因为用心,所以专业
2004 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语试题 Section I Listening Comprehension
Directions: This section is designed to test your ability to understand spoken English. You will hear a selection of recorded materials and you must answer the questions that accompany them. There are three parts in this section, Part A, Part B and Part C. Remember, while you are doing the test, you should first put down your answers in your test booklet. At the end of the listening comprehension section, you will have 5 minutes to transfer all your answers from your test booklet to ANSWER SHEET
  1. Now look at Part A in your test booklet.
Part A
Directions: For questions 1-5, you will hear a talk about the geography of Belgium. While you listen, fill out the table with the information you have heard. Some of the information has been given to you in the table. Write only 1 word or number in each numbered box. You will hear the recording twice. You now have 25 seconds to read the table below. (5 points)
因为用心,所以专业
Geography of Belgium Three main regions coastal plain central plateau 1 Highest altitude of the coastal plain Climate near the sea m 20 Humid 3 Particularly rainy months of the years April 4 Average temperatures in July in low Brussels Part B high 13℃ ℃ 22 5 2
Directions: For Questions 6-10, you will hear an interview with Mr. Saffo from the Institute for the Future. While you listen, complete the sentences or answer the questions. Use not more than 3 words for each answer. You will hear the recording twice. You now have 25 seconds to read the sentences and questions below. (5 points)
What is Saffo according to himself?
因为用心,所以专业
The Institute for the Future provides services to private companies and . The Institute believes that to think systematically about the long-range future is. To succeed in anything, one should be flexible, curious and. What does Saffo consider to be essential to the work of a team? 6 7 8 9 10 Part C
Directions: You will hear three pieces of recorded material. Before listening to each one, you will have time to read the questions related to it. While listening, answer each question by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D]. After listening, you will have time to check your answers. You will hear each piece once only. (10 points)
因为用心,所以专业
Questions 11-13 are based on the following talk about naming newborns. You now have 15 seconds to read Questions 11-
  13.
  11. What do we often do with the things we love? [A] Ask for their names. [B] Name babies after them. [C] Put down their names. [D] Choose names for them.
  12. The unpleasant meaning of an old family name is often overlooked if . [A] the family tree is fairly limited [B] the family tie is strong enough [C] the name is commonly used [D] nobody in the family complains
  13. Several months after a baby’s birth, its name will . [A] show the beauty of its own [B] develop more associations
因为用心,所以专业
[C] lose the original meaning [D] help form the baby’s personality Questions 14-16 are based on the biography of Bobby Moore, an English soccer player. You now have 15 seconds to read Questions 14-
  16.
  14. How many matches did Moore play during his professional career? [A] 90 [B] 108 [C] 180 [D] 668
  15. In 1964, Bobby Moore was made . [A] England’s footballer of the year [B] a soccer coach in West Germany [C] a medalist for his sportsmanship [D] a number of the Order of the British Empire
  16. After Moore retired from playing, the first thing he did was .
因为用心,所以专业
[A] editing Sunday Sport [B] working for Capital Radio [C] managing professional soccer teams [D] developing a sports marketing company Questions 17-20 are based on the following talk on the city of Belfast. You now have 20 seconds to read Questions 17-
  20.
  17. Belfast has long been famous for its . [A] oil refinery [B] linen textiles [C] food products [D] deepwater port
  18. Which of the following does Belfast chiefly export? [A] Soap [B] Grain [C] Steel
因为用心,所以专业
[D] Tobacco
  19. When was Belfast founded? [A] In 1177 [B] In 1315 [C] In the 16th century [D] In the 17th century
  20. What happened in Belfast in the late 18th century? [A] French refugees arrived. [B] The harbor was destroyed. [C] Shipbuilding began to flourish. [D] The city was taken by the English. You now have 5 minutes to transfer all your answers from your test booklet to ANSWER SHEET
  1. Section II Use of English
Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word (s) for each numbered
因为用心,所以专业
blank and mark [A], [B], [C] or [D] on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (10 points)
Many theories concerning the causes of juvenile delinquency (crimes committed by young people) focus either on the individual or on society as the major contributing influence. Theories 大 21 家 on the individual suggest that children engage in criminal behavior 大 22 家 they were not sufficiently penalized for previous misdeeds or that they have learned criminal behavior through 大 23 家 with others. Theories focusing on the role of society suggest that children commit crimes in 大 24 家 to their failure to rise above their socioeconomic status, 大 25 家 as a rejection of middle-class values. Most theories of juvenile delinquency have focused on children from disadvantaged families, 大 26 家 the fact that children from wealthy homes also commit crimes. The latter may commit crimes 大 27 家 lack of adequate parental control. All theories, however, are tentative and are 大 28 家 to criticism. Changes in the social structure may indirectly 大 29 家 juvenile crime rates. For example, changes in the economy that 大 30 家 to fewer job opportunities for youth and rising unemployment 大 31 家 make gainful employment increasingly difficult to obtain. The resulting discontent may in 大 32 家 lead more youths into criminal behavior.
因为用心,所以专业
Families have also 大 33 家 changes these years. More families consist of one-parent households or two working parents; 大 34 家 , children are likely to have less supervision at home 大 35 家 was common in the traditional family 大 36 家 . This lack of parental supervision is thought to be an influence on juvenile crime rates. Other 大 37 家 causes of offensive acts include frustration or failure in school, the increased 大 38 家 of drugs and alcohol, and the growing 大 39 家 of child abuse and child neglect. All these conditions tend to increase the probability of a child committing a criminal act, 大 40 家 a direct causal relationship has not yet been established.
  21. [A] acting [B] relying [C] centering [D] commenting
  22. [A] before [B] unless [C] until [D] because
  23. [A] interactions [B] assimilation [C] cooperation [D] consultation
  24. [A] return [B] reply [C] reference [D] response
  25. [A] or [B] but rather [C] but [D] or else
  26. [A] considering [B] ignoring [C] highlighting [D] discarding
  27. [A] on [B] in [C] for [D] with
  28. [A] immune [B] resistant [C] sensitive [D] subject
因为用心,所以专业

