★★★★★ 2004 年 6 月大学英语四级真题 B 卷 2004 年 6 月大学英语四级试卷 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversa tion, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question th ere Will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A ), B), C) and D)~ and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the correspon ding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Example: You will hear. You will read: A) At the office. B) In the waiting room. C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant. From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they h ad to finish in the evening. This conversation is most likely to have taken pl ace at the office. Therefore, A) "At the office" is the best answer. You shoul d choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the ce ntre. Sample Answer [A] [B [C] [D]

  1. A) Mark and the woman had not been in touch for some time. B) The man saw Mark on the street two months ago. C) The woman made a phone call to Mark yesterday D) The woman had forgotten Mark s phone number.
  2. A) The woman is glad to meet Mr. Brown in person. B) The woman feels sorry that Mr. Brown is unable to come. C) The man is meeting the woman on behalf of Mr. Brown. D) The man is late for the trip because he is busy.
  3. A) At 10:
  25. C) At 10:
  45. B) At 10:
  30. D) At 10:
  4. A) The man refuses to listen to his doctor s advice. B) The man is under pressure from his wife. C) The man usually follows his wife s advice. D) The man no longer smokes.
  5. A) Become a teacher. C) Move to a big city. B) Go back to school. D) Work in New York.
  6. A) Quit delivering flowers. C) Work at a restaurant. B) Leave his job to work for her. D) Bring her flowers every day.
  7. A) She can find the right person to help the man. B) She picked up the book from the bus floor. C) She can help the man out. D) She s also in need of a textbook.

  8. A) The man can t come for the appointment at 4:
  15. B) The man is glad he s got in touch with the doctor. C) The man wants to change the date of the appointment. D) The man was confused about the date of the appointment.
  9. A) The man is worded about his future. B) The two speakers are seniors at college. C) The two speakers are at a loss what to do. D) The woman regrets spending her time idly.
  10. A) She als0 found the plot difficult to follow. B) She has learned a lot from the novel: C) She usually has difficulty remembering names.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
Sign has become a scientific hot button. Only in the past 20 years have specialists in language study realized that signed languages are unique - a speech of the hand. They offer a new way to probe how the brain generates and understands language, and throw new light on an old scientific controversy: whether language, complete with grammar, is something that we are born with, or whether it is a learned behavior. The current interest in sign language has roots in the pioneering work of one rebel teacher at Gallaudet University in Washington, D.C., the worlds only liberal arts
university for deaf people. When Bill Stokoe went to Gallaudet to teach English, the school enrolled him in a course in signing. But Stokoe noticed something odd: among themselves, students signed differently from his classroom teacher. Stokoe had been taught a sort of gestural code, each movement of the hands representing a word in English. At the time, American Sign Language (ASL) was thought to be no more than a form of pidgin English (混杂英语 ). But Stokoe believed the "hand talk" his students used looked richer. He wondered: Might deaf people actually have a genuine language? And could that language be unlike any other on Earth? It was 1955, when even deaf peopie dismissed their signing as "substandard". Stokoes idea was academic heresy (异端邪说 ). It is 37 years later. Stokoe - now devoting his time to writing and editing books and journals and to producing video materials on ASL and the deaf culture - is having lunch at a caf6 near the Gallaudet campus and explaining how he started a revolution. For decades educators fought his idea that signed languages are natural languages like English, French and Japanese. They assumed language must be based on speech, the modulation (调节) of sound. But sign language is based on the movement of hands, the modulation of space. "What I said," Stokoe explains, "is that language is not mouth stuff- its brain stuff."

  11. The study of sign language is thought to be A) an approach to simplifying the grammatical structure of a language B) an attempt to clarify misunderstanding about the origin of language C) a challenge to traditional views on the nature of language D) a new way to took at the learning of language [C]
  12.The present growing interest in sign language was stimulated by A) a leading specialist in the study Of liberal arts B) an English teacer in a university for the deaf "C) Some senior experts in American Sign Language D) a famous Scholar in thestudy of the human brain

