says Sandra Hofferth, who headed the recent study of children’s timetable. A chief reason, she says, is that more mothers are working outside the home. (Nevertheless, children in both double-income and “male breadwinner” households spent comparable mounts of time interacting with their parents, 19 hours and 22 hours respectively. In contrast, children spent only 9 hours with their single mothers.) All work and no play could make for some very messed-up kids. “Play is the most powerful way a child explores the world and learns about himself,” says T. Berry Brazelton, professor at Harvard Medical School. Unstructured play encourages independent thinking and allows the young to negotiate their relationships with their peers, but kids ages 3 to 12 spent only 12 hours a week engaged in it. The children sampled spent a quarter of their rapidly decreasing “free time” watching television. But that, believe it or not, was one of the findings parents might regard as good news. If they’re spending less time in front of the TV set, however, kids aren’t replacing it with reading. Despite efforts to get kids more interested in books, the children spent just over an hour a week reading. Let’s face it, who’s got the time?
  21. By mentioning “the same time crunch” (Line 1, Para.
  2) Sandra Hofferth means . A) children have little time to play with their parents B) children are not taken good care of by their working parents C) both parents and children suffer from lack of leisure time D) both parents and children have trouble managing their time
  22. According to the author, the reason given by Sandra Hofferth for the time crunch is . A) quite convincing B) partially true C) totally groundless D) rather confusing
  23. According to the author a child develops better if . A) he has plenty of time reading and studying B) he is left to play with his peers in his own way C) he has more time participating in school activities D) he is free to interact with his working parents
  24. The author is concerned about the fact that American kids . A) are engaged in more and more structured activities B) are increasingly neglected by their working mothers C) are spending more and more time watching TV
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D) are involved less and less in household work
  25. We can infer from the passage that . A) extracurricular activities promote children’s intelligence B) most children will turn to reading with TV sets switched off C) efforts to get kids interested in reading have been fruitful D) most parents believe reading to be beneficial to children Passage Two Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage: Henry Ford, the famous U.S. inventor and car manufacturer, once said, ‘The business of America is business.” By this he meant that the U.S. way of life is based on the values of the business world. Few would argue with Ford’s statement. A brief glimpse at a daily newspaper vividly shows how much people in the United States think about business. For example, nearly every newspaper has a business section, in which the deals and projects, finances and management, stock prices and labor problems of corporations are reported daily. In addition, business news can appear in every other section. Most national news has an important financial aspect to it. Welfare, foreign aid, the federal budget, and the policies of the Federal Reserve Bank are all heavily affected by business. Moreover, business news appears in some of the unlikeliest places. The world of arts and entertainment is often referred to as “the entertainment industry” or “show business.” The positive side of Henry Ford’s statement can be seen in the prosperity that business has brought to U.S. life. One of the most important reasons so many people from all over the world come to live in the United States is the dream of a better job. Jobs are produced in abundance (大 量地) because the U.S. economic system is driven by competition. People believe that this system creates more wealth, more jobs, and a materially better way of life. The negative side of Henry Ford’s statement, however, can be seen when the word business is taken to mean big business. And the term big business?referring to the biggest companies, is seen in opposition to labor. Throughout U.S. history working people have had to fight hard for higher wages, better working conditions, and the right to form unions. Today, many of the old labor disputes are over, but there is still some employee anxiety. Downsizing?the laying off of thousands of workers to keep expenses low and profits high -- creates feelings of insecurity for many.
  26. The united States is a typical country . A) which encourages free trade at homes and abroad B) where people’s chief concern is how to make money C) where all businesses are managed scientifically D) which normally works according to the federal budget
  27. The influence of business in the U.S. is evidenced by the fact that . A) most newspapers are run by big businesses B) even public organizations concentrate on working for profits C) Americans of all professions know how to do business D) even arts and entertainment are regarded as business
  28. According to the passage, immigrants choose to settle in the U.S., dreaming that . A) they can start profitable businesses there
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B) they can be more competitive in business C) they will make a fortune overnight there D) they will find better chances of employment
  29. Henry Ford’s statements can be taken negatively because . A) working people are discouraged to fight for their rights B) there are many industries controlled by a few big capitalists C) there is a conflicting relationship between big corporations and labor D) public services are not run by the federal government
  30. A company’s efforts to keep expenses low and profits high may result in . A) reduction in the number of employees B) improvement of working conditions C) fewer disputes between labor and management D) a rise in workers’ wages Passage Three Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage: Professor Smith recently persuaded 35 people, 23 of them women, to keep a diary of all their absent-minded actions for a fortnight. When he came to analyse their embarrassing lapses (差错) in a scientific report, he was surprised to find that nearly all of them fell into a few groupings. Nor did the lapses appear to be entirely random (随机的). One of the women, for instance, on leaving her house for work one morning threw her dog her earrings and tried to fix a dog biscuit on her ear. “The explanation for this is that the brain is like a computer,” explains the professor. “People programme themselves to do certain activities regularly. It was the woman’s c
 

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