2005 年硕士研究生考试英语真题及答案
[ 作者: 转自: 浏览:883 ]
【大 小】【评论】【打印】【关闭】
Section Ⅰ Use of English Directions: Read the following text. Choose the best word(s) for each numb ered blank and mark A,B,C or D on ANSWER SHEET 1(10 points) The human nose is an underrated tool. Humans are often thoug ht to be insensitive smellers compared with animals, 1 thi s is largely because, 2 animals ,we stand upright. This mea ns that our noses are 3 to perceiving those smells which f the majority of smells which stick loat through the air, 4 to surfaces. In fact 5 , we are extremely sensitive to smells, 6 we do not g human smel enerally realize it. Our noses are capable of 7 ls even when these are 8 to far below one part in one mill ion. Strangely, some people find that they can smell one type of flower but not another, 9 others are sensitive to the smel ls of both flowers. This may be because some people do not hav e the genes necessary to generate 10 smell receptors in t he nose. These receptors are the cells which sense smells and send 11 to the brain. However, it has been found that even people insensitive to a certain smell 12 can suddenly bec ome sensitive to it when 13 to it often enough. The explanation for insensitivity to smell seems to be that brain finds it to keep all smell receptors working all the time but ca 14 n 15 new receptors if necessary. This may 16 explain w hy we are not usually sensitive to our own smells we simply do not need to be. We are not 17 of the usual smell of our o wn house but we 18 new smells when we visit someone else' s. The brain finds it best to keep smell receptors 19 for unfamiliar and emergency signals 20 the smell of smoke, wh ich might indicate the danger of fire.
  1.
  2.
  3.
  4.
  5.
  6. [A]although [A]above [A]limited [A]catching [A]anyway [A]even if [B]as [C]but [D]while [B]unlike [C]excluding [D]besides [B]committed [C]dedicated [D]confined [B]ignoring [C]missing [D]tracking [B]though [C]instead [D]therefore [B]if only [C]only if [D]as if

