2005 年 6 月研究生学位英统考试题 研究生学位英统考试题
Paper One Part I Listening Comprehension(25 minutes, 20 points ) Section A (1 point each)
  1. A: To ask his boss for leave. B: To work in his place. C To meet his friend at the airport. D To cover his absence from his boss.
  2. A; He doesn’t want to go to the show, as he is not interested in it. B: He is not free to go to the fashion show with the woman. C He can’t go with the woman, as he has to finish his paper. D he can’t go with the woman, as he has a pile of paperwork to do.
  3. A: He has been pretty busy. B: He has been mad. C He was at a meeting. D He was with a business partner.
  4. A: A bank teller B A salesman C A policeman D A postman
  5. A: She hasn’t been in touch with Sam for weeks. B: She has been looking for Sam for weeks. C: Sam has been out of work for weeks. D Sam has been hunting for weeks.
  6. A: She will wrap the file very carefully. B: She won’t tell anyone else about the file. C She is confident about the file. D She will keep the file in a safe.
  7. A: He said something that he shouldn’t have said. B: He was very careful about what he said. C He didn’t understand what the woman wanted him to do. D He talked too much to the woman.
  8. A: He has run out of gas. B: He has had an accident. C His car has been broken. D He has arrived home.
  9. A: The location is more convenient. B It is to reduce the cost of building. C People like to live in high buildings. D People can have a better view in high buildings. Section B (1 point each ) Mini-talk One 10 A; Britain is dumping its wastes to China in the name of recycling. B: Britain has been punished for exporting rubbish to China. C China should set up new environmental standards. D China should acknowledge the costs of the environmental damage.
  11. A 20,000 B: 50,000 C: 500,000 D 200,000
  12. A: They didn’t have any environmental standards to follow. B: They are doing the recycling in backyards. C They cause more pollution to the environment. D Their employees have been poisoned. Mini-talk Two
  13. A: He is a music star. B: He is a doctor. C He is a drug dealer . D He is a spokesman.
  14. A: He was going to receive an operation. B He was recovering from cancer. C He was expected to quit from the group. D He was involved in a scandal.
  15. A Most of its members abuse drugs. B: Most of its members are from the countryside. C The group has been full of scandals. D The group has been in trouble since 19
  63. Section C (1 point each)
  16. Where did the French Government legalize the use of mobile phone blocking devices?
  17. The blocking device can prevent people from receiving and making mobile telephone calls within of the device.
  18. By changing the law the government expects to make cinema .
  19. While blocking telephone signals in cinemas and theaters the blocking device might affect signals to .
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  20. Before it was legalized, the use of blocking devices was punishable with a fine of 20,660npounds or . Part I Vocabulary Section A Directions: There are ten questions in this section. Each question is a sentence with one word or phrase underlined. Below the sentence are four words or phrases marked A, B C and D. Choose the word or phrase that is closest in meaning to the underlined one. Mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring Answer Sheet.
  1. These figures boil down to no significance as they are statistically imperfect. A amount to conform to C contribute to D attach to
  2. The researchers are working hard to find the optimal concentration of this drug. A most poisonous B most likely C most famous most desirable
  3. This young lawyer dares to take on the powerful on behalf of the poor and weak. A with the favor of B find good jobs for assume the responsibility for accept the challenge of
  4. The last traces of respectability had vanished by the time he was convicted and imprisoned. A collapsed disappeared C perished D scattered
  5. Fearful of losing her job for good, this lady decided to talk to the manager directly. A for benefits B by luck for ever D at hand.
  6. An important innovation in this college was the introduction of the seminary method for advanced students. A idea change C matter D policy
  7. This archaeologist made a study of the vast area through which the Roman civilization has been propagated. extended B terminated C speculated D restricted
  8. The investor would suffer a lot from a television series that was heavily invested in but never came off. A was released proved satisfactory C failed completely won awards
  9. Given the gravity of the situation, the best thing we can do is to declare the company bankrupt. A gravitation B fascination seriousness D incurability
  10. When the symptom occurs, she finds it difficult to manipulate a pencil despite her young age. A utilize handle C master D dominate Section B : Directions: There are ten questions in this section. Each question is a sentence with something missing. Below each sentence are four words or phrases marked A, B , C and D. Choose one word or phrase that best completes the sentence. Mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring Answer Sheet.
  11. The country once threatened to diplomatic relations with its neighbor if the latter was too friendly to the rebels. A show off B keep off break off D call off
  12. In English leaning, a circle occurs when a student makes more errors after being scolded. vicious B vigorous C vertical D voluntary
  13. Some ancient people were able to tell the time by the shadow by the sun on the slate. A thrown B flung C cast tossed(upward)
  14. Competition compels districts to devote their limited resources to achieving results that compare with other local districts. A significantly favorably C dramatically D superficially
  15. If you don’t know how to your achievements, your parting from this world is going to be a nightmare. A take hold of B get rid of let go of D make fun of