  13. According to Stokoe, sign language is A) an international language C) an artificial language B) a substandard language D) a genuine language [D]
  14. Most educators objected to Stokoes idea because they thought A) a language should be easy to use and understand B) sign language was tOO artificial to be widely accepted C) a language could only exist in the form of speech sounds D) sign language was not extensively used even by deaf people [C]
  15. Stokoes argument is based on his belief that A) language is a product of the brain B) language is a system of meaningful codes C) sign language is derived from natural language D) sign language is as efficient as any other language [A]
Passage Two Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
A is for always getting to work on time. B is for being extremely busy. C is for the conscientious ( 勤勤恳恳的 ) way you do your job. You may be all these things atthe office, and more. But when it comes to getting ahead, experts Say, the ABcs of business should include a P, for politics, as in office politics. Dale Carnegie suggested asmuch more than 50 years ag Hard work alone doesnt ensure Career advancemen. You have to be able to sell yourself and your ideas, both publicly and behind thescefies. Yet, despite the ovious rewards Of engaging in office politics - a better job, a raise,
praise- many people are still unable or unwilling - to "play the game." "People assume that office politics involves some manipulative (工于心计的) behavior," says Deborah Comer, an assistant professor of management at Hofstra University. "But politics derives from the word polite. It can mean lobbying and forming associations. It can mean being kind and helpful, or even trying, to please your superior, and thenexpecting something in return." In fact, today, experts define office politics as proper behavior used to pursue ones own self-interest in the workplace. In many cases, this involves some form of socializing within the office environment - not just in large companies, but in small workplaces as well. "The first thing people are usually judged on is their ability to perform well on a consistent basis," says Neil P. Lewis, a management psychologist. "But if two or three candidates are up for a promotion, each of whom has reasonably similar ability, a manager is going to promote the person he or shelikes best. Its simple human nature." Yet, psychologists say, many employees and employers have trouble with the concept of politics in the office. Some people, they say, have an idealistic vision of work and what it takes to succeed. Still others associate politics withfiattery 奉承), fearful that, if they speak up for themselves, they may appear to be flattering their boss for favors. Experts suggest altering this negative picture by recognizing the need for some self-promotion.

  16. "Office politics" (Line 2, Para.
  4) is used in the passage to refer to A) the political views and beliefs of office workers B) the interpersonal relationships within a company C) the various qualities required for a successful career D) the code of behavior for company staff
  17. To get promoted, one must not only be competent but A) avoid being too outstanding B) get along well with his colleagues C) honest and loyal to his company D) give his boss a good impression [D]

  18. Why are many people unwilling to "play the game" (Line 4, Para.
  5)? A) They are not good at manipulating colleagues. B) They feel that such behavior is unprincipled. C) They think the effort will get them nowhere. D) They believe that doing so is impractical.
  19. The author considers office poetics to be . A) unwelcome at the workplace B) bad for interpersonal relationships C) an important factor for personal advancement D) indispensable to the development of company culture [C]
  20. It is the authors view that A) self-promotion does not necessarily mean flattery B) hard work contributes Very little to ones promotion C) many employees fail to recognize the need of flattery D) speaking up for oneself is part of human nature [A]
Passage Three
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage. It came as something of a surprise when Diana, Princess of Wales, made a trip co Angola in 1997, to support the Red Crosss campaign for a total ban on all anti-personnel landmines. Within hours of arriv!ng in Angola, television screens around the world were filled with images of her comforting victims injured in explosions caused by landmines. "I knew the statistics," she said. "But putting a face to those figures brought the reality home to me; like when I met Sandra, a 13year-old girl who had lost her leg, and people like her." The Princess concluded with a simple message: "We must stop landmines". And she used every
opportunity during her visit to repeat this message. But, back in London, her views were not shared by some members of the British government, which refused to support a ban on these weapons. Angry politicians launched an attack On the Princess in the press. They described her as "very ill-informed" and a "loose cannon (乱放跑的人) The Princess responded by brushing aside the Criticisms: "This is a distraction ( 干扰) we do not need. All Im trying to do is help." Opposition parties, the media and the public immediately voiced their Support for the Princess. To make matters worse for the government, it soon emerged that the Princesss trip had been approved by the Foreign Office, and that she was in fact very well-inf0rmed about both the situa-tion in Angola and the British governments policy regarding landmines. The result was a severe embarrassment for the government. To try and limit the damage, the Foreign Secretary, Malcolm Rifkidnd, claimed that the Princesss views on landmines were not very different from government policy, and that it was "working towards" a worldwide ban. The Defence Secretary, Michael Portillo, claimed the matter was "a misinterpretation or misunderstanding." For the Princess, the trip to this war-torn countrywas an excellent opportunity to use her popularity to show the world how much destruction and suffering landmines can cause. She said that the experience had also given her the chance to get closer to people and their problems.

  21. Princess Diana paid a visit to Angola in 1997 A) to clarify the British governments stand on landmines B) to establish her image as a friend of landmine victims C) to investigate the sufferings of landmine victims there D) to voice her support for a total ban of landmines [D]
  22. What did Diana mean when she said "... putting a face tO those figures brought the reality home to me" (Line 5, Para.
  1)? A) Meeting the landmine victims in person made her believe the statistics. B) She just couldnt bear to meet the landmine victims face to face. C) The actual situation in Angola made her feel like going back home.
D) Seeing the pain of the victims maher realize the seriousness of the situation. [D]
  23. Some members of the British government criticized Diana because A) she had not consulted the government before the visit B) she was ill-informed of the governments policy C) they were actually opposed to banning landmines D) they believed that she had misinterpreted the situation in Angola [C]
  24. How did Diana respond to the criticisms? A) She made more :appearances on TV. B) She paid no attention to them. C) She rose to argue with her opponents. D) She met the 13-year-old girl as planned.
  25. What did Princess Diana think of her visit to Angola? A) It had caused embarrassment to the British government. B) It had greatly promoted her popularity. C) It had brought her closer to the ordinary people. D) It had affected her relations with the British government. [C]
Passage Four Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage. As soon as it



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