  7. [A]distinguishing[B]discovering [C]determining[D]detecti ng
  8. [A]diluted [B]dissolved [C]determining[D]diffused [B]since [C]for [D]whereas
  9. [A]when
  10. [A]unusual [B]particular [C]unique [D]typical
  11. [A]signs [B]stimuli [C]messages [D]impulses
  12. [A]at first [B]at all [C]at large [D]at times
  13. [A]subjected [B]left [C]drawn [D]exposed
  14. [A]ineffective [B]incompetent [C]inefficient[D]insuffici ent
  15. [A]introduce [B]summon [C]trigger [D]create
  16. [A]still [B]also [C]otherwise [D]nevertheless
  17. [A]sure [B]sick [C]aware [D]tired [D]notice
  18. [A]tolerate [B]repel [C]neglect
  19. [A]availabe [B]reliable[C]identifiable[D]suitable
  20. [A]similar to[B]such as [C]along with [D]aside from Section Ⅱ Reading Comprehension Part A Directions: Read the following four texts. Answer the questions below each text b y choosing A,B,C or D. Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET 1(4 0 points) Text 1 Everybody loves a fat pay rise. Yet pleasure at your own can vanish i f you learn that a colleague has been given a bigger one. Indeed, if h e has a reputation for slacking, you might even be outraged. Such beh aviour is regarded as “all too human”, with the underlying assumption that other animals would not be capable of this finely developed sense of grievance. But a study by Sarah Brosnan and Frans de Waal of E mory University in Atlanta, Georgia, which has just been published in Nature, suggests that it all too monkey, as well. The researchers studied the behaviour of female brown capuchin mo nkeys. They look cute. They are good-natured, co-operative creatures, a nd they share their food tardily. Above all, like their female human co unterparts, they tend to pay much closer attention to the value of “goo ds and services” than males. Such characteristics make them perfect ca ndidates for Dr. Brosnan's and Dr. de waal's; study. The researchers sp ent two years teaching their monkeys to exchange tokens for food. Nor mally, the monkeys were happy enough to exchange pieces of rock for slices of cucumber. However, when two monkeys were placed in sepa rate but adjoining chambers, so that each could observe what the other
was getting in return for its rock, their became markedly different. In the world of capuchins grapes are luxury goods (and much prefe rable to cucumbers) So when one monkey was handed a grape in exch ange for her token, the second was reluctant to hand hers over for a mere piece of cucumber. And if one received a grape without having t o provide her token in exchange at all, the other either tossed her own token at the researcher or out of the chamber, or refused to ;accept t he slice of cucumber Indeed, the mere presence of a grape in the othe r chamber (without an actual monkey to eat it) was enough to reduce resentment in a female capuchin. The researches suggest that capuchin monkeys, like humans, are guid ed by social emotions, in the wild, they are a co-operative, groupliving species, Such co-operation is likely to be stable only when each anim al feels it is not being cheated. Feelings of righteous indignation, it se ems, are not the preserve of people alone, Refusing a lesser reward co mpletely makes these feelings abundantly clear to other members of th e group. However, whether such a sense of fairness evolved independe ntly in capuchins and humans, or whether it stems form the common a ncestor that the species had 35 million years ago, is, as yet, an unans wered question.
  21. In the opening paragraph, the author introduces his topic by A. posing a contrast.B. justifying an assumption. C. making a comparison.D. explaining a phenomenon.
  22. The statement “it is all too monkey” (Last line, paragraph l) impli es that A. monkeys are also outraged by slack rivals. B. resenting unfairness is also monkeys' nature. C. monkeys, like humans, tend to be jealous of each other. D. no animals other than monkeys can develop such emotions.
  23.Female capuchin monkeys were chosen for the research most probab ly because they are A. more inclined to weigh what they get.B. attentive to researchers' ins tructions. C. nice in both appearance and temperament.D. more generous than the ir male companions
  24.Dr. Brosnan and Dr. de Waal have eventually found in their study t hat the monkeys A. prefer grapes to cucumbers.B. can be taught to exchange things. C. will not be co-operative if feeling cheated.D. are unhappy when sep arated from others.
  25. What can we infer from the last paragraph? A. Monkeys can be trained to develop social emotions. B. Human indignation evolved from an uncertain source. C. Animals usually show their feelings openly as humans do.
D. Cooperation among monkeys remains stable only in the wild. Text 2 Do you remember all those years when scientists argued that smoki ng would kill us but the doubters insisted that we didn't know for sure? That the evi dence was inconclusive, the science uncertain? That the antismoking lo bby was out to destroy our way of life and the government should sta y out of the way? Lots of Americans bought that nonsense, and over t hree decades, some 10 million smokers went to early graves. There are upsetting parallels today, as scientists in one wave after an other try to awaken us to the growing threat of global warming. The l atest was a panel from the National Academy of Sciences, enlisted by the White House, to tell us that the Earth's atmosphere is definitely wa rming and that the problem is largely man-made. The clear message is that we should get moving to protect ourselves. The president of the National Academy, Bruce Alberts, added this key point in the preface to the panel's report “Science never has all the answers But science do es provide us with the best available guide to the future, and it is criti cal that out nation and the world base important policies on the best j udgments that science can provide concerning the future consequences of present actions.” Just as on smoking voices now come from many quarters insisting th at the science about global warming is incomplete, that it's Ok to keep pouring fumes into the air until we know for sure. this is a dangerou s game: by the 100 percent of the evidence is in, it may be too late. With the risks obvious and growing, a prudent people would take out an insurance policy now. Fortunately, the White House is starting to pay attention. But it's obv ious that a majority of the president's advisers still don't take global w arming seriously. Instead of a plan of action, they continue to press fo r more research-a classic case of “paralysis by analysis”. To serve as responsible stewards of the planet, we must press forwar d on deeper atmospheric and oceanic research But research alone is in adequate. If the Administration won't take the legislative initiative, Con gress should help to begin fashioning conservation measures A bill by Democratic Senator Robert Byrd of West Virginia, which would offer financial incentives for priva te industry is a promising start Many see that the country is getting re ady to build lots of new power plants to meet our energy needs. If w e are ever going to protect the atmosphere, it is crucial that those new plants be environmentally sound.
  26. An argument made by supporters of smoking was that
A. there was no scientific evidence of the correlation between smoking and death. B. the number of early deaths of smokers in the past decades was insi gnificant. C. people had the freedom to choose their own way of life. D. antismoking people were usually talking nonsense.
  27. According to Bruce Alberts, science can serve as A. a protector. B. a judge.C. a critic.D. a guide.
  28. What does the author mean by “paralysis by analysis” (Last line, paragraph
  4) A. Endless studies kill action.B. Careful investigation reveals truth. C. prudent planning hinders.D. Extensive research helps decision-makin g.
  29. According to the author, what should the Administration do about A. Offer aid to build cleaner power plants.B. Raise public awareness o f conservation. C. Press for further scientific research.D. Take some legislative measur es.
  30. The author associates the issue of global warming with that of sm oking because A. they both suffered from the government's negligence. B. a lesson from the latter is applicable to the former. C. the outcome of the latter aggravates the former. D. both of them have turned from bad to worse. Text 3 Of all the components of a good night's sleep, dreams seem to be le ast within our control. In dreams, a window opens into a world where logic is suspended and dead people speak. A century ago, Freud form ulated his revolutionary theory that dreams were the disguised shadows of our unconscious desires and rears, by the late 1970s. neurologists had switched to thinking of them as just “mental noise” the random b yproducts of the neural-repair work that goes on during sleep. Now res earchers suspect that dreams are part of the mind's emotional thermosta t, regulating moods while the brain is “off-line” And one leading autho rity says that these intensely powerful mental events can be not only h arnessed but actually brought under conscious control, to help us sleep and feel better, “It's your dream” says Rosalind Cartwright, chair of p sychology at Chicago's Medical Center. “If you don't like it , change i t.” Evidence from brain imaging supports this view. The brain is as acti ve during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep-when most vivid dreams o ccur-as it is when fully awake, says Dr, Eric Nofzinger at the Universi
ty of Pittsburgh. But not all parts of the brain are equally involved, th e limbic system (the “emotional brain”)is especially active, while the p refrontal cortex (the center of intellect and reasoning) is relatively quie t. “We wake up from dreams happy of depressed, and those feelings c an stay with us all day” says Stanford sleep researcher Dr, William D ement. And this process need not be left to the unconscious. Cartwright beli eves one can exercise conscious control over recurring bad dreams As soon as you awaken, identify what is upsetting about the dream. Visua lize how you would like it to end instead, the next time is occurs, try to wake up just enough to control its course. With much practice peo ple can learn to, literally, do it in their sleep. At the end of the day, there's probably little reason to pay attention to our dreams at all unless they keep us from sleeping of “we wake u in a panic,” Cartwright says Terrorism, economic uncertainties and ge neral feelings of insecurity have increased people's anxiety. Those suffe ring from persistent nightmares should seek help from a therapist For t he rest of us, the brain has its ways of working through bad feelings. Sleep-or rather dream-on it and you'll feel better in the morning.
  31. Researchers have come to believe that dreams A. can be modified in their courses.B. are susceptible to emotional cha nges. C. reflect our innermost desires and fears.D. are a random outcome of neural repairs.
  32. By referring to the limbic system, the author inten
 

