初中英语复习提要 复习提要( 句子:陈述句、 2005 年初中英语复习提要(五)句子:陈述句、疑问句
福清市蒜岭侨兴中学 郭礼文 2005-03
一、陈述句:是用来陈述一件事情或表示一种看法,可分为肯定句和否定句两种形式。 陈述句:
  1、谓语动词是 be 动词,助动词 have, has, will,情态动词 can 等时,只要直接在这些词 后面加 not 就构成否定形式。 eg. Lily has already read this new book. (改为否定句) Lily this new book .
  2、谓语动词是行为动词而又没有助动词或情态动词时,必须在谓语动词前加助动词,一 般现在时加助动词 do ,第三人称单数加 does,一般过去时加 did,再和 not 构成否定结 构。必须指出的是:don't, doesn't, didn't 后都用动词原形。 eg.
  1)Jill has lunch at school every day. (改为否定句) Jill lunch at school every day.
  2)The children had a good time at the party. (改为否定句) The children a good time at the party.
  3)Rose didn't drink any milk this morning.(改为肯定句) Rose milk this morning. 二、疑问句:是用来提出问题的句子。 疑问句 A.一般疑问句 一般疑问句: A.一般疑问句:以 be 动词, have /has/do 等助动词、can/may 等情态动词开头,以 yes 或 no 来回答的问句。它的基本结构是:Be/Have /Has/Did 等助动词(包括情态动词)+ 主语+谓语(包括表语)+┄?回答常用简略回答。
  1、谓语动词是 be 动词、助动词、情态动词时,只要直接把这些词置于句首,句末改成问 号。 eg. There's something wrong with his bike.(改成疑问句) wrong with his bike?
  2、谓语动词是行为动词时,必须在句首加上助动词 Do、Does(三单) 、Did(过去式)加 上这些助动词后,句子中谓语动词必须用原形。 eg.
  1)Edison built a science lab himself when he was ten. (改成疑问句) Edison a science lab himself when he was ten?
  2)Those Japanese like Chinese food.(改成疑问句) those Japanese Chinese food? 注意:在把肯定句改成否定句或一般疑问句的时候,要注意句中是否有 already、some、 something、 somebody 等词, 如果有也必须进行改变, already 要改成 yet, some、 something、 somebody 等分别改成 any、anything、anybody 等。另外,在改成否定句的时候注意把 too 改成 either,both 改成 neither,all 改成 none 等.在改成一般疑问句的时候,常常把第一 人称 I、we 改成第二人称 you。 B.特殊疑问句 B.特殊疑问句:以疑问代词或疑问副词开头,提出疑问的句子。 特殊疑问句 它的基本结构是:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句语序。但是如果疑问词在句子中作主语或 作主语的定语,就用特殊疑问词+陈述句语序。常用的疑问词有:what, who(whom), whose,which,when,where,how,why 等,回答时针对问句中的代词和副词来回答,不用 yes 或 no 来回答。
  1)对指物名词或谓语动词提出疑问,疑问词用 what ①The twins were making a kite when their mother came in. (划线提问)
18
the twins when their mother came in? ②Mrs Turner asked her son to buy some eggs for supper. (划线提问) Mrs Turner ask her son ?
  2)对名词前定语提出疑问,疑问词应用 which,而且必须和名词连用。 I'm going to take the shirt on the right.(划线提问) are you going to take?
  3)对指人名词或代词提问用 who,作宾语时提问用 whom。 eg.Li Ping,they,his father
  4)对物主代词和名词所有格提问用 whose。 eg. Li Ping's coat→Whose coat my father→Whose father
  5)对具体时间提出疑问,如 in the morning,last Sunday 等,疑问词用 when;对具体几 点钟提问,疑问词应用 what time。
  6)对具体地点提出疑问,疑问词应用 where。 The pupils are having a picnic at the foot of the hill. (划线提问) the pupils having a picnic?
  7)对表原因的从句提问,常见的有 because 引导的从句,疑问词应用 why。 Xiao Cheng didn't go to the farm with us because he was ill. (划线提问) Xiao Cheng go to the farm with us?
  8)对方式或程度等提出疑问,用疑问词 How。 eg. go by bike like very much
  9)对数量提出疑问,疑问词为 How many,要注意 how many 必须跟名词的复数形式。 eg. two hundred sheep→How many sheep
  10)对价格提出疑问,疑问词用 How much。 eg. I paid fifty yuan for the sweater. did you pay for the sweater?
  11)对时间长度提出疑问,疑问词应用 How long。 eg. I've worked in that factory for two years. (划线提问)96 中考题 you worked in that factory?
  12)对时间频率,如 once a year, twice a week 等提问,疑问词用 How often。
  13)对具体次数,如 once, twice, three times 等提问,疑问词用 How many times。 eg. did he call you the day before yesterday?Twice. 96 中考题 A.What time B.How many times C.How much D.How long
  14)对 in+一段时间提问,疑问词一般用 How soon。 eg. Jane and her brother will finish the work in two hours. (划线提问) Jane and her brother finish the work?
  15)对距离提出疑问,疑问词用 How far。 eg. It's about two kilometres from here to the country.(划线提问) from here to the country?
  16)另外,对日期、星期、天气等提出疑问,则分别用 What's the date? What day is it ? 如果是过去时间,就用 was 代替 is。What's the weather like? 练习题
  1)She does exercises at home in the evening.(改成否定句、一般疑问句) She exercises at home in the evening. she exercises at home in the evening?
  2)He said something important at the meeting.(改为否定句,一般疑问句)
19
He important at the meeting. he important at the meeting?
  3)It'll take them three weeks to finish the work.(划线提问) it take them to finish the work?
  4)I have to wash all the plates and things after meals.(划线提问) you have to wash all the plates and things?
  5)The woman in the red coat is her mother.(划线提问) is her mother?
  6)Li Ping spent twenty yuan on the dictionary.(划线提问) Li Ping on the dictionary? 思考题
  1)The worker's visited the factory already.(改成否定句、一般疑问句) The worker the factory . the worker the factory __?
  2)Both of his parents are workers.(改成否定句) of his parents a worker.
  3)He went to the park with his sister.(划线提问) he go to the park?
  4)We really enjoyed working on the farm.(划线提问) What you really enjoy ?
  5)She writes to her parents once a week.(划线提问) she write to her parents?
  6)Our P.E teacher has been at this school since he came.(划线提问) our P.E teacher been at this school?
20
 

