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2005 年职称英语考试卫生类 A 级试题及答案
第 l 部分:词汇选项 (第
  1~15 题,每题 1 分,共 15 分) 下面共有 15 个句子,每个句子中均有 1 个词或短语画有底横线,请从每个句子后面所给的 4 个选项中选择 1 个与画线部分意 义最相近的词或短语.请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上. 1 These are their motives for doing it A reasons B excuses C answers D plans 2 The river widens considerably as it begins to turn west A twists B stretches C broadens D bends 3 Henry cannot resist the lure of drugs. A abuse B flavor C temptation D consumption 4 These programmes are of immense value to old people. A natural B fatal C tiny D enormous 5 A great deal has been done to remedy.y the situation A maintain B improve C assess D protect 6 John is collaborating with Mary in writing an article A cooperating B competing C combining
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D arguing 7 He is determined to consolidate his power A strengthen B control C abandon D exercise 第 2 部分;阅读判断 (第
  16~22 题,每题 1 分,共 7 分)
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阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了 7 个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断. 如果该句提供的是正确信息,请在答题卡上把 A 涂黑;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请在答题卡上把 B 涂黑:如果该句的信息 文章中没有提及,请在答题卡上把 C 涂黑. Stem Cell Therapy May Help Repair the Heart According to scientists in the USA, stem cell therapy may one day be able to repair the hearts of people with heart failure.Researchers at Pittsburgh University School of Medicine examined 20 patients who had severe heart failure and were going to have surgery. They injected stem cells into the parts of their hearts that were damaged,They then compared their hearts wi th those of people who had undergone surgery without having the stem cells injected into them(they had also suffe red from severe heart failure).The patients who had had the stem cells injected had hearts that were able to pum p(用泵抽运)more blood than the others. According to Professor Robert Kormos,one of t11e researchers,these results could revolutionize heart treatm ent.Although previous studies had indicated that there might be a benefit,this is the first study that has actu ally proved that stem cell therapy can help the failing heart work better. All the patients in this study had hearts that could not pump blood properly.The scientists measured their e jection fraction(射血分数).1t is a measure of heart performance;you measure how much blood is being pumped out by the left ventricle(心室). Healthy people's ejection fraction is about 55%.These patients had ejection fraction of under 35%.They a1 1 had by-pass surgery(搭桥手术)performed on them.Some of the patients had stem cells taken from their hip bones and injected into 25-30 sites in the damaged heart muscle,Six months later their ejection fraction rate was 4
  6.1%while those who just had surgery but no stem cell injections averaged 37 2%. No side effects were reposed. Heart failure is a common problem all over the world.In the UK alone about 650,000 people suffer from heart failure every year.As the number of people suffering from heart failure increases in the world in general these findings are particularly significant. Current treatments relieve the symptoms.This new stem cell therapy actually repairs the damaged muscle in th e heart and has the potential of curing the disease. 16 The 20 patients had stem cell injections instead of surgery. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
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17 The experiment proved to be satisfactory. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned
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18 The control group patients regretted not having had stem cell injections. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 19 The study actually proved for the first time the benefit of stem cell therapy A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 20 The ejection fraction rate of the patients with stem cell injections decreased. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 21 Heart failure is more common in the UK than anywhere else in the world. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 22 Stem cell therapy seems to have great prospects. A Right B Wrong C Not mentioned 第 3 部分:概括大意与完成句子 (第 23~30 题,每题 1 分,共 8 分) 阅读下面这篇短文, 短文后有 2 项测试任务: (
  1)第 23~26 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中为第 1-4 段每段选择 1 个正确的小标题; (
  2)第 27~30 题要求从所给的 6 个选项中选择 4 个正确选项,分别完成每个句子.请将答案涂在答题卡相应的位置上. The Drink Your Body Needs Most 1 Our bodies are estimated to be about 60%to 70%water.Blood is mostly water.and our muscles,lungs,and b rain all contain a lot of water.Water is needed to regulate body temperature and to provide the means for nutrie nts (滋养物)to travel to all oar organs.Water also transports oxygen to our cells,removes waste,and protects o ur joints and organs. 2 we lose water through urination(排尿),respiration(呼吸),and by sweating.If you are very active,you lose more water than if you do not take much exercise.Symptoms of mild dehydration(脱水)include chronic pains in join