相关内容

2005年1月大学英语四级真题及答案下载

   2005 年 1 月大学英语四级真题及答案下载 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation an ...

2009年12月大学英语四级考试真题及答案

   听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台! 听力课堂,开放式外语学习平台!TingClass.com 2009 年 12 月大学英语四级考试真题及答案 Part Ⅰ Writing (30 minutes) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay on the topic of Creating a Green Campus. You should wri ...

2005年12月大学英语六级考试听力真题及答案

   Section A 部分 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A 11. The dean should have consulted her on the appointment. B) Dr. Holden should have taken over the position earlier. C) She doesn’t think Dr. Holden has made a wise choice. D) Dr. ...

2011年硕士研究生复试英语指导

   1 。误错的解理响影不些一在存许允。性样多和 性当恰的词单求要面方汇词。确正否是等构结法句、数复单、致一谓主、态语、态时括包 中其,法语的确准用运够能生考求要。分评性确准和性当恰的汇词和法语用使生考据根 汇词与法语)2 。音口语母有带中达表语英在 生考许允,响影成造解理对不要只。确正的用运否是调语、奏节、音重、破爆去失、读连 ,度晰清的音发词单括包中其。分评度程解理可的语言出产所务任试口成完为生考据根 调语音语)1 。力能际交语口生考价评面方四下以从师教试口 法方与则原分评试口 2 法方与则 ...

2004年6月大学英语四级真题及答案

   ★★★★★ 2004 年 6 月大学英语四级真题 B 卷 2004 年 6 月大学英语四级试卷 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversa tion, a question will be asked about what was said. ...

2005年6月大学英语四级真题及答案

   2005 年 6 月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试卷 1 / 18 2005 年 6 月大学英语四级(CET-4)真题试卷 Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A 1. A) The man hates to lend his tools to other people. B) The man hasn't finished working on the bookshelf. C) The tools have alrea ...

