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2005 年 1 月 8 日 CET4 大学英语四级考试
20 minutes) Part I Section A Listening Comprehension (20 minutes 听力语音: Directions : In this section , you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation , a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A) B) C) and D) and decide which is the best , , , answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Example: You will hear: You will read. A) At the office. B) In the waiting room. C) At the airport. D) In a restaurant. From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This conversation is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) “At the office” is the best answer. You should choose [A] on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre. Sample Answer [A] [C] [D]
  1. A) The man enjoys traveling by car. B) The man lives far from the subway. C) The man is good at driving. D) The man used to own a car.
  2. A) Tony should continue taking the course. B) She approves of Tony’s decision. C) Tony can choose another science course. D) She can’t meet Tony so early in the morning.
  3. A) She has to study for the exam. B) She is particularly interested in plays. C) She is eager to watch the new play. D) She can lend her notes to the man.
  4. A) They will be replaced by on-line education sooner or later. B) They will attract fewer kids as on-line education expands. C) They will continue to exist along with on-line education. D) They will limit their teaching to certain subjects only.
  5. A) Most students would like to work for a newspaper. B) Most students find a job by reading advertisements. C) Most students find it hard to get a job after they graduate. D) Most students don’t want jobs advertised in the newspapers.
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  6. A) Move the washing machine to the basement. B) Turn the basement into a workshop. C) Repair the washing machine. D) Finish his assignment.
  7. A) Some students at the back cannot hear the professor. B) The professor has changed his reading assignment. C) Some of the students are not on the professor’s list. D) The professor has brought extra copies of his assignment.
  8. A) She doesn’t want to talk about the contest. B) She is modest about her success in the contest. C) She is spent two years studying English in Canada. D) She is very proud of her success in the speech contest.
  9. A) Talking about sports. B) Writing up local news. C) Reading newspapers. D) Putting up advertisements
  10. A) They shouldn’t change their plan. B) They’d better change their mind. C) The tennis game won’t last long. D) Weather forecasts are not reliable. Section B Compound Dictation Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time , you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to SIO you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally; when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. There are a lot of good cameras available at the moment??most of these are made in Japan but there are also good (S
  1) models from Germany and the USA. We have (S
  2) range of different models to see which is the best ( S3 ) money. After a number of different tests and interviews with people who are (S
  4) assessed, our researchers (S
  5) with the different cameras being the Olympic BY model as the best auto-focus camera available at the moment. It costs $200 although you may well want to spend more ? ? ( S6 ) much as another $200??on buying (S
  7)lenses and other equipment. It is a good Japanese camera , easy to use. S8 ) whereas the American versions are considerably more expensive The Olympic BY model weighs only 320 grams which is quite a bit less than other cameras of a similar type. Indeed one of the other models we looked at weighed almost twice as much. ( S9 ) . ALL the people we interviewed expressed almost total satisfaction with it ( Sl0 )
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Part II Reading Comprehension 35 minutes Comprehension(35 minutes) Directions: There are 4 passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A) B) C) and D) , , 。 You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage. Scratchy throats, stuffy noses and body aches all spell misery,but being able to tell if the cause is a cold or flu ( ~,~ ) may make a difference in how long the misery lasts. The American Lung Association (ALA) has issued new guidelines on combating colds and the flu(流感) and one of the keys is being able to quickly tell the two apart. That’s because the , prescription drugs available for the flu need to be taken soon after the illness sets in. As for colds, the sooner a person starts taking over-the-counter remedy,the sooner relief will come. The common cold and the flu are both caused by viruses. More than 200 viruses can cause cold symptoms ,while the flu is caused by three viruses - flu A, B and C. There is no cure for either illness, but the flu can be prevented by the flu vaccine ( ~-~ ) which is, most people, , for the best way to fight the flu, according to the ALA. But if the flu does strike, quick action can help. Although the flu and common cold have many similarities,there are some obvious signs to look for. Cold symptoms such as stuffy nose , runny nose and scratchy throat typically develop gradually,and adults and teens often do not get a fever. On the other hand,fever is one of the characteristic features of the flu for all ages. And in general, flu symptoms including fever and chills,sore throat and body aches come on suddenly and are more severe than cold symptoms. The ALA notes that it may be particularly difficult to tell when infants and preschool age children have the flu. It advises parents to call the doctor if their small children have flu-like symptoms. Both cold and flu symptoms can be eased with over-the-counter medications as well. However,children and teens with a cold or flu should not take aspirin for pain relief because of the risk of Reye syndrome (综合症) , rare but serious condition of the liver and central nervous a system, Reye syndrome . There is , of course , no vaccine for the common cold. But frequent hand washing and avoiding close contact with people who have colds can reduce the likelihood of catching one.
