2005 年 4 月份自考《英语 一)》试卷及答案 月份自考《英语(一 》
第一部分 选择题(共 50 分) Ⅰ.Vocabulary and Structure(10points,1point for each)从下列各句四个选项中选出一个最佳答案,填在该 题后的括号内。
  1. or not you re conscious of it,you re constantly valuing items in dollars. 【 】 A. As B. Whether C. However D. If
  2.Other people stop at each new word and look it in the dictionary. 【 】 A. up B. down C. back D. over

  3.Many of the younger buyers say they are turned off by the poor of modern goods. 【 】 A. security B. quantity C. safety D. quality
  4.In one type of laboratory test all the variables one are controlled. 【 】 A. by B. and C. but D. or

  5. when you go through the mental exercises to come up with a tentative definition should you open the dictionar y to see if you re right. 【 】 A. Simply B. Precisely C. Only D. Particularly

  6.The satellite also demonstrated how it could provide help to people living in isolated areas where is diffic ult. 【 】 A. transportation B. instruction C. application D. compensation
  7.Their mother is busy ready for work. 【 】 A. got B. gets C. to get D. getting

  8.Itwas long supposed that the main difference between animals and plants was that the former could move abou t while the could not. 【 】
A. other B. latter C. another D. later
  9.The moon merely the light of the sun,like a huge mirror hung in the sky. 【 】 A. reflects B. demonstrates C. transmits D. launches