  29. [A] affect [B] reduce [C] check [D] reflect
  30. [A] point [B] lead [C] come [D] amount

  31. [A] in general [B] on average [C] by contrast [D] at length
  32. [A] case [B] short [C] turn [D] essence
  33. [A] survived [B] noticed [C] undertaken [D] experienced
  34. [A] contrarily [B] consequently [C] similarly [D] simultaneously
  35. [A] than [B] that [C] which [D] as
  36. [A] system [B] structure [C] concept [D] heritage
  37. [A] assessable [B] identifiable [C] negligible [D] incredible
  38. [A] expense [B] restriction [C] allocation [D] availability
  39. [A] incidence [B] awareness [C] exposure [D] popularity
  40. [A] provided [B] since [C] although [D] supposing Section III Part A Reading Comprehension
Directions:
因为用心,所以专业
Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text by choosing [A], [B], [C] or [D] Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET
  1. (40 points)
Text 1 Hunting for a job late last year, lawyer Gant Redmon stumbled across CareerBuilder, a job database on the Internet. He searched it with no success but was attracted by the site’s “personal search agent.” It’s an interactive feature that lets visitors key in job criteria such as location, title, and salary, then E-mails them when a matching position is posted in the database. Redmon chose the keywords legal, intellectual property, and Washington, D.C. Three weeks later, he got his first notification of an opening. “I struck gold,” says Redmon, who E-mailed his resume to the employer and won a position as in-house counsel for a company. With thousands of career-related sites on the Internet, finding promising openings can be time-consuming and inefficient. Search agents reduce the need for repeated visits to the databases. But although a search agent worked for Redmon, career experts see drawbacks. Narrowing your criteria, for example, may work against you: “Every time you answer a question you eliminate a possibility.” says one expert.
因为用心,所以专业
For any job search, you should start with a narrow concept -- what you think you want to do -- then broaden it. “None of these programs do that,” says another expert. “There’s no career counseling implicit in all of this.” Instead, the best strategy is to use the agent as a kind of tip service to keep abreast of jobs in a particular database; when you get E-mail, consider it a reminder to check the database again. “I would not rely on agents for finding everything that is added to a database that might interest me,” says the author of a job-searching guide. Some sites design their agents to tempt job hunters to return. When CareerSite’s agent sends out messages to those who have signed up for its service, for example, it includes only three potential jobs -- those it considers the best matches. There may be more matches in the database; job hunters will have to visit the site again to find them -- and they do. “On the day after we send our messages, we see a sharp increase in our traffic,” says Seth Peets, vice president of marketing for CareerSite. Even those who aren’t hunting for jobs may find search agents worthwhile. Some use them to keep a close watch on the demand for their line of work or gather information on compensation to arm themselves when negotiating for a raise. Although happily employed, Redmon maintains his agent at CareerBuilder. “You always keep your eyes open,”
因为用心,所以专业
he says. Working with a personal search agent means having another set of eyes looking out for you.
  41. How did Redmon find his job? [A] By searching openings in a job database. [B] By posting a matching position in a database. [C] By using a special service of a database. [D] By E-mailing his resume to a database.
  42. Which of the following can be a disadvantage of search agents? [A] Lack of counseling. [B] Limited number of visits. [C] Lower efficiency. [D] Fewer successful matches.
  43. The expression “tip service” (Line 4, Paragraph
  3) most probably means . [A] advisory [B] compensation
因为用心,所以专业
[C] interaction [D] reminder
  44. Why does CareerSite’s agent offer each job hunter only three job options? [A] To focus on better job matches. [B] To attract more returning visits. [C] To reserve space for more messages. [D] To increase the rate of success.
  45. Which of the following is true according to the text? [A] Personal search agents are indispensable to job-hunters. [B] Some sites keep E-mailing job seekers to trace their demands. [C] Personal search agents are also helpful to those already employed. [D] Some agents stop sending information to people once they are employed. Text 2
因为用心,所以专业
Over the past century, all kinds of unfairness and discrimination have been condemned or made illegal. But one insidious form continues to thrive: alphabetism. This, for those as yet unaware of such a disadvantage, refers to discrimination against those whose surnames begin with a letter in the lower half of the alphabet. It has long been known that a taxi firm called AAAA cars has a big advantage over Zodiac cars when customers thumb through their phone directories. Less well known is the advantage that Adam Abbott has in life over Zo? Zysman. English names are fairly evenly spread between the halves of the alphabet. Yet a suspiciously large number of top people have surnames beginning with letters between A and K. Thus the American president and vice-president have surnames starting with B and C respectively; and 26 of George Bush’s predecessors (including his father) had surnames in the first half of the alphabet against just 16 in the second half. Even more striking, six of the seven heads of government of the G7 rich countries are alphabetically advantaged (Berlusconi, Blair, Bush, Chirac, Chrétien and Koizumi). The world’s three top central bankers (Greenspan, Duisenberg and Hayami) are all close to the top of the alphabet, even if one of them really uses Japanese characters. As are the world’s five richest men (Gates, Buffett, Allen, Ellison and Albrecht).
因为用心,所以专业
Can this merely be coincidence? One theory, dreamt up in all the spare time enjoyed by the
 

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