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ts and muscles,lower back pain,headaches,and constipation(便秘).A strong smell to your urine,along with a ye llow color indicates that you are not getting enough water.Thirst is an obvious sign of dehydration and in fact, you need water long before you feel thirsty. 3 A good rule of thumb(好的做法)is to take your body weight in pounds and divide that number in half.That gi ves you the number of ounces(盎司)of water per day that you need.For example.if you weigh 160 pounds,you shoul d drink at least 80 ounces of water per day.If you exercise you should drink another 8-ounce glass of water for every 20 minutes you are active. you drink coffee or alcohol, should add at least an equal amount of water. If you W hen you are traveling on an airplane,it is good to have 8 ounces of water for every hour you are on board the pl ane. 4 It may be difficult to drink enough water on a busy day.Be sure you have water handy at all times by keepi ng a bottle for water with you when you are working,traveling,or exercising.If you get bored with plain water, add a bit of lemon for a touch of flavor.There are some brands of flavored water available,but some of them hav e sugar or artificial sweeteners that you 1dQn》,need 23 Paragraph 1 24 Paragraph 2 25 Paragraph 3 26 Paragraph 4 27 One cannot 1ive A Ounces of Water Needed Per Day B Importance of Water C Composition of Water D Signs of Dehydration E Supply of Water F Necessity for Bringing a Bottle for Water with You 28 Dehydration may occur if there is a shortage of water 29 The amount of water your body needs per day is closely related 30 Don't forget to drink enough water even 第 4 部分:阅读理解 (第
  31~45 题,每题 3 分,共 45 分) 下面有 3 篇短文,每篇短文后有 5 道题,每道题后面有 4 个选项.请根据文章的内容从每题所给的 4 个选项中选择 1 个最佳答 案,涂在答题卡相应的位置上. 第一篇 More Than a Ride to School The National Education Association claims."The school bus is a mirror of the community." They further add t hat,unfortunately,what appears on the exterior does not always reflect the reality of a chosen community They a re right-sometimes it reflects more!Just ask Liesl Denson Riding the school bus has been more than a ride to scho ol for Liesl
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Bruce Hardy,school bus driver for Althouse Bus Company has been Liesl'S bus driver since kindergarten.Last year when Liesl'S family moved to Parkesburg,knowing her bus went by her new residence,she requested to ride th e same bus. This year Liesl is a senior and will enjoy her last year riding the bus She says,"It S been a great ride so far!My bus driver is SO coot and has always been a good friend and a good listener. Sometimes when you're a child adults do not think that what you have to say is important.Mr.Hardy always listens to what you have to say and makes you feel important."Her friends Ashley Batista and Amanda Wolfe agree. Bruce Hardy has been making Octorara students feel special since 19
  75.This year he will celebrate 30 years w orking for Althouse Bus Company.Larry Althouse,president of the company acknowledges Bruce Hardy'S outstanding record:"You do not come by employees like Bruce these days.He has never missed a day of work and has a perfect driving record.He was recognized in 2000 by the Pennsylvania School Bus Association for driving 350,000 acciden t free miles.Hardy'S reputation is made further evident through the relationships he has made with the students that ride his bus." Althouse further adds,"Althouse Bus Company was established 70 years ago and has been providing quality tran sportation ever since.My grandfather Started the business with one bus- Althouse Bus Company is dellghted to hav e the opportunity to bring distinctive and safe service to our local school and community and looks forward to co ntinuing to provide quality service for many more years to come." Three generations of business is not all the company has e~oyed. Thanks to drivers like Bruce Hardy,they have been building relationships through generations.Liesl'S mother Carol also enjoys fond memories of riding Bruce H ardy'S bus to the Octorara School District.31 The word"mirror''in the first line could be best replaced by A "vehicle". B "device" C "need" D "reflection". 32 Brace Hardy has been working with Althouse Bus Company A for 30 years. B for 70 years. C since last year D since 2000 33 Which of the following statements is NOT true of Bruce Hardy? A He is popular with his passengers B He has never missed a day of work. C He is an impatient person. D He has driven 3
  50.000 accident free miles. 34 Althouse Bus Company was founded bv A Larry A1thouse B Althouse'S grandfather. C Liesl'S mother.
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D Ashley Batista 35 Althouse Bus Company pays much attention to A employing young drivers. B running quality schools. C providing free driving lessons. D building sound relationships. 第二篇 Diabetes(糖屎病)and Eye Damage
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0vet 2 million Canadians have diabetes.It is the leading cause of blindness in North Americans under 65 year s of age Diabetes is a condition where the body either cannot produce enough insulin(胰岛素)or cannot respond pro perly to insulin.Insulin is important because it moves glucose(葡萄糖),a simple sugar.into the body'S cells fr om the blood.The food people eat provides the body with glucose,which is used by the cells as a source of energ y.If insulin isn't available or doesn't work correctly to move glucose from the blood into the cells,glucose wi ll stay in the blood,leading to high blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels damage the blood vessels,including the tiny blood vessels in the eye.This leads to an eye disease known as diabetic retinopathy(糖尿病型视网膜病).The retina (视网膜)is an area at the back of the eye that changes light into nerve signals.With diabetic retinopathy,some blood vessels in the retina are lost,a nd some of the other blood vessels begin to"leak''blood This causes the retina to swell.and gradually cuts off i ts supply of oxygen and nutrients(滋养物). Eventually, the retina starts to grow new blood vessels to replace the damaged ones.Unfortunately,these new vessels are not as strong as the old ones They are more likely to break,c ausing bleeding in the eye At first,people with diabetic retinopathy will not notice any symptoms.As the disease gets worse,they may notice blurred(模糊的)vision,black spots or flashing lights.As time goes on,it Can progress to blindness Every one w
 

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