1990 年 1 月大学英语四级试题
请先阅读以下条款: ◇ 本资料中的内容均来自互联网络或由已署名的网友提供, Azheng 仅负责版面整理, 内容版权仍归作者所有; ◇ 本资料发布前都经过 Azheng 整理及杀毒处理,但不保证资料的完整性及清洁性. 对于使用本资料造成的任何后果和损失,本站概不负责; ◇ 如有对您造成侵权或其他不利影响,请致信 Azheng 我们将尽快做出妥善处理. 1990 年 1 月大学英语四级试题 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Example:You will hear: You will read: A) At the office. C) At the airport. B) In the waiting room. D) In a restaurant. From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) "At the office" is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]
  1. A) The man wants to go to Los Angeles. B) The man wants to go to San Francisco. C) There are no flights to Los Angles for the rest of the day. D) There are two direct flights to Los Angeles within the next two hours. 答案
  2. A) He enjoys writing home every week. B) He never fails to write a weekly letter home. C) He doesn't write home once a week now. D) He has been asked to write home every week. 答案
  3. A) Because she has got an appointment. B) Because she doesn't want to. C) Because she has to work. 本资料由 Azheng 搜集整理
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1990 年 1 月大学英语四级试题
D) Because she wants to eat in a new restaurant. 答案
  4. A) The teacher postponed the meeting. B) There won't be a test this afternoon. C) The students will be attending the meeting. D) The students will take an English test this afternoon. 答案
  5. A) On the whole, she liked the film. B) She didn't see the film. C) The film was very exciting. D) The film wasn't as good as she'd expected. 答案
  6. A) Around 5:
  00. B) Around 3:
  00. C) At 2:
  00. D) At 1:
  00. 答案
  7. A) He had to work overtime. B) He was held up in traffic. C) His car ran out of gas. D) He had a traffic accident. 答案
  8. A) John Smith isn't in right now. B) John Smith can't come to the phone right now. C) John Smith doesn't want to speak to the caller. D) The caller dialed the wrong number. 答案
  9. A) Yesterday. B) Three days ago. C) Two days ago. D) Early last week. 答案
  10. A) She got up later than usual. B) The bus was late. C) She forgot she had classes. D) Her clock was slow. 答案 本资料由 Azheng 搜集整理
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Section B Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 11 to 13 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  11. A) 4,000 years ago. B) 3,000 years ago. C) 2,000 years ago. D) 1,000 years ago. 答案
  12. A) The small bowl was put above the large bowl. B) The large bowl was put above the small bowl. C) The small bowl was put inside the large bowl. D) The large bowl consisted of two equal parts. 答案
  13. A) Horsemen. B) Brass doors. C) Drops of water. D) Metal balls. 答案 Passage Two Questions 14 to 16 are based on the passage you have just heard. 14 .A) They are the most attractive women in Britain. B) They are the most popular film stars. C) They are the first women news announcers on British television. D) They appear almost every night in TV plays. 答案 15 .A) At 10 in the evening. B) At 9 in the evening. C) At 9 in the morning. D) At 10 in the morning. 答案
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16 .A) People still talk a lot about it. B) Fewer people watched Susan's programme from then on. C) Anna's photographs appeared frequently in newspapers. D) The number of viewers of her programme that day increased by millions. 答案 Passage Three Questions 17 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  17. A) It is completely flat. B) It has few rivers. C) It has many large lakes. D) It is hilly. 答案
  18.A) The soil has been overworked. B) The climate is cold. C) The weather is too dry. D) The soil is sandy. 答案
  19. A) By raising cattle. B) By working on farms. C) By working in factories. D) By raising sheep. 答案
  20. A) At school. B) From their parents. C) From books. D) In factories. 答案 Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage: Oceanography has been defined as "the application of all sciences to the study of the sea". Before the nineteenth century, scientists with an interest in the sea were few and far between. Certainly Newton considered some theoretical aspects of it in his writings, but 本资料由 Azheng 搜集整理 Azheng@x2
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he was reluctant to go to sea to further his work. For most people the sea was remote, and with the exception of early intercontinental travellers or others who earned a living from the sea, there was little reason to ask many questions about it, let alone to ask what lay beneath the surface. The first time that question "What is at the bottom of the oceans?" had to be answered with any commercial consequence was when the laying of a telegraph cable from Europe to America was proposed. The engineers had to know the depth profile (起伏形状)of the route to estimate the length of cable that had to be manufactured. It was to Maury of the US Navy that the Atlantic Telegraph Company turned, in 1853, for information on this matter. In the 1840s, Maury had been responsible for encouraging voyages during which soundings(测深)were taken to investigate the depths of the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Later, some of his findings aroused much popular interest in his book The Physical Geography of the Sea. The cable was laid, but not until 1866 was the connection made permanent and reliable. At the early attempts, the cable failed and when it was taken out for repairs it was found to be covered in living growths, a fact which defied contemporary scientific opinion that there was no life in the deeper parts of the sea. Within a few years oceanography was under way. In 1872 Thomson led a scientific expedition(考察), which lasted for four years and brought home thousands of samples from the sea. Their classification and analysis occupied scientists for years and led to a five-volume report, the last volume being published in 18
  95.
