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2006 年 6 月全国大学英语四级考试真题和答案 Part I Writing (30 minute) 注意:此部分试题在答题卡 1 上。 Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minute to write a short essay on the topic of students selecting their lectures. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given bellow:
  1. 有些大学允许学生自由选择某些课程的任课教师
  2. 学生选择教师时所考虑的主要因素
  3. 学生自选任课教师的益处和可能产生的问题 On Students Selecting Lecturers Part II Reading comprehension (skimming and scanning) (15 minute) Directions: In this part, you will have 15 minute to go over the passage quickly and answer the questions on Answer Sheet
  1. For questions 1-7, mark Y (for YES) if the statement agrees with the information given in the passage; N (for NO) if statement contradicts the information given in the passage; NG (for NOT GIVEN) if the information is not given in the passage. For question 8-10, complete the sentences with the information given in the passage. Highways Early in the 20th century, most of the streets and roads in the U.S. were made of dirt, brick, and cedar wood blocks. Built for horse, carriage, and foot traffic, they were usually poorly cared for and too narrow to accommodate (容纳) automobiles. With the increase in auto production, private turnpike (收费公路) companies under local authorities began to spring up, and by 1921 there were 387,000 miles of paved roads. Many were built using specifications of 19th century Scottish engineers Thomas Telford and John MacAdam (for whom the macadam surface is named), whose specifications stressed the importance of adequate drainage. Beyond that, there were no national standards for size, weight restrictions, or commercial signs. During World War I, roads throughout the country were nearly destroyed by the weight of trucks. When General Eisenhower returned from Germany in 1919, after serving in the U.S. army’s first transcontinental motor convoy (车队), he noted: “The old convoy had started me thinking about good, two-lane highways, but Germany’s Autobahn or motorway had made me see the wisdom of broader ribbons across the land.” It would take another war before the federal government would act on a national highway system. During World War II, a tremendous increase in trucks and new roads were required. The war demonstrated how critical highways were to the defense effort. Thirteen per cent of defense plants received all their supplies by truck, and almost all other plants shipped more than half of their products by vehicle. The war also revealed that local control of highways had led to a confusing variety of design standards. Even federal and state highways did not follow basic standards. Some states allowed trucks up to 36,000 pounds, while others restricted anything over 7,000 pounds. A government study recommended a national highway system of 33,920 miles, and congress soon passed the Federal-Aid Highway Act of 1944, which called for strict, centrally controlled design criteria.
The interstate highway system was finally launched in 1956 and has been hailed as one of the greatest public works projects of the century. To build its 44,000-mile web of highways, bridge, and tunnels, hundreds of unique engineering designs and solutions had to be worked out. Consider the many geographic features of the country: mountains, steep grades, wetlands, rivers, deserts and plains. Variables included the slope of the land, the ability of the pavement to support the load, the intensity of road use, and the nature of the underlying soil. Urban areas were another problem. Innovative designs of roadways, tunnels, bridges, overpasses, and interchanges that could run through or bypass urban areas soon began to weave their way across the country, forever altering the face of America. Today, the interstate system links every major city in the U.S., and the U.S. with Canada and Mexico. Built with safety in mind, the highways have wide lanes and shoulders, dividing medians, or barriers, long entry and exit lanes, curves engineered for safe turns, and limited access. The death rate on highways is half that of all other U.S. roads (
  0.86 deaths per 100 million passenger miles compared to
  1.99 deaths per 100 million on all other roads). By opening the North American continent, highways have enabled consumer goods and services to reach people in remote and rural areas of the country, spurred the growth of suburbs, and provided people with greater options in term of jobs, access to cultural programs, health care, and other benefits. Above all, the interstate system provides individuals with what they cherish most: personal freedom of mobility. The interstate system has been an essential element of the nation’s economic growth in terms of shipping and job creation: more than 75 percent of the nation’s freight deliveries arrive by truck; and most products that arrive by rail or air use interstates for the last leg of the journey by vehicle. Not only has the highway system affected the American economy by providing shipping routes, it has led to the growth of spin-off industries like service stations, motels, restaurants, and shopping centers. It has allowed the relocation of manufacturing plants and other industries from urban areas to rural. By the end of the century there was an immense network of paved roads, residential streets, expressways, and freeways built to support millions of vehicles. The highway system was officially renamed for Eisenhower to honor his vision and leadership. The year construction began he said: “Together, the united forces of our communication and transportation systems are dynamic elements in the very name we bear?United States. Without them, we would be a mere alliance of many separate parts.” 注意:此部分试题请在答题卡 1 上作答。
  1. National standards for paved roads were in place by 19
  21.
  2. General Eisenhower felt that the broad German motorways made more sense than the two-lane highways of America.
  3. It was in the 1950s that the American government finally took action to build a national highway system.
  4. Many of the problems presented by the country’s geographical features found solutions in innovative engineering projects.
  5. In spite of safety considerations, the death rate on interstate highways is still higher than that of other American roads.