  16. This country could have as many as 10 million cases of AIDS in 2010 if the is not taken seriously.
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A episode epidemic C equivalent D eruption
  17. With a wide variety of fresh fruit available, canner fruit is no longer so popular as before. A willingly B appropriately C confidently readily =easily
  18. The crisis over parliamentary election illustrated the unpredictable that events could take once the coalition troops are withdrawn. A process B line way D course
  19. Decades of might have been partially responsible for our ignorance of development abroad. A insulation B irrigation C integration isolation
  20. There have been some insensible people who attempt to end their pains through suicide. A by and large once for all =forever C heart and soul D on the whole Part II. Cloze Directions: There are 10 questions in this part of the test. Read the passage through. Then, go back and choose one suitable word or phrases marked A, B, C and D for each blank in the passage. Mark the corresponding letter of the word or phrase you have chosen with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring Answer Sheet. There is now a new keychain device that lets people turn off most TVs anywhere from airports to restaurants. And it is selling faster than 21 . “I thought there would just be a few sales, but we can’t 22 demand,” said inventor Mitch Altman of San Francisco, U.S. “I didn’t know there were so many people who wanted to turn TVs off.” Hundreds of orders for Altman’s US $
  14.99 TV-B-Gone device poured in last week. The tiny remote control device had been 23 in Wired magazine and other online-media outlets. 24 , the unexpected attention overloaded the website of his company. Cornfield Electronics, and caused it to 25 . The keychain device works like a 26 remote control but it only turns TVs on or off. With a push of the button, it goes through a 27 of about 200 infrared codes that control the power of about 1,000 television models. Altman said the majority of TVs should 28 within 17 seconds. It takes a little more than a minute for the device to 29 all the trigger codes. The 47-year-old Altman got the idea for TV-B-Gone a decade ago. He was out with friends at a restaurant and they found themselves all 30 by the TV, but no one was around to turn it off.
  21. A expects B expectation expected D expecting
  22. A give in to B hold on to C make up for keep up with
  23. A acknowledged announced C admitted D applied
  24. At times B On time Behind time DAt the same time
  25. A clash crush =smash C cruise crash
  26. A commonplace universal C mean D medium
  27. string B flock c school D fleet
  28. A repel B repeat react D reproach =blame
  29. A submit B permit C omit emit
  30. bothered B haunted C interrupted D hindered Part III. Reading Comprehensive Directions: In this part of the test, there are five short passages. Read each passage carefully, and then do the questions that follow. Choose the best answer from the four choices given and mark the corresponding letter with a single bar across the square brackets on your machine-scoring Answer Sheet. Passage One Animals are more like us than we ever imagined. They feel pain, they experience stress, and they show affection, excitement and love. All these finding have been made by scientists in recent yearsand such results are beginning to change how we view animals.
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Strangely enough, this research was sponsored by fast food companies like McDonald’s and KFC. Pressured by animal rights groups, these companies felt they had to fund scientists researching the emotional and mental states of animals. McDonald’s, for instance, funded studies on pig behaviors at Purdue University, Indiana. This research found that pigs seek affection and easily become depressed if left alone or prevented from playing with each other. If they become depressed, they soon become physically ill. Because of this, and other similar studies, the European Union has banned the use of isolating pig stalls from 20
  12. In Germany, the government is encouraging pig farmers to give each pig 20 seconds of human contact a day, and to provide them with toys to prevent them from fighting. Other scientists have shown that animals think and behave like humans. Koko, the 300-pound gorilla (大 )at the Gorilla Foundation in Northern California, for instance, has been taught sign language. Koko can now understand several thousand English words, more than many humans who speak English as a second language. On human IQ tests, she scores between 70 and
  95. Before such experiments, humans thought language skills were absent from the animal kingdom. Other myths are also being overturned, like the belief that animals lack self-awareness. Studies have also shown that animals mourn their dead, and that they play for pleasure. These striking similarities between animal and human behavior have led some to ask a question: “If you believe in evolution, how can’t you believe that animals have feelings that human beings have?” Until recently, scientists believed that animals behaved by instinct and that what appeared to be learned behavior was merely genetically-programmed activity. But as Koko the Gorilla shows, this is not the case. In fact, learning is passed from parents to offspring far more often than not in the animal kingdom. So what implications does this knowledge have for humans? Because of this , should we ban hunting and animal testing? Should we close zoos? Such questions are being raised by many academics and politicians. Harvard and 25 other American law schools have introduced courses on animal rights.
  31. The author feels it strange that the research was sponsored by fast food companies like McDonald’s and KFC probably because these companies. A are the largest fast food chains in the world. B have little to do with animals. C consume a large amount of meat each day. D are notorious for their ill-treatment to animals.
  32.The experiment with Koko shows . A gorillas’ IQ scores are as high as human beings’ B animals are much cleverer than we used to believe. C parent animals can pass learning to their offspring intentionally. D some gorillas are smarter than many humans.
  33.Which of the following is NOT true according to the studies? A Some animals have developed language skills. B Some animals can show their feelings. C Animals enjoy playing with each other. D Animals become indifferent when one of them dies.
  34. By citing the question “If you believe in evolution, how can’t you believe that animals have feelings that human beings have?” the author means. A human feelings can trace their origin back to animals. B animal’s feelings are as developed as human beings’. C from the point of view of evolution animals should have no feelings. D we can’t believe that animals have feelings that human beings have.
  35. The studies urge us to . A stop killing animals for food. B ban hunting and animal testing C close zoos and animal farms D change our ways to treat animals.
  36. The purpose of this passage is to tell us that .
4
A animals are much smarter than we ever imagined. B animals rights should be taught in schools. C we should show greater respect to animals. D animals rights should be protected worldwide. Passage Two Ties have no practical use at all and most men see them as part of a uniform
 

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