05) GRADE EIGHT PART I LISTENING COMPREHENSION [30MIN] SECTION A MINI-LECTURE In this section you will hear a mini-lecture. You will hear the lecture ONCE ONLY. While listening, take notes on the important points. Your notes will not be marked, but you will need them to complete a gap-filling task after the mini-lecture. When the lecture is over you will be given two minutes to check your notes, and another ten minutes to complete the gapfilling task on ANSWER SHEET ONE. Use the blank sheet for note-taking. Complete the gap-Filling task. Some of the gaps below may require a maximum of THREE words. Make sure the word(s) you fill in is both grammatically and semantically acceptable. You may refer to your notes. Writing a Research Paper Ⅰ. Research Paper and Ordinary Essay A. Similarity in (
  1).__. (
  1).~ e.g. --choosing a topic --asking questions identifying the audience B. Difference mainly in terms of (
  2)~ (
  1. research paper: printed sources
  2. ordinary essay: ideas in one’s (
  3) __ (
  3).__ Ⅱ. Types and Characteristics of Research Papers A. Number of basic types: two B. Characteristics:
  1. survey-type paper: --to gather (
  4)~ (
  4).__ -- to quote --to (
  5).__ (
  5) __ The writer should be (
  6)__ (
  6) __
  2. argumentative (research) paper: a. The writer should do more, e.g. -- to interpret to question, etc. b. (
  7).__ varies with the topic, e.g. (
  7).__ --to recommend an action, etc. Question No.3: narrowing the topic down to (
  9)~ (
  9).~ Question No.4: asking questions about (
  10) (
  10)~ The questions help us to work our way into the topic and discover its possibilities. SECTION B INTERVIEW In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your coloured answer sheet. Questions 1 to 5 are based on an interview. At the end of the interview you will be given 10 seconds to answer each of the following five questions. Now listen to the interview.
  1. What is the purpose of Professor McKay’s report? [A] To look into the mental health of old people. [B] To explain why people have negative views on old age. [C] To help correct some false beliefs about old age.
[D] To identify the various problems of old age.
  2. Which of the following is NOT Professor McKay’s view? [A] People change in old age a lot more than at the age of
  21. [B] There are as many sick people in old age as in middle age. [C] We should not expect more physical illness among old people. [D] We should not expect to find old people unattractive as a group.
  3. According to Professor McKay’s report, [A] family love is gradually disappearing [B] it is hard to comment on family feeling [C] more children are indifferent to their parents [D] family love remains as strong as ever
  4. Professor McKay is towards the tendency of more parents living apart from their children. [A] negative [B] positive [C] ambiguous [D] neutral
  5. The only popular belief that Professor McKay is unable to provide evidence against is [A] old-age sickness [B] loose family ties [C] poor mental abilities [D] difficulties in maths SECTION C NEWS BROADCAST In this section you will hear everything ONCE ONLY. Listen carefully and then answer the questions that follow. Mark the correct answer to each question on your coloured answer sheet. Question 6 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.
  6. Scientists in Brazil have used frog skin to . [A] eliminate bacteria [B] treat bums [C] speed up recovery [D] reduce treatment cost Question 7 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.
  7. What is NOT a feature of the new karaoke machine? [A] It is featured by high technology. [B] It allows you to imitate famous singers. [C] It can automatically alter the tempo and tone of a song. [D] It can be placed in specially designed theme rooms. Question 8 is based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 10 seconds to answer the question. Now listen to the news.
  8. China's internet users had reached by the end of June. [A] 68 million [B]
  8.9 million [C] 10 million [D]
  1.5 million
Questions 9 and 10 are based on the following news. At the end of the news item, you will be given 20 seconds to answer the questions. Now listen to the news.
  9. According to the WTO, Chinese exports rose year. [A] 21% [B] 10% [C] 22% [D]
  10. According to the news, which trading nation in the top 10 has reported a 5 percent fall in exports? [A] The UK. [B] The US. [C] Japan. [D] Germany. PART Ⅱ READING COMPREHENSION [30MIN] In this section there are reading passages followed by a total of 20 multiple-choice questions. Read the passages and then mark your answer on your coloured answer sheet. TEXT A I remember meeting him one evening with his pushcart. I had managed to sell all my papers and was coming home in the snow. It was that strange hour in downtown New York when the workers were pouring homeward in the twilight. I marched among thousands of tired men and women whom the factory whistles had unyoked. They flowed in rivers through the clothing factory districts, then down along the avenues to the East Side. I met my father near Cooper Union. I recognized him, a hunched, frozen figure in an old overcoat standing by a banana cart. He looked so lonely, the tears came to my eyes. Then he saw me, and his face lit with his sad, beautiful smile-Charlie Chaplin's smile. "Arch, it’s Mikey," he said. "So you have sold your papers! Come and eat a banana." He offered me one. I refused it. I felt it crucial that my father sell his bananas, not give them away. He thought I was shy, and coaxed and joked with me, and made me eat the banana. It smelled of wet straw and snow. "You haven’t sold many bananas today, pop," I said anxiously. He shrugged his shoulders. "What can I do? No one seems to want them." It was true. The work crowds pushed home morosely over the pavements. The rusty sky darkened over New York buildings, the tall street lamps were tit, innumerable trucks, street cars and elevated trains clattered by. Nobody and nothing in the great city stopped for my father’s bananas. "I ought to yell," said my father dolefully "I ought to make a big noise like other peddlers, but it makes my throat sore. Anyway, I’m ashamed of yelling, it makes me feel like a fool." I had eaten one of his bananas. My sick conscience told me that I ought to pay for it somehow. I must remain here and help my father. 'I’ll yell for you, pop," I volunteered. "Arch, no," he said, "go home; you have worked enough today, lust tell momma I’II be late." But I yelled and yelled. My father, standing by, spoke occasional words of praise, and said I was a wonderful yeller. Nobody else paid attention. The workers drifted past us wearily, endlessly; a defeated army wrapped in dreams of home. Elevated trains crashed; the Cooper Union clock burned above us; the sky grew black, the wind poured, the slush burned through our shoes. There were thousands of strange, silent figures pouring over the sidewalks in snow. None of them stopped to buy bananas. I yelled and yelled, nobody listened. My father vied to stop me at last. "Nu," he said smiling to console me, "that was wonderful yelling, Mikey. But it’s plain we are unlucky today! Let’s go home." I was frantic, and almost in tears. I insisted on keeping up my desperate years. But at last my father persuaded me to leave with him.

