2003 年英语专业八级考试听力 MP3 附试题和答案 试卷一
(95 min)
Part ⅠListening Comprehension(40min)
In Sections A, B and C you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your COLORED ANSWER SHEET.
Questions 1 to 5 refer to the talk in this section. At the end of the talk you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now listen to the talk.

  1. Which of the following statements about offices is NOT true according to the talk? A. Offices throughout the world are basically alike. B. There are primarily two kinds of office layout. C. Office surroundings used to depend on company size. D. Office atmosphere influences workers' performance.

  2. We can infer from the talk that harmonious work relations may have a direct impact on your . A. promotion B. colleagues C. management D. union

  3. Supposing you were working in a small firm, which of the following would you do when you had some grievances? A. Request a formal special meeting with the boss. B. Draft a formal agenda for a special meeting.
C. Contact a consultative committee first. D. Ask to see the boss for a talk immediately.

  4. According to the talk, the union plays the following roles EXCPET . A. mediation B. arbitration C. negotiation D. representation

  5. Which topic is NOT covered in the talk? A. Role of the union. B. Work relations. C. Company structure. D. Office layout.
Questions 6 to 10 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now listen to the interview.

  6. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT about David's personal background? A. He had excellent academic records at school and university. B. He was once on a PhD programme at Yale University. C. He received professional training in acting. D. He came from a single-parent family.

  7. David is inclined to believe in . A. aliens B. UFOs C. the TV character D. government conspiracies

  8. David thinks he is fit for the TV role because of his . A. professional training B. personality
C. life experience D. appearance

  9. From the interview, we know that at present David feels . A. a sense of frustration B. haunted by the unknown things C. confident but moody D. successful yet unsatisfied

  10. How does David feel about the divorce of his parents? A. He feels a sense of anger. B. He has a sense of sadness. C. It helped him grow up. D. It left no effect on him.
Question 11 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.

  11. What is the main idea of the news item? A. US concern over the forthcoming peace talks. B. Peace efforts by the Palestinian Authority. C. Recommendations by the Mitchell Commission. D. Bomb attacks aimed at Israeli civilians.
Question 12 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.

  12. Some voters will waste their ballots because . A. they like neither candidate
B. they are all ill-informed C. the candidates do not differ much D. they do not want to vote twice
Questions 13 to 15 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 15 seconds to answer each of the questions. Now listen to the news.

  13. According to the UN Human Development Report, which is the best place for women in the world? A. Canada. B. The US. C. Australia. D. Scandinavia.

  14. is in the 12th place in overall ranking. A. Britain B. France C. Finland D. Switzerland