  10.Some people who are very intelligent and successful in their fields find difficult to succeed in language learnin g. 【 】 A. which B. how C. that D. it
Ⅱ.Cloze Test(10points,1point for each)下列短文中有十个空格, 每个空格有四个选项。根据上下文要求选出最佳答案,填在括号内。
What happens when you get into an argument? Do you 11 your temper and storm out of the room,or do y ou give 12 ?If you have been on your feet all day cleaning the house 13 your husband gets home from work and im mediately 14 his dinner,do you scream 15 him,or do you go off and cry in the kitchen? If you believe in the art of compromise(妥协) ,you’ll find a solution that 16 everybody. In this way,no one l oses 17 and everyone keeps his high opinion 18 everyone else. So, you want both to be respected 19 to be happ if y,always keep in mind that it is 20 to negotiate a skilful compromise than to be an unpopular winner or a bad-tem pered loser.
  11.A.miss B.lose C.hold D.keep 【 】
  12.A.up B.off C.in D.out 【 】
  13.A.since B.for C.and D.if 【 】
  14.A.demands B.demanding C.to demand D.demanded 【 】
  15.A.in B.on C.for D.at 【 】
  16.A.satisfy B.satisfies C.satisfying D.satisfied 【 】
  17.A.foot B.face C.heart D.hand 【 】
  18.A.of B.in C.for D.out 【 】
  19.A.or B.but C.and D.yet 【 】
  20.A.happier B.kinder C.easier D.better 【 】 Ⅲ.Reading Comprehension(30points,2points for each)从下列每篇短文的问题后所给的四个选择项中选出 一个最佳答案,填在该题后的括号内。
Passage One Questions21 to 25 are based on the following passage. People in cities all over the world shop in su permarkets. Who decides what you buy in the supermarkets? Do you decide?
Does the supermarket decide?
When you enter the supermarket,you see shelves full of food. You walk in the aisles(过道)between the shelv es. You
push a shopping cart and put your food in it.
You probably hear slow music as you walk along the aisles;
if you hear fast music,you walk quickly. The super-market plays
slow music. You walk slowly and have more time to buy things. Maybe you go the meat department first. There is some meat
on sale,and you want to find it. The manager of the supermarket 
knows where customers enter the meat department. The cheaper
meat is at the end of the meat department,away from where the
customers enter. You have to walk by all the expensive meat
before you find the cheaper meat. Maybe you will buy some of the
expensive meat instead of the meat on sale. The dairy(乳制品)department sells milk and milk products
such as butter and cheese. Many customers like milk that has
only a little butterfat in it. One store has three different containers of low fat milk. One says“1percent(1%) ”fat on the
container. The second says“99percent(99%)far free”.The third
says“Low Fat”in big letters and“1%”in small letters. As you
can see,all the milk has the same amount of fat. The milk is
all the same. The amount of milk in each container is also the
same. However in this store the three containers of milk don t
cost the same. Maybe the customer will buy the milk that costs the most.
  21.This passage mainly discusses . 【 】
A. why people in cities shop in supermarkets B. what influences people s shopping in supermarkets C. what people usually buy in supermarkets D. how music is related to people s shopping in
supermarkets
  22.The supermarket plays slow music so that . 【 】
A. it may attract more customers B. it may seem more like a home C. customers will feel more comfortable D. customers will possibly buy more
  23.The manager knows. 【 】
A. which customers like low fat milk B. which customers like slow music C. where customers enter the meat department D. where customers enter the dairy department
  24.The cheaper meat is put at the end of the meat department because . 【 】
A. the supermarket wants to sell more of the expensive meat B. customers can be easily reminded before they leave C. the supermarket intends to sell it at its original price D. customers can be easily enabled to make a comparison
  25.The author implies that customers tend to believe that . 【 】
A. the more expensive the milk,the better its quality B. the bigger the container,the better the milk in it C. the less fat the milk contains,the cheaper it costs D. the more words there are on the container,the less fat the
milk in it contains
Passage Two Questions26 to30 are based on the following
passage. All of us rely on what we see. W e say to ourselves, know,I was there; I saw it happen”and that seems to s “I ettle the matter. Or does it? Can we really trust the evidence of our eyes? Take competitive sports. Fans who see t he same game will not agree with each other and will the disagree with the referee(裁 判).“He was out of boun ds when he caught the pass, says one fan. Says another, ” “You are crazy. I saw it with my own eyes. He was five f eet in bounds. You must be blind.”The referee rules that the receiver did step out of bounds. But thousands of fan s are still not convinced?because they were there!
It s the same story in the courtroom. Trial procedure depends on witnesses giving sworn testimony(证词).But j
ust how
reliable is the testimony of a person who reports what he has seen? In a recent study,ten thousand witnesses wer e asked to describe the man they saw commit a crime. The study reveals that , the average, witnesses overestimated t on the he man s height by five inches,his age by eight years,and gave the wrong hair color in83percent of the cases. Th ese witnesses didn’t play tricks on them! What can we do to keep error to a minimum? First of all, dont let your emotions interfere with your vision. Don t s ee something because you want to see it. Secondly, to stay relaxed. If you are tense, are likely to see red w try you hen the color is blue. And finally,it helps to make notes of what you see. Don t rely on your memory alone. Tak e pictures,make
recordings,and use any other aid to reduce distortion(歪曲).
  26.The main idea of this passage is that . 【 】 A. all of us rely on what we see B. we can t completely trust what we see C. sworn eyewitnesses are unreliable D. fans usually disagree with the referee
  27.The passage suggests that fans at sport events . 【 】 A. show no respect for the truth B. lie about what they see C. are controlled by emotion   D. have no faith in the referee
  28.Statistical studies show that . 【 】 A. courtroom testimony only confuses the judge B. courtroom testimony is often unreliable C. eyewitnesses are remarkably accurate D. eyewitnesses tend to conceal what they see
  29.The word“them” (Paragraph
  3)refers to . 【 】 A. the judges and the trial procedure B. the witnesses and their testimony C.83percent of the cases D. the height,age and hair color of the criminal
  30.In order to keep error to a minimum,we are advised to . 【 】 A. separate our emotions from what we see B. improve our memory of what we see C. get a better look at what we are interested in D. concentrate on what makes us relaxed
Passage Three Questions31 to 35 are based on the following
passage. When children learn a language,theylearn the grammar as
well as the words or vocabulary. No one teaches them; children
just“pick them up”. Before babies begin to produce words,they produce sounds.
Some of these sounds will remain if they occur in the language
being acquired,and others will disappear. This is called
the“babbling(牙牙学语)stage”. A child does not learn the language“all at once”.The child
s first utterances(言语)are one-word sentences. After a few
months,the two-word stage arises. During this stage,the child
puts two words together. These two-word sentences have definite
patterns and express grammatical and meaningful relationships.
Still later,in the telegraphic stage,the child will produce
longer sentences. These longer sentences are mainly made up of
content words. The child s early grammar lacks many of the rules
of the adult grammar,but eventually it will become mature. All normal children everywhere learn language. This ability is not dependent on race(种族) ,social class,geography,or
even intelligence. This ability is uniquely human.
  31.This passage is mainly about . 【 】 A. the difference between a child s language and an adult s B. ways of teaching babies to talk C. children s learning of the mother language D. the importance of learning foreign languages
  32.The phrase“pick them up” (Line
  2,Paragraph
  1)means“ ”. 【 】
A. raise them from the ground B. learn them without much effort C. use hands to help carry them D. study very hard and remember them
  33.During the“babbling stage” ,babies. 【 】 A. can only produce sounds B. learn to walk steadily C. can understand people’s talk D. begin to produce two-word sentences
  34.The two-word sentences produced by babies . 【 】 A. are simpler than those produced in the“babbling stage” B. are more difficult than those produced in the telegraphic
stage C. are strictly grammatical D. are meaningful and have function
  35.Any child can learn language as long as he is . 【 】 A. well-educated B. clever enough C. unique D. physically normal 第二部分 非选择题(共 50 分) Ⅳ.Word Spelling(10points,1point for two words)将下列汉语单词 译成英语。作为提示,每个单词的词类、首字母及字母数目均已给出。
  36.丑陋的 a. u_ _ _
  37.命令 n. o_ _ _ _
  38.狭窄的 a. n_ _ _ _ _
  39.收入 n. i_ _ _ _ _
  40.借用 v. b_ _ _ _ _
  41.秋天 n. a_ _ _ _ _