  11. "unyoked" in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to . [A] sent out [B] released [C] dispatched [D] removed
  12. Which of the following in the first paragraph does NOT indicate crowds of people? [A] Thousands of. [B] Flowed. [C] Pouring. [D] Unyoked.
  13. Which of the following is intended to be a pair of contrast in the passage? [A] Huge crowds and lonely individuals. [B] Weather conditions and street lamps. [C] Clattering trains and peddlers’ yells. [D] Moving crowds and street traffic.
  14. Which of the following words is NOT suitable to describe the character of the son? [A] Compassionate. [B] Responsible. [C] Shy. [D] Determined.
  15. What is the theme of the story? [A] The misery of the factory workers. [B] How to survive in a harsh environment. [C] Generation gap between the father and the son. [D] Love between the father and the son.
  16. What is the author’s attitude towards the father and the son? [A] Indifferent. [B] Sympathetic. [C] Appreciative. [D] Difficult to tell. TEXT B When former President Ronald Reagan fell and broke his hip at the age of 89, he joined a group of more than 350,000 elderly Americans who fracture their hips each year. Suffering from advanced Alzheimer’s disease, Reagan was in one of the highest-risk groups for this type of accident. The incidence of hip factures not only increases after age 50, but doubles every five to six years as the risk of falling increases. Slipping and tumbling are not the only causes of hip fractures; weakened bones sometimes break spontaneously. But falling is the major cause, representing 90% of all hip fractures. These injuries are not to be taken lightly. According to the American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons, only 25% of those who suffer hip fractures ever fully recover; as many as 20% will die within 12 months. Even when patients do recover, nearly half will need a cane or a walker to get around. When it comes to hip fractures, the most dangerous place for elderly Americans, it turns out, is their homes; nearly 60% of these dangerous spills will occur in or around the patient’s domicile. This isn't all bad news, however, because a few modifications could prevent a lot of accidents. The first thing to do is to get rid of those throw rugs that line hallways and entrances. They often fold over or bunch up, turning them into booby traps for anyone shuffling down the hall. Entering and leaving the house is a particularly high-risk activity, which is why some experts suggest removing any doorsills higher than 1/2 in. If the steps are bare wood, you can increase traction by applying non-slip treads. Because many seniors suffer from poor balance (whether from neurological deficits or from the inner-ear problems
that increase naturally with aging), it also helps to install grab bars and handrails in bathrooms and along hallways. The bedroom is another major hazard area that can be made much safer with a few adjustments. Avoid satin sheets and comforters, and opt for non-slip material like wool or cotton. Easy access to devices is important, so place a lamp, telephone and flashlight near the bed within arm’s reach. Make sure the pathway between the bedroom and bathroom is completely clear, and install a night-light along the route for those emergency late-tight trips. It’s a good idea to rearrange the furniture throughout the house, so that the paths between rooms are free of obstructions. Also, make sure telephone and appliance cords aren't strung across common wall ways, where they can be tripped over. In addition to these physical precautions, there are the health precautions every aging body should take. Physical and eye examinations, with special attention to cardiac and blood-pressure problems, should be performed annually to rule out serious medical conditions. Blood pressure that's too low or an irregular heartbeat can put you at risk for fainting and falling. Don't forget to take calcium and vitamin D, two critical factors in developing strong bones. Finally, enrolling in an exercise programme at your local gym can improve agility, strength, balance and coordination - all important skills that can keep you on your feet and off the floor.
  17. The following are all specific measures to guard against injuries with the EXCEPTION of [A] removal of throw rugs [B] easy access to devices [C] installation of grab bars [D] re-arrangement of furniture
  18. In which paragraph does the author state his purpose of writing? [A] The third paragraph. [B] The first paragraph. [C] The last paragraph. [D] The last but one paragraph.
  19. The main purpose of the passage is to [A] offer advice on how to prevent hip fractures [B] emphasize the importance of health precautions [C] discuss the seriousness of hip fractures [D] identify the causes of hip fractures TEXT C In his classic novel "The Pioneers", James Fenimore Cooper bas his hero, a land developer, take his cousin on a tour of the city he is building. He describes the broad streets, rows of houses, a teeming metropolis. But his cousin looks around bewildered. All she sees is a stubby forest. "Where are the beauties and improvements which you were to show me?" she asks. He’s astonished she can’t see them. "Where! Why everywhere," he replies. For though they are not yet built on earth, he has built them in his mind, and they are as concrete to him as if they were already constructed and finished. Cooper was illustrating a distinctly American trait, future-mindedness: the ability to see the present from the vantage point of the future; the freedom to feel unencumbered by the past and more emotionally attached to things to come. "America is therefore the land of the future," the German philosopher Hegel wrote. "The American lives even more for his goals, for the future, than the European," Albert Einstein concurred



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