  15. According to the UN report, the least developed country is . A. Ethiopia B. Mali C. Sierra Leon D. Central African Republic
In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening, take notes on the important points. Fill in each of the gaps with ONE word. You may refer to your notes. Make sure the word you fill in is both grammatically and semantically acceptable.
Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs
Abraham Maslow has developed a famous theory of human needs, which can be arranged in order of importance.
Physiological needs: the most (
  1) ones for survival. They include such needs as food, water, etc. And there is usually one way to satisfy these needs.
  2) needs: needs for a) physical security; b) (
  3) security.
The former means no illness or injury, while the latter is concerned with freedom from (
  4), misfortunes, etc. These needs can be met through a variety of means, e.g. job security, (
  5) plans, and safe working conditions.
Social needs: human requirements for a) love and affection; b) a sense of belonging.
There are two ways to satisfy these needs: a) formation of relationships at workplace; b) formation of relationships outside workplace.
Esteem needs: a) self-esteem, i.e. one's sense of achievement; b) esteem of others, i.e. others' respect as a result of one's (
These needs can be fulfilled by achievement, promotion, honors, etc.
Self-realization needs: need to realize one's potential. Ways to realize these needs are individually (
Features of the hierarchy of needs: a) Social, esteem and self-realization needs are exclusively (
  8) needs. b) Needs are satisfied in a fixed order from the bottom up. c) (
  9) for needs comes from the lowest un-met level. d) Different levels of needs may (
  10) when they comes into play.
  1) (
  2) (
  3) (
  4) ( 5 ) (
  6) (
  7) (
  8) (
  9) (
The following passage contains TEN errors. Each line contains a maximum of one error and three are free from error. In each case, only one word is involved. You should proofread the passage and correct it in the following way.
For a wrong word, underline the wrong word and write the correct one in the blank provided at the end of the line. For a missing word, mark the position of the missing word with a "∧" sign and write the word you believe to be missing in the blank provided at the end of the line. For an unnecessary word, cross out the unnecessary word with a slash "/" and put the word in the blank provided at the end of the line. If the line is correct, place a V in the blank provided at the end of the line Example When ^ art museum wants a new exhibit, It never buys things in finished form and bangs them on the wall. When a natural history museum wants an exhibition, it must often build it. (
  1) an (
  2) never (
  3) v (
  4) exhibit
Demographic indicators show that Americans in the postwar period were more eager than over to establish families. They quickly brought down the age at marriage for both men and women and brought the birth rate to a twentieth century height after more than a hundred years of a steady decline, producing the "baby boom". (
  2) (
There young adults established a trend of early marriage and relatively large families that went for more than two decades and caused a major but (
temporary reversal of long-term demographic patterns. From the 1940s through the early 1960s, Americans married at a high rate and at a younger age than their Europe counterparts. Less noted but equally more significant, the man and (
  4) (
who formed families between 1940 and 1960 nevertheless reduced (
the divorce rate after a postwar peak; their marriages remained intact to a greater extent than did that of couples who married in earlier (
as well as later decades. Since the United States maintained its (
dubious distinction of having the highest divorce rate in the world, the temporary decline in divorce did not occur in the same extent in (
Europe. Contrary to fears of the experts, the role of breadwinner and homemaker was not abandoned. Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 min)
(30 min)
In this section there are four reading passages followed by a total of fifteen multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and then mark your answers on your COLORED ANSWER SHEET.
Hostility to Gypsies has existed almost from the time they first appeared in Europe in the 14th century. The origins of the Gypsies, with little written history, were shrouded in mystery. What is known now from clues in the various dialects of their language, Romany, is that they came from northern India to the Middle East a thousand years ago, working as minstrels and mercenaries, metal-smiths and servants. Europeans misnamed them Egyptians, soon shortened to Gypsies.
A clan system, based mostly on their traditional crafts and geography, has made them a deeply fragmented and fractious people, only really unifying in the face of enmity from non-Gypsies, whom they call gadje. Today many Gypsy activists prefer to be called Roma, which comes from the Romany word for "man". But on my travels among them most still referred to themselves as Gypsies.
In Europe their persecution by the gadje began quickly, with the church seeing heresy in their fortune-telling and the state seeing anti-social behaviour in their nomadism. At various times they have been forbidden to wear their distinctive bright clothes, to speak their own language, to travel, to marry one another, or to ply their traditional crafts. In some countries they were reduced to slavery-it wasn't until the mid-1800s that Gypsy slaves were freed in Romania. In more recent times the Gypsies were caught up in Nazi ethnic hysteria, and perhaps half a million perished in the Holocaust. Their horses have been shot and the wheels removed from their wagons, their names have been changed, their women have been sterilized, and their children have been forcibly given for adoption to non-Gypsy families.
But the Gypsies have confounded predictions of their disappearance as a distinct ethnic group, and their numbers have burgeoned. Today there are an estimated 8 to 12 million Gypsies scattered across Europe, making them the continent's largest minority. The exact number is hard to pin down. Gypsies have regularly been undercounted, both by regimes anxious to downplay their profile and by Gypsies themselves, seeking to avoid bureaucracies. Attempting to remedy past inequities, activist groups may overcount. Hundreds of thousands more have emigrated to the Americans and elsewhere. With very few exceptions Gypsies have expressed no great desire for a country to call their own-unlike the Jews, to whom the Gypsy experience is often compared.
"Romanestan,"said Ronald Lee, the Canadian Gypsy writer, "is where my two feet stand."

  16. Gypsies are united only when they . A. are engaged in traditional crafts B. call themselves Roma C. live under a clan system D. face external threats

  17. In history hostility to Gypsies in Europe resulted in their persecution by all the following EXCEPT . A. the Egyptians B. the state C. the church D. the Nazis

  18. According to the passage, the main difference between the Gypsies and the Jews lies in their concepts of . A. language B. culture C. identity D. custom
Text B
I was just a boy when my father brought me to Harlem for the first time, almost 50 years ago. We stayed at the Hotel Theresa, a grand brick structure at 125th Street and Seventh Avenus. Once, in the hotel restaurant, my father pointed out Joe Louis. He even got Mr. Brown, the hotel manager, to introduce me to him, a bit paunchy but still the champ as far as I was concerned.
Much has changed since then. Business and real estate are booming. Some say a new renaissance is under way. Others decry what they see as outside forces running roughshod over the old Harlem.
New York meant Harlem to me, and as a young man I visited it whenever I could. But many of my old haunts are gone. The Theresa shut down in 19
  66. National chains that once ignored Harlem now anticipate yuppie money and want pieces of this prime Manhattan real estate. So here I am on a hot August afternoon, sitting in a Starbucks that two years ago opened a block away from the Theresa, snatching at memories between sips of high-priced coffee. I am about to open up a piece of the old Harlem-the New York Amsterdam News-when a tourist asking directions to Sylvia's, a prominent Harlem restaurant, penetrates my daydreaming. He's carrying a book: Touring Historic Harlem.
History. I miss Mr. Michaux's bookstore, his House of Common Sense, which was across from the Theresa. He had a big billboard out front with brown and black faces painted on it that said in large letters:"World History Book Outlet on 2 000 000 000 Africans and Nonwhite Peoples."An ugly state office building has swallowed that space.
I miss speaker like Carlos Cooks, who was always on the southwest corner of 125th and Seventh, urging listeners to support Africa. Harlem's powerful political electricity seems unplugged-although the streets are still energized, especially by West African immigrants.
Hardworking southern newcomers formed the bulk of the community back in the 1920s and '30s, when Harlem renaissance artists, writers, and intellectuals gave it a glitter and renown that made it the capital of black America. From Harlem, W. E. B. Dubois, Langston Hughes, Paul Robe



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