相关内容

英语陈述句、疑问句、祈使句和感叹句及练习

   英语陈述句、疑问句、祈使句和感叹句及练习 一、陈述句 1、概述 用来叙述一个事实或观点的句子叫陈述句(declarative sentence)。陈述句有肯定和否定两种形式,一 般用降调,句末用句号。 They lead an active life which keeps up their normal body temperature, even in very cold winter weather.他们生活很活跃,即使在严寒的冬天也能保持正常的体温。 If you do have d ...

初中英语复习

   1. 为考试学习 2. 和…学习(工作) 3. 4. 制作抽认卡 制作词汇表 study for a test work(study) with make flashcards make vocabulary lists listen to tapes ask sb. for help 5. 听磁带 6. 向…询求帮助 7. 看英语语言录相 watch English language vide 8. 和…(练习)对话 9. 朗读 have(practice)conversatio read ...

英语听力(1)期末复习提要

   英语听力( ) 英语听力(1)期末复习提要 2006 年 7 月 1.课程的性质和任务 课程的性质和任务 本课程是一门英语听力技能训练课。 课程从简单的辨别易混淆的因素开始, 逐渐过度到 单词的辨音, 通过一系列循序渐进的训练, 使学生最终能够听懂英语国家人士的一般交谈和 简短对话、理解大意、抓住要点和有关细节、进行推理、分析说话者真实意图、能用英语记 录要点并做简要概括。 本课程重在通过专门系统的听力技能训练, 为培养学生全面的英语交 际能力奠定良好的听力基础。因此在课程的实施过程中,应以 ...

英语四级听力原文(2005年-2010年)

   2006 年 6 月 24 日新四级听力原文 Section A 11. M: What was it like working with those young stars? W: It was a great group, I always got mad when people said that we didn’t get along, just because we’re girls, there was never a fight. We had a great time. Q: ...

[北京卷]2005年高考英语听力材料及答案

   [北京卷]2005 年高考英语听力材料 第一部分:听力理解(共两节,30 分) 第一节(共 5 小题;每小题 1. 5 分,满分 7. 5 分) 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一道小题,从每题所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最佳选 项。 听完每段对话后, 你将有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。 每段对话你将听一 遍。 例:What is the man going to read? A. A newspaper. B. A magazine. A.C. A book. 答 ...

初中英语复习--名 词

   名 词 名词的概念在不同的语法教课书中有不同的解释和分类方法, 但就实际应用来讲还是不 要过分地追求其理论概念, 而更多的要把注意力放在其应用上来。 我们不妨把它分为两大类: 专有名词与普通名词。顾名思义,专有名词是指:个人、事物、机关等所专有的名称,如, the Great Wall, America…它们是不能随意变动的。而普通名词中则包括个体名词,如 pen, worker…它表示单一的个体人或事物;集体名词,如:family,class,team,它表示的是由若干 个个体组成的集合体 ...

