英语试卷
本试卷分第 I 卷(客观)和第 II 卷(主观)两部分. 第 I 卷1至10页,第 II 卷11页至13页.两卷满分150 分.考试时间120分钟. 第 I 卷 (共100分) 注意事项:
  1. 答第1卷前,考生务必按规定要求填涂答题卡上的姓名,准考证号等项目.
  2. 用铅笔把答题卡上相应题号中正确答案的标号涂黑.答案不涂写在答题卡上.成绩无效. Part I Reading Comprehension (共20小题,每题2分,共40分) Directions: In this part there are four passages。 Each passage is followed by four comprehension questions. Read the passage and answer the questions. Then mark your answer on the answer sheet.
Passage One Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following passage:
Vegetable gardening is the relaxing art and science of turning a love for growing plants into a meaningful activity. Having vegetables in the backyard makes home gardening appealing for many people. In addition, vegetable gardening provides exercise and fun for both urban and suburban families. Vegetable gardening agree that many home-grown vegetable are superior to those purchased from markets. Form spring through late fall, a well-planned and well-kept garden can provide a supply of fresh vegetables, thus increasing the nutrition of the family diet. Freezers make it possible to keep some of the vegetables to be enjoyed at a later date. Other vegetables can be stored for a few months in a cool area.
Although the money spent for a garden may be little, one cannot escape the fact that gardening requires hard work and time. Many of the gardening tasks must be performed at times that are most inconvenient. Not doing jobs that should be done on a regular basis may result in failure and a negative feeling toward gardening. One should not plant a garden that is too large for him to care for. A small, well-kept garden is more enjoyable and profitable than a large neglected one. Vegetables do well in full sunlight and plants and few vegetables. If possible, the garden should be near the house. so the gardener can work in it whenever they are free. Soils for vegetables should be easily broken up and porous(多孔的) for quick water drainage and good aeration(透气). Usually the home owner has little choice in the type he can choose. Fortunately, many vegetables can be grown on poor soils if the soils are properly prepared.
  1. Many people find home gardening. A. expensive and boring B. interesting and enjoyable C. time-consuming and inconvenient D. neither interesting nor enjoyable
  2. A well-planned and well-kept garden can provide a supply of fresh vegetables A. all year round B. whenever you need nutritious food C. for a greater part of the year D. throughout spring
  3. The amount of money you spend on your garden A. can be large B. must be large C. can not be large D. must not be small
  4. Which of the following statements is true? A. Vegetables need to have as much shading as possible B. A small garden is much better than a lager one
C. Homeowners can freely choose the soil for their vegetable garden D. Whenever possible ,the vegetable garden should be close to your home
  5. Form the passage we can conclude that. A. vegetables need little care while growing B. vegetables can be grown on almost any kind of soil C. vegetables gardening is an indispensable part of life for urban and suburban people D. vegetables gardening is a good pastime for retired people
Passage Two
Question 6 to 10 are based on the following passage In old days ,when a glimpse of stocking was looked upon as something so shocking as distract the serious work of an office ,secretaries were men . Then came the First Word War and the male secretaries were replaced by women .A man’s secretary became his personal servant, in charge of remembering his wife’s birthday and buying her presents; taking his suits to the dry-cleaners; telling lies on the telephone to keep away people he did not wish to speak to ;and ,of course ,typing and filing and taking shorthand. Now aii this may be changing again .The microchip(芯片)and high technology is sweeping the British office ,taking with it much of the routine clerical (文书)work that secretaries did . “Once office technology takes over generally, the status of the job will rise again because it will involve the high-tech work?and then men will want to do it again.” That was said by one of the executives.(male) of one of the biggest secretarial agencies in this
country .What he has predicted is already under way in the U.S. Once high technology has made the job of secretary less routine (乏味的),will there be a male takeover ?Men should be careful of thinking that they can walk right into the better jobs .There are a lot of women secretaries who will do the job as well as they ?not just because they can buy negligees(妇女长睡衣)for the boss’s wife ,but because they are as efficient and well-trained to cope with word processors and computer as men .
  6. Before 1914 female secretaries were rare because they. A. were less efficient and less trained than men B. were looked down upon by men C. would have disturbed the other office workers D. wore stockings and were not as serious a men
  7. A female secretary has been expected ,besides other duties ,to . A. be her boss’s memory B. do everything her boss asks her to do C. clean her boss’s clothes D. telephone the boss’s wife
  8. Secretaries, until recently, had to do a lot of work now done by . A. machines B. other staff C. servants D. have less works to do
  9. A secretary in the future will. A. have more works to do B. be betters paid C. have higher D. have less works to do
  10. The writer believes that before long .
A. both men and women can act as secretaries B. men will be better than machines C. men will take over women’s jobs as secretaries D. women will operate most office machines
Passage Three
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage :
Humanity is a new experiment on plant Earth .For most of its history, life on Earth was Restricted to the sea .Living things began to populate the land slightly over 400 million years ago , And humans have existed for no more than 3 million years . Ones way to represent the evolution of life is to computer the
  4.6-billion ?year history of earth into a 1-year ?long film. In such a film Earth forms as the films begins on January 1,and through all of January and February it cools and is cratered (变成坑状) and the first oceans form .But those oceans remain lifeless until sometime in March or early April ,when the first living things develop. The 4-billion ?year history of Precambrian (前寒武纪) evolution lasts until the film reaches mid-November ,when primitive ocean life begins to evolve into complex organisms such as trilobites(三叶虫). If we examine the land instead of the oceans, we find a lifeless waste. But once our film shows plant and animal life on the land, about November 28, evolution proceeds rapidly. Dinosaurs, for example, appear about December 12 and vanish by Christmas Eve, as mammals(哺乳动物) and
birds flourish. Throughout the 1-year-run of our film there are no humans, and even during the last days of the year as the mammals rise and dominate the landscape, there are no people. In the early evening of December 31,vaguely human forms move through the grasslands, and by late evening they begin making stone tools. The Stone Age lasts until about 11:45 pm, and the first signs of civilization, towns and cities, do not appear until 11:54 pm. The Christmas era begin only 14 seconds before the New Year, and the Declaration of Independence is signed with 1 second to spare.