  21. The proposal to lay a telegraph cable from Europe to America made oceanographic studies take on . A) an academic aspect B) a military aspect C) a business aspect D) an international aspect 答案
  22. It was that asked Maury for help in oceanographic studies. A) the American Navy B) some early intercontinental travellers C) those who earned a living from the sea D) the company which proposed to lay an undersea cable 答案
  23. The aim of the voyages Maury was responsible for in the 1840s was. A) to make some sounding experiments in the oceans B) to collect samples of sea plants and animals C) to estimate the length of cable that was needed D) to measure the depths of the two oceans 答案
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1990 年 1 月大学英语四级试题

  24. "Defied" in the 5th paragraph probably means "". A) doubted B) gave proof to C) challenged D) agreed to 答案
  25. This passage is mainly about . A) the beginnings of oceanography B) the laying of the first undersea cable C) the investigation of ocean depths D) the early intercontinental communications 答案 Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage: Normally a student must attend a certain number of courses in order to graduate, and each course which he attends gives him a credit which he may count towards a degree. In many American universities the total work for a degree consists of thirty-six courses each lasting for one semester. A typical course consists of three classes per week for fifteen weeks; while attending a university a student will probably attend four or five courses during each semester. Normally a student would expect to take four years attending two semesters each year. It is possible to spread the period of work for the degree over a longer period. It is also possible for a student to move between one university and another during his degree course, though this is not in fact done as a regular practice. For every course that he follows a student is given a grade, which is recorded, and the record is available for the student to show to prospective employers. All this imposes a constant pressure and strain of work, but in spite of this some students still find time for great activity in student affairs. Elections to positions in student organizations arouse much enthusiasm. The effective word of maintaining discipline is usually performed by students who advise the academic authorities. Any student who is thought to have broken the rules, for example, by cheating has to appear before a student court. With the enormous numbers of students, the operation of the system does involve a certain amount of activities. A student who has held one of these positions of authority is much respected and it will be of benefit to him later in his career.
  26. Normally a student would at least attend classes each week. A)36 B)12 C)20 D)15 答案
  27. According to the first paragraph as American student is allowed . A) to live in a different university 本资料由 Azheng 搜集整理
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1990 年 1 月大学英语四级试题
B) to take a particular course in a different university C)to live at home and drive to classes D)to get two degrees from two different universities 答案
  28. American university students are usually under pressure of work because . A) their academic performance will affect their future careers B) they are heavily involved in student affairs C) they have to observe university discipline D) they want to run for positions of authority 答案
  29. Some students are enthusiastic for positions in student organizations probably because . A) they hate the constant pressure and strain of their study B) they will then be able to stay longer in the university C) such positions help them get better jobs D) such positions are usually well paid 答案
  30. The student organizations seem to be effective in . A) dealing with the academic affairs of the university B) ensuring that the students observe university regulations C) evaluating students' performance by bringing them before a court D) keeping up the students' enthusiasm for social activities 答案 Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage: Do you find getting up in the morning so difficult that it's painful? This might be called laziness, but Dr. Kleitman has a new explanation. He has proved that everyone has a daily energy cycle. During the hours when you labour through your work you may say that you're "hot". That's true. The time of day when you feel most energetic is when your cycle of body temperature is at its peak. For some people the peak comes during the forenoon. For others it comes in the afternoon or evening. No one has discovered why this is so, but it leads to such familiar monologues(自言自语) as: "Get up, John! You'll be late for work again!" The possible explanation to the trouble is that John is at his temperature-and-energy peak in the evening. Much family quarrelling ends when husbands and wives realize what these energy cycles mean, and which cycle each member of the family has. You can't change your energy cycle, but you can learn to make your life fit it better. Habit can help, Dr. Kleitman believes. Maybe you're sleepy in the evening but feel you must stay up late anyway. Counteract (对抗) your cycle to some extent by habitually staying up later than you want to. If your energy is low in the morning but you have an 本资料由 Azheng 搜集整理
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important job to do early in the day, rise before your usual hour. This won't change your cycle, but you'll get up steam
 

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