专业英语复习提纲

   考试题型: 考试题型: 一、翻译(1′×20=20′) 1、中文译英文(10′) 2、英文译中文(10′) 二、缩略语(2′×10=20′) 三、单项选择题(1′×20=20′) 四、英译汉(5′×5=25′) 五、完型填空(1′×15=15′) 一、翻译(词组和专业名词) 翻译( 寄存器:register 终端:terminal 调用:call 计算机病毒:computer virus 电子商务:electronic business 网络:network 完整性约束:integrity ...

计算机英语复习 词汇

   一、Translate the following words and expressions into Chinese. (写出下列单词或词 写出下列单词或词 组的汉语) 组的汉语 Access 访问 Adapter 适配器 address 地址 address bus 地址总线 Administrator 管理员 Algorithm 算法 allocating system resources 分配系统资源 Antivirus program 反病毒程序 Application 应用,应 ...

初中英语解释句子大全

   1. How much did you weigh six months ago? What was your weight six months ago? How heavy were you six months ago? 2. What is he like? What does he look like? 3. What is her job? What does she do? 4. What’s your ambition? What are you going to be in ...

高考英语复习五要五忌

   高考英语复习五要五忌 高考英语 一, 要坚持使用英语,忌死抠语法. 要坚持使用英语,忌死抠语法. 临近高考,考生复习英语的时间应用在大量的阅读和适当的练习上.众所周 知,英语试题处处显示着阅读的力量.阅读不行,什么都不行.就连听力题,单 项选择,完形填空题,短文改错等等都是在读懂的情况下才能做.因此每天限时 阅读4-5篇与高考难度,长度相近的文章是大有裨益的,因为阅读理解是练出 来的,悟出来的,不是哪位教师讲解出来的. 部分考生把大量的时间用在语法选择题上,死抠语法,这是不可取的.高考 试题 ...

热门内容

英语六级写作经典范文及点评:为快乐而读书

   英语六级写作经典范文及点评: 英语六级写作经典范文及点评:为快乐而读书 不同的人有不同的读书目的。 作者通过这篇文章给读者传递了这样一个信息: 读书不应该仅 仅是为了通过考试、获取信息,而是应该让自己感到心情愉悦,活得更充实。 Reading for Pleasure The first thing I want to insist on is that reading should be enjoyable. Of course, there are many books that we ...

考博英语翻译中可能涉及的热点词汇

   考博英语翻译中可能涉及的热点词汇 总裁助理 综合治理 安居工程 信息化 外资企业 下岗职工 分流 三角债 素质教育 豆腐渣工程 智力密集型 assistant housing president project w @55y~az comprehensive treatment information-based; concentration overseas-funded laid-off workers chain debts * E'p '~<Ln ~sG N BS-J for ...

2010年考研英语总结,英语作文万能公式

   2010 年考研英语总结 1. 开头万能公式一:名人名言 有人问了, "我没有记住名言,怎么办?尤其是英语名言?" ,很好办:编! 原理:我们看到的东西很多都是创造出来的,包括我们欣赏的文章也是,所以尽管编, 但是一定要听起来很有道理呦!而且没准将来我们就是名人呢!对吧? 经典句型: A proberb says, " You are only young once." (适用于已记住的名言) It goes without saying that w ...

2010年全国职称英语考试真题及答案综合B

   2010 年全国职称英语考试真题及答案综合类(B 年全国职称英语考试真题及答案综合类( 级) 2010-11-27 15:52 中华会计网校 【大 中 小】【打印】【我要纠错】 第一部分:词汇选项 第 第一部分:词汇选项(第 1-15 题,每题 1 分。共 15 分) 个词或短语划有底横线, 个意义最为接近的选项。 下面每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定 1 个意义最为接近的选项。 1.Patricia stared at the other girls with ...

人教版七年级下册英语各单元作文[1]

   Unit 3 在我家附近的动物园里,有一头小象叫 Larry,他来自非洲,七岁了,他喜欢吃水果和草。他对人们很友 好。他喜欢玩水。他喜欢和游人玩。他既高大又强壮还有一个长鼻子,他的牙也很长。他的耳朵像两把大 扇子。我非常喜欢他。 There is a baby elephant in the zoo .Its name is Larry .It comes from Africa .It’s 7 years old .It likes eating fruit and grass. It’s ...