  11. According to the author, knowing the cause of the misery will help A) shorten the duration of the illness B) the patient buy medicine over the counter C) the patient obtain cheaper prescription drugs D) prevent people from catching colds and the flu
  12. We learn from the passage that A) one doesn’t need to take any medicine if he has a cold or the flu B) aspirin should not be included in over-the-counter medicines for the flu C) delayed treatment of the flu will harm the liver and central nervous system D) over-the-counter drugs can be taken to ease the misery caused by a cold or the flu
  13. According to the passage, to combat the flu effectively, A) one should identify the virus which causes it
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B) one should consult a doctor as soon as possible C) one should take medicine upon catching the disease D) one should remain alert when the disease is spreading
  14. Which of the following symptoms will distinguish the flu from a cold? A)A stuffy nose. B) A high temperature. C) A sore throat. D) A dry cough.
  15. If children have flu-like symptoms,their parents A) are advised not to give them aspirin B) should watch out for signs of Reye syndrome C) are encouraged to take them to hospital for vaccination D) should prevent them from mixing with people running a fever Passage Two Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage. In a time of low academic achievement by children in the United States, many Americans are turning to Japan,a country of high academic achievement and economic success,for possible answers. However , the answers provided by Japanese preschools are not the ones Americans expected to find. In most Japanese preschools , surprisingly little emphasis is put on academic instruction. In one investigation , 300 Japanese and 210 American preschool teachers , child development specialists , and parents were asked about various aspects of early childhood education. Only 2 percent of the Japanese respondents 答问卷者) ( listed “to give children a good start’ academically” as one of their top three reasons for a society to have preschools. In contrast, over half the American respondents chose this as one of their top three choices. To prepare children for successful careers in first grade and beyond, Japanese schools do not teach reading, writing, and mathematics, but rather skills such as persistence, concentration, and the ability to function as a member of a group. The vast majority of young Japanese children are taught to read at home by their parents. In the recent comparison of Japanese and American preschool education , 91 percent of Japanese respondents chose providing children with a group experience as one of their top three reasons for a society to have preschools. Sixty-two percent of the more individually oriented (强 调个性发展的)Americans listed group experience as one of their top three choices. An emphasis on the importance of the group seen in Japanese early childhood education continues into elementary school education. Like in America, there is diversity in Japanese early childhood education. Some Japanese kindergartens have specific aims , such as early musical training or potential development. In large cities, some kindergartens are attached to universities that have elementary and secondary schools. Some Japanese parents believe that if their young children attend a university-based program, it will increase the children’s chances of eventually being admitted to top-rated schools and universities. Several more progressive programs have introduced free play as a way out for the heavy intellectualizing in some Japanese kindergartens.
  16. We learn from the first paragraph that many Americans believe A) Japanese parents are more involved in preschool education than American parents
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B) Japan’s economic success is a result of its scientific achievements C) Japanese preschool education emphasizes academic instruction D)Japan’s higher education is superior to theirs
  17. Most Americans surveyed believe that preschools should also attach importance to A) problem solving B) group experience C) parental guidance D) individually-oriented development
  18. In Japan’s preschool education,the focus is on A) preparing children academically B) developing children’s artistic interests C) tapping children’s potential D) shaping children’s character
  19. Free play has been introduced in some Japanese kindergartens in order to A) broaden children’s horizon B) cultivate children’s creativity C) lighten children’s study load D) enrich children’s knowledge
  20. Why do some Japanese parents send their children to university:based kindergartens? A) They can do better in their future studies. B) They can accumulate more group experience there. C) They can be individually oriented when they grow up. D) They can have
 

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