2011年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语

   2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》 在同学们的千呼万唤中,《2011 全国硕士研究生入学统一考试英语(一)考试大纲》终于与同学们见 面了,万学 "海文根据 2011 年考研英语大纲与 2010 年考研英语大纲的对比,对 2011 年考研英语(一)的 考查要求和内容进行了全面分析。 2011 年全国硕士研究生入学统一考试《英语(一)考试大纲》与去年相比没有任何变化。总体来说, 研究生入学英语考试的主要测评目标仍分为语言知识和语言技能,2011 年的新大纲也保持了这一持续 ...

全国硕士研究生入学考试英语辅导用书(翻译写作卷)

   第一部分英译汉一、考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   一、 考研英语英译汉的考试内容与命题特点   1.英译汉的考试内容   2005年全国硕士研究生入学考试英语试题作出了调整,笔试中取消了听力部分,“英译汉”成为试题的第三部分“阅读理解”中的C节。本节共五小题,每小题2分,共计10分。它要求考生阅读一篇400词左右的文章,并将其中五个划线部分的句子翻译成汉语,要求汉语译文准确、完整、通顺。英译汉属于主观题,要求考生将答案写在答题纸2 上。   英译汉作为阅读理 ...

硕士研究生复试英语自我介绍

   研究生复试英语自我介绍 1.开场白 Good morning/afternoon. I am very glad to be here for this interview. 2.姓名,年龄,家乡,毕业院校、专业及院系 First let me introduce myself. My name is ZhangHaitao, I am 23 years old. I come from Xinxiang Henan province, a very beautiful modernizat ...

商务英语考试 写作真题及答案

   商务英语考试(BEC)试题】 : WRITING PART ONE You work for a company which is going to buy a set of equipment from China. You are asked to translate a lot of specifications and instructions within four months, which is impossible. Therefor you decide to advert ...

热门内容

孩子学习英语欲速则不达-------探索阶段

   孩子学习英语欲速则不达 [ 作者:佚名 来源:本站原创 点击数:59 编辑:bianfc 发布时间:2009-11-18 9:59:00 ] 很多家长认为,学英语早学一点,就能多学一点,将来就会多些竞争的优势。但是,专家却忠告 家长,为孩子选择“教育餐”时,要理性和慎重。 1、缺少语言环境 没有说英语的环境,低幼儿学的英语单词很快就会忘记,学了也没多大用处。 一对年轻的父母生下孩子后,只用英语跟孩子交流。孩子 3 岁了,还不会开口讲话,看得出,孩 子不知道自己该如何表述。父母挖空心思给他营造 ...

大学英语应用能力考试A级200912

   2009 年 12 月 PRETCO 考试 A 级真题试卷 Part I Listening Comprehension (15 minutes) Directions: This part is to test your listening ability. It consists of 3 sections. Section A Directions: This section is to test your ability to understand short dialogues. ...

高中英语语法总结大全之虚拟语气

   高考资源网(www.ks5u.com) ,您身边的高考专家 高中英语语法总结大全之虚拟语气 虚拟语气 1) 概念 虚拟语气用来表示高考资源网 高考资源网说话人的主观愿望或假想,所说的是一个条件,不一定 高考资源网 是事实,或与事实相反。 2) 在条件句中的应用 条件句可分为两类,一类为真实条件句,一类为非真实条件句。非真实条件句表示的 是假设的或实际可能性不大的情况,故采用虚拟语气。 w.w.w.k.s.5.u.c.o.m 真实条件句 真实条件句用于陈述语气,假设的情况可能发生,其中 if ...

人教版七年级上册英语全册教案

   name’ Unit 1 My name’s Gina Period One 课前准备 教师: 教师:准备游戏时所用的图片(食物、蔬菜、动物)。 学生:准备表演时所需道具(服装、假发)。 学生: 教学设计 Step One :Present the sentence patterns. 1. Play a game “How many words do you know?”(利用小游戏调 动学生的积极性,同时通过对冠军的介绍引出本课。) Teacher: After the study of ...

化学工程与工艺专业英语与文献检索课程教学大纲

   《化学工程与工艺专业英语与文献检索》课程教学大纲 课程名称:化学工程与工艺专业英语与文献检索 课程类型: 专业基础课 总 学 时: 18+18 学 分:2 讲课学时:18+18 实验学时:无 适用对象: 化学工程与工艺专业(包括化学制药专业和药物制剂专业)或者相关专业的学生 先修课程:《大学英语》 一、课程性质、目的和任务 本课程是高等学校化学工程与工艺专业(包括化学制药专业和药物制剂专业)或者相关专业的学 生使用,是高等学校化学工程与工艺专业的一门专业必修课。通过本课程的学习,提高学生专业 ...