  11.In comparing all of Earth’s geological evolution to one calendar year, the author shows. A. just how recently humanity has arrived on the scene B. just simple it is to understand the history of Earth C. just how early humanity appears on planet Earth D. just how difficult it is to understand the history of Earth
  12. According to the passage, primitive ocean life begins to evolve into complex organisms. A. in the middle of December B. when Earth is cratered C. at the beginning of November D. when the land is still a lifeless waste
  13. It is indicated in the passage that. A. Earth is cool at first B. Earth is hot at the beginning
C. there are oceans at the beginning D. there is life in the ocean in late February
  14. In the one-year-long film dinosaurs. A. die out on December 25 B. appear after December 25 C. die out on December 24 D. appear on December 24
  15. In the compressed history of Earth the Declaration of Independence is signed. A. a long time before the New Year B. immediately after the New Year’s Day C. just one second before the New Year D. right on the New Year’s Day
Passage Four
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage : Internet-addicted job seekers may be partly the cause of the fact that it is taking the unemployed 23% longer to find a new position than it took during the last recession (经济萧条),when the “benefits” of online job searching were unavailable. “A growing number of unemployed Americans waste time browsing(浏览) the estimated 4,000 to 5,000 online job sites, filling them
with resumes and then waiting for replies .It is common for long-time joblessness,” argues Professor John A. Challenger .Although the Internet has the potential to be very useful for job seekers and it has become the primary tool for many ,Challenger believes that it should be considered secondary to the traditional technique of meeting would-be employers in person . In addition to slowing job search efforts, the Internet is making the hiring process longer for the employer. In a survey of 5,000hiring managers by an online résumé site ,72% said that a majority of the résumé they received in response to an online job posting did not match the position’s description. “The more unrelated résumé managers have to go through in order to select the few to bring in for interviews, the longer it takes to fill the position ,”points out Challenger .”One result of this has been the increased use of screening software by employers .This will make it even more difficult for job seekers to get their resumes in front of the hiring executive for an interview .” “All of this is not to say that the Internet has not revolutionized job hunting. It has certainly made it easier for someone in San Francisco ,for example ,to search for job openings in Miami. In addition, the ability to conduct keyword searches has reduced the amount of time it takes to find the type of position a person is seeking.” “Job seekers must learn how to use the Internet as a tool ,rather than just relying on it as a means for submitting electronic resumes.” Concludes Challenger.
  16.According to the passage, the coming of online job searching bringsA. longer waiting time for the unemployed B. longer computer technology training for the job seekers C. more unemployment throughout the U.S.A D. more job opportunities in the Internet world

  17.Professor Challenger thinks should be considered more important by the unemployed.
A. browsing the Internet job sites B. sending resumes by email C. going to a traditional training center D. meeting the potential employers in person
  18.The Internet is making the hiring process longer for the employer because. A. the speed of the Internet is not fast enough B. there is a lot of false information on the Net C. the hiring position cannot be fully described on the Net D. it has drawn many unfitting résumés
  19.It can be inferred that “screening software “in Paragraph 3 is used to . A. draw more job seekers to the websites B. get rid of some unrelated résumés C. serve as a bridge between the job seekers and employers D. provide the job seekers with more chances to visit the employers in person
  20.According to the passage ,the Internet has revolutionized job hunting by . A. changing the recession cycle B. opening more changer for job seekers C. improving the reemployment situation D. reducing the interview time PartⅡ Vocabulary and Structure (共40小题,每题1分,共40分)
Direction :In this part there are forty in complete sentences .Each sentence is followed by four choices Choose the one that best completes the sentence and then mark your answer on the answer sheet .

  21. The earth revolves a little more rapidly it is closer to the sun, A. whether B. whereas c. although D. when
  22. The number of members in the club to two hundred. A. were limited B. limits C. was limited D. limited
  23. On close examination, we found the signature not . A. realistic B. accurate C. exact D. genuine
  24. As a highly young designer, she has a promising future in her field. A. original B. occasional C. optional D. obedient
  25. Let me give you a of how the computer works. A. demonstration B. difference C. deduction D. distinction
  26. An, , author must not be too to criticism. A. sensible B. sensitive C. senseless D. insensible

  27. Fu Lei is known for his of music and knowledge on philosophy. A. explanation B. interpretation C. composition D. interaction
  28. The judge dismissed the case because there was not evidence. A. adequate B. excessi
 

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