  42.总统 n. p_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
  43.秘密的 a. s_ _ _ _ _ >
  44.分享 v. s_ _ _ _
  45.忧虑 n. w_ _ _ _
  46.动物园 n. z_ _
  47.准备 v. p_ _ _ _ _ _
  48.营养品 n. n_ _ _ _ _ _ _
  49.对象 n. o_ _ _ _ _
<BR

  50.欠(债等) v. o_ _
  51.暂停 n. p_ _ _ _
  52.山峰 n. p_ _ _
  53.政党 n. p_ _ _ _
  54.安静的 a. q_ _ _ _
  55.流行的 a. p_ _ _ _ _ _ Ⅴ.Word Form(10points,1point for each)将括号中的各词变为适当 的形式填入空格。

  56.These guidelines represent what a majority of
people(consider)acceptable.
  57.W e can tell from fossil evidence in rocks that many living species (become)extinct over the millions of years
since life began.
  58.More and more Americans nowadays are having panic attacks like the one (experience)by Anne Peters.
  59.Among children between six and fourteen years old,the older the ;child, (few)glass balls he will take.
  60. (Give)the amount of time that children watch
television,it has become one of the most powerful models they
want to follow.
  61.Most public speakers are in fact nervous,but a good speaker learns to hide this by (give off)signals of
confidence.
  62.Has anyone you know ever driven (drink)?
  63.IfA appears (move)at a steady speed relative to B,we
cannot know for sure if it is A that is really moving.
  64.Red (use)for signs of danger,such as STOP signs and
fire engines.
  65.Women (be)the“weaker”and“dependent”sex,it is only
natural that they should cry in certain emotional situations. Ⅵ.C-E Translation(15points,3points for each)将下列各句译成英 语。
  66.地震给这个地区造成了巨大损失。
  67.毫无疑问,身体健康有助于你享受生活。
  68.与其说他是个作家,不如说他是个科学家。
  69.我们能肯定的只是会议已经被取消了。
  70.没有空气的地方,就没有声音。 Ⅶ.E-C Translation(15points)将下列短文译成汉语。
What will man be like in the future? in
  5,000 or even
  50,000 years from now? W e can only make a guess, of course ,
but we can be sure that he will be differe
 

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