  6. The interstate highway system provides access between major military installations in America.
  7. Service stations, motels and restaurants promoted the development of the interstate highway
system. [附:答题卡 1]
  1. [Y] [N] [NG]
  2. [Y] [N] [NG]
  3. [Y] [N] [NG]
  4. [Y] [N] [NG]
  5. [Y] [N] [NG]
  6. [Y] [N] [NG]
  7. [Y] [N] [NG] 8-10 题请见答题卡 1 [附:答题卡 1]
  8. The greatest benefit brought about by the interstate system was .
  9. Trucks using the interstate highways deliver more than .
  10. The interstate system was renamed after Eisenhower in recognition of . Part III Listening Comprehension Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2 long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer, then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 2 with a single line though the centre. 注意:此部分答题在答题卡 2 上作答。
  11. A) The girls got on well with each other. B) It’s understandable that girls don’t get along. C) She was angry with the other young stars. D) The girls lacked the courage to fight.
  12. A) The woman does her own housework. B) The woman needs a housekeeper. C) The woman’s house is in a mess. D) The woman works as a housekeeper.
  13. A) The Edwards are quite well-off. B) The Edwards should cut down on their living expenses. C) It’ll be unwise for the Edwards to buy another house. D) It’s too expensive for the Edwards to live in their present house.
  14. A) The woman didn’t expect it to be so warm at noon. B) The woman is sensitive to weather changes. C) The weather forecast was unreliable. D) The weather turned cold all of a sudden.
  15. A) At a clinic. B) In a supermarket. C) At a restaurant. D) In an ice cream shop.
  16. A) The woman did not feel any danger growing up in the Bronx.
B) The man thinks it was quite safe living in the Bronx district. C) The woman started working at an early age to support her family. D) The man doesn’t think it safe to send an 8-year-old to buy things.
  17. A) The man has never seen the woman before. B) The two speakers work for the same company. C) The two speakers work on the same floor. D) The woman is interested in market research.
  18. A) The woman can’t tolerate any noise. B) The man is looking for an apartment. C) The man has missed his appointment. D) The woman is going to take a train trip. Questions 19 to 21 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  19. A) To make a business report to the woman. B) To be interviewed for a job in the woman’s company. C) To resign from his position in the woman’s company. D) To exchange stock market information with the woman.
  20. A) He is head of a small trading company. B) He works in an international insurance company. C) He leads a team of brokers in a big company. D) He is a public relations officer in a small company.
  21. A) The woman thinks Mr. Saunders is asking for more than they can offer. B) Mr. Saunders will share one third of the woman’s responsibilities. C) Mr. Saunders believes that he deserves more paid vacations. D) The woman seems to be satisfied with Mr. Saunders’ past experience. Questions 22 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.
  22. A) She’s worried about the seminar. B) The man keeps interrupting her. C) She finds it too hard. D) She lacks interest in it.
  23. A) The lecturers are boring. B) The course is poorly designed. C) She prefers Philosophy to English. D) She enjoys literature more.
  24. A) Karen’s friend. B) Karen’s parents. C) Karen’s lecturers. D) Karen’s herself.
  25. A) Changing her major. B) Spending less of her parents’ money. C) Getting transferred to the English Department. D) Leaving the university. Section B Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear
a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet 2 with a single line through the centre. 注意: 此部分试题请在答题卡 2 上作答. Passage One Questions 26 to 29 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  26. A) Rent a grave. B) Burn the body. C) Bury the dead near a church. D) Buy a piece of land for a grave.
  27. A) To solve the problem of lack of land. B) To see whether they have decayed. C) To follow the Greek religious practice. D) To move them to a multi-storey graveyard.
  28. A) They should be buried lying down. B) They should be buried standing up. C) They should be buried after being washed. D) They should be buried when partially decayed.
  29. A) Burning dead bodies to ashes. B) Storing dead bodies in a remote place. C) Placing dead bodies in a bone room. D) Digging up dead bodies after three years. Passage Two Questions 30 to 32 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  30. A) Many foreign tourist visit the Unite States every year. B) Americans enjoy eating out with their friends. C) The United States is a country of immigrants. D) Americans prefer foreign foods to their own food.
  31. A) They can make friends with people from other countries. B) They can get to know people of other cultures and their lifestyles. C) They can practise speaking foreign languages there. D) They can meet with businessmen from all over the world.
  32. A) The couple cook the dishes and the children help them. B) The husband does the cooking and the wife serves as the waitress. C) The mother does the cooking while the father and children serving the guests. D) A hired cook prepares the dishes and the family members serve the guests. Passage Three Questions 33 to 35 are based on the passage you have just heard.
  33. A) He took them to watch a basketball game. B) He trained them to play European football. C) He let them compete in getting balls out of a basket. D) He taught them to play an exciting new game.
  34. A) The players found the basket too high to reach. B) The players had trouble getting the ball out of the basket. C) The players had difficulty understanding the complex rules.
D) The players soon found the game boring.
  35. A) By removing the bottom of the basket. B) By lowering the position of the basket. C) By simplifying the complex rules. D) By altering the size of the basket. Section C Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from 36 to 43 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from 44 to 46 you are requ
 

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